JOURNAL ARTICLE

Carotid intima-media thickness in confirmed prehypertensive subjects: predictors and progression

Romana Femia, Michaela Kozakova, Monica Nannipieri, Clicerio Gonzales-Villalpando, Michael P Stern, Steven M Haffner, Ele Ferrannini
Arteriosclerosis, Thrombosis, and Vascular Biology 2007, 27 (10): 2244-9
17656672

OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to test whether carotid intima-media thickness (IMT) is already increased in normotensive subjects who progress to hypertension (confirmed prehypertensives) independently of known determinants of vessel wall thickness.

METHODS AND RESULTS: Common carotid artery (CCA) far-wall IMT was measured (B-mode ultrasound) in 1536 subjects from the population-based Mexico City Diabetes Study at baseline and 3.5 years later. In the 136 confirmed prehypertensives, CCA-IMT (720 [253] microm, median[interquartile range]) was intermediate between normotensives (615 [140] microm) and hypertensives (725 [215] microm). After multiadjusting for gender, age, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol, antihypertensive therapy, and diabetes, converter status was independently associated with a higher CCA-IMT (+93+/-14 microm). At follow-up, CCA-IMT increased by 35 [180] microm. Gender, age, blood pressure, and presence of diabetes, but not the converter status, were significant independent predictors of CCA-IMT progression. In a model adjusting for gender, age, blood pressure (level, status and treatment), diabetes status, total and HDL-cholesterol, the G variant of the 45T/G polymorphism of the adiponectin gene was associated with a hazard ratio of 1.45 (95% CI: 1.04 to 2.01) of a baseline CCA-IMT in the top quintile.

CONCLUSIONS: In confirmed prehypertensives, CCA-IMT is increased independently of blood pressure and known determinants of wall thickness, but short-term CCA-IMT progression is not accelerated.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17656672
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"