[Management of vaginal vault prolapse repair with robotically-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy]

D S Elliott, G K Chow
Annales D'urologie 2007, 41 (1): 31-6
Transabdominal sacrocolpopexy offers an excellent definitive treatment option for patients with high grade vaginal vault prolapse with long-term success rates ranging from 93-99%. However, because it is a transabdominal procedure it is associated with increased morbidity compared with vaginal repairs. We describe a novel minimally invasive technique of vaginal vault prolapse repair and present out initial experience. The surgical technique involves placement of five laparoscopic ports: three for the Da Vinci robot and two for the assistant. A polypropylene mesh is then attached to the sacral promontory and to the vaginal apex using Gortex sutures. At the end of the case, the mesh material is the covered by the peritoneum. We also present our initial experience with this technique in 18 consecutive patients. The analysis focused on complications, urinary continence, patient satisfaction, and morbidity. Follow-up was conducted by provider-patient interview. Twenty-five patients underwent a robotic-assisted laparoscopic sacrocolpopexy at our institution in the past 24 months for severe symptomatic vaginal vault prolapse. 10/25 (40%) underwent a concomitant anti-incontinence procedure. Mean follow-up was 5. (1-12) months and mean age was 66 (47-82) years. Mean total operative time was 3.2 (2.25-4.75) hours. One patient had to be converted to an open procedure secondary to unfavorable anatomy. All but one patient were discharged from the hospital after an overnight stay; one patient left on postoperative day #2. Complications were limited to mild port site infections in two patients, which resolved with oral antibiotic therapy. One patient developed recurrent grade 3 rectocele, but had no evidence of cystocele or enterocele. We present a novel technique for vaginal vault prolapse repair that combines the advantages of open sacrocolpopexy with the decreased morbidity and improved cosmesis of laparoscopic surgery. It is associated with decreased hospital stay, low complication and conversion rates, and high patient satisfaction. While our early experience is encouraging, long-term data is needed to confirm these findings and establish longevity of the repair.

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