Laboratory composting of extruded starch acetate and poly lactic acid blended foams

G M Ganjyal, R Weber, M A Hanna
Bioresource Technology 2007, 98 (16): 3176-9
Composting of extruded foams made of starch acetate and poly lactic acid (PLA) with pre-conditioned yard waste was studied using a laboratory composting system. Extruded foams of high amylose starch were used as the control. Degradation was measured by analyzing the exhaust gases for carbon dioxide. There were significant differences in the amounts of carbon dioxide produced in the vessels containing foams of high amylose starch and foams of starch acetate blended with 20% or 30% PLA. The high amylose starch foams completely degraded within 15 days. The starch acetate foams with 0% PLA took longer, with evolution of carbon dioxide still measurable after 55 days. The rate of degradation was faster for foams with higher PLA contents. The starch acetate foams took even longer to degrade. The maximum time was found to be 130 days for the starch acetate foams.

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