JOURNAL ARTICLE

Carvedilol accelerate elevation of serum potassium in chronic heart failure patients administered spironolactone plus furosemide and either enalapril maleate or candesartan cilexetil

M Saito, D Nakayama, M Takada, K Hirooka, Y Yasumura
Journal of Clinical Pharmacy and Therapeutics 2006, 31 (6): 535-40
17176359

OBJECTIVE: To retrospectively investigate the effect of carvedilol and spironolactone plus furosemide, administered concomitantly with an angiotensin II converting enzyme inhibitor (ACE-I) or an angiotensin II receptor blocker (ARB) to patients with chronic heart failure (CHF).

METHODS: Patients with CHF, who visited Departments of Cardiovascular Internal Medicine at the National Hospital Organization Osaka Medical Center, were enrolled for this study. Serum potassium, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), serum creatinine (Scr) and serum sodium were measured in every patient at the time of start of treatment and after 3 and 12 months of treatment. Data from patients in groups A (20 mg/day carvedilol + 25 mg/day spironolactone + 40 mg/day furosemide + an ACE-I) and B (20 mg/day carvedilol + 25 mg/day spironolactone + 40 mg/day furosemide + ARB) were compared.

RESULTS: When 20 mg/day carvedilol plus 25 mg/day spironolactone plus 5 mg/day enalapril maleate (enalapril, group A) or 8 mg/day candesartan cilexetil (candesartan, group B) plus 40 mg/day furosemide were used concomitantly, the mean serum potassium increased significantly in both groups of patients. Seven of 59 (11.9%) patients had hyperkalemia (>5.5 mEq/L) during 12 months of treatment whereas 8.5% of patients (five of 59) had hypokalemia (< or =3.5 mEq/L).

CONCLUSION: When carvedilol is used concomitantly with spironolactone, furosemide and enalapril or candesartan, it is necessary to monitor serum potassium concentration, even if spironolactone is administered at a low dose of 25 mg/day.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
17176359
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"