Epigallocatechin-3-gallate inhibits the PDGF-induced VEGF expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells via blocking PDGF receptor and Erk-1/2

Jung S Park, Mi H Kim, Hee J Chang, Ki M Kim, Seok M Kim, Boo A Shin, Bong W Ahn, Young D Jung
International Journal of Oncology 2006, 29 (5): 1247-52
Platelet-derived growth factor (PDGF) has been known to induce vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) expression in human vascular smooth muscle cells (hVSMCs). We previously reported that Erk-1/2 and AP-1 pathways are crucial in the PDGF-induced VEGF expression in hVSMCs . In this study, we investigated the effect of epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG), the major green tea catechin, on the PDGF-induced VEGF expression in hVSMCs and the underlying mechanisms. EGCG were found to inhibit dose-dependently the VEGF expression and activation of PDGF receptor, Erk-1/2 and AP-1 induced by PDGF. In addition, cell free studies demonstrated that EGCG could directly inhibit the Erk-1/2 activity. Conditioned media from the hVSMCs treated with PDGF could remarkably stimulate the in vitro growth of human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) but the media from the EGCG-pretreated hVSMCs lost its stimulatory activity for HUVEC proliferation. These results suggest that EGCG may exert the anti-angiogenic effect by inhibiting the PDGF-induced VEGF expression at multiple signaling levels.

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