MENU ▼
Read by QxMD icon Read
search
OPEN IN READ APP
JOURNAL ARTICLE
REVIEW

[Anticoagulation with atrial fibrillation]

S Zellerhoff, A Goette, P Kirchhof
Herzschrittmachertherapie & Elektrophysiologie 2006, 17 (2): 89-94
16786467
Atrial fibrillation is associated with a relevant risk for ischemic stroke: Observational studies suggest that one in four to five strokes is due to atrial fibrillation. Depending on the risk profile of an individual patient, the yearly risk for a stroke is between 2% and 14%. Continuous oral anticoagulation is indicated if atrial fibrillation is accompanied by at least one additional risk factor for thromboembolic complications. This recommendation is supported by several large randomized trials. Due to their low therapeutic range, vitamin K antagonists (phenprocoumon, warfarin, and others), the most commonly used oral anticoagulants, require regular anticoagulation monitoring. If well-controlled (international normalized ratio 2-3, in elderly patients preferably 2-2.5), oral anticoagulation prevents more than half of ischemic strokes related to atrial fibrillation, while bleeding complications are rare. In the follow-up of low risk patients (CHADS2-Score 0), oral anticoagulation becomes necessary when risk factors for thromboembolic complications develop. If a stroke occurs during oral anticoagulation and an INR>2 in a patient with atrial fibrillation, other causes than thromboembolic events should be considered. New anticoagulants--especially direct thrombin antagonists--are currently evaluated in clinical trials and may in the future facilitate anticoagulation in patients with atrial fibrillation.

Comments

You need to log in or sign up for an account to be able to comment.

No comments yet, be the first to post one!

Related Papers

Available on the App Store

Available on the Play Store
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16786467
×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"