Revision of failed laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass

B van Wageningen, F J Berends, B Van Ramshorst, I F M Janssen
Obesity Surgery 2006, 16 (2): 137-41

BACKGROUND: The most common bariatric surgical operation in Europe, laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB), is reported to have a high incidence of long-term complications. Also, insufficient weight loss is reported. We investigated whether revision to Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP) is a safe and effective therapy for failed LAGB and for further weight loss.

METHODS: From Jan 1999 to May 2004, 613 patients underwent LAGB. Of these, 47 underwent later revisional Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP). Using a prospectively collected database, we analyzed these revisions. All procedures were done by two surgeons with extensive experience in bariatric surgery.

RESULTS: All patients were treated with laparoscopic (n=26) or open (n=21) RYGBP after failed LAGB. Total follow-up after LAGB was 5.5+/-2.0 years. For the RYGBP, mean operating time was 161+/-53 minutes, estimated blood loss was 219+/-329 ml, and hospital stay was 6.7+/-4.5 days. There has been no mortality. Early complications occurred in 17%. There was only one late complication (2%)--a ventral hernia. The mean BMI prior to any form of bariatric surgery was 49.2+/-9.3 kg/m2, and decreased to 45.8+/-8.9 kg/m2 after LAGB and was again reduced to 37.7+/-8.7 kg/m2 after RYGBP within our follow-up period.

CONCLUSION: Conversion of LAGB to RYGBP is effective to treat complications of LAGB and to further reduce the weight to healthier levels in morbidly obese patients.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"