Differential expression of components of the cardiomyocyte adrenomedullin/intermedin receptor system following blood pressure reduction in nitric oxide-deficient hypertension

YouYou Zhao, David Bell, Lisa R Smith, Li Zhao, Adrian B Devine, Eugene M McHenry, D Paul Nicholls, Barbara J McDermott
Journal of Pharmacology and Experimental Therapeutics 2006, 316 (3): 1269-81
Adrenomedullin (AM) and intermedin (IMD; adrenomedulln-2) are vasodilator peptides related to calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP). The actions of these peptides are mediated by the calcitonin receptor-like receptor (CLR) in association with one of three receptor activity-modifying proteins. CGRP is selective for CLR/receptor activity modifying protein (RAMP)1, AM for CLR/RAMP2 and -3, and IMD acts at both CGRP and AM receptors. In a model of pressure overload induced by inhibition of nitric-oxide synthase, up-regulation of AM was observed previously in cardiomyocytes demonstrating a hypertrophic phenotype. The current objective was to examine the effects of blood pressure reduction on cardiomyocyte expression of AM and IMD and their receptor components. Nomega-nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-NAME) (35 mg/kg/day) was administered to rats for 8 weeks, with or without concurrent administration of hydralazine (50 mg/kg/day) and hydrochlorothiazide (7.5 mg/kg/day). In left ventricular cardiomyocytes from L-NAME-treated rats, increases (-fold) in mRNA expression were 1.6 (preproAM), 8.4 (preproIMD), 3.4 (CLR), 4.1 (RAMP1), 2.8 (RAMP2), and 4.4 (RAMP3). Hydralazine/hydrochlorothiazide normalized systolic blood pressure (BP) and abolished mRNA up-regulation of hypertrophic markers sk-alpha-actin and BNP and of preproAM, CLR, RAMP2, and RAMP3 but did not normalize cardiomyocyte width nor preproIMD or RAMP1 mRNA expression. The robust increase in IMD expression indicates an important role for this peptide in the cardiac pathology of this model but, unlike AM, IMD is not associated with pressure overload upon the myocardium. The concordance of IMD and RAMP1 up-regulation indicates a CGRP-type receptor action; considering also a lack of response to BP reduction, IMD may, like CGRP, have an anti-ischemic function.

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