JOURNAL ARTICLE

Down-regulation of vascular endothelial cell growth factor-C expression using small interfering RNA vectors in mammary tumors inhibits tumor lymphangiogenesis and spontaneous metastasis and enhances survival

Zhengtang Chen, Michelle L Varney, Matthew W Backora, Kenneth Cowan, Joyce C Solheim, James E Talmadge, Rakesh K Singh
Cancer Research 2005 October 1, 65 (19): 9004-11
16204074
Tumor production of vascular endothelial cell growth factor (VEGF)-C is associated with tumor lymphangiogenesis and lymph node metastasis. In this study, we examined the effects of small interfering RNA (siRNA)-mediated inhibition of VEGF-C on murine mammary tumor growth, metastasis, and survival. The mRNA and protein expression of VEGF-C in murine mammary tumor cells stably transfected with a VEGF-C siRNA vector were significantly lower compared with VEGF-C-control vector-transfected cells. Cl66-siVEGFC tumors had lower levels of lymphangiogenesis and lymph node and spontaneous lung metastasis than Cl66-control tumors. However, we did not observe significant differences in primary tumor growth and experimental lung metastasis between mice injected with Cl66-siVEGFC and Cl66-control cells. In addition, mice bearing Cl66-siVEGFC tumors lived significantly longer than mice bearing Cl66-control tumors. Furthermore, our data suggest that inhibition of VEGF-C modulates immune cell infiltration and their function, which might be critical in tumor immunity. In summary, our data show that inhibition of VEGF-C expression using siRNA-mediated gene silencing vectors reduces lymphangiogenesis and lymph node and spontaneous lung metastasis, and enhances survival.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
16204074
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"