[Surgical treatment of iatrogenic bile duct injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy: analysis of long-term results. Retrospective clinical study in 51 patients operated in the Campania region from 1991 to 2003]

Giovanni Conzo, Giuseppe Amato, Luigi Angrisani, Ugo Bardi, Giovanni Barone, Giulio Belli, Umberto Brancaccio, Fulvio Calise, Angelo Caliendo, Salvatore Celsi, Francesco Corcione, Diego Cuccurullo, Giuseppe De Falco, Paolo Delrio, Carlo De Werra, Guido De Sena, Giovanni Docimo, Maria Grazia Esposito, Corrado Fantini, Cristiano Giardiello, Mario Musella, Carlo Molino, Crescenzo Muto, Lucio Pennetti, Alessandro Puziello, Alberto Porcelli, Roberto Rea, Franco Rendano, Antonietta Palazzo, Michele Santangelo, Walter Santaniello, Luigi Santini, Pasquale Sperlongano, Francesco Stanzione, Alberto Tartaglia, Annunziato Tricarico, Rodolfo Vincenti, Michele Lorenzo
Chirurgia Italiana 2005, 57 (4): 417-24
An higher incidence rate of iatrogenic bile duct injuries is reported in cholecystectomy performed with the laparoscopy than with the laparotomy approach. The aim of this study was to provide a multicentre report on surgical treatment and the outcome of biliary complications during and following laparoscopic cholecystectomy. A questionnaire was mailed to all surgeons with experience in laparoscopic cholecystectomy in the Campania region. Data were collected from January 1991 to December 2003. Each patient was requested to indicate age, gender, associated diseases, site and type of lesion, surgical experience, diagnosis, treatment and complications. Twenty-six surgeons answered the questionnaire. Fifty-one patients (36 F/15 M; mean age: 42.5 +/- 11.9, range 13-91 years) with bile duct injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy were reported. The most frequent lesions were main bile duct partial or total transection. The intraoperative mortality rate was 1/51 (1.9%) due to a complex biliary and vascular injury. The postoperative mortality rate of revision surgery was 5/50 (10%). T-tube positioning (n = 20) and Roux-en-Y hepato-jejunostomy (n = 20) were the procedures most frequently performed. The complication rate in patients treated with the T-tube was significantly higher than in those treated with hepatico-jejunostomy. Surgical treatment of biliary injuries following laparoscopic cholecystectomy was characterized by unusually high mortality and morbidity for a non-neoplastic disease. Roux-en-Y hepato-jejunostomy remains the procedure of choice for these injuries.

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