[QTL mapping of five agronomic traits in maize]

Hua Tang, Jian-Bing Yan, Yi-Qin Huang, Yong-Lian Zheng, Jian-Sheng Li
Yi Chuan Xue Bao, Acta Genetica Sinica 2005, 32 (2): 203-9
Agronomic traits have significant influence on stability and adaptability in maize production. In this investigation, using a population with 266 F2:3 families from Yuyu22 (Zong3 x 87-1), two-location field tests were conducted in Wuhan and Xiangfan in 2001, with a randomized complete block design, to characterize five agronomic traits: ear height, tassel branch number, stalk diameter, days to pollen, and days to silk. Correlation analysis of field performance indicated that ear height, tassel branch number and stalk diameter were significantly positive correlative with single-plant yield, days to pollen and days to silk were highly positive correlative with each other, and tassel branch number was significantly positive correlative with stalk diameter too. Utilizing data of field tests and molecular markers, Composite Interval Mapping (CIM) method was used to localize the quantitative trait loci of these traits and 500 times permutation test was conducted to have proper LOD threshold value. As the results, total seven QTL of ear height, nine QTL of tassel branch number, eight QTL of stalk diameter, nine QTL of days to pollen, and seven QTL of days to silk were mapped on 10 chromosomes of maize; all of these QTL distributed unevenly on chromosomes and trended to cluster together. According to analysis of this investigation, the phenotype correlations of quantitative traits may result from the correlations of QTL controlling those traits. Those will be helpful to further understand genetic basis of agronomic traits in maize.

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