Assessment of upgrading to biventricular pacing in patients with right ventricular pacing and congestive heart failure after atrioventricular junctional ablation for chronic atrial fibrillation

Valérie Valls-Bertault, Marjaneh Fatemi, Martine Gilard, Pierre Yves Pennec, Yves Etienne, Jean-Jacques Blanc
Europace: European Pacing, Arrhythmias, and Cardiac Electrophysiology 2004, 6 (5): 438-43

AIMS: Effects of cardiac resynchronization therapy (CRT) in patients with right ventricular pacing and congestive heart failure (CHF) have only been reported in limited series. CRT in patients with atrial fibrillation remains controversial. Patients with AV junctional ablation offer a unique opportunity to study the effects of CRT in patients with right ventricular pacing combined with atrial fibrillation. The aims of the present study were to evaluate the effects of upgrading to biventricular pacing patients with CHF, permanent atrial fibrillation, and prior ablation of the atrioventricular (AV) junction followed by conventional right ventricular pacing.

METHODS AND RESULTS: We studied 16 consecutive patients with permanent atrial fibrillation treated by AV junctional ablation. After a mean follow-up of 20+/-19 months (6 weeks to 5 years) they were successfully upgraded to biventricular pacing for severe CHF. Parameters were prospectively evaluated at baseline and at 6 months. The 14 surviving patients at 6 months demonstrated significant improvement (P<0.02) in New York Heart Association class but the exercise test parameters remained unchanged. Cardiothoracic ratio decreased by 5% (P=0.04), end-systolic diameter by 8% (P=0.001), end-diastolic diameter by 4% (P=0.08), systolic pulmonary artery pressure by 17% (P<0.0001) and mitral regurgitation area by 40% (P<0.05). Ejection fraction increased by 17% (P=0.11) and fractional shortening by 24% (P=0.01).

CONCLUSION: CRT improves left ventricular performance and functional status in patients with permanent atrial fibrillation and prior remote right ventricular pacing.

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article


You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"