COMPARATIVE STUDY
JOURNAL ARTICLE

PPAR gamma ligands, 15-deoxy-delta12,14-prostaglandin J2 and rosiglitazone regulate human cultured airway smooth muscle proliferation through different mechanisms

Jane E Ward, Haslinda Gould, Trudi Harris, John V Bonacci, Alastair G Stewart
British Journal of Pharmacology 2004, 141 (3): 517-25
14718259
The influence of two peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARgamma) ligands, a thiazolidinedione, rosiglitazone (RG) and the prostaglandin D2 metabolite 15-deoxy-Delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2 (15d-PGJ2) on the proliferation of human cultured airway smooth muscle (HASM) was examined. The increases in HASM cell number in response to basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF, 300 pm) or thrombin (0.3 U ml-1) were significantly inhibited by either RG (1-10 microM) or 15d-PGJ2 (1-10 microM). The effects of RG, but not 15d-PGJ2, were reversed by the selective PPARgamma antagonist GW9662 (1 microM). Neither RG nor 15d-PGJ2 (10 microM) decreased cell viability, or induced apoptosis, suggesting that the regulation of cell number was due to inhibition of proliferation, rather than increased cell death. Flow-cytometric analysis of HASM cell cycle distribution 24 h after bFGF addition showed that RG prevented the progression of cells from G1 to S phase. In contrast, 15d-PGJ2 caused an increase in the proportion of cells in S phase, and a decrease in G2/M, compared to bFGF alone. Neither RG nor 15d-PGJ2 inhibited ERK phosphorylation measured 6 h post mitogen addition. The bFGF-mediated increase in cyclin D1 protein levels after 8 h was reduced in the presence of 15d-PGJ2, but not RG. Although both RG and 15d-PGJ2 can inhibit proliferation of HASM irrespective of the mitogen used, only the antiproliferative effects of RG appear to be PPARgamma-dependent. The different antimitogenic mechanisms of 15d-PGJ2 and synthetic ligands for PPARgamma may be exploited to optimise the potential for these compounds to inhibit airway remodelling in asthma. British Journal of Pharmacology (2004) 141, 517-525. doi:10.1038/sj.bjp.0705630

Full Text Links

Find Full Text Links for this Article

Discussion

You are not logged in. Sign Up or Log In to join the discussion.

Related Papers

Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read
14718259
×

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.

×

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"