Zachery Weyandt, Mark Capuzzi, William McGlone, Adam Bernatsky, Timothy Ford
Deformities of the lesser toes are one of the most commonly treated conditions by foot and ankle surgeons. Despite their frequency, a standardized classification has yet to take hold among providers. Generic nomenclature with the addition of multiple adjunctive descriptors continues to be the standard leading to international confusion. A literature review was conducted to analyze any literature and/or textbooks pertaining to lesser toe deformity classification systems. Seven sources met the inclusion criteria and were analyzed consisting of novel, modified, and previously published systems...
May 4, 2021: Foot
Benjamin C Conner, Michael H Schwartz, Zachary F Lerner
Cerebral palsy (CP) is characterized by deficits in motor function due to reduced neuromuscular control. We leveraged the guiding principles of motor learning theory to design a wearable robotic intervention intended to improve neuromuscular control of the ankle. The goal of this study was to determine the neuromuscular and biomechanical response to four weeks of exoskeleton ankle resistance therapy (exo-therapy) in children with CP. Five children with CP (12 - 17 years, GMFCS I - II, two diplegic and three hemiplegic, four males and one female) were recruited for ten 20-minute sessions of exo-therapy...
July 8, 2021: Journal of Biomechanics
Li-Ling Chuang, Yu-Fen Chuang, Ya-Jhu Jhu, An-Lun Hsu, Chia-Ling Chen, Alice M K Wong, Ya-Ju Chang
BACKGROUND: Continuous passive motion device (CPM) provides repetitive movement over extended periods of time for those who have low functional ability. The purpose of this research was to evaluate the effects of a four-week program of continuous passive motion of the ankle joint on the changes in soleus hypertonia in individuals with cerebral palsy who suffered from life-long hypertonia. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A single group, repeated-measures study was conducted...
July 28, 2021: Biomedical Journal
C A T van Leeuwen, M Sala, I B Schipper, P Krijnen, F Zijta, J M Hoogendoorn
GOAL: The aim of this study is to investigate whether weight-bearing and gravity stress radiographs have additional value in predicting concomitant deep deltoid ligamentous (DDL) injury in case of isolated Weber type B fibular fractures. This may help to make the clinically relevant distinction between unstable fractures and fractures that can be treated conservatively. METHODS: In this prospective cohort study, 90 patients with an isolated type B ankle fracture, without a medial or posterior fracture, and a medial clear space (MCS) < 6 mm on the regular mortise (RM) view were included...
July 31, 2021: European Journal of Trauma and Emergency Surgery: Official Publication of the European Trauma Society
Maryam Jalali, Parviz Mojgani, Hassan Saeedi, Fatemeh Azadinia, Maryam Niksolat, Faezeh Ghorbani
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the relationship between a number of prevalent foot problems in older people and their history of falls and quality of life. To examine the relationship between timed up and go (TUG) test time and ankle muscles' strength. METHOD: In this cross-sectional observational study on a convenient sample of 350 people 65 years and older, direct logistic and hierarchical regressions were used to assess the relation of self-reported falls and quality of life with hallux valgus, oedema, sensory loss and callus...
July 31, 2021: International Journal of Older People Nursing
Yi-Jun Zhang, Yan Guo, Xiao Long, Jing-Yu Du, Tao Liu, Xiang-Jin Lin
A better understanding of soft tissue stress and its role in supporting the medial longitudinal arch in flexible flatfoot could help to guide the clinical treatment. In this study, a 3-Dimensional finite element (FE) foot model was reconstructed to measure the stress of the soft tissue, and its variation in different scenarios related to flexible flatfoot. All bones, cartilages, ligaments and related tendons around the ankle, and fat pad were included in the finite element model. The equivalent stress on the articular surface of the joints in the medial longitudinal arch and the maximum principal stress of the ligaments around the ankle were obtained...
July 30, 2021: Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Xue Wei Tan, Nabih Joukhadar, Stéphane Leduc, Carl-Éric Aubin, Mathilde Hupin, Marie-Lyne Nault
BACKGROUND: Outcomes of bone marrow stimulation for osteochondritis dissecans (OCD) of the talus in pediatric patients is not optimal. The objective was to evaluate the retroarticular drilling technique for talar OCD. METHODS: A retrospective case-series study of pediatric cases treated for talar OCD with retroarticular drilling was done. Clinical and radiological outcome scores were recorded as follows: the percentage of patients who had a successful treatment, the percentage for every category of the Berndt and Harty treatment result grading and the percentage for every radiographical outcome score were computed...
July 12, 2021: Foot and Ankle Surgery: Official Journal of the European Society of Foot and Ankle Surgeons
Helene Cook, Christopher Kennedy, Kevin Delijani, Daniel Popovsky, Tammer Elmarsafi, Caitlin Zarick, Christopher Attinger, John Steinberg
Heel ulcerations are common complications seen in patients suffering from chronic conditions such as diabetes mellitus, peripheral vascular disease, and in bed ridden patients. When these systemic pathologies lead to heel ulcers, an increased risk of calcaneal osteomyelitis often significantly limits the benefits of conventional therapeutic interventions and increases risk of major lower extremity amputation. The Vertical Contour Calcanectomy (VCC) is a novel surgical procedure specific for the surgical management of these complex and often recalcitrant heel ulcerations...
July 3, 2021: Journal of Foot and Ankle Surgery
Yasuaki Imajo, Norihiro Nishida, Masahiro Funaba, Yuji Nagao, Hidenori Suzuki, Takashi Sakai
BACKGROUND: A reference interval exists for posterior tibial nerve somatosensory evoked potentials (PTN-SEPs) in awake. However, the reference interval for intraoperative- PTN-SEPs (I-PTN-SEPs) remains unclear. As a substitute for PTN-SEPs in awake, we considered I-PTN-SEPs can provide functional information about the dorsal somatosensory system. No report evaluated the physiologic and analytical issues in the measurement of I-PTN-SEPs. We investigated the sources of variation and reference intervals for I-PTN-SEPs...
July 27, 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Science: Official Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association
Dyah Samti Mayasari, Nahar Taufiq, Hariadi Hariawan
BACKGROUND: Previous studies proposed that chronic inflammation in diabetes has a role in abnormal collagen production and elastin degradation, which promotes arterial stiffness. Monocyte-to-High Density Lipoprotein cholesterol ratio (MHR) is a simple measurement associated with inflammation and oxidative stress. However, little is known about the relationship of MHR with arterial stiffness. This study aimed to determine the association of MHR with arterial stiffness in patients with diabetes...
July 30, 2021: BMC Cardiovascular Disorders
Gabriel Ferraz Ferreira, João Henrique Almeida Costa, Giancarlo Domingues, João Paulo Bacellar Costa Lima, José Antônio Veiga Sanhudo, Miguel Viana Pereira Filho
BACKGROUND: Autologous grafting is widely used in orthopedic surgery because of its high osteogenic capacity, immunologic compatibility, for the absence of risk of disease transmission, and for not requiring a bone bank. The posterior-superior calcaneal tuberosity is an option for obtaining a cortical and cancellous structural bone. This study aims to describe the operative technique and complications observed at the donor site of the posterior-superior calcaneal tuberosity. METHODS: Patients who underwent graft harvesting from the posterior-superior calcaneal tuberosity were retrospectively evaluated by pain outcomes, imaging tests, and intra- and postoperative complications...
July 30, 2021: Foot & Ankle International
Anne-Marthe Sanders, Geneviève Richard, Knut Kolskår, Kristine M Ulrichsen, Tobias Kaufmann, Dag Alnæs, Dani Beck, Erlend S Dørum, Ann-Marie G de Lange, Jan Egil Nordvik, Lars T Westlye
Maintaining high levels of daily activity and physical capability have been proposed as important constituents to promote healthy brain and cognitive aging. Studies investigating the associations between brain health and physical activity in late life have, however, mainly been based on self-reported data or measures designed for clinical populations. In the current study, we examined cross-sectional associations between physical activity, recorded by an ankle-positioned accelerometer for seven days, physical capability (grip strength, postural control, and walking speed), and neuroimaging based surrogate markers of brain health in 122 healthy older adults aged 65-88 years...
July 24, 2021: NeuroImage: Clinical
Patricia Vega-Fernandez, Tracy V Ting, Edward J Oberle, Courtney McCracken, Janet Figueroa, Mekibib Altaye, Amy Cassedy, Gurjit S Kaeley, Johannes Roth
OBJECTIVE: To develop and initially validate a comprehensive pediatric musculoskeletal ultrasound (MSUS) joint-specific scoring system. To determine the minimum number of joints needed to identify active disease. METHODS: A semiquantitative scoring system was developed by consensus and initially validated by inter-rater reliability using intraclass correlation coefficients (ICC). Subsequently, newly diagnosed Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) patients with an active joint count >4 had a 42 joint MSUS performed at baseline and 3 months using this protocol...
July 30, 2021: Arthritis Care & Research
Anne Neubert, Carina Jaekel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 30, 2021: Der Unfallchirurg
A Grethe Geldenhuys, Theresa Burgess, Stephen Roche, Sharief Hendricks
Athletes in tackle-collision teams are at high risk of musculoskeletal injuries resulting in absence from play due to the high impact nature of the sport. There is a paucity of research to guide the management and assessment methods needed to facilitate the return to play (RTP) process. This review aimed to describe, synthesise and evaluate RTP protocols implemented for musculoskeletal injuries in tackle-collision teams. A systematic search of Scopus, PubMed, Web of Science and Ebsco Host was conducted for RTP management protocols and assessment modalities following upper and lower limb musculoskeletal injuries in tackle-collision team athletes...
July 30, 2021: European Journal of Sport Science
Alejandro Zulbaran-Rojas, Catherine Park, Nesreen El-Refaei, Brian Lepow, Bijan Najafi
BACKGROUND: Electrical stimulation (E-Stim) may offer a unique adjunctive treatment to heal complicated diabetic foot ulcers (DFU). Our primary goal is to examine the effectiveness of daily home-based E-Stim therapy to speed-up wound healing. METHODS: Patients with chronic DFUs and mild to severe peripheral arterial disease (PAD) were recruited and randomized to either control (CG) or intervention (IG) groups. The IG received 1-hour home-based E-Stim therapy on daily basis for 4 weeks (4W)...
July 30, 2021: Journal of Diabetes Science and Technology
Nobuaki Chinzei, Noriyuki Kanzaki, Kanto Nagai, Masahiko Haneda, Tetsuya Yamamoto, Ryosuke Kuroda
Introduction: Stenosing tenosynovitis is a chronic disorder frequently observed in finger triggering of a digit. Regarding the toes, although entrapment of the flexor hallucis longus (FHL) has already been reported in a few cases among sports players, the clinical condition is uncommon. Besides, the case without any specific causes is particularly rare. Case Report: We report the case of a 26-year-old male with FHL entrapment. Even though he was unaware of any cause, he felt tenderness on the posteromedial side of his left ankle, and his great toe was locked in the flex position...
April 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Anand Reddy Baddula, Ranjith Kumar Yalamanchili, Venu Madhav Vuthpala
Introduction: Rubber band syndrome is a rare acquired condition poorly discussed in literature, when neglected can lead to devastating complications of compartment syndrome and infection of soft tissue and bone as seen in the present case. Rubber band or Dhaga (sacred thread) when worn for prolonged duration can bury into the skin and soft tissue. Case Report: A 12-month-old girl developed osteomyelitis of tibia and fibula as sequelae of misdiagnosis and treatment for this syndrome...
April 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Nagaraj Manju Moger, J Pragadeeshwaran, Aman Verma, Ankith K V, K S Aditya, Pradeep Kumar Meena
Introduction: Talus fracture is an uncommon fracture that can be encountered on day- to- day basis. However, it is the 2nd most common tarsal bone to get fractured after calcaneum and accounts for approximately 1% of all fractures around foot and ankle. The anastomotic ring around the talar neck is highly likely to get damaged at the time of the fracture, which, in turn, hampers the blood supply to the body of talus. As a result, the bone healing is delayed and the integrity of the healed fracture is poor which leads to poor functional outcome...
April 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
Peter Regala, Peter B White, Adam D Bitterman, Gus Katsigiorgis, Paul A Dicpinigaitis
Introduction: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARs-CoV-2), also known as coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19), is a novel respiratory disease which has fundamentally disrupted societal norms. Common responses to the pandemic have called for "social distancing" and national lockdowns. There is little evidence as to how public perception surrounding exposure to the virus may impact patient care. Here, we present a case of a patient who deferred medical treatment due to concerns regarding exposure to the virus...
April 2021: Journal of Orthopaedic Case Reports
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