Shea Comadoll, Lucas Ray, Kelsey Overman, Patrick Yoon
CASE: We report a 67-year-old healthy man who sustained bilateral hyper-plantarflexion injuries falling off a ladder that resulted in bilateral tibialis anterior tendon tears one month prior to presentation. His injuries were effectively managed with bilateral delayed operative treatment. After non-weightbearing for three months, the patient was subsequently permitted to full weight bear in CAM boots for three months. At three-year follow-up he was fully functional with excellent Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM scores)...
January 1, 2023: JBJS Case Connector
Wenxing Zhou, Lulu Yin, Jiayi Jiang, Yu Zhang, Cheng-Pang Hsiao, Yiyang Chen, Shiwei Mo, Lin Wang
The surface effects on running biomechanics have been greatly investigated. However, the effects on rearfoot strike runners remain unknown. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of surfaces on the running kinematics, kinetics, and lower-limb stiffness of habitual rearfoot strikers. Thirty healthy male runners were recruited to run at 3.3 ± 0.2 m/s on a customized runway covered with three different surfaces (artificial grass, synthetic rubber, or concrete), and their running kinematics, kinetics, and lower-limb stiffness were compared...
2023: PloS One
Tomofumi Kinoshita, Kazunori Hino, Tatsuhiko Kutsuna, Kunihiko Watamori, Takashi Tsuda, Masaki Takao
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the position of the femur relative to the tibia throughout range of motion in the osteoarthritic knee to evaluate knee kinematics and assess its relationship with the degree of varus deformity. METHODS: In this study, 116 preoperative knees with varus deformity were evaluated using a navigation system. The internal-external, anteroposterior, and mediolateral positions of the femur relative to the tibia were measured at maximum extension, 15°, 30°, 45°, 60°, 90°, 105°, and 120°, and maximum flexion angles...
March 22, 2023: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Jean-Yves Jenny, Florent Baldairon
PURPOSE: It is now well established that the coronal anatomy of the lower limb is highly variable both in non-arthritic subjects and subjects undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). Two new classifications were recently described independently, but never compared: functional knee phenotypes classification and coronal plane alignment of the knee (CPAK) classification. The hypothesis of this study was that there was a significant difference between the values of the hip-knee-ankle angle (HKA) and the arithmetic hip-knee-ankle angle (aHKA) measures in the same patient at the time of TKA...
March 22, 2023: Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy
Zijun Zhang, Bonnie Y Chien, Naudereh Noori, Jonathan Day, Cassandra Robertson, Lew Schon
BACKGROUND: Assessing patient's risk of infection is fundamental for prevention of periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after total ankle arthroplasty (TAA). The Mayo Prosthetic Joint Infection Risk Score (Mayo Score) is based on data from total hip and knee arthroplasty and has not been validated for application for TAA. METHODS: A total of 405 consecutive TAA cases were followed for 6 months for PJI. Individual patients' Mayo Scores were calculated and analyzed with logistic regression and receiver operating characteristic (ROC) for predictability for PJI...
March 22, 2023: Foot & Ankle International
Te-Feng Arthur Chou, Yun-Hsuan Tzeng, Ming-Hung Teng, Yen-Chun Huang, Chien-Shun Wang, Chun-Cheng Lin, Chao-Ching Chiang
BACKGROUND: Currently, the standard of treatment for trimalleolar (TM) fracture is osteosynthesis through open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF). This study assessed whether arthroscopically assisted reduction and minimally invasive surgery (AARMIS) can be an alternative surgical method for TM fractures. METHODS: This retrospective cohort study included 49 patients with TM that were surgically treated. 27 patients received ORIF and 22 patients underwent AARMIS ...
March 22, 2023: Foot & Ankle International
Karthikeyan Chinnakkannu, Nacime Salomao Barbachan Mansur, Natalie Glass, Phinit Phisitkul, Annunziato Amendola, John E Femino
BACKGROUND: The use of posterior ankle and hindfoot arthroscopy (PAHA) has been expanding over time. Many new indications have been reported in the literature. The primary objective of this study was to report the rate of PAHA complication in a large cohort of patients and describe their potential associations with demographical and surgical variables. METHODS: In this IRB-approved retrospective comparative study, patients who underwent posterior ankle and/or hindfoot arthroscopy in a single institution from December 2009 to July 2016 were studied...
March 22, 2023: Foot & Ankle International
Christopher G Herbosa, Philipp Leucht, Kenneth A Egol, Nirmal C Tejwani
BACKGROUND: The posterolateral approach to the ankle allows for reduction and fixation of the posterior and lateral malleoli through the same surgical incision. This can be accomplished via 1 or 2 surgical "windows." The purpose of this study is to compare outcomes including wound complications following direct fixation of unstable rotational ankle fracture through the posterolateral approach using either 1 or 2 surgical windows. METHODS: One hundred sixty-four patients with bi- or trimalleolar ankle fractures treated using the single-window posterolateral approach (between the peroneal tendons and the flexor hallucis longus [FHL]) or the 2-window technique (between the peroneal tendons and the FHL for posterior malleolus fixation; lateral to the peroneal tendons for fibula fixation) were reviewed for demographics, radiographic details, and clinical outcomes...
March 22, 2023: Foot & Ankle International
Thomas P Walden, Timothy Fairchild, Olivier Girard, Jeremiah J Peiffer, Andrew M Jonson, Alasdair R Dempsey
Applying blood flow restriction changes walking kinematics, causing an overall increase in anterior trunk flexion and knee flexion during stance while simultaneously reducing plantar-flexion angle at toe-off and ankle joint velocity.Applying blood flow restriction exacerbate exercise-related sensations of exertion and discomfort.Sample site does not influence the level of post-exercise blood lactate or markers of cell-membrane potential and damage.
March 22, 2023: European Journal of Sport Science
James R Usherwood
Human walking appears complicated, with many muscles and joints performing rapidly varying roles over the stride. However, the function of walking is simple: to support body weight as it translates economically. Here, a scenario is proposed for the sequence of joint and muscle actions that achieves this function, with the timing of muscle loading and unloading driven by simple changes in geometry over stance. In the scenario, joints of the legs and feet are sequentially locked, resulting in a vaulting stance phase and three or five rapid 'mini-vaults' over a series of 'virtual legs' during the step-to-step transition...
March 2023: Journal of the Royal Society, Interface
Xue Zhang, Wei-Wei Chen, Cui-Hua Li
OBJECTIVE: To observe the intervention effect of damage control orthopaedic(DCO) strategy on fat embolism syndrome(FES) associated with long shaft fracture of lower limbs. METHODS: Retrospective analysis was made on the clinical data of 163 patients with FES associated with lower limb long shaft fractures admitted from January 2015 to May 2021. They were divided into two groups based on the time point of implementing DCO strategy in January 2018. Total of 92 patients were admitted from January 2015 to December 2017 as the control group, and other 71 patients were admitted from January 2018 to May 2021 as the intervention group...
March 25, 2023: Zhongguo Gu Shang, China Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology
Ayako Kokubo, Mitsuo Kuwabara, Naoko Tomitani, Shingo Yamashita, Toshikazu Shiga, Kazuomi Kario
Nocturnal blood pressure (BP) surge in seconds (sec-surge), which is characterized as acute transient BP elevation over several tens of seconds is induced by obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and OSA-related sympathetic hyperactivity. The authors assessed the relationship between sec-surge and arterial stiffness in 34 nocturnal hypertensive patients with suspected OSA (mean age 63.9 ± 12.6 years, 32.4% female). During the night, they had beat-by-beat (BbB) BP and cuff-oscillometric BP measurements, and brachial-ankle pulse wave velocity (baPWV) was assessed as an arterial stiffness index...
March 21, 2023: Journal of Clinical Hypertension
Maremi Mizuno, Akio Sakamoto
A surgical scar with adhesions to the underlying fascia and periosteum caused radiating pain to different parts of the scar. Abdominal pain is a common complication of surgical scars, but surgical scar associated with extremity pain is rare. A 75-year-old man had a gait disturbance due to right sciatica-like pain from the thigh to the lower leg for >10 years. He also had mild ankle pain due to osteoarthrosis. The medical history was significant for an ankle injury diagnosed as a sprain and intra-articular small fracture, for which he underwent resection of the bone fragment from the anterior aspect 14 years ago...
February 2023: Curēus
Maozheng Wei, Huijun Kang, Kuo Hao, Chongyi Fan, Shilun Li, Xingkai Wang, Fei Wang
PURPOSE: Patellar height is a risk factor for patellar instability, correlated with the tibia length/femur length (T/F) ratio. This study aimed to explore the changes in the T/F ratio in patients with patella instability and the potential correlation with the morphology of the patellofemoral joint and extensor moment arm. METHOD: A retrospective analysis was performed to assess the ratio of lower limb length morphological characteristics of the patellofemoral by full weight-bearing long-leg standing radiographs, magnetic resonance imaging, and computed tomography in 75 patients with patellar instability and 75 participants from a randomly selected control group from January 2020 to September 2021...
March 21, 2023: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Zahed Mantashloo, Ali Abbasi, Mehdi Khaleghi Tazji, Mir Mohsen Pedram
Measuring and predicting accurate joint angles are important to developing analytical tools to gauge users' progress. Such measurement is usually performed in laboratory settings, which is difficult and expensive. So, the aim of this study was continuous estimation of lower limb joint angles during walking using an accelerometer and random forest (RF). Thus, 73 subjects (26 women and 47 men) voluntarily participated in this study. The subjects walked at the slow, moderate, and fast speeds on a walkway, which was covered with 10 Vicon camera...
March 17, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Patrick T Hall, Caleb Stubbs, Alisha P Pedersen, Caroline Billings, Stacy M Stephenson, Cheryl B Greenacre, David E Anderson, Dustin L Crouch
Artificial tendons may be valuable clinical devices for replacing damaged or missing biological tendons. In this preliminary study, we quantified the effect of polyester-suture-based artificial tendons on movement biomechanics. New Zealand White rabbits underwent surgical replacement of either the Achilles (n = 2) or tibialis cranialis (TC, n = 2) biological tendons with artificial tendons. Once pre-surgery and weekly from 2 to 6 weeks post-surgery, we quantified hindlimb kinematics and ground contact pressures during the stance phase of hopping gait...
March 6, 2023: Journal of Biomechanics
Justyna Janus, Jennifer K Nicholls, Edward Pallett, Matthew Bown, Emma M L Chung
OBJECTIVE: In a large-scale population cardiovascular screening programme, peripheral artery disease (PAD) and hypertension would ideally be rapidly assessed using a single device. The ankle-brachial pressure index (ABPI) is calculated by comparing the ankle and brachial blood pressure (BP). However, it is currently unclear whether brachial BP measurements provided by automated PAD screening systems are sufficiently accurate for simultaneous hypertension screening. METHODS: Two portable PAD screening devices, the MESI ABPI MD and Huntleigh's Dopplex ABIlity, were evaluated following the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol (ESH-IP) Revision 2010 using a mercury-free sphygmomanometer as a reference device...
2023: PloS One
Vincent Marot, Arthur Justo, Elisa Guenego, Dorian Klein, Nicolas Reina, Etienne Cavaignac, Sophie Fayad, David Ancelin
PURPOSE: The SFAV (Simple Foot and Ankle Value) consists in asking patients how they rate their joint function on the day of the examination, as a percentage of that of a normal joint (0-100% scale with 100% being normal). The main objective was to validate the SFAV by determining its correlation with validated foot and ankle function scores. METHODS: This was a prospective study. 90 patients were included in three groups: patients 16 to 54 years old with an acute or subacute ankle pathology (foot/ankle trauma patient group), patients more than 55 years old with ankle or foot osteoarthritis (foot/ankle degeneration patient group), and adults of any age without foot or ankle pathology (control group)...
March 21, 2023: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Sheng-Long Ding, Lin-Feng Ji, Ming-Zhu Zhang, Wei Xiong, Cheng-Yi Sun, Ze-Yu Han, Chao Wang
PURPOSE: To evaluate the safety and efficacy of platelet-rich plasma (PRP) intra-articular injective treatments for ankle osteoarthritis (OA). METHODS: A systematic literature search was conducted following the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines in PubMed, Scopus, Embase, Google Scholar, and the Cochrane library until May 2022. Both randomized and non-randomized studies were included with the assessment of the risk of bias...
March 21, 2023: International Orthopaedics
Kirsty Limeira Thomson, Edward Pool, Pauline Kerray
Temporary lower-limb immobilisation following injury is a risk factor for the development of venous thromboembolism (VTE), which encompasses deep vein thrombosis (DVT) and pulmonary embolism. However, patients are not always risk-assessed for VTE in clinical practice and there is a lack of consensus among healthcare professionals on whether thromboprophylaxis should be offered and to whom. This article uses the fictional case study of a patient with an ankle fracture to explore the literature and guidance on VTE risk assessment and thromboprophylaxis in adults presenting to emergency settings with lower-limb trauma requiring immobilisation...
March 21, 2023: Emergency Nurse: the Journal of the RCN Accident and Emergency Nursing Association
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Save your favorite articles in one place with a free QxMD account.


Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"

We want to hear from doctors like you!

Take a second to answer a survey question.