keyword
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996399/leading-medical-schools-for-female-neurosurgery-graduates
#21
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Kaho Adachi, Mishaal Hukamdad, Jonathan A Ledesma, Ankit I Mehta
OBJECTIVE: The authors sought to determine the medical schools with the highest number and proportion of female graduates currently practicing neurosurgery and to identify medical school characteristics that increase female representation in neurosurgery, with the goal of addressing the gender disparity. METHODS: The authors used the Physician Compare National Downloadable File from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. Physicians indicating neurosurgery as their primary specialty were extracted...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996397/derivation-of-the-quebec-brain-injury-categories-for-complicated-mild-traumatic-brain-injuries
#22
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jean-Nicolas Tourigny, Valérie Boucher, Xavier Dubucs, Christian Malo, Éric Mercier, Jean-Marc Chauny, Gregory Clark, Pierre-Gilles Blanchard, Pierre-Hugues Carmichael, Jean-Luc Gariépy, Myreille D'Astous, Marcel Émond
OBJECTIVE: Approximately 10% of patients with mild traumatic brain injury (TBI) present with intracranial bleeding, and only 3.5% eventually require neurosurgical intervention, which often necessitates interhospital transfer. Better guidelines and recommendations are needed to manage complicated mild TBI in the emergency department (ED). The main objective of this study was to derive a clinical decision rule, the Quebec Brain Injury Categories (QueBIC), to predict the risk of adverse outcomes for complicated mild TBI in the ED...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996396/microbial-etiology-of-vertebral-osteomyelitis-discitis-amid-the-opioid-epidemic
#23
JOURNAL ARTICLE
S Alexander Ammerman, Alexander Keister, Joshua Vignolles-Jeong, Noah Mallory, David C Gibbs, Ryan G Eaton, Jianing Ma, David S Xu, Stephanus Viljoen, Andrew J Grossbach
OBJECTIVE: The primary goal of this study was to establish the current microbial trends in vertebral osteomyelitis/discitis (VOD) amid the opioid epidemic and to determine if intravenous drug use (IVDU) predisposes one to a unique microbial profile of infection. METHODS: The authors performed a retrospective cohort study consisting of 1175 adult patients diagnosed with VOD between 2011 and 2022 at a single quaternary center. Data were acquired through retrospective chart review, with pertinent demographic and clinical information collected...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996394/in-hospital-outcomes-following-surgery-versus-conservative-therapy-in-elderly-patients-with-c2-fractures-a-propensity-score-matched-analysis
#24
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sam H Jiang, Ryan K Wang, Morteza Sadeh, Zayed Almadidy, Ankit I Mehta, Nauman S Chaudhry
OBJECTIVE: Second cervical vertebrae (C2) fractures are a common traumatic spinal injury in the elderly population. Surgical fusion and nonoperative bracing are two primary treatments for cervical instability, but the former is often withheld in the elderly due to concerns for poor postoperative outcomes arising from patient frailty. This study sought to evaluate the in-hospital differences in mortality, outcomes, and discharge disposition in elderly patients with C2 fractures undergoing surgical intervention compared with conservative therapy...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Spine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996393/association-of-earlier-surgery-with-improved-postoperative-language-development-in-children-with-tuberous-sclerosis-complex
#25
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sina Sadeghzadeh, Thomas M Johnstone, Jurriaan M Peters, Brenda E Porter, S Katie Z Ihnen
OBJECTIVE: The authors evaluated the impact of the timing of epilepsy surgery on postoperative neurocognitive outcomes in a cohort of children followed in the multiinstitutional Tuberous Sclerosis Complex (TSC) Autism Center of Excellence Research Network (TACERN) study. METHODS: Twenty-seven of 159 patients in the TACERN cohort had drug-refractory epilepsy and underwent surgery. Ages at surgery ranged from 15.86 to 154.14 weeks (median 91.93 weeks). Changes in patients' first preoperative (10-58 weeks) to last postoperative (155-188 weeks) scores on three neuropsychological tests-the Mullen Scales of Early Learning (MSEL), the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, 2nd edition (VABS-2), and the Preschool Language Scales, 5th edition (PLS-5)-were calculated...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996392/a-brief-history-of-neurosurgery-in-bosnia-and-herzegovina-historical-vignette
#26
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Ibrahim Omerhodžić, Bekir Rovčanin, Haso Sefo, Rasim Skomorac, Harun Brkić, Kenan Arnautović
The modern period of neurosurgery in Bosnia and Herzegovina began with the first neurosurgical procedure performed by Dr. Karl Bayer in 1891 on 3 patients with depressed skull fractures and epilepsy. In 1956 the Department of Surgery in Sarajevo designated several beds specifically for a neurosurgical unit. A significant milestone in the history of neurosurgery in Bosnia and Herzegovina was the establishment of the Division of Neurosurgery at the Clinical Center University of Sarajevo in 1970. The first neurosurgeon to complete his training in Bosnia and Herzegovina was Dr...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996391/deep-brain-stimulation-in-latin-america-in-comparison-with-the-us-and-europe-in-a-real-world-population-indications-demographics-techniques-technology-and-adverse-events
#27
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Adriana Lucia Lopez Rios, Fabián Piedimonte, Gabriel J Arango, Manoel J Teixeira, Alfonso Arellano-Reynoso, Griselda Del Carmen César, Hans Carmona, Daniel Ciampi de Andrade, Carlos Aníbal Restrepo-Bravo, Jose Miguel Gloria Escobar, Hui Xiong, Ricardo Martínez, Todd Weaver
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to provide geographic comparisons of deep brain stimulation (DBS) procedures in Latin America with the US and Europe regarding primary indications, demographic information, clinical and device-related adverse events, technology used, and patient outcomes using the Medtronic Product Surveillance Registry data as of July 31, 2021. METHODS: Two thousand nine hundred twelve patients were enrolled in the registry (2782 received DBS and 1580 are currently active)...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38996390/sleep-disordered-breathing-in-children-with-chiari-type-i-malformation
#28
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Matthew Jarrell, Caroline Caudill, Faizal Haji, Tofey Leon, Curtis J Rozzelle, Mary Halsey Maddox, Brandon G Rocque
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to identify clinical and radiological factors associated with sleep-disordered breathing (SDB) in children with Chiari type I malformation (CIM) and to evaluate the efficacy of foramen magnum decompression (FMD) in resolving SDB. METHODS: A retrospective chart review was conducted for all children evaluated for CIM at a single institution from 2002 to 2022, identifying all children who had undergone nocturnal polysomnography (PSG). Apnea-hypopnea index (AHI) score, sleep apnea type (obstructive, central, mixed, and unspecified), clinical manifestations, and radiological measurements were recorded...
July 12, 2024: Journal of Neurosurgery. Pediatrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995460/microsurgical-clipping-versus-endovascular-therapy-for-treating-patients-with-middle-cerebral-artery-aneurysms-presenting-with-neurological-ischemic-symptoms
#29
COMPARATIVE STUDY
Qiaowei Wu, Jinbiao Yao, Jingtao Qi, Yuange Bi, Aixia Chen, Zhonghui Yang, Changsi Ai, Lining Chen, Bohan Zhang, Shancai Xu, Zhentao Li, Huaizhang Shi, Pei Wu
Studies comparing different treatment methods in patients with middle cerebral artery (MCA) aneurysms in different subgroups of onset symptoms are lacking. It is necessary to explore the safety and efficacy of open surgical treatment and endovascular therapy in patients with MCA aneurysms in a specific population. This study aimed to compare microsurgical clipping versus endovascular therapy regarding complication rates and outcomes in patients with MCA aneurysms presenting with neurological ischemic symptoms...
July 12, 2024: Neurosurgical Review
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995396/correction-to-safety-and-effectiveness-of-evicel%C3%A2-fibrin-sealant-as-an-adjunct-to-sutured-dural-repair-in-children-undergoing-cranial-neurosurgery
#30
Gnanamurthy Sivakumar, Shailendra Magdum, Kristian Aquilina, Jothy Kandasamy, Vivek Josan, Bogdan Ilie, Ellie Barnett, Richard Kocharian, Benedetta Pettorini
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995395/doing-more-with-less-surgical-results-of-pediatric-posterior-fossa-tumors-from-a-single-center-in-latin-america
#31
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Cleiton Formentin, Lucas de Souza Rodrigues Dos Santos, Leo Gordiano Matias, Dayvid Leonardo de Castro Oliveira, Marcelo Ferreira Sabba, Andrei Fernandes Joaquim, Helder Tedeschi, Enrico Ghizoni
OBJECTIVE: We aim to report the epidemiology, surgical outcomes, and survival rates of pediatric patients with posterior fossa tumors in a large single-center case series. METHODS: A retrospective analysis was conducted on pediatric patients who underwent surgical treatment for posterior fossa tumors between January 2011 and January 2019. RESULTS: A total of 135 pediatric patients, with an average age of 7.5 years at diagnosis and a mean follow-up of 35...
July 12, 2024: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995049/in-reply-microsurgical-removal-of-an-anterior-clinoid-meningioma-with-extensive-vascular-encasement-2-dimensional-operative-video
#32
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sorin Aldea, Caroline Le Guérinel
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995048/occipital-interhemispheric-transtentorial-approach-for-microsurgical-treatment-of-posterior-midbrain-arteriovenous-malformation-2-dimensional-operative-video
#33
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Spyridon K Karadimas, Michael A Silva, Robert M Starke
Arteriovenous malformations (AVMs) of the brain stem are very rare lesions accounting for 2% to 6% of the cerebral AVMs.1,2 They carry higher risk of hemorrhage3,4 and are associated with poor prognosis.5-7 This is a 27-year-old man who presented with intraventricular hemorrhage, hydrocephalus, and poor neurological status secondary to ruptured AVM. Deep branches from right triplicate superior cerebellar artery, left duplicate superior cerebellar artery, and right posterior cerebral artery were feeding the AVM...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995047/the-rocker-technique-for-atlantoaxial-dislocation-with-or-without-basilar-invagination-a-prospective-observational-study
#34
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Jitin Bajaj, Jayant Patidar, Diya Bajaj, Aditya Vikram, Omprakash Yadav, Nishtha Yadav, Mukesh Sharma, Ketan Hedaoo, Mallika Sinha, Shailendra Ratre, Vijay S Parihar, M N Swamy, Y R Yadav
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Atlantoaxial dislocation (AAD) poses a complex surgical challenge. Surgical approaches vary for reducible and irreducible cases. Challenges persist in reducing the atlantodental interval, especially in cases with oblique or vertical C1-C2 joints. The Rocker instrument (MJ Surgical), a less-explored technique, seeks to simplify instrumentation, reduce complexity, and enhance translation and retroflection reduction of AAD. METHODS: This prospective observational study was conducted from January 2022 to July 2023 at a tertiary neurosurgical center...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995037/letter-microsurgical-removal-of-an-anterior-clinoid-meningioma-with-extensive-vascular-encasement-2-dimensional-operative-video
#35
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Giuseppe Mariniello, Sergio Corvino
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995036/a-novel-marking-technique-for-accurate-minimal-invasive-approaches-in-spine-tumor-surgeries-with-activated-carbon-marking
#36
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Santiago Hem, Fernando Lucio Padilla-Lichtenberger, Matias Borensztein, Juan Del Valle, Federico Landriel
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: To describe a novel, practical, reproducible, and effective preoperative marking technique for accurate localization of the spinal level in a series of patients with tumor lesions. METHODS: We retrospectively analyzed patients undergoing minimally invasive (MIS) surgery for spine tumors from 2016 to 2021, in which this marking technique was used. Twenty-one patients, with tumor lesions involving difficult radioscopic visualization (cervicothoracic junction or upper dorsal spine, C6-T8), were included...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995031/women-neurosurgeons-worldwide-characterizing-the-global-female-neurosurgical-workforce-corrigendum
#37
JOURNAL ARTICLE
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
July 12, 2024: Neurosurgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995028/navigating-the-intersection-between-the-orbit-and-the-skull-base-the-mirror-mccarty-keyhole-during-transorbital-approach-an-anatomic-study-with-surgical-implications
#38
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Sergio Corvino, Amin Kassam, Amedeo Piazza, Francesco Corrivetti, Felice Esposito, Giorgio Iaconetta, Matteo de Notaris
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: McCarty keyhole (MCK) is the most important entry point during orbitocranial and cranio-orbital approaches; nevertheless, its anatomic coordinates have never been detailedly described from transorbital perspective. To provide the spatial coordinates for intraorbital projection of the "mirror" MCK by using the well-established main anatomic-surgical bony landmarks met along transorbital corridor. METHODS: MCK was identified in 15 adult dry skulls (30 sides) on exocranial surface of pterional region based on the well-defined external bony landmarks: on the frontosphenoid suture, 5 to 6 mm behind the joining point (JP) of frontozygomatic suture (FZS), frontosphenoid suture (FSS), and sphenozygomatic suture (SZS)...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995027/hemifacial-spasm-associated-with-the-specific-offending-vein
#39
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Chenglong Cao, Mingwu Li, Min Wu, Xiaofeng Jiang
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Hemifacial spasm (HFS) caused by venous compression is a rare occurrence. Currently, there is no relevant research on the venous characteristics and potential pathogenic mechanisms causing venous HFS. Exploring the venous characteristics in venous-type HFS may reduce the likelihood of repeated surgery. METHODS: The authors presented 4 cases of HFS caused by veins of middle cerebellar peduncle (V. of Mid.Cer.Ped) successfully treated with microvascular decompression...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
https://read.qxmd.com/read/38995026/development-and-validation-of-a-novel-human-fixed-cadaveric-model-reproducing-cerebrospinal-fluid-circulation-for-simulation-of-endoscopic-endonasal-skull-base-surgery
#40
JOURNAL ARTICLE
Laura-Elisabeth Gosselin, Nicolas Morin, Charles Gariépy, Mathieu Chamberland, Olivier Beaulieu, Sylvie Nadeau, Pierre-Olivier Champagne
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: Endoscopic endonasal surgery is a well-established surgical approach to the skull base. Surgeons need a reusable long-lasting tool to acquire the skills needed for skull base reconstruction. The aim of this study was to elaborate and validate a human formalin-fixed cadaveric model that reproduces a realistic cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) circulation and that adequately renders a CSF leak. METHODS: An external ventricular drain that connects with a peristaltic pump is placed in the subarachnoid space, which allows a water circulation that reproduces CSF circulation...
July 12, 2024: Operative Neurosurgery (Hagerstown, Md.)
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