Piero Pavone, Federica Sullo, Raffaele Falsaperla, Filippo Greco, Agustina Crespo, Agustin Calvo, Roberto Caraballo
Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble vitamin that plays a fundamental role as an essential cofactor for two enzymes responsible for the production of succinyl-CoA and methionine. Vitamin B12 deficiency can occur in infants and may be related to the breastfeeding mother's adherence to a vegan diet or somatic diseases in the mother. It should be differentiated from inborn errors of vitamin B12 metabolism. Herein, we report the cases of three infants with West syndrome; all three were breastfed by mothers who followed a strict vegan diet...
March 3, 2021: Neuropediatrics
Antonio Hedrera-Fernandez, Ramon Cancho-Candela, Marta Arribas-Arceredillo, Maria Garrido-Barbero, David Conejo-Moreno, Andrea Sariego-Jamardo, Maria Socorro Perez-Poyato, Cristina Rodriguez-Fernandez, Pablo Del Villar-Guerra, Ignacio Bermejo-Arnedo, Alfonso Peña-Valenceja, Esther Maldonado-Ruiz, Saturnino Ortiz-Madinaveitia, Ana Belen Camina-Gutierrez, Raquel Blanco-Lago, Ignacio Malaga
OBJECTIVE:  The study aimed to describe the cases of neurological disease related to the outbreak of enterovirus (EV) in three regions in Northern Spain during 2016. MATERIALS AND METHODS:  Multicenter retrospective observational study. Clinical, radiological, and microbiological data were analyzed from patients younger than 15 years with confirmed EV-associated neurological disease admitted to 10 hospitals of Asturias, Cantabria, and Castile and Leon between January 1 and December 31, 2016...
March 3, 2021: Neuropediatrics
Thais Federici, Nathan Hardcastle, Pavlos Texakalidis, Muhibullah S Tora, Jeremy Wetzel, Jonathan P Riley, Nicholas M Boulis
This manuscript introduces the latest generation of a patient-mounted platform designed for segmental injections of therapeutics direct into the spinal cord parenchyma. It emphasizes its importance and it presents the rationale for developing this delivery methodology. It compares the newest with the previous generations, detailing how the modifications can streamline transportation, assembly, sterilization, and utilization of the platform by different surgeons. Finally, the illustrations depict the main alterations, as well as a cadaveric assessment of the device prototype in the cervical and thoracolumbar regions...
March 3, 2021: Stereotactic and Functional Neurosurgery
Heike Jacobi, Jennifer Faber, Dagmar Timmann, Thomas Klockgether
There is now robust evidence that the cerebellum-apart from its well-established role in motor control-is crucially involved in a wide spectrum of cognitive and affective functions. Clinical and neuropsychological studies together with evidence from anatomical studies and advanced neuroimaging have yielded significant insights into the specific features and clinical relevance of cerebellar involvement in normal cognition and mood.
March 3, 2021: Journal of Neurology
Insa Katrin Janssen, Ann-Kathrin Jörger, Melanie Barz, Chiara Sarkar, Maria Wostrack, Bernhard Meyer
BACKGROUND: Due to the aging society, the incidence of pyogenic spondylodiscitis is still rising. Although surgical treatment for spondylodiscitis in general is increasingly accepted, an optimal surgical strategy for treatment of pyogenic spinal infection has not yet been established. The aim of this study was to investigate the suitability of percutaneous posterior pedicle screw fixation for surgical treatment in patients with spondylodiscitis of the thoracolumbar spine. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of a consecutive cohort of patients undergoing surgical treatment for spondylodiscitis of the thoracolumbar spine between January 2017 and December 2019...
March 3, 2021: Acta Neurochirurgica
Eugenio Distaso, Giammarco Milella, Domenico Maria Mezzapesa, Alessandro Introna, Eustachio D'Errico, Angela Fraddosio, Stefano Zoccolella, Franca Dicuonzo, Isabella Laura Simone
BACKGROUND: Edaravone was approved as a new treatment for amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), although there are different opinions on its effectiveness. Magnetic resonance (MRI) measures appear promising as diagnostic and prognostic indicators of disease. However, published studies on MRI using to monitor treatment efficacy in ALS are lacking. PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to investigate changes in brain MRI measures in patients treated with edaravone...
March 2, 2021: Journal of Neurology
Mohammed A Azab, Ahmed Y Azzam
Background: Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2) appeared in Wuhan, China, in December 2019; apart from common conditions such as cough, fever, and severe respiratory complications, difficulty in breathing, including tachypnea, new studies on neurological manifestations have gained public interest. Case report: An 89-year-old man was admitted to the neurocritical care department in a specialized hospital with headache, dizziness, hyperpyrexia, myalgia, rash, and tremors...
September 2021: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
Nyoman Golden, Wayan Niryana, Steven Awyono, Putu Eka Mardhika, Made Bhuwana Putra, Made Stefanus Biondi
Introduction: In the COVID 19 pandemic, pituitary surgery is one of challenging surgical treatment, especially the involving transsphenoid approach. It was reported that the aerosolisation and mucosal involvement increase the risk of viral transmission during operation. Therefore, transcranial is a safer surgical approach during COVID-19 pandemic. This study aimed to reported transcranial approach to treat giant pituitary adenoma with aggressive visual disturbance which require urgent surgical management...
February 25, 2021: Interdisciplinary Neurosurgery: Advanced Techniques and Case Management
Yu Shimizu, Katsuyoshi Miyashita, Nozomu Oikawa, Masaaki Kobayashi, Yasuo Tohma
Background: A spherical intracranial mass can be occasionally misdiagnosed due to the lack of typical radiographic features. Completely thrombosed intracranial aneurysms (CTIA) are uncommon, but a possible differential diagnosis must be considered to guarantee the best surgical approach for these lesions. Case Description: Here, we report an extremely rare case of a right frontal mass mimicking a brain tumor, in which the surgery unveiled a CTIA of the right middle cerebral artery (MCA)...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Samer S Hoz, Zahraa F Al-Sharshahi, Mohammed A Alrawi, Mohammed A Al-Dhahir
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Turki Elarjani, Othman T Almutairi, Modhi Alhussinan, Gmaan Alzhrani, Fahad E Alotaibi, Mohammed Bafaquh
Background: Citation analysis reflects the scientific recognition and influential performance of a published article within its field. We aim to identify the top 100 most-cited articles on astrocytoma using this bibliometric analysis method. Methods: In May 2020, we performed a thorough search in the Scopus database using the word "Astrocytoma." The top 100 most-cited articles were arranged based on citation count in descending order. The resultant articles were then analyzed with an assessment of pertinent factors...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Hideki Kuroda, Masatoshi Takagaki, Hirayama Ryuichi, Matsui Yuichi, Takeo Nishida, Hajime Nakamura, Haruhiko Kishima
Background: Intraorbital aneurysms are rare, and most of them originate from the ophthalmic arteries. Herein, we report a case of meningolacrimal artery aneurysm associated with a meningioma. Case Description: A 55-year-old woman had a frontal convexity meningioma identified by brain magnetic resonance imaging during a checkup. Cerebral angiography revealed the middle meningeal artery as a feeding artery as well as the presence of an aneurysm associated with the meningolacrimal artery...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Jared T Ahrendsen, Justin M Moore, Hemant Varma
Background: The differential diagnosis for mass forming lesions of the middle ear is broad. While uncommon, neuroglial heterotopias can occur in the middle ear and can be a source of diagnostic confusion for clinician, radiologist, and pathologist alike. Methods: We identified three cases of neuroglial heterotopia of the middle ear in our institutional archives from 2000 to 2020 and performed extensive histological and immunohistochemical characterization of the three lesions...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Ahmed A M Ezzat, Mohamed A R Soliman, Mohammad Baraka, Mohamed El Shimy, Adham Ezz, Ehab El Refaee
Background: Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) infection is one of the most common and serious complications of shunt placement. The CSF shunt infections are preferably treated with intravenous antibiotics, infected shunt removal, repeated tapping (infants) or placement of an external ventricular drainage (EVD) device, and placement of a new shunt once the CSF is sterile. The tapping through the anterior fontanelle is commonly used instead of the EVD in developing countries to manage CSF infection in open anterior fontanelle patients...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Sultan Al-Saiari, Khalid Al-Orabi, Ahmed Farag, Zaina Brinji, Azza Azzouz, Tahira Mohammed, Deepa Mushtaq, Waeel Hamouda
Background: Extra-axial cerebral cavernous hemangiomas particularly those found in the sellar region, are extremely rare. Their clinical manifestations and imaging characteristics can mimic those of a pituitary adenoma thus making preoperative diagnosis difficult. Few cases are reported in the literature. We present a case, along with a comprehensive review of the literature regarding specific aspects of diagnosis and management of all similarly reported rare cases. Case Description: We present the clinical, radiological, and operative data of a rare case of a large intrasellar cavernous hemangioma in a 49-year-old female patient presented with headache and diminution of vision, which was diagnosed intraoperatively during an endonasal endoscopic transsphenoidal approach...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Tomoya Kamide, Kouichi Misaki, Takehiro Uno, Akifumi Yoshikawa, Naoyuki Uchiyama, Mitsutoshi Nakada
Background: Excellent treatment outcomes using a pipeline embolization device (PED) have been reported. However, several limitations exist. For example, patients must receive antiplatelet therapy for at least several months, and few alternative treatments exist except for inserting additional flow diverter stents in cases where aneurysm obliteration is not obtained. Case Description: A 67-year-old female suffered from an asymptomatic large aneurysm of the left paraclinoid internal carotid artery (ICA)...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Harman Chopra, Haydn Hoffman, Timothy E Richardson, Michael A Galgano
Background: Vertebral hemangiomas (VHs) are common benign tumors that only rarely become symptomatic. There is a paucity of data regarding their surgical management and outcomes. Here, we reported a case involving an aggressive cervical VH, discussed its surgical management and outcomes, and reviewed the literature. Methods: We assessed the clinical, radiological, and surgical outcomes for a patient with an aggressive cervical VH. We also performed a systematic review of the literature according to Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines to describe surgical outcomes for symptomatic VH...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Koki Onodera, Kota Kurisu, Seiji Takebayashi, Juro Sakurai, Tohru Kobayashi, Rina Kobayashi, Shuho Goto, Katsumi Takizawa
Background: Intracranial and central nervous system's involvement with multiple myeloma (MM) is a clinically rare manifestation. Furthermore, the development of intracranial plasmacytoma without bone involvement is much rarer. Herein, we report the case of massive intracerebral hemorrhage form intracranial plasmacytoma that arose from the dura mater without bone involvement. Case Description: A 71-year-old woman, who had been diagnosed as MM and treated 2 years prior, developed sudden lethal intracerebral hemorrhage from the intracranial plasmacytoma...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Ching Chung Foo, Pasquale Gallo, Chandrasekaran Kaliaperumal
Background: Colloid cysts of third ventricle are rare lesions which may present with symptoms of acute hydrocephalus. We report a case of acute obstructive hydrocephalus secondary to third ventricular colloid cyst and its management during 1st trimester pregnancy. Case Description: A 31-years-old lady presented to the emergency department with reduced consciousness. Computed tomography head showed obstructive hydrocephalus and an obstructing lesion near foramen of Monro suggestive of third ventricle colloid cyst...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
Nuno Cubas Farinha, Joaquim Cruz Teixeira, José Hipólito Reis, Domingos Coiteiro
Background: The filum terminale arteriovenous fistulas (FTAVFs) are a very rare type of spinal vascular malformation. Clinically, these lesions could present with a progressive ascending myelopathy also called FoixAlajouanine syndrome. Due to the rarity of these vascular malformation, some can be misdiagnosed, submitted to unnecessary spinal surgery, and even masqueraded as a failed back surgery syndrome. Based on the present case and related literature, we review all the cases with similar history and describe factors that should raise awareness for diagnosis of this spinal vascular malformation...
2021: Surgical Neurology International
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