Michael M Covell, Akshay Warrier, Kranti C Rumalla, Christopher M Dehney, Christian A Bowers
PURPOSE: Preoperative risk stratification for patients undergoing metastatic brain tumor resection (MBTR) is based on established tumor-, patient-, and disease-specific risk factors for outcome prognostication. Frailty, or decreased baseline physiologic reserve, is a demonstrated independent risk factor for adverse outcomes following MBTR. The present study sought to assess the impact of frailty, measured by the Risk Analysis Index (RAI), on MBTR outcomes. METHODS: All MBTR were queried from the National Inpatient Sample (NIS) from 2019 to 2020 using diagnosis and procedural codes...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neuro-oncology
P E Constanthin, N Zemzemi, E Cuny, J Engelhardt
PURPOSE: Deep brain stimulation (DBS) relies on precise targeting of key structures such as the subthalamic nucleus (STN) for Parkinson's disease (PD) and the ventro-intermedius nucleus of the thalamus (Vim) for essential tremor (ET). Segmentation software, such as GuideXT© and Suretune©, are commercially available for atlas-based identification of deep brain structures. However, no study has compared the concordance of the segmentation results between the two software. METHODS: We retrospectively compared the concordance of segmentation of GuideXT© and Suretune© software by comparing the position of the segmented key structures with clinically predicted targets obtained using the newly developed RebrAIn© software as a reference...
October 3, 2023: Acta Neurochirurgica
Ryota Sasaki, Kentaro Tamura, Tsunenori Takatani, Young-Soo Park, Ichiro Nakagawa
BACKGROUND: Careful examination of motor-evoked potential (MEP) findings is critical to the safety of intraoperative neuromonitoring during neurosurgery. We reviewed the intraoperative MEP findings in a pediatric patient who had undergone hemispherotomy for refractory epilepsy. CASE DESCRIPTION: The patient was a 4-year-and-2-month-old boy with extensive right cerebral hemisphere, drug-resistant epilepsy, left upper and lower extremity paralysis, and cognitive impairment...
October 3, 2023: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Joël Coste, Laurence Mandereau-Bruno, Laure Carcaillon-Bentata, Yann Mikaeloff, Viviane Bouilleret
BACKGROUND: Although still incomplete, the epidemiology of epilepsy shows substantial variations in the burden of the condition according to demographic, social and territorial characteristics. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of treated epilepsy and to investigate its demographic and spatial distribution in 2020 in France, a country where the nationwide epidemiological situation of the condition remains largely unknown. METHODS: We used the French national health data system, which covers nearly the entire population residing in France (over 67 million of inhabitants in metropolitan and overseas departments)...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neurology
Emily Beswick, Micheala Johnson, Judith Newton, Rachel Dakin, Amy Stenson, Sharon Abrahams, Alan Carson, Siddharthan Chandran, Suvankar Pal
Motor neuron disease (MND) is a rapidly progressive neurodegenerative disorder with limited treatment options. Historically, neurological trials have been plagued by suboptimal recruitment and high rates of attrition. The Motor Neuron Disease-Systematic Multi-Arm Randomised Adaptive Trial (MND-SMART) seeks to identify effective disease modifying drugs. This study investigates person-specific factors affecting recruitment and retention. Improved understanding of these factors may improve trial protocol design, optimise recruitment and retention...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neurology
S Bari, N P Robertson
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neurology
Sorina Gorcenco, Efthymia Kafantari, Joel Wallenius, Christin Karremo, Erik Alinder, Sigurd Dobloug, Maria Landqvist Waldö, Elisabet Englund, Hans Ehrencrona, Klas Wictorin, Kristina Karrman, Andreas Puschmann
Hereditary ataxia is a heterogeneous group of complex neurological disorders. Next-generation sequencing methods have become a great help in clinical diagnostics, but it may remain challenging to determine if a genetic variant is the cause of the patient's disease. We compiled a consecutive single-center series of 87 patients from 76 families with progressive ataxia of known or unknown etiology. We investigated them clinically and genetically using whole exome or whole genome sequencing. Test methods were selected depending on family history, clinical phenotype, and availability...
October 3, 2023: Journal of Neurology
Subhransu Kumar Hota, Subhasis Mishra, Sashibhusan Dash, Sagarika Samantaray, Rabi Narayan Mallik
Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is an extremely rare event, with only 150 reported cases in the literature. Meningioma, renal carcinoma, and tumors of the thyroid are the commonest sites of metastasis. Lung, breast, and GI-tract cancers are the most common types that undergo metastasis. Meningioma is the most common intracranial tumor as recipient of the tumor-to-tumor metastasis. Although breast carcinoma is the most common tumor to metastasize, adenocarcinoma from other organs can also spread to meningiomas, like the ovary and upper gastrointestinal (GI)...
2023: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
Clive Lewis
The stressful nature of the medical profession is a known trigger for aggression or abuse among healthcare staff. Interprofessional incivility, defined as low-intensity negative interactions with ambiguous or unclear intent to harm, has recently become an occupational concern in healthcare. While incivility in nursing has been widely investigated, its prevalence among physicians and its impact on patient care are poorly understood. This review summarises current understanding of the effects of interprofessional incivility on medical performance, service and patient care...
March 2023: Future Healthcare Journal
C Satragno, M Barboro, A Alparone, G Fiorella, M Turazzi, S Campora, S E Cena, A Coco, D Esposito, A Ferrero, A Ginulla, S Mastrogiovanni, F Piciche, C Scaffidi, C Tominai, F Cavagnetto, D Zefiro, F Giannelli, S Barra, L Belgioia
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): This study aims to develop an atlas-based method for segmentation of the scalp in pediatric patients that received brain radiotherapy. The study focuses on the development of a model that utilizes CT scans of pediatric medulloblastoma (MB) patients who underwent craniospinal-irradiation (CSI) and a boost in the posterior cranial fossa (PCF). MATERIALS/METHODS: A team of experts created the Alopecia_Hope (A_H) contouring protocol on the CT scan using the 2018 EPTN consensus-based atlas and by defining for the manual adjustments the anatomic bone landmarks to differentiate between the scalp and the facial and neck skin...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
C Phuong, B P Ziemer
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Symptoms from trigeminal neuralgia (TGN) can be significantly debilitating. For treatment of TGN with stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS), there is some data that suggests dose and location of treatment along the trigeminal nerve (TN) pathway may be associated with improved outcomes; however, recurrence rates are widely variable. Limited data exists to evaluate dosimetric parameters of SRS for TGN in relation to patient outcome. This study evaluated the hypothesis that specific characteristics of high dose volume coverage of the TN was associated with outcomes in the treatment of TGN with SRS...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
S Shelukar, S J Poiset, L Cappelli, C Farrell, J Evans, D W Andrews, W Shi
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): The use of radiation therapy (RT) in vestibular schwannoma (VS) is well-established, but limited studies detail outcomes in patients treated with fractionated stereotactic radiotherapy (FSRT) versus stereotactic radiosurgery (SRS). In this study, we provide an outcome-based comparison of FSRT versus SRS in patients with VS with emphases on local control, hearing preservation, and toxicities. We hypothesize that FSRT and SRS will have similar rates of local control with FSRT having improved rates of hearing preservation...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
L Ni, J Viner, C Phuong, S J Liu, E Yee, M Petrofsky, D H Kwon, M Daras, S Brondfield, L Boreta
PURPOSE/OBJECTIVE(S): Patients (pts) with advanced cancer require interdisciplinary care. Although tumor boards are well-established in the outpatient setting, few studies have evaluated interventions for improving consultative care coordination for hospitalized pts with cancer. The purpose of this study was to evaluate a novel inpatient co-rounding model of care in which medical-, neuro-, and radiation-oncology consult teams rounded jointly, with the hypothesis that primary referring team perception of the alignment of the recommendations from these consult services would improve post-implementation...
October 1, 2023: International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology, Physics
Basel Musmar, Samantha Spellicy, Hamza Salim, Jihad Abdelgadir, Ali Zomorodi, Andrew Cutler, Pascal Jabbour, David Hasan
Chronic subdural hematoma (cSDH) is common among the elderly, with surgical evacuation as a prevalent treatment, facing recurrence rates up to 30%. Recently, middle meningeal artery embolization (MMAE) has emerged as a promising approach, offering reduced treatment failures and recurrence rates. Additionally, statins, known for their anti-inflammatory properties, have been considered as a potential adjunctive or sole treatment for cSDH. However, the combination of MMAE with statins remains understudied. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to evaluate the comparative outcomes of MMAE with statins versus MMAE alone in the treatment of cSDH...
October 3, 2023: Neurosurgical Review
Laura A van de Pol, Nina Burgert, Petra E M van Schie, K Mariam Slot, Alida A Gouw, Annemieke I Buizer
PURPOSE: To provide an overview of outcome and complications of selective dorsal rhizotomy (SDR) and intrathecal baclofen pump implantation (ITB) for spasticity treatment in children with hereditary spastic paraplegia (HSP). METHODS: Retrospective study including children with HSP and SDR or ITB. Gross motor function measure (GMFM-66) scores and level of spasticity were assessed. RESULTS: Ten patients were included (most had mutations in ATL1 (n = 4) or SPAST (n = 3) genes)...
October 3, 2023: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
Maya McCourt, Lucy Kinton
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2023: Practical Neurology
Mahsa Karamzadeh, Mohamad Motaz Al Samman, Ana I Vargas, Rafeeque A Bhadelia, John Oshinski, Daniel L Barrow, Rouzbeh Amini, Francis Loth
OBJECTIVE: Posterior fossa decompression (PFD) surgery creates more space at the skull base, reduces the resistance to the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) motion, and alters craniocervical biomechanics. In this paper, we retrospectively examined the changes in neural tissue dimensions following PFD surgery on Chiari malformation type 1 adults (CMI). METHODS: Measurements were performed on T2-weighted brain magnetic resonance images acquired before and four months after surgery...
September 30, 2023: World Neurosurgery
Ana Sofia Alvarez, John P McGinnis, Rajan Patel, Howard L Weiner
BACKGROUND: Choroid plexus hyperplasia has been described as a rare cause of communicating hydrocephalus due to cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) overproduction. However, this is the first report of symptomatic obstructive hydrocephalus caused by mechanical obstruction of the aqueduct by a hyperplastic choroid plexus. OBSERVATIONS: A 4-year-old male presented with headaches and intermittent emesis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the brain showed abnormal enlargement of the choroid plexus in the lateral ventricles with extension into the third ventricle, resulting in obstruction of the aqueduct of Sylvius, leading to obstructive hydrocephalus...
October 2, 2023: J Neurosurg Case Lessons
Isabella Goldberg, Paula Sherwood, Susan M Sereika, Heidi S Donovan, Jason Weimer, Jan Drappatz, Florien Boele, Xiaojun Shi, Ashlee Loughan
BACKGROUND: Negative physical health results from the emotional stress of providing care to a family member with a primary malignant brain tumor; however, the downstream effects on caregivers' healthcare utilization (HCU) are unknown. This analysis examined associations between caregivers' emotional health and markers of HCU during the 6 months after patients' diagnoses. METHODS: Caregivers' self-report HCU data from a longitudinal study with 116 neuro-oncology caregivers were analyzed. Healthcare utilization was operationalized as number of prescription medications, reporting visits to primary care providers (PCPs), nature of PCP visit, number of comorbid conditions, and change in comorbid conditions...
September 27, 2023: Journal of Neuroscience Nursing: Journal of the American Association of Neuroscience Nurses
Francesco Sala
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2, 2023: Child's Nervous System: ChNS: Official Journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery
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