Mohamed Zouari, Rim Dghaies, Wiem Rhaiem, Manel Belhajmansour, Emna Krichen, Amel Ben Hamad, Mariem Boukattaya, Mahdi Ben Dhaou, Riadh Mhiri
PURPOSE: To identify the risk factors for adverse outcomes after pediatric pyeloplasty. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective review of all children under the age of 14 years who underwent primary pyeloplasty for unilateral ureteropelvic junction (UPJ) obstruction at a single teaching hospital in Tunisia between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2022. RESULTS: A total of 103 patients were included. Median age of patients at surgery was 27 months (interquartile range [IQR], 13-44)...
September 23, 2023: International Journal of Urology: Official Journal of the Japanese Urological Association
Julie Lerond, Bertrand Mathon, Mélina Scopin, Lucia Nichelli, Justine Guégan, Céline Bertholle, Brigitte Izac, Muriel Andrieu, Thomas Gareau, Florian Donneger, Badreddine Mohand Oumoussa, Franck Letourneur, Suzanne Tran, Mathilde Bertrand, Isabelle Le Roux, Mehdi Touat, Sophie Dupont, Jean Christophe Poncer, Vincent Navarro, Franck Bielle
OBJECTIVE: Mesial Temporal Lobe Epilepsy-associated Hippocampal Sclerosis (MTLE-HS) is a syndrome associated with various aetiologies. We previously identified CD34-positive extravascular stellate cells (CD34+ cells) possibly related to BRAFV600E oncogenic variant in a subset of MTLE-HS. We aimed to identify the BRAFV600E oncogenic variants and characterise the CD34+ cells. METHODS: We analysed BRAFV600E oncogenic variant by digital droplet Polymerase Chain Reaction in 53 MTLE-HS samples (25 with CD34+ cells) and 9 non-expansive neocortical lesions resected during epilepsy surgery (5 with CD34+ cells)...
September 23, 2023: Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
Tetsuya Isaka, Hiroyuki Ito, Tomoyuki Yokose, Haruhiro Saito, Hiroto Narimatsu, Hiroyuki Adachi, Jun Miura, Kotaro Murakami, Noritake Kikunishi, Naoko Shigeta, Yasushi Rino
BACKGROUND: Segmentectomy is considered a less invasive procedure than lobectomy for patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC); however, little is known about the physiological mechanism underlying the lower invasiveness of segmentectomy. This study is aimed to compare the differences in the long-term changes in the psoas muscle mass after segmentectomy and lobectomy in patients with NSCLC. METHODS: Overall 315 recurrence-free patients who underwent segmentectomy (n = 93) or lobectomy (n = 222) for clinical stage 0-I NSCLC between January 2016 and December 2018 and underwent computed tomography during the entire period of 6 months ≤ postoperative year (POY) 0...
September 23, 2023: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
JunYi Qiao, Yujiao Wang, Weimin He
Neuroendocrine neoplasms (NENs) originate from neuroendocrine cells, and mainly occur in the gastrointestinal tract and lungs, rarely occurring in the orbit. Here, the clinicopathologic factors, treatments and prognosis of three cases of orbital NENs are described. The mean age of the three patients (two females and one male) was 59 years. Two cases exhibited ocular symptoms, including unilateral proptosis and eyelid mass, while the third case presented systemic symptoms exhibited as Cushing's syndrome. The tumours were surgically resected in all three patients...
September 2023: Journal of International Medical Research
Yizhou Wan, Peiran Xue, Junyi Yue, Keda Yu, Xiaodong Guo, Kaifang Chen
BACKGROUND: Iliosacral screw insertion by computer-assisted navigation gradually became the main technique in some hospitals, but the expensive price limited the extensive application. But other techniques such as 3D printed template was used to place iliosacral screw as novel method. This study was to compare the efficiency of percutaneous iliosacral screw placement by using patient-specific template and computer-assisted navigation. METHODS: Total of 58 patients from September 2017 to September 2021 with sacral injury were treated operatively with percutaneous screw technique, which was selected for this retrospective analysis and divided into two groups (template and computer-assisted navigation)...
September 22, 2023: Orthopaedic Surgery
Andrew D Carbone, Omkar N Prabhavalkar, Paulo A Perez-Padilla, Andrew J Curley, Julio Nerys-Figueroa, Benjamin G Domb
BACKGROUND: During the early evolution of femoroacetabular impingement (FAI) treatment, undercorrection of femoral deformity was a leading cause of hip arthroscopy failures. As the pendulum has swung, overresection of femoral deformity has increased in prevalence as a cause of persistent hip pain after arthroscopy. Computed tomography (CT) scans are increasingly being used in hip arthroscopy for preoperative planning purposes and may allow for improved 3-dimensional (3D) assessment of complex femoral deformities after previous femoroplasty...
September 22, 2023: American Journal of Sports Medicine
Dale Vimalachandran
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: British Journal of Surgery
Dion Morton, Jenny Seligmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: British Journal of Surgery
Ayman Saeed
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
June 1, 2023: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Taylor Nordan, Shahzaib Ahmad, Raffi Karagozian, Thomas Schnelldorfer, Hassan Aziz
Introduction: The association between unintentional weight loss (WL) and outcomes after major hepatectomy for malignancy remains unclear. Methods: This retrospective cohort study reviewed the 2014-2019 NSQIP database of all patients who underwent major liver resections. The patients were categorized into two groups based on their history of weight loss. The primary outcome measure was the 30-day mortality. The secondary outcome was 30-day in-hospital complications. Results: In total, 384 patients had a history of preoperative weight loss...
September 22, 2023: American Surgeon
Hsian-Jenn Wang, Chwei-Chin Chuang, Shyi-Gen Chen, Chieh-Feng Chen, Nai-Chen Cheng
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 1, 2023: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Shelby Brantly
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 1, 2022: Annals of Plastic Surgery
Arash Jalali
BACKGROUND: Aesthetic treatment of the nose with hyaluronic acid (HA) fillers is increasingly popular but carries a small risk of major complications. Large patient cohorts are required to better understand this risk. AIMS: To evaluate safety and patient satisfaction in a large series of nonsurgical rhinoplasty treatments with the HA filler, VYC-25L, in "real world" clinical practice. METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of consecutive adult patients undergoing nonsurgical rhinoplasty with VYC-25L by a single injector between January 2020 and July 2022...
September 22, 2023: Journal of Cosmetic Dermatology
Marina A Tumino, Marc B Royo, Sanjib D Adhikary
BACKGROUND Thoracic epidural analgesia is a commonly applied technique for perioperative pain management in major thoraco-abdominal surgery, but is complicated by high failure rates. The epidural electrical stimulation test (EEST) or "Tsui test" is a safe and effective method whereby low electrical current is used to confirm correct epidural catheter position and decrease the variability in analgesic effectiveness of the neuraxial technique. CASE REPORT We present the case of a 61-year-old woman with no prior cardiac or pulmonary comorbidities who was scheduled to undergo a ventral and parastomal hernia repair with component separation...
September 23, 2023: American Journal of Case Reports
Barry A Borlaug, Hartzell V Schaff, Samuel J Asirvatham, Katlyn E Koepp, William J Mauermann, Phillip G Rowse
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
September 22, 2023: European Heart Journal
Liwen Wang, Huicheng Gong, Linlan Jiang, Shuyi Gao, Yuenong Jiao
Rosai-Dorfman disease (RDD) is characterized by sinus histiocytosis with massive lymphadenopathy, and the tissue exhibits positive results for S100 and CD68. This lesion typically affects the lymph nodes and rarely involves the nasal soft tissues. This report aims to present a case of RDD involving the nasal soft tissues, presenting with nasal congestion and rhinorrhea as the primary complaints. The patient underwent surgery navigated by nasal endoscope did not report recurrence after operation.
September 22, 2023: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Juan Shi, Kai-Xuan He, Yan-Bo Dong, Yu-He Liu, Cheng Lu, Wan-Xin Li
OBJECTIVE: Brachial plexus schwannoma (BPS) is a rare clinical entity that poses a significant challenge for head and neck surgeons due to its neuroanatomical complexity and potential severe complications, such as major motor or sensory neurological deficits or pain of the corresponding upper extremity. This article summarizes our experience in its diagnosis and intracapsular enucleation with intraoperative neuromonitoring (INM). METHODS: A retrospective review of BPS cases treated at our tertiary medical institution was conducted between April 2020 and May 2023...
September 22, 2023: Ear, Nose, & Throat Journal
Masahiro Nitta, Moeko Tazawa, Kumpei Takahashi, Jun Naruse, Kazuya Oda, Tatsuo Kano, Takato Uchida, Tatsuya Umemoto, Takahiro Ogawa, Yoshiaki Kawamura, Masanori Hasegawa, Sunao Shoji, Akira Miyajima
INTRODUCTION: Urinary dysfunctions are common sequelae following prostatectomy. This study aimed to discover factors that can predict urinary continence recovery at various time periods after robot-assisted laparoscopic radical prostatectomy (RARP). METHODS: This was a retrospective analysis of data of 419 consecutive patients. Only patients followed up for ≥1 year were enrolled. An answer of "zero pad per day" in the Expanded Prostate Cancer Index Composite urinary assessment (question 5) denoted continence...
September 22, 2023: Asian Journal of Endoscopic Surgery
Kevin T Robbins, Ohad Ronen, Nabil F Saba, Primoz Strojan, Vincent Vander Poorten, Antti Mäkitie, Fernando López, Juan P Rodrigo, Akihiro Homma, Ehab Hanna, Alfio Ferlito
The sinonasal structures and their adjacent organs host several functions including vision, olfaction, nasal respiration and filtration, secretory immunity, facial expression, articulation, and oral deglutition. We reviewed the current evidence supporting functional preservation in sinonasal cancer treatment. Primary surgery with or without adjuvant modalities continues to be the standard of care for sinonasal cancer. Unfortunately, functional compromise remains a dominant negative feature of this approach...
September 22, 2023: Head & Neck
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