Lian Duan, Guangfu Dang, Jinling Ge, Yang Gao, Lihua Wang
BACKGROUND: Aspheric intraocular lens (IOLs) implantation has been widely applied in cataract surgery. However, there is no consensus on the optimal guidance for the operations in IOLs implantation. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated the visual function of Chinese cataract patients six months after cataract surgery with two different guiding ideologies. METHODS: We evaluated 50 patients (61 eyes) with implantation of different aspheric IOLs (SN60WF IOLs, ZCB00 IOLs, PY-60AD IOLs, AO IOLs) 6 months after cataract surgery...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Meta N Eek, Annika Blomkvist, Karin Romberg
PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe brace use, progression of scoliosis, and surgery in children with cerebral palsy (CP) and spina bifida (SB) who were initially treated with a brace. METHODS: Medical records were retrospectively analysed for brace compliance, treatment complications, curve size measurements with and without the brace at both start and at follow-up, and number of patients undergoing spine surgery. RESULTS: Sixty-eight children were included (CP 47, SB 21), 37 of whom were girls, with a mean age at start of treatment of 11...
November 23, 2022: Journal of Pediatric Rehabilitation Medicine
Negin Badihian, Lauren M Jackson, Bryan T Klassen, Anhar Hassan, Phillip A Low, Wolfgang Singer, Elizabeth A Coon
The course of patients with multiple system atrophy (MSA) who undergo deep brain stimulation (DBS) is unclear. In a retrospective review of 1,496 patients with MSA evaluated at our institutions from 1998-2021, 12 patients underwent DBS; 9 had a diagnosis of Parkinson's disease at the time of surgery. Nine patients reported initial improvement in at least one symptom and 7 experienced overall worsening following DBS. All patients had at least one red flag sign or symptom suggesting atypical parkinsonism prior to surgery...
November 21, 2022: Journal of Parkinson's Disease
Chandan Kumar Jha, Harshit Verma, Upasna Sinha, Prashant Kumar Singh
Increased utilization of chemotherapy in breast cancer patients has led to improved survival outcomes but it has also resulted in rising incidence of adverse effects. Occurrence of new/unreported side effect poses challenge in front of clinicians. We report the case of a 53-year lady with locally advanced, hormone receptor-positive, and human epidermal growth factor-2 (HER-2) negative right breast carcinoma. She was started on neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NACT) (doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide), to facilitate breast-conserving surgery...
2022: Breast Disease
Aleksandar Milovanovic, Igor Saveljic, Nenad Filipovic
BACKGROUND: The fractional flow reserve (FFR) index has been widely accepted as a standard diagnostic method for identifying functional relevance of coronary stenosis. Since the invasive techniques used for its determination are associated with a certain risk of vascular injury, as well as with an increased cost, several non-invasive procedures have been developed. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to compare FFR values for the coronary artery obtained by computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA)...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Christian von Schudnat, Benjamin Lahmann, Klaus-Peter Schoeneberg, Jose Albors-Garrigos, María De-Miguel-Molina
BACKGROUND: The continuous decrease of healthcare resources requires hospitals to improve efficiency while striving to improve quality standards that deliver better patient outcomes. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to analyze whether the implementation of digital support systems during orthopedic surgery positively affected clinical processes and quality ratios. METHODS: A retrospective case-control study of 297 knee joint replacement procedures was conducted between 2015 and 2020...
November 17, 2022: Technology and Health Care: Official Journal of the European Society for Engineering and Medicine
Nathan H Varady, Christopher M Worsham, Antonia F Chen, Eric L Smith, Jaemin Woo, Anupam B Jena
In response to the opioid epidemic in the United States, states have passed policies aimed at regulating how opioids are prescribed by physicians. For such policies to be effective, however, opioids must be prescribed to the patients for whom they are intended. Whether opioid prescriptions are written for those who are not intended to consume them is empirically difficult to show. In a commercially insured population, we examined opioid prescriptions written for and filled by spouses of patients undergoing outpatient surgery on the day of a patient's surgery compared with the surrounding days...
December 6, 2022: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Morgan Yuan, Jeremy Wu, Allen Li, Lucas Gallo, Brian Chin, Jessica Murphy, Christopher J Coroneos, Sophocles Voineskos, Achilleas Thoma
BACKGROUND: "Spin" refers to a manipulation of language that implies benefit for an intervention when none may exist. Randomized clinical trials (RCTs) in other fields have been demonstrated to employ spin, which can mislead clinicians to use ineffective or unsafe interventions. This study's objective was to determine the strategies, severity, and extent of spin in plastic surgery RCTs with non-significant primary outcomes. METHODS: A literature search of the top 15 plastic surgery journals using MEDLINE was performed (2000-2020)...
November 29, 2022: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Catherine A de Planque, Jan Petr, Linda Gaillard, Henk J M M Mutsaerts, Marie-Lise C van Veelen, Sarah L Versnel, Marjolein H G Dremmen, Irene M J Mathijssen
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2022: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
Robotti Enrico, Leone Francesco
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 29, 2022: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Zhe Zhang, Zhou Yu, Junzheng Wu, Juan Zhang, Yu Zhang, Baoqiang Song
BACKGROUND: The septal extension graft (SEG) has become the preferred augmentation rhinoplasty technique in Asia for its superiority in correcting tip projection and rotation. OBJECTIVES: The author sought to build a rabbit model for SEG surgery and compared the postoperative stability of the tip support between the bilateral batten costal and conchal cartilage extension grafts at the nasal tip. METHODS: Twenty rabbits underwent SEG surgery with either bilateral batten costal cartilage graft (Group A) or bilateral batten conchal cartilage graft (Group B)...
November 29, 2022: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Fabio Santanelli Di Pompeo, Demosthenes Panagiotakos, Guido Firmani, Michail Sorotos
BACKGROUND: The epidemiologic picture of Breast Implant Associated-Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma (BIA-ALCL) is unclear, with no high-level evidence, as only case reports and series are available. OBJECTIVES: We aimed at updating the BIA-ALCL epidemiology by using all available data through a systematic review of scientific literature. METHODS: A search on PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science was conducted between October 2021 and April 2022...
November 29, 2022: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Emanuel Ângelo da Silva, Marcelo Luiz Peixoto Sobral
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 1, 2022: Brazilian Journal of Cardiovascular Surgery
Roshan Bootun, Mandy Burrows, Mohammed M Chowdhury, Philip W Stather, Wissam Al-Jundi
INTRODUCTION: Varicose veins (VV) negatively impact quality of life (QoL) and have risks of major complications including bleeding, ulceration and phlebitis. During the COVID-19 pandemic, the VSGBI (Vascular Society of Great Britain and Ireland) and GIRFT (Get It Right First Time) classified VVs as lowest priority for intervention. OBJECTIVE: This study aims to determine harm caused and the impact on the QoL on patients waiting for their VVs procedures for more than 1 year...
November 28, 2022: Phlebology
Devora Aharon, Lucky Sekhon, Chloe Getrajdman, Mackenzie Naert, William Hanley, Ahmad Kerr, Atoosa Ghofranian, Carlos Hernandez-Nieto, Joseph A Lee, Alan Copperman, Charles Ascher-Walsh
OBJECTIVE: To assess whether open and minimally invasive myomectomy are associated with changes in postoperative ovarian reserve as measured by serum anti-müllerian hormone (AMH) level. METHODS: This prospective cohort study included patients who were undergoing open abdominal myomectomy that used a tourniquet or minimally invasive (robot-assisted or laparoscopic) myomectomy that used vasopressin. Serum AMH levels were collected before the procedure and at 2 weeks, 3 months, and 6 months after surgery...
December 1, 2022: Obstetrics and Gynecology
Zhicheng Su, Xiangxia Liu, Zheng Liu, Yu Deng, Bing Han, Yujing Zhang, Zhaowei Zhu, Yangbin Xu, Shuqia Xu
OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to find the coding RNA [messenger RNA (mRNA)] and long noncoding RNA (lncRNA) expressed in keloid through the analysis of Gene Expression Omnibus microarray chip of keloid fibroblasts. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Gene Expression Omnibus database GSE7890 database was downloaded with selection of keloids and normal scar group data. The data were analyzed by R language combined with online database. The log2FC>1, P value <0...
August 17, 2022: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Gakuto Kitamura, Manabu Nankaku, Takayuki Kikuchi, Hidehisa Nishi, Hiroki Tanaka, Toru Nishikawa, Honami Yonezawa, Taishi Kajimoto, Takumi Kawano, Ayumi Ohtagaki, Eriko Mashimoto, Susumu Miyamoto, Ryosuke Ikeguchi, Shuichi Matsuda
This study aimed to determine whether the distance of gait training using a hybrid assistive limb (HAL) is related to the improvement of walking independence in patients with acute brain injury. This was an exploratory, observational study. Thirty patients having hemiplegia (functional ambulation category, FAC score ≤ 2) with acute stroke or after brain tumor surgery were included. Patients performed 4 sessions of gait training using HAL (60 min/session), 1-3 sessions/week, combined with conventional physical therapy...
November 28, 2022: Assistive Technology: the Official Journal of RESNA
Raul Velez-Montoya, Mariana A Rivera-Cortes, Gerardo Ledesma-Gil, Mario Carranza-Casas, Jaime D Martinez, Harry Levine, Nicolas A Yanuzzi, Guillermo Amescua, Ishrat Ahmed, Bradley Beatson, Esen Akpek, J Fernando Arevalo, Jans Fromow-Guerra
PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to assess the role of combined surgical treatment of therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty and pars plana vitrectomy in the anatomical and functional outcome of infectious keratitis endophthalmitis. METHODS: This study reviewed the medical records of 4 participating centers in the United States and Mexico. This study included patients with a clinical diagnosis of infectious keratitis endophthalmitis who had been treated with an early therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty and pars plana vitrectomy as the main treatment for endophthalmitis...
September 17, 2022: Cornea
Katerina Bopota, Oliver Donnelly, Farzad Borumandi
Immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICI) have become an essential part of cancer treatment. Anti-programmed cell death receptor-1 (PD-1) is a monoclonal antibody that targets PD-1. For patients with inoperable cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma, anti-PD-1 ICI treatment has been approved as monotherapy or in adjunct with other treatment modalities. A patient primarily treated with PD-1 inhibition for local advanced moderately differentiated cutaneous squamous cell carcinoma involving the parotid and the neck is presented...
November 1, 2022: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Paul Cavallaro, Liliana Bordeianou
BACKGROUND: The Patient-Reported Outcomes After Pouch Surgery Delphi Consensus Study identified 7 symptoms and 7 consequences as key domains for evaluating and analyzing ileoanal pouch function. OBJECTIVE: To utilize items identified as priorities by the Patient-Reported Outcomes After Pouch Surgery Delphi Consensus Study to create a validated tool for quantifying pouch function. DESIGN: Patients were administered a questionnaire-based survey eliciting responses regarding frequency of a variety of bowel symptoms...
November 14, 2022: Diseases of the Colon and Rectum
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