Ming-Lu Wang, Yu-Ying Tao, Xiao-Yu Sun, Yang Guo, Zhan-You Wang, Yun-Feng Cao, Limei Zhao
During pregnancy, various physiological changes occur that can alter the pharmacokinetics of antiepileptic drugs, such as lamotrigine (LTG). Anticipating the change in LTG dose required to achieve a pre-pregnancy target concentration is challenging. This study aimed to develop a refined population pharmacokinetic (PopPK) model of LTG in pregnant women with epilepsy (WWE) to identify factors explaining the variability in pharmacokinetics and to establish a model-informed individualized dosing regimen. On that basis, a coarsened model containing only clinical variables was also developed to examine its predictive performance compared to the refined model...
April 12, 2021: Pharmacological Research: the Official Journal of the Italian Pharmacological Society
Xue Wang, Shi Liu, Yuyao Guan, Jun Ding, Chong Ma, Zhigang Xie
Cervical cancer or cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) remain a major public health problem among women globally. Traditional methods such as surgery are often associated with possible complications which may impact future pregnancies and childbirth especially for young female patients. Vagina with a high contact surface is a suitable route for the local and systemic delivery of drugs but its abundant mucus in continuous exchange presents a barrier for the popularization of conventional vaginal formulations including suppositories, gel, patch, creams and so on...
April 12, 2021: Advanced Drug Delivery Reviews
Amaia Irizar, Amaia Molinuevo, Ainara Andiarena, Alba Jimeno-Romero, Anne San Román, Karin Broberg, Sabrina LLop, Raquel Soler-Blasco, Mario Murcia, Ferrán Ballester, Aitana Lertxundi
BACKGROUND: The excess of manganese (Mn) causes severe deleterious effects in the central nervous system, and the developing brain is especially sensitive to Mn overload. However, results of prospective studies regarding Mn neurodevelopmental effects remain inconclusive. The present study aims at studying the association of prenatal Mn exposure and neurodevelopment at 4-5 years of age. METHODS: Mn serum concentration was measured in 1465 pregnant women from the INMA (INfancia y MedioAmbiente, Environment and Childhood) Project...
April 12, 2021: Environmental Research
Chloe Friedman, Dana Dabelea, Deborah S K Thomas, Jennifer L Peel, John L Adgate, Sheryl Magzamen, Sheena E Martenies, William B Allshouse, Anne P Starling
BACKGROUND: Air pollution exposure during pregnancy has been associated with adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. Inflammation has been proposed as a potential link. We estimated associations between air pollution exposure during pregnancy and inflammatory biomarkers in maternal and cord blood. We evaluated whether maternal inflammation was associated with infant outcomes. METHODS: Among 515 mother-infant dyads in the Healthy Start study (2009-2014), trimester-long, 7- and 30-day average concentrations of particulate matter ≤2...
April 12, 2021: Environmental Research
Xinming Zhuo, Qun Wang, Liesbeth Vossaert, Roseen Salman, Adriel Kim, Ignatia Van den Veyver, Amy Breman, Arthur Beaudet
A major challenge for cell-based non-invasive prenatal testing (NIPT) is to distinguish individual presumptive fetal cells from maternal cells in female pregnancies. We have sought a rapid, robust, versatile, and low-cost next-generation sequencing method to facilitate this process. Toward this goal, single isolated cells underwent whole genome amplification prior to genotyping. Multiple highly polymorphic genomic regions (including HLA-A and HLA-B) with 10-20 very informative single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) within a 200 bp interval were amplified with a modified method based on other publications...
2021: PloS One
Nipp Chantanahom, Vorapong Phupong
BACKGROUND: Preeclampsia is a common obstetric complication. The rate of preeclampsia is increased in twin pregnancies. The aim of this study was to assess the clinical risk factors for developing preeclampsia in twin pregnancies. METHODS: A case-control study was carried out among women with twin pregnancies who delivered at gestational age more than 23 weeks at King Chulalongkorn Memorial Hospital, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Faculty of Medicine, Chulalongkorn University, Bangkok, Thailand, from 2003 to 2019...
2021: PloS One
Pedro Javier Torres, Eugenia Mercedes Luque, Noelia Paula Di Giorgio, Nicolás David Ramírez, Marina Flavia Ponzio, Verónica Cantarelli, Valeria Paola Carlini, Victoria Lux-Lantos, Ana Carolina Martini
To explore in mice if a 15% food restriction protocol during pregnancy programs the offspring postnatal development, with emphasis on reproductive function, and to assess if ghrelin (Ghrl) administration to mouse dams exerts effects that mimic those obtained under mild caloric restriction. Mice were 15% food-restricted, injected with 4 nmol/animal/day of Ghrl, or injected with the vehicle (control) thorough pregnancy. After birth, the pups did not receive further treatment. Pups born from food-restricted dams (FR pups) were lighter than Ghrl pups at birth, but reached normal weight at adulthood...
April 15, 2021: Reproductive Sciences
Feiluan Song, Anli Cai, Qianwen Ye, Xiang Chen, Lin Lin, Xi Hao
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) leads to poor pregnancy outcomes. The methods for GDM early diagnosis and treatment are still unknown. This study aimed to investigate the expression and diagnostic potential of miR-34b-3p in GDM patients and further analyzed the effects of miR-34b-3p on HUVECs viability and migration. The expression of miR-34b-3p was detected in HUVECs of GDM and normal pregnant women by qRT-PCR. Then the HUVECs were isolated from normal pregnant women. High glucose (HG) was used to treat the HUVECs to mimic the GDM in vitro...
April 15, 2021: Biochemical Genetics
M Saraiva, L Fonseca, T Santos, J Vilaverde, M T Pereira, F Pichel, C Pinto, M C Almeida, J Dores
AIM: To clarify whether mild first trimester hyperglycaemia (characteristic of early-onset GDM) is associated with higher incidence of congenital malformations and other adverse fetomaternal outcomes compared to women with second trimester hyperglycaemia (later-onset GDM). DESIGN AND METHODS: We analyzed the Portuguese National GDM database, containing data collected between 2011 and 2017. Two study groups were defined: Group 1-Women with GDM diagnosed during the first trimester (with fasting glycemia ≥ 92 and < 126 mg/dL); Group 2-Women with GDM diagnosed after the first 12 weeks of gestation, with either fasting glycemia or oral glucose tolerance test, according to the International Association of Pregnancy and Diabetes Study Group criteria...
April 15, 2021: Acta Diabetologica
Yoonyoung Park, Jianying Hu, Moninder Singh, Issa Sylla, Irene Dankwa-Mullan, Eileen Koski, Amar K Das
Importance: The lack of standards in methods to reduce bias for clinical algorithms presents various challenges in providing reliable predictions and in addressing health disparities. Objective: To evaluate approaches for reducing bias in machine learning models using a real-world clinical scenario. Design, Setting, and Participants: Health data for this cohort study were obtained from the IBM MarketScan Medicaid Database. Eligibility criteria were as follows: (1) Female individuals aged 12 to 55 years with a live birth record identified by delivery-related codes from January 1, 2014, through December 31, 2018; (2) greater than 80% enrollment through pregnancy to 60 days post partum; and (3) evidence of coverage for depression screening and mental health services...
April 1, 2021: JAMA Network Open
Jessica Thames Chambliss, Retta Evans, Anneliese Bolland, Martha S Wingate, John M Bolland
Risky sexual behaviors among adolescents can increase adverse outcomes including unplanned pregnancy or contraction or transmission of disease. Adolescents who engage in risky sexual activities are at increased risk for adverse health and social outcomes compared to those who do not engage. Despite declines in adolescent pregnancy and birth rates, the diagnosis of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) is steadily increasing among adolescents. Moreover, African American adolescent boys in the United States, specifically in the southeastern region are disproportionally at greater risk for STIs, and STI diagnosis within this population has increased over time, compared to their white counterparts...
March 2021: American Journal of Men's Health
Jessamyn Bowling, Erika Montanaro, Jennifer Gattuso, Diana Gioia, Sarai Guerrero Ordonez
Social distancing through the COVID-19 pandemic has impacted sexuality and relationships, which may also change risk perceptions beyond traditional definitions (e.g. sexually transmitted infections). This study examines risk perceptions related to sexuality during the pandemic. We present qualitative analyses of a survey of adults in the United States ( N  = 333) to identify impacts of COVID-19 on individuals' risk perceptions. Risky sexual behavior definitions included: (1) COVID-19-related, (2) STI/pregnancy, (3) relationship-related, (4) physical boundaries, (5) drug or alcohol, and (6) multiple risks...
April 15, 2021: Journal of Health Psychology
Noa Vardi, Gil Zalsman, Nir Madjar, Abraham Weizman, Gal Shoval
The COVID-19 pandemic brought about a global crisis, with profound implications on public mental health. The current review focuses on the impact of the pandemic on the mental health of mothers and their infants during pregnancy and shortly after delivery. Literature shows that in similar disaster situations, mothers' stress reaction and mental health have a critical impact on infant development. Research data on perinatal mental health during the current COVID-19 pandemic is reviewed in conjunction with studies on the relationship between maternal stress, infant development, and psychopathology...
April 15, 2021: Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry
Jozef Mizera, Grzegorz Kazek, Ewa Niedzielska-Andres, Lucyna Pomierny-Chamiolo
Cognitive impairment affects patients suffering from various neuropsychiatric diseases, which are often accompanied by changes in the glutamatergic system. Epidemiological studies indicate that predispositions to the development of neuropsychiatric diseases may be programmed prenatally. Mother's improper diet during pregnancy and lactation may cause fetal abnormalities and, consequently, predispose to diseases in childhood and even adulthood. Considering the prevalence of obesity in developed countries, it seems important to examine the effects of diet on the behavior and physiology of future generations...
May 2021: FASEB Journal: Official Publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology
Chrissy Liu, Miriam Andrusier, Michael Silver, Liat Applewhite, Camille A Clare
While data have shown that Black populations are disproportionately affected by COVID-19, few studies have evaluated birth outcomes in these understudied populations. This study hypothesized that SARS-CoV-2 infection would confer worse maternal and neonatal outcomes in a predominantly Black and underserved population in Brooklyn, New York City. In particular, SARS-CoV-2 is associated with higher rates of preterm birth, cesarean delivery, postpartum hemorrhage, lower APGAR scores, and neonatal resuscitation...
April 15, 2021: Journal of Community Health
Alberto Maria Saibene, Fabiana Allevi, Tareck Ayad, Tomislav Baudoin, Manuel Bernal-Sprekelsen, Giovanni Briganti, Sean Carrie, Per Cayé-Thomasen, Sara Dahman Saidi, Nicolas Dauby, John Fenton, Wojciech Golusiński, Ludger Klimek, Andrée-Anne Leclerc, Yves Longtin, Giuditta Mannelli, Miguel Mayo-Yáñez, Cem Meço, Osama Metwaly, François Mouawad, Kazimierz Niemczyk, Ulrik Pedersen, Krzysztof Piersiala, Jan Plzak, Marc Remacle, Nathalie Rommel, Hesham Saleh, Dawid Szpecht, Miroslav Tedla, Camilla Tincati, Manuel Tucciarone, Karol Zelenik, Jerome R Lechien
PURPOSE: SARS-CoV-2 vaccines are a key step in fighting the pandemic. Nevertheless, their rapid development did not allow for testing among specific population subgroups such as pregnant and breastfeeding women, or elaborating specific guidelines for healthcare personnel working in high infection risk specialties, such as otolaryngology (ORL). This clinical consensus statement (CCS) aims to offer guidance for SARS-CoV-2 vaccination to this high-risk population based on the best evidence available...
April 15, 2021: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Yosfi Rahmi, Adelya Desi Kurniawati, Rahma Micho Widyanto, Ayuningtyas Dian Ariestiningsih, Addien Zahratul 'Aisyi Al Farahi, Annisa Nafilata Ruchaina, Evita Virginia Sihombing, Fanny Bella Istira, Izzatun Nafsiyah, Katarina Dian Permatasari, Ririk Dwi Anjani, Stephani Anggita Yuli Maharani Simanjuntak, Yunda Aulia Rahma
BACKGROUND: The deficiency of energy, protein, and other beneficial nutrients during pregnancy causes chronic energy deficiency (CED). This condition increases the chance of having babies with low birth weight (LBW) and various other health problems. To meet these nutritional needs, supplementary feeding is necessary in the form of snack bar, using local food ingredients, such as purple sweet potatoes and soybeans (PSPS). This study determines the differences in a few aspects of PSPS snack bar, such as sensory acceptability, physical quality, and nutritional content in several formulations...
April 14, 2021: Journal of Public Health Research
Hasan Basri, Veni Hadju, Andi Zulkifli, Aminuddin Syam, Rahayu Indriasari
BACKGROUND: The government has made provisions to improve the nutrition of stunted children under the age of five nationally by providing iron folic acid (IFA) tablet since conception. However, these drugs were not able to reduce the incidence of stunted growth. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of moringa intervention during pregnancy on the incidence of stunted growth in children between the ages of 36 to 42 months. DESIGN AND METHODS: This study is a follow-up to an experimental RCT-DB study during pregnancy...
April 14, 2021: Journal of Public Health Research
Sarah Perelli, Aldo E Calogero, Rosita A Condorelli, Rossella Cannarella, Angela Garofalo, Roberta Brescia, Roberto Ciuni, Emanuela A Greco, Sandro LA Vignera
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
April 15, 2021: Minerva endocrinology
Sören Mattsson, Sigrid Leide-Svegborn, Martin Andersson
Some of the ethically most sensitive issues in radiation protection arise at imaging of pregnant-and potentially pregnant-patients and of newborn. This article reviews the current literature and recommendations on imaging during pregnancy and breastfeeding. Risks related to alternative non-ionizing radiation methods are also considered. With few exceptions, exposure of the fetus through radiography, computed tomography (CT) and nuclear medicine imaging can be limited to safe levels, although studies such as abdominal-pelvic CT cannot avoid significant exposure to fetuses...
April 14, 2021: Radiation Protection Dosimetry
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