Poonam Lama, Gautam Jha, Indra Prasad Amatya
Tubal sterilization is considered a permanent method of contraception because it is highly effective. However, pregnancy can still occur following a successful procedure and such pregnancies are likely to be ectopic. Primary ovarian pregnancy is one of the rarest forms of ectopic pregnancy having incidence of 1/7000-1/40,000 in live births and 0.5-3% of all ectopic gestations. In this paper, we report a rare case of ovarian pregnancy after tubal sterilization. All women who are offered this procedure should always be educated about its failure rate...
September 10, 2023: Journal of Nepal Health Research Council
Sara Pind Pilegaard, Lone Schmidt, Sacha Stormlund, Emily Koert, Jeanette Wulff Bogstad, Lisbeth Prætorius, Henriette Svarre Nielsen, Nina la Cour Freiesleben, Negjyp Sopa, Anna Klajnbard, Peter Humaidan, Christina Bergh, Anne Lis Mikkelsen Englund, Kristine Løssl, Anja Pinborg
STUDY QUESTION: Is the psychosocial wellbeing affected in women and men shortly after allocation to a freeze-all strategy with postponement of embryo transfer compared to a fresh transfer strategy? SUMMARY ANSWER: In general, psychosocial wellbeing (i.e. emotional reactions to the treatment, quality-of-life, infertility-related stress, and marital benefit) was similar in women and men allocated to a freeze-all versus those allocated to a fresh-transfer strategy 6 days after disclosure of treatment strategy (i...
September 23, 2023: Human Reproduction
Huang Qionghui, Zeng Chaomei, Liu Jie, Qin Jiong
BACKGROUND: Primary immune thrombocytopenia (ITP) can increase the risk of neonatal thrombocytopenia (NT). This study aimed to investigate the key factors for predicting the risk of NT. METHODS: Data were retrospectively collected from all pregnant women with ITP from 2015 to 2021. Newborns were divided into two groups according to the presence or absence of NT. The parameters between the two groups were then compared. Next, the correlation between maternal platelet-to-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) and neonatal platelet count was analyzed by logistic regression and generalized additive model...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Alexandre Chadi, Daniel J G Thirion, Pierre-Marie David
CONTEXT: Social determinants of health are drivers of vaccine inequity and lead to higher risks of complications from infectious diseases in under vaccinated communities. In many countries, pharmacists have gained the rights to prescribe and administer vaccines, which contributes to improving vaccination rates. However, little is known on how they define and target vulnerable communities. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study is to describe how vulnerable communities are targeted in community pharmacies...
September 23, 2023: BMC Public Health
Jung Hee Yeo, Hae Sagong
BACKGROUND: Previous studies have established that negative or traumatic childbirth can create childbirth-related post-traumatic stress disorder (CB-PTSD). Because of the negative implications of CB-PTSD for mothers, children, and families, global qualitative research on traumatic or negative childbirth has risen in recent years. However, few studies have been conducted in South Korea. This study aims to explore women's various perceptions of traumatic childbirth in South Korea. METHODS: This qualitative descriptive study examined nine women who were at high risk of PTSD (IES-R-K > 24) at the time of the interview, between 1 and 11 years after childbirth...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ilyana Mohamed Hussain, Nicki Hartney, Linda Sweet
BACKGROUND: Given the rapid growth of digital media resources, it is worth exploring childbearing women's use of digital media to address their information needs. The aim of this study was to explore the use of digital media during pregnancy and birth in the local population of Western Victorian women in Melbourne, Australia. METHODS: A descriptive exploratory approach was used. An online survey consisted of both quantitative and qualitative questions to identify and measure digital media use in pregnancy and the birthing period...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Emmanuel Fabrice Julceus, Bankole Olatosi, Peiyin Hung, Jiajia Zhang, Xiaoming Li, Jihong Liu
BACKGROUND: During the COVID-19 pandemic, hospitals' decision of not admitting pregnant women's partner or support person, and pregnant women's fear of contracting COVID-19 in hospitals may disrupt prenatal care. We aimed to examine whether prenatal care utilization in South Carolina varied before and during the COVID-19 pandemic, and whether the variation was different by race. METHODS: We utilized 2018-2021 statewide birth certificate data using a pre-post design, including all women who delivered a live birth in South Carolina...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Ghasem Pour Sara, Mansoor Ryesa, Akhmadjonova Muzayyana, S Faith Myles, Lipsky Leah, Nansel Tonja, S Burger Kyle, Anna Maria Siega-Riz, E Grace Shearrer
BACKGROUND: Perceived stress is related to poor diet quality and unhealthy dietary patterns in women of reproductive age. Eating competence represents a variety of contextual skills reflecting a comfortable and flexible approach to eating and is associated with diet quality and health related behavior. In non-pregnant samples, perceived stress is negatively associated with eating competence. Given that pregnancy and the postpartum period can be periods of high stress, we hypothesized that higher stress in pregnancy would result in lower pregnancy eating competence...
September 23, 2023: BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
T Marquillier, S Azogui-Levy, A Tenenbaum
AIM: The aim of this paper is to highlight the need to consider oral health during the first 1000 days of a child's life with a view to developing appropriate educational programmes. CONTEXT: The first 1000 days of life represent a window of opportunity for prevention in children. This concept is built on a consideration of the overall health of mother and child, taking into account social inequalities in health. It is now established that the oral health of the mother determines the oral health of her child...
September 24, 2023: European Archives of Paediatric Dentistry: Official Journal of the European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry
Dushyant Singh Dahiya, Saurabh Chandan, Aakash Desai, Daryl Ramai, Babu P Mohan, Antonio Facciorusso, Mohammad Bilal, Neil R Sharma, Douglas G Adler, Gursimran S Kochhar
BACKGROUND: Studies have suggested higher complication rates after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP) in pregnancy. AIMS: We performed a propensity-matched cohort analysis to assess the risk of ERCP-related complications among pregnant women in the United States. METHODS: The TriNetX database was analyzed to identify pregnant and non-pregnant females between 18 and 50 years of age who underwent ERCP. One-to-one propensity score matching was performed for age and race...
September 24, 2023: Digestive Diseases and Sciences
Tadele Biresaw Belachew, Wubshet Debebe Negash, Desale Bihonegn Asmamaw, Samrawit Mihret Fetene, Banchlay Addis, Tsegaw Amare Baykeda, Atitegeb Abera Kidie, Abel Endawkie, Alebachew Ferede Zegeye, Tadesse Tarik Tamir, Elsa Awoke Fentie, Sisay Maru Wubante
The development of a post-abortion family plan is an integral part of comprehensive abortion care. In spite of this, it received insufficient attention as a means of breaking the cycle of repeated abortions, unintended pregnancies, and maternal deaths resulting from abortion. Therefore, this study examined post abortion modern contraceptive utilization among Ethiopian women as well as associated factors. The study was based on secondary data analysis of the Ethiopian Demographic and Health Survey 2016 data...
September 23, 2023: Scientific Reports
Juan J Fierro, Manuela Velásquez-Berrío, Alexandra Ospina, Svenja Henning, Karina de Leeuw, Ángela P Cadavid J
Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) is obtained by hydroxylation of chloroquine (CQ) and the first indication was malaria. Nowadays, HCQ is commonly used in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA) with favorable results. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disease characterized by thrombosis and/or pregnancy morbidity and persistent positivity of antiphospholipid antibodies. Around 20-30% of pregnant women with APS develop adverse pregnancy outcomes despite conventional treatment with aspirin and heparin, called refractory obstetric APS...
September 23, 2023: Rheumatology International
Nusrat Homaira, Wen-Qiang He, Jocelynne McRae, Kristine Macartney, Bette Liu
BACKGROUND: Respiratory infections including influenza and pertussis are associated with significant morbidity and mortality in mothers and newborns. Vaccination during pregnancy against influenza and pertussis is recommended for all women but data on uptake in Australia is limited. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective population-based cohort study in Australia's largest state, New South Wales (NSW), using a Perinatal Data Collection (PDC). Data included demographic, pregnancy, and birth details including pertussis and influenza vaccination during pregnancy for all women giving birth between 01 January 2016 and 31 December 2020...
September 21, 2023: Vaccine
Yoshiichi Abe, Masanori Inoue, Kazuhito Sekiguchi, Satoko Nakano, Yasuhiro Tomaru, Tomoki Maeda, Norio Shimizu, Kenji Ihara
BACKGROUND: Ureaplasma spp. is an endemic microorganism that causes placental chorioamnionitis or preterm delivery in pregnant women, and the occurrence of bronchopulmonary dysplasia or intraventricular hemorrhaging in preterm infants after birth, although the pathogenicity of Ureaplasma remains controversial. The association between Ureaplasma exposure and the symptoms or outcomes of infected mothers or their infants born at term remains poorly understood. We investigated the clinical characteristics of preterm and term infants with or without Ureaplasma in their gastric fluid...
September 12, 2023: Pediatrics and Neonatology
T Caroline Bank, Jennifer L Grasch, Judith Chung, Brian M Mercer, Rebecca B McNeil, Samuel Parry, George Saade, Anthony Shanks, Robert M Silver, Hyagriv Simhan, Lynn M Yee, Uma Reddy, William A Grobman, Heather A Frey
BACKGROUND: In non-pregnant populations, sodium intake has been associated with the development of chronic hypertension, and sodium restriction has been identified as a strategy to reduce blood pressure. Data regarding the relationship between sodium intake and development of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy are limited and conflicting. OBJECTIVE: To assess the association between daily periconceptional sodium intake and risk of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy...
September 21, 2023: American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM
Kira A Bromwich, Jennifer A McCoy, Alison G Cahill, Anthony C Sciscione, Lisa D Levine
BACKGROUND: Intracervical Foley balloons (FB) are commonly used for cervical ripening, but there has been a historical concern regarding an increased risk of clinical chorioamnionitis with FB use in GBS positive patients. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine whether use of intracervical FB in GBS positive patients is associated with an increased risk of clinical chorioamnionitis. STUDY DESIGN: This was a secondary analysis of a randomized controlled trial (FOR MOMI) that compared cervical ripening agents within a standardized labor protocol...
September 21, 2023: American journal of obstetrics & gynecology MFM
E McCullough, J Gratrix, P Smyzcek, C Charlton, S Plitt
A retrospective five-year province-wide evaluation of prenatal Neisseria gonorrhoeae (GC) and Chlamydia trachomatis (CT) screening for Alberta, Canada, was carried out to assess compliance with the provincial recommendations for universal prenatal screening as a prevention for neonatal ophthalmia. Screening generally improved across the province each year; 82.1% in 2018 and reaching 87.3% in 2022. Women in the age group under 25 years were the most likely to not have the recommended first trimester screening and demonstrated the highest prevalence of GC and CT infections...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC
Foruzan Bahrami, Sarah Maheux-Lacroix, Olga Bougie, Amélie Boutin
OBJECTIVE: Endometriosis is a common gynecological disease for which surgery is often required. To evaluate the potential determinants of perioperative complications in day surgeries for endometriosis. METHODS: We conducted a retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing day surgeries for endometriosis using Canadian administrative data between 2015 and 2019. A multilevel logistic model with a random intercept at the center level was created to assess the association between potential determinants, including age, site(s) of endometriosis lesion, center-volume, surgical intervention, and a composite outcome of complications or specific complications...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC
Ninnie Borendal Wodlin, Emelie Oliv, Preben Kjølhede, Lena Nilsson
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether intrathecal morphine analgesia (ITM) in abdominal surgery for presumed gynecological malignancy was associated with better self-reported sleep quality postoperatively compared with epidural analgesia (EDA), and to evaluate risk factors for bad sleep quality. METHODS: A secondary analysis of a randomized open controlled trial, comparing ITM and EDA as postoperative analgesia in 80 women undergoing laparotomy under general anesthesia in an ERAS framework...
September 21, 2023: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Canada: JOGC
Ramen H Chmait, Martha A Monson, Andrew H Chon, Ms Jinnen Masri, Lisa M Korst, Marc H Incerpi
BACKGROUND: Vasa previa is an obstetrical condition in which fetal vessels traverse the fetal membranes unprotected by underlying placenta and located near the cervix. Type I vasa previa arises directly from a velamentous cord root, while types II and III arise from an accessory lobe or a distal lobe of the same placenta, respectively. Fetoscopic laser ablation for types II and III vasa previa is a novel therapeutic option with benefits that include surgical resolution of the vasa previa, avoidance of prolonged hospitalization, and opportunity for a term vaginal delivery...
September 21, 2023: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
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