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search AND technique* AND "systematic review*"

Volkan Tuncay, Peter M A van Ooijen
BACKGROUND: Current developments showed a fast-increasing implementation and use of three-dimensional (3D) printing in medical applications. Our aim was to review the literature regarding the application of 3D printing to cardiac valve disease. METHODS: A PubMed search for publications in English with the terms "3D printing" AND "cardiac valve", performed in January 2018, resulted in 64 items. After the analysis of the abstract and text, 27 remained related to the topic...
February 15, 2019: European radiology experimental
Yung Lee, Karanbir Brar, Aristithes G Doumouras, Dennis Hong
BACKGROUND: Achalasia is a rare primary esophageal dysmotility disorder in children. Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a novel endoscopic technique which has shown promising results for treating achalasia in adults. However, limited data on efficacy and safety in pediatric patients are available. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to evaluate the efficacy and safety of POEM in pediatric achalasia. METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, Embase, PubMed, and Web of Science databases through July 2018...
February 14, 2019: Surgical Endoscopy
Jorge Ariel Rasmussen, Federico Landriel, Santiago Hem, Sebastián Kornfeld, Claudio Yampolsky
STUDY DESIGN: Systematic review and descriptive data meta-analysis. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study was to appropriately establish the accuracy in the percutaneous transpedicular screws (PTS) placement using biplane radioscopy (Rx-2D). SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: The Rx-2D is a widely-used technique for PTS as it is practical, ubiquitous, and cost-effective. However, the reported "acceptable" accuracy attained by this method is widely variable ranging between 76% and 100%...
February 12, 2019: Clinical Spine Surgery
Kenny Vlaemynck, Lies Lahousse, Aude Vanlander, Hubert Piessevaux, Pieter Hindryckx
BACKGROUND:  The first-line approach to the treatment of biliary leaks is endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography. A variety of techniques can be used, including sphincterotomy, stenting, a combination of both techniques, or nasobiliary drainage. We performed a systematic review with meta-analysis to define the optimal strategy. METHODS:  We searched MEDLINE/PubMed, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Scopus, Google Scholar, and Web of Science until January 2018 for randomized clinical trials, case-control studies, and prospective cohort studies...
February 13, 2019: Endoscopy
Jasvinder K Sekhon, Jennifer Oates, Ian Kneebone, Miranda Rose
BACKGROUND: Speech-language therapists use counselling to address the psychological well-being of people affected by post-stroke aphasia. Speech-language therapists report low counselling knowledge, skill and confidence for working in post-stroke aphasia which may be related to a lack of counselling training specific to the needs of this client group. AIMS: To identify current training in counselling for speech-language therapists to address psychological well-being in people affected by post-stroke aphasia...
February 13, 2019: International Journal of Language & Communication Disorders
Marina Z Barbosa, Daniel S Zylbersztejn, Leandro A de Mattos, Luiz F Carvalho
BACKGROUND: 3D printing has wide application in medicine while it provides customizability and precision for anatomical model development. Our aims were to perform a systematic review and to explore the use of 3D printing applications on human reproduction and reproductive surgery. METHODS: We have performed a systematic review in PubMed database to assess previous publications within 3D printing in human reproduction and gynecology. We have developed 3D models according to patients' magnetic resonance images (MRI)...
February 12, 2019: Minerva Ginecologica
Rebecca G Stewart, Niels Hammer, David C Kieser
BACKGROUND: Unstable pelvic fractures are typically caused by high-impact trauma. Early stabilization is required to prevent further neurological or visceral injury, haemorrhage, reduce pain, infection and long-term deformity and disability. The aim was to review the optimal external fixation techniques and management for unstable pelvic fractures. METHODS: A total of 28 studies were identified from the initial database search. Seventeen studies met our inclusion criteria - eight prospective cohorts, four retrospective cohorts and five in vitro studies...
February 12, 2019: ANZ Journal of Surgery
Niraj Vora, Ram Kalagiri, Lea H Mallett, Jin Ho Oh, Umaima Wajid, Saef Munir, Natalie Colon, Venkata Nakta Raju, Madhava R Beeram, M Nasir Uddin
Importance: Pregnancy is getting more and more complex due to increasing number of complications that may affect fetal outcomes. The introduction of newer "proteomics and metabolomics" technologies in the field of obstetrics and gynecology may allow physicians to identify possible associated etiologies that affect the mother during pregnancy and lead to associated complications affecting the offspring. Objective: The principal objective of this review article is to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the use of proteomics and metabolomics in complicated pregnancies...
February 2019: Obstetrical & Gynecological Survey
Yishan Wang, Huijuan Wang, Chunfang Zhang, Chao Zhang, Huqin Yang, Ruiyue Gao, Zhaohui Tong
BACKGROUND: With the development of new techniques to easily obtain lower respiratory tract specimens, bronchoalveolar lavage fluid and other lung fluids are gaining importance in pulmonary disease diagnosis. We aimed to review and summarize lung fluid biomarkers associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome diagnosis and mortality. METHODS: After searching PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library for articles published prior to January 11, 2018, we performed a meta-analysis on biomarkers for acute respiratory distress syndrome diagnosis in at-risk patients and those related to disease mortality...
February 12, 2019: Critical Care: the Official Journal of the Critical Care Forum
Rocco Papalia, Guglielmo Torre, Nicola Maffulli, Vincenzo Denaro
Background: Femoral neck fractures account for <1% of the fractures in children, and are produced by high energy trauma. The most commonly accepted treatment for such fractures is gentle manual anatomical reduction and internal fixation, yielding a healing rate between 80% and 90%. Sources of data: Electronic search through major web databases (Medline, Cochrane and Google Scholar). All types of article were eligible for inclusion, except for reviews, systematic reviews, meta-analyses and case reports...
February 7, 2019: British Medical Bulletin
Paul Macadam, Erin H Feser
Background: Hip extension is an important action in daily activities (standing, stepping and walking) and sporting actions (running, sprint-running and jumping). Though several different exercises exist, a comprehensive understanding of which exercises best target the gluteus maximus (Gmax) and the magnitude of muscular excitation associated with each exercise is yet to be established. Purpose: The purpose of this systematic review was to describe the electromyographic (EMG) excitation of the Gmax during body weight exercises that utilize hip extension...
February 2019: International Journal of Sports Physical Therapy
Wouter H van Geffen, Dirk-Jan Slebos, Felix J Herth, Samuel V Kemp, Walter Weder, Pallav L Shah
BACKGROUND: Severe emphysema is a debilitating condition with few treatment options. Lung volume reduction procedures in the treatment of severe emphysema have shown excellent results in selected patients but their exact role remains unclear with studies reporting a wide variation in outcomes. We therefore aimed to evaluate the effects of volume reduction. METHODS: We did a systematic review and meta-analysis. We searched MEDLINE on Sept 29, 2016, for trials of lung volume reduction in patients with emphysema, and we did an updated search on Embase and PubMed on June 18, 2018...
February 7, 2019: Lancet Respiratory Medicine
Mohsen Moghoofei, Mohsen Keshavarz, Saeed Ghorbani, Farhad Babaei, Javid Sadri Nahand, Ahmad Tavakoli, Helya Sadat Mortazavi, Arezoo Marjani, Shayan Mostafaei, Seyed Hamidreza Monavari
Although an increasing number of studies have been conducted to evaluate the association between human papillomavirus (HPV) infections and distribution of HPV types worldwide with the risk of prostate cancer (PC), the results remain inadequate. Hence, we investigated the association between HPV infection and PC risk using a meta-analysis. Relevant studies from January 1990 to December 2016 were searched in PubMed, Web of sciences, and Scopus databases. Pooled odds ratio (OR) and their corresponding 95% confidence interval (CI) were calculated to find the association between the prevalence of HPV and prostate cancer risk...
February 10, 2019: Asia-Pacific Journal of Clinical Oncology
Bagher Farhood, Keywan Mortezaee, Hamed Haghi-Aminjan, Neda Khanlarkhani, Ensieh Salehi, Maryam Shabani Nashtaei, Masoud Najafi, Amirhossein Sahebkar
BACKGROUND: Prostate cancer is the second most common malignancy in men in the world, and radiotherapy is used as a standard treatment modality for this cancer. Although this treatment modality effectively kills prostate cancerous cells, it unavoidably irradiates the organs/tissues that are away from the treatment site. In this regard, radiation-induced testicular toxicities following prostate radiotherapy can affect sexual function, reproduction, and quality of life in cancer survivors...
February 10, 2019: Journal of Cellular Physiology
C Simonelli, M Vitacca, M Vignoni, N Ambrosino, M Paneroni
PURPOSE: Manual therapy (MT) has been proposed in pulmonary rehabilitation programmes for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but an updated systematic review of the evidence is lacking. We aimed to systematically review the effectiveness of MT interventions, alone or added to exercise, on lung function, exercise capacity and quality of life in COPD patients, compared to other therapies (e.g. exercise alone) or no treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Physiotherapy Evidence Database, and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials databases, using the terms: COPD, manual therapy, manipulation, joint mobilisation, osteopathic manipulation...
February 6, 2019: Pulmonology
Shengbing Zhao, Shuling Wang, Peng Pan, Tian Xia, Xin Chang, Xia Yang, Liliangzi Guo, Qianqian Meng, Fan Yang, Wei Qian, Zhichao Xu, Yuanqiong Wang, Zhijie Wang, Lun Gu, Rundong Wang, Fangzhou Jia, Jun Yao, Zhaoshen Li, Yu Bai
BACKGROUND & AIMS: We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to comprehensively estimate the adenoma miss rate (AMR) and advanced AMR (AAMR) and explore associated factors. METHODS: We searched the PubMed, Web of Science, and Ovid EMBASE databases for studies published through April 2018 on tandem colonoscopies, with AMR and AAMR as the primary outcomes. We performed meta-regression analyses to identify risk factors and factors associated with outcome...
February 6, 2019: Gastroenterology
Dacheng Jin, Liang Yao, Jun Yu, Rong Liu, Tiankang Guo, Kehu Yang, Yunjiu Gou
BACKGROUND: Conventional video-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (MIE) is safe and associated with low rates of morbidity and mortality, but the two-dimensional monitor reduces eye-hand harmony and viewing yield. Robotic-assisted minimally invasive esophagectomy (RAMIE) with its virtual reality simulators offers a realistic three-dimensional environment that facilitates dissection in the narrow working space, but it is expensive and requires longer operative time. Therefore, the aim of this meta-analysis was to assess the safety and feasibility of RAMIE versus MIE in patients with esophageal cancer...
February 9, 2019: International Journal of Medical Robotics + Computer Assisted Surgery: MRCAS
María Antonia Fuentes Calderón, Ainhoa Navarro Miralles, Mauricio Jaramillo Pimienta, Jesús María Gonçalves Estella, María José Sánchez Ledesma
Transcranial direct current stimulation is one of the non-invasive techniques whose main mechanism of action is based on its modulation of cortical excitability. The objective of this study is to analyze the variables (i.e, demographics, clinicals, stimulation parameters) that could influence into the responses during rehabilitation of the upper extremity in patients with stroke. Our systematic review has been performed by searching full-text articles published from January 2008 to December 2018 in Embase, Medline, PubMed and Cochrane Library databases...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Medical Systems
M Milone, M Manigrasso, M Burati, U Elmore, N Gennarelli, M Cesare Giglio, F Maione, M Musella, V Lo Conte, F Milone, G Domenico De Palma
AIM: To perform a systematic review and meta-analyses of studies comparing the totally laparoscopic procedures with intracorporeal anastomosis (IA) to laparoscopic-assisted surgery with extracorporeal anastomosis (EA) in gastric resections. METHODS: We performed a systematic search in the electronic databases. Outcomes analysed were: intraoperative (operative time and intraoperative blood loss), oncologic (harvested nodes, distance of the tumour from proximal and distal margin), postoperative complications (gastric stasis, intraluminal and extraluminal bleeding, leakage and wound infection) recovery (time to first flatus, time to first oral intake and hospital stay)...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Visceral Surgery
Nicole Marie Hughes, Jane Noyes, Lindsay Eckley, Trystan Pritchard
BACKGROUND: It is not known which attributes of care are valued the most by those who experience hospice services. Such knowledge is integral to service development as it facilitates opportunities for continuous improvement of hospice care provision. The objectives of this mixed-studies systematic review were to explore patients' and their family carer views and experiences, to determine what they valued about adult hospice care in the UK. METHODS: ASSIA, PubMed, CINAHL and PsycINFO were searched from inception, up until March 2017 to identify qualitative, quantitative, and mixed-methods studies...
February 8, 2019: BMC Palliative Care
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