Dimitrios Giotis, Chris Kotsias, Sotiris Plakoutsis, Michael-Alexander Malahias, Christos Konstantinidis
Crush injuries of the foot and ankle are uncommon and they have a poor prognosis leading to some form of disability. Degloving injuries of the heel and foot after crush injuries are rare and very challenging to manage due to the need for reconstruction of both osseous and soft tissue architecture. We present a salvage strategy for an open injury to the foot with extensive soft tissue detachment from the plantar and dorsal surface. A 30-year-old man was transferred to the Emergency Department from a neighboring hospital with a crush injury to the foot that had resulted in a degloving injury of the heel pad, after a motorcycle accident...
March 30, 2021: Curēus
M Lemsanni, Y Najeb, S Zoukal, R Chafik, M Madhar, H Elhaoury
Necrotizing fasciitis (NF) is both a limb - and life - threatening disease that affects skin, hypodermis as well as superficial fascia and deep fascia by rapidly progressive necrosis. Although this serious infection frequently occurs in the extremities, upper limb NF is a rare clinical presentation. The present study attempted to evaluate the clinical profiles, paraclinical findings, treatment modalities, outcomes and predictors of morbidity and mortality in patients with NF of the upper extremity. The validity of the Laboratory Risk Indicator for Necrotising Fasciitis (LRINEC) scoring system was also assessed...
March 31, 2021: Hand Surgery and Rehabilitation
Kyongsong Kim, Toyohiko Isu, Rinko Kokubo, Daijiro Morimoto, Naotaka Iwamoto, Akio Morita
As superficial peroneal nerve (S-PN) entrapment neuropathy is relatively rare, it may be an elusive clinical entity. For decompression surgery addressing idiopathic S-PN entrapment, narrow-area decompression may be insufficient and long-area decompression along the S-PN from the peroneus longus muscle (PLM) to the peroneal nerve exit site may be required. To render it is less invasive, we performed S-PN neurolysis in a combined microscope/endoscope procedure. We report our surgical procedure and clinical outcomes...
March 31, 2021: Neurologia Medico-chirurgica
Masami Suzuki, Kohtaro Eguchi
Inconsistency in the definition of LLNs may be a hurdle in ensuring the accuracy of the evidence. Refinements in the classification of LLNs, based on the fascial anatomy and lymphatic vessels, are warranted.
March 2021: Clinical Case Reports
Asif Saifuddin, Sania Ali, Ahmad Sabahuddin, Karan Malhotra, Michael Khoo
OBJECTIVES: To determine the differential diagnosis of dermal and sub-dermal soft tissue masses which do not extend to the deep fascia that are referred to a specialist musculoskeletal oncology service. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Review of all patients referred to a specialist musculoskeletal oncology service over a 13-month period with a dermal or sub-dermal soft tissue mass which did not extend to the deep fascia based on MRI appearances. Data collected included age, gender, site and maximal lesion size, and final histological diagnosis for biopsied and/or excised lesions...
February 24, 2021: Clinical Imaging
S F Baumbach, W Böcker, H Polzer
OBJECTIVE: Stabilization of the syndesmotic complex by open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) of the posterior malleolus, restoration of the tibial articular surface, stability of the ankle, posterior tibiofibular ligament and the incisura tibiae, reduction of the fibula into the incisura tibiae by ligamentotaxis. INDICATIONS: Unstable ankle fractures (OTA/AO type 44-B3, C1.3, C2.3, C3.3) with involvement of the posterior malleolus (type II-IV according to Bartoníček and Rammelt)...
March 25, 2021: Operative Orthopädie und Traumatologie
Carlo Alboni, Ludovica Camacho Mattos, Laura Botticelli, Stefania Malmusi, Fabio Facchinetti, Annarita Pecchi
OBJECTIVE: To describe the management and the fertility-enhancing potential of surgery in an infertile patient with deep-infiltrating endometriosis and adenomyosis externa. DESIGN: Video case report. SETTING: Minimally invasive and robotic gynecologic surgery unit of a university hospital. PATIENT(S): A 31-year-old nulliparous patient with dysmenorrhea, dysuria, dyspareunia, and primary infertility. INTERVENTION(S): Bimanual examination, transvaginal ultrasound, and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) were performed as a comprehensive preoperative workup...
April 2021: Fertility and Sterility
Ke-Ke Chen, Lian-Song Ni, Wei-Hui Yu
BACKGROUND: Madelung disease (MD) is a rare disorder of fat metabolism, resulting in diffuse, symmetrical and painless deposition of adipose tissue in subcutaneous superficial fascial space and/or deep fascia space of the head, neck and shoulders, etc. CASE SUMMARY: We report a case of MD accompanied by type 2 diabetes in a 61-year-old Chinese male. The patient presented with progressive fat deposition over the mandible, neck, abdomen and elbows. He had a history of smoking and alcohol abuse...
March 16, 2021: World Journal of Clinical Cases
Hao Liu, Fuqiang Sui, Shu Liu, Kexin Song, Yan Hao, Youbin Wang
BACKGROUND: Chest keloids often converged into a large lesion on the chest in some patients. Such keloids often lead to obstacle to excision and reconstruction. We describe a surgical method for large chest keloids with expanded parasternal intercostal perforator flap (EPIPF). METHODS: Fifteen patients with chest keloid were treated with EPIPF in our department between August 2017 and Dec 2019. The surgical treatment was divided into two different phases. In the first phase, we implanted skin expanders into the layer under the deep fascia beside the keloids...
March 20, 2021: BMC Surgery
Cihan Gani, Ulf Lamprecht, Alexander Ziegler, Matthias Moll, Johanna Gellermann, Vanessa Heinrich, Svetlana Wenz, Falko Fend, Alfred Königsrainer, Michael Bitzer, Daniel Zips
PURPOSE: The goal of the present study was to investigate the effect of deep regional hyperthermia on early and long-term oncological outcomes in the context of preoperative radiochemotherapy in rectal cancer. METHODS: In this prospective phase II trial, patients with locally advanced rectal cancer were treated with 5-fluorouracil based preoperative radiochemotherapy with 50.4 Gy in 28 fractions. Deep regional hyperthermia was scheduled twice weekly. Pathological tumor regression was scored according to the Dworak regression system...
March 16, 2021: Radiotherapy and Oncology
Maochao Zhou, Rui Wang, Shaoxiong Chen, Xianbin Zhang, Chunmei Chen
STUDY DESIGN: Report of three patients undergoing lumbar epidural schwannoma tumourectomy. Percutaneous endoscopy has been routinely used in the treatment of disk herniation but has not been reported in the management of intraspinal tumours. METHODS: Three patients diagnosed with schwannoma by imaging and pathological examination underwent percutaneous full endoscopic tumourectomy. A 5-mm incision was made, the puncture needle passed through the skin, subcutaneous tissue and the deep fascia and vertebral muscles to the intervertebral foramen area...
March 19, 2021: British Journal of Neurosurgery
Audra Jolyn Hill, Sunil Balgobin, Kavita Mishra, Peter C Jeppson, Thomas Wheeler, Donna Mazloomdoost, Mallika Anand, Cara Ninivaggio, Jennifer Hamner, Katarzyna Bochenska, Saifuddin T Mama, Ethan M Balk, Marlene M Corton, John Delancey
BACKGROUND: Anatomic terminology in both written and verbal forms has been shown to be inaccurate and imprecise. OBJECTIVES: We aimed to (1) review published anatomic terminology as it relates to the posterior female pelvis, posterior vagina, and vulva; (2) compare these terms to Terminologia Anatomica, the internationally standardized terminology, and (3) compile standardized anatomic terms for improved communication and understanding. STUDY DESIGN: MEDLINE was searched from inception until April 6, 2018 using 40 search terms relevant to posterior female pelvic and vulvar anatomy...
March 8, 2021: American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Kun Hwang, Hong-Jin Sui, Hun Kim
In this paper, the authors attempted to determine the extent of the superficial fascia of the cheek using P45 sheet plastination.Three head and neck specimens were sliced in horizontal (46 slices), coronal (30 slices), and sagittal (29 slices) sections using P45 sheet plastination (special polyester resin corrosion-resistant method designed to preserve biological sectional specimens in situ). Through slicing, bleaching, dehydration, casting, forced impregnation, curing, cutting, and sanding the molds, P45 plastination sheets provided good light transmission, allowing the internal structures within the sheet to reveal clearly in their intact form...
March 2021: Journal of Craniofacial Surgery
Vitaly Zholtikov, Vladimir Golovatinskii, Riadh Ouerghi, Rollin K Daniel
BACKGROUND: Camouflage of nasal dorsum, aesthetic augmentation and highlighting the dorsal aesthetic lines are essential elements in modern rhinoplasty. Numerous techniques have been utilized including deep temporal fascia, rectus abdominis fascia, and diced cartilage in fascia (DC-F). Despite their wide spread adoption, technical challenges remained, especially when utilized for aesthetic purposes. OBJECTIVES: The paper details the use of fascia (F) and diced cartilage in fascia grafts (DC-F) for aesthetic dorsal refinement in primary and secondary cases...
March 1, 2021: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Li Wang, Huiren Liu, Tiepeng Ma, Xueqiang Wu, Liu Zhang
OBJECTIVE: To report our experience in the reconstruction of soft tissue defects in the hand with a free anterolateral thigh deep fascia flap and describe the clinical outcomes. METHODS: This study was a retrospective trial. From November 2016 to January 2020, six patients (four men and two women) with soft tissue defects in the hand were included in this study. The average age of the patients was 33.7 ± 12.7 years (range, 20 to 50 years). All patients underwent reconstructions with free anterolateral thigh deep fascia flaps...
March 5, 2021: Orthopaedic Surgery
Riccardo Lenzi, Geri Fratini, Elisa Dinelli, Jacopo Matteucci, Gianfranco Menconi, Luca Muscatello
Cervical necrotizing fasciitis (CNF) is the name for a group of bacterial infections characterized by necrosis of the fascia and subcutaneous cellular tissue of the neck. Descending necrotizing mediastinitis (DNM) is a well-known and feared complication of CNF that severely affects the prognosis. Abdominal involvement is rare. The mainstay of treatment is prompt and aggressive medical therapy and surgical debridement of all involved sites. The role of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) in this setting, even if already reported in the literature, is not universally adopted...
March 2021: Indian Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Christopher C Surek
BACKGROUND: Current techniques for temple volumization primarily focus on deep or superficial targets. Further anatomical exploration of intermediate injection targets is warranted. OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this study was to examine the anatomy of the intermediate temporal fat pad (ITFP) as it relates to filler injection procedures and to explore the utilization of ultrasound technology for clinical localization. METHODS: Ultrasound technology was utilized to identify and inject red dyed hyaluronic acid filler into the ITFP in 20 hemifacial fresh cadavers...
February 25, 2021: Aesthetic Surgery Journal
Jerome Zhiyi Ong, Alex Chengyao Tham, Jian Li Tan
OBJECTIVE: Omohyoid muscle syndrome (OMS) is a condition that causes a X-shaped lateral neck lump on swallowing, caused by the failure of the central tendon of the omohyoid muscle to restrict movement of the muscle during swallowing. We aim to review the etiology, pathophysiology, diagnostic tests, and management options for this condition. DATA SOURCES: Pubmed, MEDLINE, EMBASE, and Cochrane databases were searched for all articles and abstracts related to OMS up to 29th July 2020...
February 25, 2021: Annals of Otology, Rhinology, and Laryngology
Georges Ziade, Dayane Daou, Desiree Karam
This study aimed to evaluate satisfaction in terms of facial appearance, quality of life, and adverse effects in patients undergoing the facial thread lifting procedure using the absorbable facial threads anchored on the superficial and deep temporal fascias. The charts of patients for whom facial anchored thread lifting was performed using absorbable threads between February 2017 and September 2019 were reviewed. Demographic data including age and gender as well as data from the Face-Q scales were collected...
February 23, 2021: Facial Plastic Surgery: FPS
Marco Innocenti, Sara Calabrese, Sara Tanini, Gerardo Malzone, Alessandro Innocenti
SUMMARY: The updated knowledge of perforasome anatomy and the evolution of microsurgical techniques have enabled surgeons to safely harvest a thin flap. Recently, the anterolateral thigh perforator flap, the current workhorse in soft-tissue reconstruction, has started to be designed and harvested on the superficial fascia, which divides the deep from the superficial fat. This allows elevation of a very thin flap tailored to the defect. Faithful to the ultrathin concept, in an attempt to make flap dissection simpler and safer, the authors describe a revisited harvesting technique of superthin anterolateral thigh perforator flap...
March 1, 2021: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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