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Deep Fascia

Chatnarong Tubtim, Pat Laupattarakasem, Wiroon Laupattarakasem, Kowit Chaisiwamongkol
BACKGROUND: Periarticular multimodal drug injection (PMDI) has gained popularity as common postoperative pain protocols in knee arthroplasty. PMDI sites can vary, but posterior capsule (PC) is a common injection site because of its abundance of pain nociceptors. PURPOSE: To prove the hypothesis whether posteromedial drug injection alone is sufficient to provide enough effect covering the PC in order to reduce risks of neurovascular injury. Secondary outcomes are to find proper volume of injection and safe zone for PMDI injection...
February 12, 2019: European Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery & Traumatology: Orthopédie Traumatologie
Nikki Mills, Seth M Pransky, Donna T Geddes, S Ali Mirjalili
INTRODUCTION: Surgical release of the lingual frenulum (frenotomy) has become an increasingly common procedure, performed from birth through to adulthood. Surprisingly, detailed anatomy of the in-situ lingual frenulum has never been described, and no anatomical basis has been proposed for the individual variability in frenulum morphology. The lingual frenulum is frequently referred to as a "cord" or "submucosal band" of connective tissue, yet there is no evidence to support this anatomical construct...
January 30, 2019: Clinical Anatomy
Valera Castanov, S Ahmed Hassan, Shayan Shakeri, Maxine Vienneau, Karl Zabjek, Denyse Richardson, Nancy H McKee, Anne M R Agur
INTRODUCTION: Vastus medialis (VM) has two partitions, longus (VML) and obliquus (VMO), which have been implicated in knee pathologies. However, muscle architecture of VMO and VML has not been documented volumetrically. The aims of this study were to determine and compare the muscle architecture of VMO and VML in three-dimensional (3D) space, and to elucidate their relative functional capabilities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve embalmed specimens were used in this study...
January 30, 2019: Clinical Anatomy
Tatsuya Ogawa, Naoko Okiyama, Risa Takamuki, Sae Inoue, Akimasa Saito, Yoshiyuki Nakamura, Yosuke Ishitsuka, Rei Watanabe, Yasuhiro Fujisawa, Manabu Fujimoto
Morphea profunda refers to inflammatory and sclerotic lesions that start primarily from the deep dermis, subcutaneous fat and fascia. Its pediatric case published work is limited. Here, we report the case of an 8-year-old girl with a 5-year history of multiple subcutaneous nodules on her extremities and a right wrist joint contracture who had been previously diagnosed with juvenile idiopathic arthritis and treated with salazosulfapyridine, low-dose prednisolone (PSL) and methotrexate. We performed biopsies of two subcutaneous nodules, which revealed the typical morphology of morphea profunda...
January 31, 2019: Journal of Dermatology
Sebastian Cotofana, Nirusha Lachman
OBJECTIVE: There has been a significant shift in the understanding of facial anatomy during the last decade. Newer minimally invasive therapeutic options for facial rejuvenation procedures are increasing the need for a better knowledge of anatomy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The current literature is summarized, analyzed and presented along with the experience of the author for this narrative review, which summarizes the current understanding of the superficial and deep facial fat compartments and their relevance for minimally invasive facial procedures...
January 30, 2019: Journal der Deutschen Dermatologischen Gesellschaft, Journal of the German Society of Dermatology: JDDG
Y Cao, L M Lin, C Ma, K X Deng, Y Y Yuan, T Xu, L Zhu
Objective: To evaluate the histocompatibility of an original Chinese-made mid-urethral sling (Repelvica mid-urethral sling). Methods: In total 10 female New Zealand white rabbits were implanted with Repelvica mid-urethral sling or tension-free vaginal tape-obturator tape (TVT-O; Gynecare). Both brands of sling were implanted under deep fascia of the abdominal wall and in the space between vagina and bladder. All animal groups were sacrificed at set time intervals (4 weeks and 12 weeks), and the abdominal and vaginal slings were harvested for histological evaluation...
January 25, 2019: Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke za Zhi
Brent Harper, Larry Steinbeck, Adrian Aron
BACKGROUND: Connective tissue mobility alters motor unit recruitment, but the restoration of fascial mobility allows for optimal motor function. The Fascial Manipulation® (FM® ) method is a multiplanar approach that assesses and treats the mobility of deep fascia in specific anatomical locations where motor units converge. OBJECTIVES: To assess the effects of FM® vs. standard physical therapy treatment (SPT) in patients with low back pain (LBP). DESIGN: Six-months controlled clinical trial...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
Ashok Singh, Rupinderkaur Brar, Biswajit Dey, Jitendra Nigam, Archana Deshpande
Myxofibrosarcomas (MFS) are sarcomas most commonly seen in older patients. These are tumors of deep soft tissue seen in subcutaneous tissue, deep fascia with frequent muscle involvement. These sarcomas are notorious for recurrences, progression to a higher grade with notable metastatic potential. It is very often under-diagnosed owing to its inherent morphological variability. A case of MFS is presented as a cutaneous, exophytic, polypoidal mass because of its rarity and importance of timely diagnosis, as under diagnosis may lead to inadequate clearance of tumor, recurrences, metastases and increased mortality...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Cutaneous Pathology
X K Yang, Q H Chen, Y Zhang, Z Q Li, K Tao, J T Han, D H Hu
Objective: To observe the effects of the method of combining free superficial temporal fascia flaps with skin grafts in repairing deep wounds in posterior ankle region of extensively burned patients. Methods: From September 2013 to February 2017, 11 extensively burned patients with deep tissue defects in posterior ankle region were treated in our unit. Two patients had tissue defects in bilateral posterior ankle regions. The wound sizes ranged from 5.8 cm×4.6 cm to 11.7 cm×5.2 cm. Free superficial temporal fascia flaps with the same sizes as the wounds were designed and resected to repair wounds in posterior ankle regions after debridement...
January 20, 2019: Zhonghua Shao Shang za Zhi, Zhonghua Shaoshang Zazhi, Chinese Journal of Burns
Jeremy R Chidester, Hyuma A Leland, Paul Navo, Michael Minneti, Alidad Ghiassi, Milan Stevanovic
The gracilis free flap remains a versatile option in the reconstructive ladder. The flap itself can be harvested with or without a skin paddle. The gracilis myocutaneous free flap, however, is known for partial skin flap necrosis, especially in the distal one-third of the skin island. The gracilis myofasciocutaneous flap has been previously described as a technique to improve perfusion to the skin by harvesting surrounding deep fascia in a pedicled flap. However, limitations to this study required injection of multiple pedicles to demonstrate its perfusion...
December 2018: Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery. Global Open
Mahmoud A Hifny
Introduction: Flexion contracture affecting the knee joint is considered a challenging obstacle which usually affects patients' quality of life with significant functional disability. Several surgical procedures have been described for proper closure of surgical defects following contracture release over popliteal fossa. Although keystone flap reported for closure of full thickness burns defects, to our knowledge, it has never been used previously in management of hypertrophic scar contracture around the knee joint...
January 14, 2019: Journal of Burn Care & Research: Official Publication of the American Burn Association
Seung Min Oh, Bong Cheol Kim, Wonsug Jung
BACKGROUND: During minimally invasive aesthetic procedures, the skin is often pinched to facilitate filler injection or thread insertion into the desired layer. However, little is known about changes in the facial layers during pinch manipulation. OBJECTIVE: To determine which layer of the temple is lifted during pinching and whether the artery and the nerve are affected by pinching. MATERIALS AND METHODS: At 11 sites on 3 fresh Korean cadavers, the skin of the temple was pinched gently or deeply, and the skin pulled up was cut at the bottom...
January 11, 2019: Dermatologic Surgery: Official Publication for American Society for Dermatologic Surgery [et Al.]
Ping-Chia Cheng, Chih-Ming Chang, Chun-Chieh Huang, Wu-Chia Lo, Tsung-Wei Huang, Po-Wen Cheng, Li-Jen Liao
OBJECTIVES: To validate and compare ultrasound (US) versus computed tomography (CT) criteria in the localization of superficial/deep lobe tumors of the parotid gland. DESIGN AND SETTING: This was a retrospective study of diagnostic tests performed from January 2008 to June 2017. PARTICIPANTS: We included adult patients who were referred for a neck ultrasonography examination due to parotid tumors, and who subsequently underwent parotid surgery...
January 12, 2019: Clinical Otolaryngology
Philipp Krauss, Markus Florian Oertel, Lennart Henning Stieglitz
OBJECTIVE: Ventriculoperitoneal shunt implantation is a common procedure in general neurosurgery. The patient population is often fragile, ranging from elderly to pediatric patients, and avoidance of perioperative complication is of utmost importance. Abdominal catheter dislocation has been found to be a common cause for early shunt dysfunction and needs to be avoided by optimal visualization of the abdominal catheter insertion zone. Here, we introduce a self-holding wound retractor system Alexis® and demonstrate its use for abdominal shunt surgery in a series of patients...
January 11, 2019: Acta Neurochirurgica
Federica Rossi, Federico Zaottini, Riccardo Picasso, Carlo Martinoli, Alberto Stefano Tagliafico
OBJECTIVES: In sonography of clinically relevant small structures of the ankle and foot, the healthy contralateral side can be used as a reference to identify subtle abnormalities. Intrasubject side-to-side variability must be minimal. The aim of this study was to assess the reliability of side-to-side sonographic evaluation of small structures of the ankle and foot. METHODS: Thirty healthy volunteers were prospectively studied. Small structures of the ankle and foot were evaluated bilaterally by 2 musculoskeletal radiologists in separate sessions...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine: Official Journal of the American Institute of Ultrasound in Medicine
Shu Kobayashi, Yasuo Niki, Kengo Harato, Kazuhiko Udagawa, Morio Matsumoto, Masaya Nakamura
BACKGROUND: Wound closure is one of the crucial aspects of total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for patients who perform high-flexion activities of daily living, because the joint capsule is highly stretched and integrity of the arthrotomy closure must be maintained. Watertightness of the knee joint is a different aspect of the repair integrity of arthrotomy closure and is being noticed with increasing usage of the drain clamp method for blood management after TKA. Recently, the barbed knotless suture has been growing in popularity as a strong, secure closure appropriate for high-tension areas, such as the fascia and joint capsule...
December 20, 2018: Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery and Research
Zihong Zhou, Jijun Zhao, Dehong Feng, Zhaofeng Wu, Yu Liu
Objective: To investigate the effectiveness of meshy fascia encapsulating cancellous bone graft in repair of bone defect after limb fractures. Methods: A clinical data of 21 cases of traumatic bone defect after limb fractures, who were treated with meshy fascia encapsulating cancellous bone graft between June 2011 and December 2016, was retrospectively analyzed. There were 13 males and 8 females, aged 14-64 years with an average of 40.1 years. The location of bone defect included humerus in 3 cases, radius in 5 cases, ulna in 4 cases, femur in 2 cases, and tibia in 7 cases...
December 1, 2018: Chinese Journal of Reparative and Reconstructive Surgery
Goran Djuričić, Zorica Milošević, Tijana Radović, Nataša Milčanović, Predrag Djukić, Marko Radulovic, Jelena Sopta
BACKGROUND: This is the first reported case of a primary intraosseous angioleiomyoma and the second case of a primary leiomyoma of the rib, irrespective of age. Angioleiomyomas mostly occur in patients of advanced age, in any part of the body, particularly the lower extremities and present as painful, slow-growing nodules in the dermis, subcutaneous fat or deep fascia. Other localizations, especially bone, are considered extremely rare, as well as their occurrence in paediatric patients...
December 19, 2018: BMC Medical Imaging
Sumanas Wanant Jordan, Steven Andrew Schulz, Amanda Marie Carraher, David Shannon Cabiling
BACKGROUND:  Abdominal wall morbidity following microvascular breast reconstruction continues to be an area of interest due to both functional and aesthetic concerns. Donor-site closure technique has been shown to affect bulge and hernia rates and ranges from primary closure to various uses of mesh. Few studies to date have compared types of mesh. The present study compares BARD polypropylene to bioabsorbable GORE Bio-A (polyglycolic acid/trimethylene carbonate) mesh used as a fascial underlay with primary fascial closure...
December 17, 2018: Journal of Reconstructive Microsurgery
Margherita Scapaticci, Sabina Marchetto, Andrea Nardi, Maira Zoppelletto, Andrea Bartolini
Diabetes mellitus is one of the serious conditions associated with necrotizing fasciitis, a severe bacterial skin infection that spreads quickly and is characterized by extensive necrosis of the deep and superficial fascia resulting in devascularization and necrosis of the associated tissues. In addition to debridement and aggressive surgery procedures, the effectiveness of therapy depends on choosing the appropriate antibacterial agents. Hence the key to successful management is an early and accurate diagnosis...
December 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
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