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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30874948/can-myometrial-thickness-cervical-length-ratio-predict-preterm-delivery-in-singleton-pregnancies-with-threatened-preterm-labor-a-prospective-study
#1
Selen Gürsoy Erzincan, N Cenk Sayin, Selcuk Korkmaz, Havva Sutcu, Cihan Inan, Isil Uzun Cilingir, Fusun G Varol
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether myometrial thickness (MT) to cervical length (CL) ratio could be used in the prediction of preterm birth (PTB) in singleton pregnancies presented with threatened preterm labor (TPL). METHODS: After 48 h of successful tocolysis, MT was measured transabdominally from the fundal, mid-anterior walls and the lower uterine segment (LUS) in 46 pregnancies presented with TPL. MT measurements were divided into CL, individually. The main outcome was PTB before 37 weeks of gestation...
March 14, 2019: Archives of Gynecology and Obstetrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30656803/unusual-facio-upper-arm-band-of-a-fetus-mimicking-amniotic-band-syndrome
#2
Cihan Inan, N Cenk Sayin, Hakan Gurkan, Selen G Erzincan, Isil Uzun, Havva Sutcu, Engin Atli, Fusun Varol
Amniotic band syndrome can lead to a wide spectrum of congenital abnormalities including orofacial and visceral defects. It is associated with malformations in truncal, craniofacial regions and the limbs, whereas it sometimes may imitate some genetic disorders. Here, we present an atypical case mimicking amniotic band syndrome with a facio-upper arm band that was having multiple fetal structural abnormalities including scoliosis, bilateral cleft lip and palate, upper limb abnormality, unilateral anophthalmia with contralateral microphthalmia, left hypertrophic kidney and severe ventriculomegaly...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623440/design-and-effectiveness-of-pulsed-electric-fields-towards-seed-disinfection
#3
G Akdemir Evrendilek, B Karatas, S Uzuner, I Tanasov
BACKGROUND: Seeds harbor different microorganisms on their surfaces that degrade seed quality, thus causing an economic loss. Even though different approaches are available for the disinfection of seed surfaces, there is a need to develop environmentally friendly and sustainable technologies. A bench-scale pulsed electric fields (PEF) unit was designed to inactivate microflora of eight seeds after which the resultant vigor of the treated seeds was determined. RESULTS: Significant reductions were obtained in endogenous natural and inoculated pathogenic (Alternaria brassica and Xanthomonas campestris pathovar campestris, Drechslera graminea and Fusarium graminearum) microflora of seeds...
January 8, 2019: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30582504/faecal-but-not-serum-calprotectin-levels-look-promising-in-predicting-active-disease-in-beh%C3%A3-et-s-syndrome-patients-with-gastrointestinal-involvement
#4
Sinem Nihal Esatoglu, Ibrahim Hatemi, Yesim Ozguler, Gulen Hatemi, Hafize Uzun, Aykut Ferhat Celik, Hasan Yazici
OBJECTIVES: The faecal calprotectin (FC) test is widely used as a non-invasive method for identifying intestinal inflammation. A recent study suggested FC may help to diagnose gastrointestinal involvement of Behçet's syndrome (GIBS). We aimed to determine whether FC helps to distinguish active from inactive intestinal involvement in GIBS. METHODS: We tried to contact 70 GIBS patients registered in our tertiary multidisciplinary clinic. We prospectively collected faecal specimens and serum from 39 GIBS patients who gave informed consent assessing calprotectin and CRP levels followed by a colonoscopy...
November 2018: Clinical and Experimental Rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30501905/the-efficiency-of-the-symptom-based-score-in-infants-diagnosed-with-cow-s-milk-protein-and-hen-s-egg-allergy
#5
Seda Sirin Kose, G Atakul, S Asilsoy, N Uzuner, O Anal, O Karaman
INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES: Symptom-based score (SBS) quantifies the number and severity of suspected cow's milk-related symptoms. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the efficiency of SBS in patients diagnosed with cow's milk protein (CMPA) and hen's egg allergy (HEA). MATERIALS AND METHODS: A single-center study was conducted between June 2015 and August 2017. Infants who were diagnosed with CMPA and HEA or both were enrolled in the study. SBS was applied at baseline and at one month during an elimination diet...
November 27, 2018: Allergologia et Immunopathologia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30018555/haplotypic-and-genotypic-association-of-catechol-o-methyltransferase-rs4680-and-rs4818-polymorphisms-and-treatment-resistance-in-schizophrenia
#6
Marina Sagud, Lucija Tudor, Suzana Uzun, Matea Nikolac Perkovic, Maja Zivkovic, Marcela Konjevod, Oliver Kozumplik, Bjanka Vuksan Cusa, Dubravka Svob Strac, Iva Rados, Ninoslav Mimica, Alma Mihaljevic Peles, Gordana Nedic Erjavec, Nela Pivac
Treatment-resistant schizophrenia (TRS) continues to be a challenge. It was related to different factors, including alterations in the activity of brain dopaminergic system, which could be influenced by the dopamine-degrading enzyme, catechol- O -methyltransferase (COMT). Variants of the COMT gene have been extensively studied as risk factors for schizophrenia; however, their association with TRS has been poorly investigated. The aim of the present study was to determine the haplotypic and genotypic association of COMT rs4680 and rs4818 polymorphisms with the presence of TRS...
2018: Frontiers in Pharmacology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29931536/investigation-of-the-protective-effects-of-horse-mushroom-agaricus-arvensis-schaeff-against-carbon-tetrachloride-induced-oxidative-stress-in-rats
#7
Abdulahad Dogan, Abdullah Dalar, Cemil Sadullahoglu, Abdulhamit Battal, Yusuf Uzun, Ismail Celik, Kenan Demirel
Wild and cultured mushrooms have been extensively used for food and medicinal purposes all around the world. However, there is limited information on chemical composition, health enhancing effects and contributions on diet of some mushrooms (e.g., Agaricus arvensis) widely distributed in many countries including United Kingdom, Australia, Turkey etc. Therefore, the present study was aimed to analyse the bioactive composition and ameliorative effects of A. arvensis via evaluating in vitro and in vivo antioxidant properties in CCl4 induced rat model...
June 21, 2018: Molecular Biology Reports
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29906523/ventricular-fibromas-in-children-arrhythmia-risk-and-outcomes-a-multicenter-study
#8
John P Jones, Tristan Ramcharan, Milind Chaudhari, Vinay Bhole, Karen Mcleod, Shankar Sadagopan, Orhan Uzun, Andrew Parry, Jan Till, Colin J McMahon, Alan G Stuart, Mark A Walsh
BACKGROUND: Although ventricular fibromas are rare, they are the second most common type of cardiac tumor in children. While histologically benign, they have a propensity to cause malignant arrhythmias, with cardiac arrest often being the first presentation. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the arrhythmia risk and management strategies for pediatric ventricular fibromas. METHODS: Fifteen centers in the British Paediatric Arrhythmia Group network were contacted to partake in the study to contribute cases...
October 2018: Heart Rhythm: the Official Journal of the Heart Rhythm Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29803420/the-inclusion-of-fresh-forage-in-the-lactating-buffalo-diet-affects-fatty-acid-and-sensory-profile-of-mozzarella-cheese
#9
P Uzun, F Masucci, F Serrapica, F Napolitano, A Braghieri, R Romano, N Manzo, G Esposito, A Di Francia
The aim of this study was to determine the effect of inclusion of fresh forage in diet for lactating buffalo on properties of mozzarella cheese under intensive farming conditions. Thirty-two buffalo cows were equally allotted into 2 groups fed diets with (fresh group, FRS) or without (control group, CTL) fresh sorghum. The study consisted of 2 trials. In the first one, animals from group FRS were fed a diet containing 10 kg of fresh sorghum (10-FRS diet) that was doubled to 20 kg (20-FRS diet) in the second trial...
August 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29710591/deactivation-of-wastewater-derived-n-nitrosodimethylamine-precursors-with-chlorine-dioxide-oxidation-and-the-effect-of-ph
#10
Habibullah Uzun, Daekyun Kim, Tanju Karanfil
In this study, the effect of chlorine dioxide (ClO2 ) oxidation on the deactivation of wastewater (WW)-derived N-nitrosodimethylamine (NDMA) precursors was investigated under various conditions (i.e., ClO2 application pH, dose and contact time). At pH 6.0, decreases in NDMA formation potentials (FPs) or occurrences (under uniform formation conditions [UFC]) were relatively low (<25%) with ClO2 oxidation regardless of WW-impact. A negative removal was also observed after ClO2 oxidation in some of the non-impacted waters...
September 1, 2018: Science of the Total Environment
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29663822/the-effect-of-intrathecal-sufentanil-preconditioning-against-myocardial-ischemia-reperfusion-injury
#11
Y Tire, G Sarkilar, H Esen, R Onoglu, S T Uzun
OBJECTIVES: We aimed to investigate the cardioprotective effect and hemodynamic response of intrathecally administered sufentanil on myocardial IR injury. BACKGROUND: Sufentanil, mu opioid receptor agonist, intravenously administered during clinical and experimental studies, has been shown to have a cardioprotective effect on myocardial ischemia-reperfusion injury. METHODS: Thirty-two New Zealand type rabbits, which were anesthetized, were divided into four equal groups: sham, ischemia-reperfusion, sufentanil and ischemia-reperfusion+sufentanil...
2018: Bratislavské Lekárske Listy
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29627678/multiscale-analysis-of-bamboo-deformation-mechanisms-following-naoh-treatment-using-x-ray-and-correlative-microscopy
#12
E Salvati, L R Brandt, F Uzun, H Zhang, C Papadaki, A M Korsunsky
For hundreds of years, bamboo has been employed for a variety of applications ranging from load-bearing structures to textiles. Thanks to its hierarchical structure that is functionally graded and naturally optimised, bamboo displays a variation in properties across its stem that ensures exceptional flexural performance. Often, alkaline solutions are employed for the treatment of bamboo in order to alter its natural elastic behaviour and make it suitable for particular applications. In this work we study the effect of NaOH solutions of five different concentrations (up to 25%) on the elastic properties of bamboo...
May 2018: Acta Biomaterialia
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29526155/local-application-of-tranexamic-acid-affects-tendon-healing-negatively-in-the-late-period
#13
Alper Çıraklı, Pınar Naile Gürgör, Erdal Uzun, Havva Erdem, Soner Çankaya, Orhan Baş
OBJECTIVES: This study aims to evaluate the potential adverse effects of tranexamic acid (TA) on tendon healing. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Twelve male Wistar-Albino rats (weighing 300 g to 350 g) were used in the study. Rats were divided into two groups. Right legs of the rats were determined as the TA group and left legs as the serum physiologic (SP) group. Bilateral Achilles tenotomy was performed and surgically repaired. For the right side, 1 mL of TA and for the left side, 1 mL of SP were applied...
April 2018: Joint Diseases & related Surgery
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29493778/effects-of-betamethasone-on-fetoplacental-and-maternal-hemodynamics-in-preterm-pregnancies
#14
Cihan Inan, N Cenk Sayin, Zehra N Dolgun, Selen G Erzincan, Isil Uzun, Havva Sutcu, Necdet Sut, Fusun G Varol
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the possible effects of prenatal steroid administration on Doppler parameters of the umbilical artery, uterine artery, middle cerebral artery, and ductus venosus, the cerebroplacental ratio, and the amniotic fluid index in preterm fetuses. METHODS: The present prospective observational study was performed at the Perinatology Department of Trakya University, Edirne, Turkey, between June 1, 2015, and September 1, 2016. It included patients with healthy singleton pregnancies who had received betamethasone at 24-34 weeks of pregnancy...
June 2018: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29316524/cholesterol-imprinted-composite-membranes-for-selective-cholesterol-recognition-from-intestinal-mimicking-solution
#15
Mehmet Odabaşı, Lokman Uzun, Gözde Baydemir, Neşe Hayat Aksoy, Ömür Acet, Demet Erdönmez
Molecularly imprinted polymers which have been extensively investigated as selective adsorbents were constructed using a template molecule during the polymerization to gain template-specific cavities. In this study, we prepared cholesterol imprinted poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-methacryloyamidotryptophan) (PHEMA-MTrp) particles embedded composite membranes. These membranes were characterized through elemental analysis, FTIR, SEM, swelling tests, and surface area measurements. Adsorption experiments were performed in a batch experimental set-up, and the adsorption medium was either a methanol or intestinal-mimicking solution...
March 1, 2018: Colloids and Surfaces. B, Biointerfaces
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29283955/effects-of-reaching-national-goals-on-hiv-incidence-by-race-and-ethnicity-in-the-united-states
#16
Evin Uzun Jacobson, Katherine A Hicks, Emily L Tucker, Paul G Farnham, Stephanie L Sansom
CONTEXT: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) incidence and prevalence in the United States are characterized by significant disparities by race/ethnicity. National HIV care goals, such as boosting to 90% the proportion of persons whose HIV is diagnosed and increasing to 80% the proportion of persons living with diagnosed HIV who are virally suppressed, will likely reduce HIV incidence, but their effects on HIV-related disparities are uncertain. OBJECTIVE: We sought to understand by race/ethnicity how current HIV care varies, the level of effort required to achieve national HIV care goals, and the effects of reaching those goals on HIV incidence and disparities...
July 2018: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29173483/assessing-the-boron-nutritional-status-by-analyzing-its-cummulative-frequency-distribution-in-the-hair-and-whole-blood
#17
Juraj Prejac, Andrey A Skalny, Andrei R Grabeklis, Suzana Uzun, Ninoslav Mimica, Berislav Momčilović
Boron is a non-essential ubiquitous trace element in the human body. The aim of this study was to assess boron nutritional status by analyzing boron frequency distribution in the long-term biological indicator tissue of hair and the short-term biological indicator of whole blood. Hair samples were analyzed in 727 apparently healthy subjects (263 ♂ and 464 ♀) and the whole blood boron was analyzed in the random subsample of them (80 ♂ and 152 ♀). Samples were analyzed by the ICP-MS at the Center for Biotic Medicine, Moscow, Russia...
January 2018: Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29061917/production-and-mechanical-properties-of-ti-5al-2-5fe-xcu-alloys-for-biomedical-applications
#18
Ridvan Yamanoglu, Erdinc Efendi, Fetiye Kolayli, Huseyin Uzuner, Ismail Daoud
In this study, the mechanical, antibacterial properties and cell toxicity response of Ti-5Al2.5Fe alloy with different copper contents were investigated. The alloys were prepared by high-energy ball milling using elemental Ti, Al, Fe, and Cu powders and consolidated by a uniaxial vacuum hot press. Staphylococcus aureus strain ATCC 29213 and Escherichia coli strain ATCC 25922 were used to determine the antibacterial properties of the sintered alloys. The in vitro cytotoxicity of the samples was evaluated with HeLa (ATTC, CCL-2) cells using thiazolyl blue tetrazolium bromide...
January 30, 2018: Biomedical Materials
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28983005/complete-genome-coding-sequences-of-artashat-burana-caspiy-chim-geran-tamdy-and-uzun-agach-viruses-bunyavirales-nairoviridae-orthonairovirus
#19
Sergey V Alkhovsky, Dmitry K Lvov, Alexey M Shchetinin, Petr G Deriabin, Mikhail Y Shchelkanov, Valeriya A Aristova, Tatyana N Morozova, Asya K Gitelman, Gustavo F Palacios, Jens H Kuhn
The bunyaviral monogeneric family Nairoviridae currently includes 12 species for 35 distinct viruses. Here, we present the complete genome coding sequences of an additional seven nairoviruses. Five of them can be assigned to established species, whereas two of them (Artashat and Chim viruses) ought to be assigned to two novel species.
October 5, 2017: Genome Announcements
https://read.qxmd.com/read/28934876/comparison-of-intra-articular-injection-of-hyaluronic-acid-and-n-acetyl-cysteine-in-the-treatment-of-knee-osteoarthritis-a-pilot-study
#20
Mustafa Ozcamdalli, Abdulhamit Misir, Turan Bilge Kizkapan, Erdal Uzun, Fuat Duygulu, Cevat Yazici, Ibrahim Halil Kafadar
Objective To compare the relative effectiveness of intra-articular N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) and hyaluronic acid (HA) on pain, function and cartilage degradation markers in patients with mild to moderate knee osteoarthritis (OA). Design We prospectively conducted a clinical trial with 20 patients having a diagnosis of Kellgren-Lawrence grade 2-3 knee OA, and randomly allocated to the HA or NAC groups. Groups were matched on age, sex, and body mass index. Injections of 3-mL HA (Hylan G-F 20) or 3-mL NAC (Asist ampoule) were administered as a single shot...
October 2017: Cartilage
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