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sexual transmitted infection

L Squiers, M Lynch, S Dolina, S Ray, B Kelly, J Herrington, M Turner, D Chawla, S Becker-Dreps, L Stamm, L McCormack
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to understand what information the US media communicated about Zika virus (ZIKV) and travel in 2016 and 2017. STUDY DESIGN: We conducted a content analysis of news coverage about ZIKV and travel from April 5, 2016 to March 31, 2017. METHODS: We obtained a stratified, random sample of English language, US print newspaper and television news coverage about ZIKV and travel. We developed a coding scheme to assess key messages in the news, including how ZIKV is transmitted, the symptoms and outcomes of ZIKV infection, and recommended prevention behaviors...
February 13, 2019: Public Health
Rose Wesche, Derek A Kreager, Mark E Feinberg, Eva S Lefkowitz
Well-liked adolescents are more likely than their peers to engage in sexual behaviors, which may place them at higher risk of negative outcomes such as sexually transmitted infections and unwanted pregnancy. Yet, little is known regarding whether peer acceptance in adolescence predicts sexual outcomes in young adulthood. Understanding developmental links between peer acceptance and sexual outcomes will inform theories of how peers affect health and can help identify targets for health promotion efforts. Using longitudinal sociometric data from 1878 participants in the PROSPER study (54% female, 82% White, mean age = 11...
February 15, 2019: Journal of Youth and Adolescence
Hsin-Yun Sun, Haruka Uemura, Ngai-Sze Wong, Denise Pui-Chung Chan, Bonnie Chun-Kwan Wong, Pi-Han Lin, Li-Hsin Su, Chien-Ching Hung, Shinichi Oka, Sui-Yuan Chang, Shui-Shan Lee
BACKGROUND: Acute hepatitis C virus (HCV) infections have been increasingly reported among human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) in the Asia-Pacific region. It remains unknown whether international network of HCV transmission has occurred in this region. METHODS: HIV-positive patients with acute HCV infection, defined as HCV seroconversion within a year or documented acute hepatitis with seroconversion, diagnosed in Hong Kong, Taipei, and Tokyo during 2010-2016 were included in this molecular epidemiology study...
February 16, 2019: Liver International: Official Journal of the International Association for the Study of the Liver
Handan Wand, Natashia Morris, Reshmi Dassaye, Tarylee Reddy, Gita Ramjee
South Africa has the highest burden of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infections in the world. There is also growing evidence that an individual's risk of contracting HIV is increased by the presence of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The primary objective of this study was to examine the association between the prevalence of STIs in a cohort of South African women who enrolled in HIV prevention trials (2002-2012). The current study linked the individual factors with the community-level characteristics using geo-referencing...
February 14, 2019: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Brian J Morris, Catherine A Hankins, Joya Banerjee, Eugenie R Lumbers, Adrian Mindel, Jeffrey D Klausner, John N Krieger
Background: Male circumcision (MC) is proven to substantially reduce men's risk of a number of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). We conducted a detailed systematic review of the scientific literature to determine the relationship between MC and risk of STIs and associated conditions in women. Methods: Database searches by "circumcision women" and "circumcision female" identified 68 relevant articles for inclusion. Examination of bibliographies of these yielded 14 further publications...
2019: Frontiers in Public Health
Stefan Michael Scholz, Oliver Damm, Svenja Elkenkamp, Ulrich Marcus, Wolfgang Greiner, Axel Jeremias Schmidt
BACKGROUND: In the absence of detailed information about the population size and behaviour data of men-who-have-sex-with-men (MSM), the estimation of prevalence rates of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and the design of public health interventions become difficult. The aim of the present study is to estimate the lower boundary of age-specific population sizes and retrieve self-reported information from this population. METHODS: We used publicly accessible data from a large online dating and social network website for MSM in Germany to retrieve data on the age and regional distribution of profiles...
2019: PloS One
Rebecca J Baer, Christina D Chambers, Kelli K Ryckman, Scott P Oltman, Larry Rand, Laura L Jelliffe-Pawlowski
BACKGROUND: Few studies have examined the relationship between sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and preterm birth (<37 weeks gestation) by subtype (<32 weeks, 32 - 36 weeks, spontaneous, provider-initiated). Here, we evaluate the odds of preterm (by subtype) and early term (37 and 38 weeks gestation) birth in women with an STI compared to a propensity score matched reference population. METHODS: The sample was selected from California births in 2007-2012...
February 11, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Mahlape P Mahlangu, Etienne E Müller, Johanna Me Venter, Dumisile V Maseko, Ranmini S Kularatne
BACKGROUND: Mycoplasma genitalium is associated with genital discharge syndrome, but limited prevalence data is available in South Africa. The prevalence rates of M. genitalium infection and HIV co-infection were determined in urogenital specimens collected from male and female patients presenting with genital discharge syndrome to a primary health care centre in Johannesburg, South Africa from 2007 through 2014. METHODS: Genital specimens from 4731 patients were tested by a validated in-house multiplex real-time PCR assay for the detection of Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Chlamydia trachomatis, Trichomonas vaginalis and M...
February 11, 2019: Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Margaret M Paschen-Wolff, Elizabeth Kelvin, Brooke E Wells, Aimee N C Campbell, Nicholas A Grosskopf, Christian Grov
Components of sexual minority (SM) status-including lesbian or bisexual identity, having same-sex partners, or same-sex attraction-individually predict substance use and sexual risk behavior disparities among women. Few studies have measured differing associations by sexual orientation components (identity, behavior, and attraction), particularly over time. Data were drawn from the 2002-2015 National Survey of Family Growth female sample (n = 31,222). Multivariable logistic regression (adjusted for age, race/ethnicity, education, marital/cohabitation status, survey cycle, and population-weighted) compared past-year sexual risk behavior, binge drinking, drug use, and sexually transmitted infection treatment among sexual minority women (SMW) versus sexual majority women (SMJW) by each sexual orientation component separately and by all components combined, and tested for effect modification by survey cycle...
February 12, 2019: Archives of Sexual Behavior
Rosa M Gonzalez-Guarda, Jessica R Williams, Weston Williams, Dalia Lorenzo, Cherelle Carrington
The purpose of this study was to identify determinants of HIV and sexually transmitted infection (STI) testing and acquisition among female victims of intimate partner violence (IPV). Data were abstracted from intake and HIV/STI testing forms from a family justice center, to identify the socioeconomic and abuse characteristics associated with requesting and obtaining an HIV/STI test ( n = 343) and acquisition of HIV/STIs ( n = 111). Multiple logistic regression using forward selection was used to identify predictors of HIV/STI testing and acquisition...
February 13, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
Victor Orozco-Olvera, Fuyuan Shen, Lucie Cluver
BACKGROUND: Risky sexual behaviors are associated with the transmission of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and unwanted pregnancies, both major health concerns for youth worldwide. This review studies the effectiveness of narrated mass media programs in promoting safer sexual practices among youth in developed and developing countries. METHODS: Electronic and manual searches were conducted to identify experimental and quasi-experimental studies with robust counterfactual designs published between 1985 and the first quarter of 2017...
2019: PloS One
Rashmi Kudesia, Hina J Talib
Fertility awareness, or general knowledge about one's fertility, is low in adolescents and in adult women as well. Misconceptions about reproduction contribute to high rates of unplanned pregnancy in the United States, as well as delayed childbearing and infertility. Alhough primary care providers caring for adolescents have historically focused on contraception and reduction of sexually transmitted infections during their sexual and reproductive health conversations with adolescents and young adult women, fertility awareness counseling would help these women optimize their future fertility and make informed reproductive choices throughout their life...
February 1, 2019: Pediatric Annals
Paula K Braverman
Human papillomavirus (HPV), the most common sexually transmitted viral infection worldwide, is the causative agent for cervical cancer and attributed to anogenital cancers as well as oropharyngeal cancer. Three effective, safe, prophylactic HPV vaccines have been licensed, and studies have demonstrated decreases in HPV prevalence and HPV-related disease endpoints without evidence of waning protection to date. In the United States, only the 9-valent vaccine, which covers 90% of the cancers attributed to HPV in US registries, is available...
February 1, 2019: Pediatric Annals
Nancy A Dodson, Miriam Langer
Primary care providers should have a general understanding of the medical care available to transgender youth throughout childhood and adolescence. Providers and parents should create an affirming environment for young people at every developmental stage, while ensuring thorough and thoughtful evaluations prior to any medical intervention. Transgender teens have unique reproductive health care needs. Transgender boys may seek suppression of menses, and they will need to pay particular attention to pregnancy prevention if they decide to undergo masculinizing hormonal treatment...
February 1, 2019: Pediatric Annals
Akarin Hiransuthikul, Deondara Trachunthong, Supanit Pattanachaiwit, Nipat Teeratakulpisarn, Parinya Chamnan, Panita Pathipvanich, Suchart Thongpaen, Supabhorn Pengnonyang, Siriporn Nonenoy, Cheewanan Lertpiriyasuwat, Praphan Phanuphak, Nittaya Phanuphak
The test-and-treat approach has the potential to reduce high-risk sexual behaviors by linking high-risk individuals to health education, although this has not been proven yet. We used longitudinal data from the Test and Treat Demonstration Project among Thai men who have sex with men (MSM) and transgender women (TGW) who were not known to be HIV-positive to analyze changes in risk behaviors during the 24-month study period categorized by three groups: HIV-negative without seroconversion, seroconverters, and HIV-positive at enrollment...
February 12, 2019: AIDS Care
Tom Nadarzynski, Jack Burton, Kimberley Henderson, Deborah Zimmerman, Orla Hill, Cynthia Graham
Objective: Chlamydia is one of the most common sexually transmitted infections in teenagers and young adults. This study used a mixed-methods analysis to investigate targeted promotion of chlamydia home-testing on social media. Methods: Our first study, in which face-to-face interviews with young women were conducted, sought to explore their attitudes and preferences towards social media-based health promotion. Our second study used Facebook and Google analytics to examine visits to a chlamydia testing page (where chlamydia testing kits could be ordered online), both before and after a targeted Facebook-based health promotion campaign was conducted...
January 2019: Digital Health
Howa Yeung, Kevin M Luk, Suephy C Chen, Brian A Ginsberg, Kenneth A Katz
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons face important health issues relevant to dermatologists. Men who have sex with men (MSM) are at higher risk of certain infectious diseases, including HIV, syphilis and other sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections, and invasive meningococcal disease, and might be at higher risk of non-infectious conditions, including skin cancer. Recommendations for preventive health care, including screening for HIV and other STDs, sexual health-related vaccinations, and HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis, differ for MSM compared with non-MSM...
March 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology
X Q Tuo, H Wang, Mahan Yeledan, Z L Zhang, Z Gong, T Tian, Z Chen, Hailili Gulisiya, J H Dai
Objective: To study the prevalence of rush poppers use among men who have sex with men (MSM) in Urumqi and to analyze the mediating effect of high-risk sexual behavior between the use of rush poppers and human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. Methods: From January to June 2018, 651 MSM were recruited through network and publicity. Data was collected by using online questionnaire and anal swab were collected from them for HPV genotyping. According to Baron and Kenny ' s criterion, multivariate logistic regression models was used to analyze the mediation effect of high-risks sexual behaviors (multiple sexual partners, anal intercourse condom use) between rush poppers use and HPV infection...
February 6, 2019: Zhonghua Yu Fang Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Preventive Medicine]
Esther Collantes-Fernández, Javier Moreno-Gonzalo, Roberto Sánchez-Sánchez, Ignacio García-Bocanegra, Pilar Horcajo, Luis M Ortega-Mora
Bovine trichomonosis is a sexually transmitted disease considered as an important cause of early reproductive failure in beef cattle. To investigate the occurrence of the infection in different Spanish beef cattle-producing areas, retrospective data from the SALUVET veterinary diagnostic laboratory (Veterinary Faculty, Madrid, Spain) derived from the analysis of samples from beef bulls that were routinely tested for Tritrichomonas foetus infection, were compiled from 2011 to 2015. In addition, a number of potential risk factors were assessed...
February 2, 2019: Theriogenology
Eve Todesco, Nesrine Day, Corinne Amiel, Stéphane Elaerts, Véronique Schneider, Laurent Roudiere, Stéphane Hue, Jean-Yves Liotier, Julie Bottero, Thomas L'yavanc, Michel Ohayon, Daniel Gosset, Vincent Thibault, Laure Surgers, Julie Chas, Sepideh Akhavan, Annie Velter, Christine Katlama, Georges Kreplak, Anne-Geneviève Marcelin, Marc-Antoine Valantin
BACKGROUND: Increasing incidence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection in HIV-positive men having sex with men (MSM) has been described in recent years. We performed phylogenetic analyses of acute HCV infections to characterize the dynamics during the epidemic in Paris and evaluated associated sexually transmitted infections (STI). METHODS: Sanger Sequencing of polymerase gene was performed. Maximum likelihood phylogenies were reconstructed using FastTree 2.1 under a GTR+CAT model...
February 8, 2019: International Journal of Antimicrobial Agents
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