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Andreas Schaefer, Daniel Reichart, Alexander M Bernhardt, Mathias Kubik, Markus J Barten, Florian M Wagner, Hermann Reichenspurner, Sebastian A Philipp, Tobias Deuse
Right ventricular failure (RVF) may still occur despite the benefits of minimally invasive left ventricular assist device (MI-LVAD) implantation. Our center strategy aims to avoid aggressive postoperative inotrope use by using mechanical support to facilitate right ventricle recovery and adaptation. We herein report first outcomes of patients with minimally invasive temporary right ventricular assist device (MI-t-RVAD) support for RVF during MI-LVAD implantation. Right ventricular failure was defined as requiring more than moderate inotopic support after weaning from cardiopulmonary bypass according to Interagency Registry for Mechanically Assisted Circulatory Support adverse event definitions...
September 2017: ASAIO Journal: a Peer-reviewed Journal of the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs
S Schmitz-Spanke, A Granetzny, B Stoffels, V J Pomblum, E Gams, J D Schipke
Decreasing heart rate might be beneficial for improvement of myocardial energetics and could reduce the severity of myocardial ischemia. We examined the contribution of heart rate reduction by cilobradine (DK-AH 269), a direct sinus node inhibitor, on left ventricular function and peripheral vasomotion in anesthetized rabbits with experimental myocardial infarction. The rabbits were randomized to receive either placebo (n=10) or cilobradine (n=7). Cilobradine decreased significantly heart rate from 163 +/- 33 to 131 +/- 13 bpm, p< 0...
December 2004: Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology: An Official Journal of the Polish Physiological Society
V V Kuz'kov, M Iu Kirov, E V Nedashkovskiĭ
The review elucidates the technique of transpulmonary thermodilution in volumetric monitoring of critically ill patients. The experimental and clinical studies, now underway, are indicative of a great value of the discussed method for practical medicine. The key parameters of volumetric monitoring comprise Intrathoracic Blood Volume and Extravascular Lung Water as well as a wide range of other derived variables and indices. The approach is highly effective in the mechanical ventilation and inotope/vasopressor support of patients with a high risk of non-cardiogenic or cardiogenic pulmonary edema...
July 2003: Anesteziologiia i Reanimatologiia
James F X Jones, Deirdre M O'Leary, Mark Pickering
The cranial venae cavae of the rat heart are composed of cardiac muscle. We tested whether the vagus nerve has an inotropic action on these blood vessels. Stimulation of right or left vagal fibres (n = 7 animals) produced a negative chronotropic and inotropic effect. Before stimulation the basal cardiac interval was 319 +/- 25 ms and the vena caval diastolic force was 1.82 +/- 0.29 mN and the systolic force was 3.28 +/- 0.39 mN. Ten second stimulation increased the cardiac interval to a maximum of 484 +/- 77 ms and reduced the systolic force significantly to 2...
May 2003: Experimental Physiology
S Bartel, B Stein, T Eschenhagen, U Mende, J Neumann, W Schmitz, E G Krause, P Karczewski, H Scholz
Disturbances in the cAMP production during beta-adrenergic stimulation and alterations of Ca2+ transport controlling proteins and their regulation in the sarcoplasmic reticulum might be involved in the pathogenesis of the failing human heart. Thus, we investigated the cAMP-mediated phosphorylation of phospholamban, troponin I and C-protein in electrically driven, intact isolated trabeculae carneae from nonfailing and failing (NYHA IV) human hearts in parallel to contractile properties on the same tissue samples...
April 12, 1996: Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
D L Lewis, D E Clapham
Somatostatin, localized throughout the central and peripheral nervous systems, has been found in neurons of the vagal inhibitory pathway of the heart and has been shown to have negative inotopic effects in cardiac tissue. Using patch clamp techniques we show that somatostatin activates an inwardly rectifying K+ channel in rat atrial cells. Loss of somatostatin-induced K+ channel activity in excised inside-out patches is restored by the addition of GTP to the bath. Pertussis toxin pretreatment blocked GTP-dependent somatostatin activation of the inwardly rectifying K+ channel...
August 1989: Pflügers Archiv: European Journal of Physiology
P Gibelin, V Sbirrazzuoli, M Drici, P Bossan, M Baudouy, P Lapalus, P Morand
The beta-adrenoceptors are now well individualized. They are divided into three distinct units: the receptor site, a regulating protein and a catalytic unit. The receptor density of the cell membrane varies according to the degree of stimulation of the receptor by agonists or the degree of blockade by antagonists. The myocardial or lymphocytic beta-adrenoceptor density is measured by "radioreceptor" assay using a radioactive beta-blocker. The myocardial beta-receptor density falls during heart failure, mainly to the detriment of beta 1 receptors...
March 1990: Annales de Cardiologie et D'angéiologie
T H Liem, L H Booij, M A Hasenbos, M J Gielen
Hemodynamic changes were studied during two different anesthetic techniques in 54 patients undergoing coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG). All patients had normal to moderately impaired left ventricular function and were randomly assigned to two groups. In 27 patients, high thoracic epidural analgesia (TEA) with bupivacaine 0.375% plus sufentanil 1:200,000 (ie, 5 micrograms/mL) was used in combination with general anesthesia with midazolam/N2O; in the other 27 patients, general anesthesia (GA) with midazolam and sufentanil was used...
April 1992: Journal of Cardiothoracic and Vascular Anesthesia
R S Williams, R J Lefkowitz
[3H]Dihydroergocryptine ([3H]DHE) binds to sites in membranes derived from rat myocardium that have the characteristics expected of alpha-adrenergic receptors. The binding is saturable with 41 fmol [3H]DHE bound per mg of protein and of high affinity with KD = 2.9 nM. The binding is rapid and readily reversible. Adrenergic agonists compete with [3H]DHE for binding in the order: epinephrine greater than norepinephrine greater than isoproterenol; and adrenergic antagonists compete for binding in the order: phentolamine greater than propranolol...
November 1978: Circulation Research
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