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Joel Laufer, Santiago Scasso, Valeria Bentancor, Cecilia Bertoce, Claudio G Sosa, Daniel S Elliott
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate efficacy and outcomes of the autologous transobturator midurethral sling for treatment of stress urinary incontinence (SUI). METHODS: In a prospective cohort study, an autologous transobturator mid-urethral sling was used to treat SUI among women attending a university hospital in Montevideo, Uruguay, from June 2017 to July 2018. In the first phase, autologous tissue of the abdominis rectus fascia was collected. In the second phase, the midurethral sling was placed via the transobturator approach...
March 15, 2019: International Journal of Gynaecology and Obstetrics
Hye-Jin Lee, So-Youn Youn, Ok-Mi Jeong, Jin-Hyun Kim, Dong-Wan Kim, Ji-Yeon Jeong, Yong-Kuk Kwon, Min-Su Kang
Salmonella is one of the most common foodborne pathogens worldwide. Salmonella infections in humans are mainly associated with consumption of poultry products contaminated with this foodborne pathogen. Therefore, strict sanitary measures are necessary to control Salmonella contamination during the slaughtering process of poultry. The objective of this study was to determine the occurrence and transmission of Salmonella at a series of steps in the slaughtering process of chicken. A total of 601 samples were collected from a series of slaughtering steps (10 sampling sites) of 26 chicken slaughterhouses throughout Korea...
March 12, 2019: Journal of Food Science
Marcia Centurión, Leandro Machín, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the relative influence of nutritional warnings and 2 marketing strategies commonly used in food labels, nutrient claims, and fruit images on consumers' healthfulness judgments. DESIGN: Labels of cereal bars were designed according to a full factorial design with 3 2-level variables: images of fruit (with vs without), nutrient claims about the fiber content (with vs without), and nutritional warnings about excessive content of sugar and saturated fat (with vs without)...
February 26, 2019: Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior
Pablo Fresia, Verónica Antelo, Cecilia Salazar, Matías Giménez, Bruno D'Alessandro, Ebrahim Afshinnekoo, Christopher Mason, Gastón H Gonnet, Gregorio Iraola
BACKGROUND: Microbial communities present in environmental waters constitute a reservoir for antibiotic-resistant pathogens that impact human health. For this reason, a diverse variety of water environments are being analyzed using metagenomics to uncover public health threats. However, the composition of these communities along the coastal environment of a whole city, where sewage and beach waters are mixed, is poorly understood. RESULTS: We shotgun-sequenced 20 coastal areas from the city of Montevideo (capital of Uruguay) including beach and sewage water samples to characterize bacterial communities and their virulence and antibiotic resistance repertories...
February 28, 2019: Microbiome
Anne W Taylor, Bridgette M Bewick, Qian Ling, Valentina Kirzhanova, Paulo Alterwain, Eleonora Dal Grande, Graeme Tucker, Alfred B Makanjuola
BACKGROUND: Heavy episodic drinking (HED) can have health and social consequences. This study assesses the associations between HED and demographic, socioeconomic, motivation and effects indicators for people aged 18⁻34 years old living in four cities in different regions of the world. METHOD: Multistage random sampling was consistent across the four cities (Ilorin (Nigeria), Wuhan (China), Montevideo (Uruguay) and Moscow (Russia)). The questionnaire was forward/back translated and face-to-face interviewing was undertaken...
February 27, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Rogelio Perez-Padilla, Ana Maria B Menezes
The PLATINO and PREPOCOL population-based studies documented the prevalence of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) in several Latin American (Mexico City, Sao Paulo, Montevideo, Santiago and Caracas) and Colombian (Medellin, Bogota, Barranquilla, Bucaramanga and Cali) cities. COPD ranged between 6.2 and 19.6% in individuals ≥40 years of age, with substantial rates of underdiagnosis (up to 89%) but also overdiagnosis, mostly due to the lack of spirometric confirmation. The main risk factor was tobacco smoking, but male gender and age were also associated with COPD...
January 22, 2019: Annals of Global Health
Courtney Kirkland, Elaine Black, Fereidoun Forghani, Amber Pomraning, Michael J Sadowsky, Francisco Diez-Gonzalez
Salsa-associated outbreaks, including the large multistate outbreak in the United States in 2008 caused by jalapeño and serrano peppers contaminated with Salmonella Saintpaul, have raised concerns about salsa as a potential vehicle for transmission. Despite these events, there has been relatively limited research on the potential growth of pathogenic bacteria in salsa. The aim of this study was to characterize the survival and growth of Salmonella, including the outbreak strain of Salmonella Saintpaul (E2003001236), in freshly made salsa and its main ingredients...
January 2019: Journal of Food Protection
Noelia Gómez, Andrés Sosa, Sylvia Corte, Emma Otta
Twinning is rare among humans, but there is much variability among populations. Several studies show that certain demographic and socioeconomic factors, such as maternal age, mother's educational level and income, influence twinning rate. There is no background of analytical studies of twins in Uruguay. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study that has focused on describing and analyzing Uruguayan twinning rates over a period of 17 years (1999-2015). The birth data were collected from the website of Uruguay's Ministry of Public Health...
January 30, 2019: Twin Research and Human Genetics: the Official Journal of the International Society for Twin Studies
Kathryn J Nickelson, T Matthew Taylor, Davey B Griffin, Jeffrey W Savell, Kerri B Gehring, Ashley N Arnold
Foodborne salmonellosis has been traced to undercooked ground beef and other beef products in the past, and peripheral lymph node (LN) presence in the fatty tissues of beef carcasses is one possible source of Salmonella contamination. Researchers have previously reported higher rates of Salmonella prevalence in LNs from cattle raised and harvested in Mexico compared with rates typically observed from cattle harvested in the United States. With cattle of Mexican origin comprising the majority of U.S. live cattle imports, the objectives of this study were designed to determine whether Salmonella prevalence in LNs differed (i) between cattle of Mexican and U...
January 25, 2019: Journal of Food Protection
Rachael Burganowski, Marie Vahter, Elena I Queirolo, Fabiana Peregalli, Valentina Baccino, Elizabeth Barcia, Soledad Mangieri, Virginia Ocampo, Nelly Mañay, Gabriela Martínez, Katarzyna Kordas
BACKGROUND: Cadmium (Cd) exposure has adverse health effects in children. Diet contributes to Cd exposure, but dietary components could affect body Cd levels. OBJECTIVE: To examine associations between diet and urinary Cd (U-Cd) in children. METHODS: In this cross-sectional study conducted in Montevideo, Uruguay, Cd exposure of 5-8 year old children (n = 279 with complete data) was assessed in first morning urine (U-Cd), a marker of long-term exposure, measured by ICP-MS and adjusted for specific gravity...
March 25, 2019: Science of the Total Environment
Marie Bugarel, Peter W Cook, Henk C den Bakker, Dayna Harhay, Kendra K Nightingale, Guy H Loneragan
Salmonella enterica serotype Lubbock emerged most likely from a Salmonella enterica serotype Mbandaka ancestor that acquired by recombination the fliC operon from Salmonella enterica serotype Montevideo. Here, we report the complete genome sequence of two S. Lubbock, one S. Montevideo, and one S. Mbandaka strain isolated from bovine lymph nodes.
January 2019: Microbiology Resource Announcements
Gladys N Bilbao, Rosana Malena, Juan A Passucci, Aldana M Pinto de Almeida Castro, Fernando Paolicchi, Pedro Soto, Juliana Cantón, Cristina E Monteavaro
Salmonellosis in calves is a bacterial disease that affects their digestive tract causing diarrhea. A cross-sectional epidemiological study was carried out with the aim of studying the prevalence of various serovars of Salmonella in calves and their relationship with diarrhea signs. The study was conducted in Mar and Sierras Dairy Basin located in Buenos Aires province, Argentina. Seven hundred and twenty six calves both with diarrhea signs or not were sampled by rectal mucosa swab in 50 dairy farms during the rearing period...
January 9, 2019: Revista Argentina de Microbiología
Carolina Ramírez, Elizabeth Gonzalez
This article focuses on defining a methodological proposal to appropriately address each of the aspects of the inter-institutional Management of Health Care Waste (RAS) that are generated within in the Health Care Centers (CAS) of the City of Montevideo. An application case based on the work experience of the Department of Environmental Engineering (DIA) team of the Institute of Fluid Mechanics and Environmental Engineering (IMFIA) of the Faculty of Engineering of the Universidad de la República, in a CAS of the city of Montevideo in which it contributed to significantly improve the inter-institutional management of RAS...
2019: MethodsX
Huilin Cao, Abani K Pradhan, Jeffrey S Karns, Ernest Hovingh, David R Wolfgang, Bryan T Vinyard, Seon Woo Kim, Serajus Salaheen, Bradd J Haley, Jo Ann S Van Kessel
Antimicrobial resistance has become a major global public health concern, and agricultural operations are often implicated as a source of resistant bacteria. This study characterized the prevalence of antimicrobial-resistant Salmonella enterica and Escherichia coli from a total of 443 manure composite samples from preweaned calves, postweaned calves, dry cows, and lactating cows from 80 dairy operations in Pennsylvania. A total of 1095 S. enterica and 2370 E. coli isolates were screened and tested for resistance to 14 antimicrobials on the National Antimicrobial Resistance Monitoring System Gram-negative (NARMS GN) panel...
December 31, 2018: Foodborne Pathogens and Disease
Alejandra Girona, Valentina Iragola, Florencia Alcaire, María Rosa Curutchet, Pablo Pereira, Daiana Magnani, Patricia Barreto, Sofía Petingi, Gimena Allegue, Gonzalo Conzalo, Camila Mosteiro, Gastón Ares
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the implementation of the Uruguayan healthy snacking initiative in primary and secondary schools in the capital, and to explore the factors underlying compliance from the perspective of school principals. DESIGN: A mixed-method approach was used, which included semi-structured interviews with school principals and a survey of the foods and beverages sold and advertised in the schools. SETTING: Primary and secondary schools in Montevideo (the capital city of Uruguay)...
December 27, 2018: Public Health Nutrition
Vivian Peirano, María Noel Bianco, Armando Navarro, Felipe Schelotto, Gustavo Varela
Introduction: Acute diarrheal disease still deserves worldwide attention due to its high morbidity and mortality, especially in developing countries. While etiologic determination is not mandatory for management of all individual cases, it is needed for generating useful epidemiologic knowledge. Diarrheagenic Escherichia coli (DEC) are relevant enteropathogens, and their investigation requires specific procedures to which resources and training should be dedicated in reference laboratories...
2018: Canadian Journal of Infectious Diseases & Medical Microbiology
Shuxiang Liu, Jie Xu, Long Xie, Mei-Jun Zhu, Juming Tang
Carriers with inoculated microorganisms are often used to validate low-moisture food safety interventions. In this study, we evaluated dry inoculation methods using silicon dioxide (SiO2 ) and a small portion of nonfat milk powder (NFMP) as dry carriers for NFMP. Silicon dioxide was characterized by vapor sorption analysis. One milliliter of inoculum of a 5-strain Salmonella cocktail (serovars Agona, Reading, Tennessee, Montevideo, and Mbandaka) or Enterococcus faecium NRRL B-2354 was inoculated onto 1 g of SiO2 or 10 g of NFMP as carriers...
November 14, 2018: Journal of Dairy Science
Sinem Uğur, Nefise Akçelik, Fatma Neslihan Yüksel, Neslihan Taşkale Karatuğ, Mustafa Akçelik
In this study, the effects of dam and seqA genes on the formation of pellicle and biofilm was determined using five different Salmonella serovars S. Group C1 (DMC2 encoded), S. Typhimurium (DMC4 encoded), S. Virchow (DMC11 encoded), S. Enteritidis (DMC22 encoded), and S. Montevideo (DMC89 encoded). dam and seqA mutants in Salmonella serovars were performed by the single step lambda red recombination method. The mutants obtained were examined according to the properties of biofilm on the polystyrene surfaces and the pellicle formation on the liquid medium...
November 15, 2018: Pathogens and Global Health
Dardo Curti, Ce Shang, Frank J Chaloupka, Geoffrey T Fong
BACKGROUND: In Uruguay, real tobacco taxes increased significantly during 2005-2010 and 2014-2017 and decreased during 2010-2014. The effects of these tax changes on illegal and legal cigarette usage differed significantly when we compared cities in the middle and south of the country with cities on the border. OBJECTIVE: This paper analyses whether supply side factors such as geographical location, distribution networks and the effectiveness of tobacco control play a significant role in sales and use of illegal cigarettes when tobacco taxes change, particularly given the price gap between legal and lower-priced illegal cigarettes...
October 5, 2018: Tobacco Control
Toshiro Kuroki, Tomoe Ishihara, Naoki Nakajima, Ichiro Furukawa, Yumi Une
We investigated the prevalence of Salmonella in 227 small red-eared sliders (Trachemys scripta elegans) from 2006 to 2008. One hundred thirty turtles (57.3%) were positive for S. enterica subsp. enterica. Twenty-two serotypes including S. Montevideo, S. Newport, S. Pomona, S. Braenderup, S. Sandiego, and S. Litchfield were identified. Salmonella strains with closely related PFGE patterns were isolated from several shops located in different areas over 2006 to 2008. Antimicrobial resistance was detected among strains of S...
September 28, 2018: Japanese Journal of Infectious Diseases
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