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Sleep disorder and elderly

Mamta S Rathod, Jagannath V Dixit, Akhil D Goel, Vikas Yadav
Background: Depression is a common problem in the elderly but is often undetected and ignored as a medical problem, leading to poor quality of life. This community-based study was conducted to know the burden and risk factors of depression among the elderly. Subjects and Methods: The survey was done in 2015 in Maharashtra, India as a part of an initiative addressing community mental health needs of the elderly. Total 400 elderly, aged 60 years and above, were selected through a house-to-house survey, using probability proportional to size method, and interviewed for depression using Major Depression Inventory Scale (MDI Scale), and other potential risk factors using a pretested questionnaire...
January 2019: Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine
Sophie Desjadins, Sylvie Lapierre, Carol Hudon, Alain Desgagné
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Research indicates that sleep efficiency below 80% substantially increases mortality risk in elderly persons. The aim of this study was to identify factors that would best predict poor sleep efficiency in the elderly, and to determine whether associations between these factors and sleep efficiency were similar for men and women and for younger and older elderly persons. METHODS: A total of 2,468 individuals aged 65-96 years (40.7% men) participated...
February 15, 2019: Sleep
Ryuji Sakakibara, Fuyuki Tateno, Yosuke Aiba, Tsuyoshi Ogata, Masahiko Kishi, Hitoshi Terada, Tsutomu Inaoka, Tomoya Nakatsuka, Katsuyoshi Matsuoka
Objectives: Neuroimaging markers for Parkinson's disease (PD)/dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB) include dopamine transporter (DAT) scanning and metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) myocardial scintigraphy. It is unknown which marker is useful to identify the premotor phase PD/DLB. We reported four patients who, during a negative DAT scan period, had a positive MIBG result that suggested premotor PD/DLB. Here we report 18 additional patients. Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study...
January 2019: Movement Disorders Clinical Practice
Yan Zou, Yao Chen, Weihua Yu, Tian Chen, Qi Tian, Qi Tu, Yongtao Deng, Jingxi Duan, Mingzhao Xiao, Yang Lü
BACKGROUND: Insomnia is a major public health problem affecting older people. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence and clinical risk factors of insomnia in a representative sample of Chinese elderly (≥ 60 years) in Chongqing. METHODS: A cross-sectional study based on comprehensive geriatric assessment was conducted from January 2013 to February 2014. A questionnaire on sleep status was provided to each patient and insomnia was assessed according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders 4th edition criteria...
February 10, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Izabella Uchmanowicz, Karolina Markiewicz, Bartosz Uchmanowicz, Aleksandra Kołtuniuk, Joanna Rosińczuk
Purpose: Sleep disorders, such as insomnia with objective short sleep duration, are associated with increased risk of hypertension. The objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of insomnia and daytime sleepiness on the quality of life (QOL) among elderly hypertensive patients. Patients and methods: This cross-sectional study covered 100 patients with hypertension. All participants completed standardized questionnaires, such as the Epworth Sleepiness Scale (ESS), the Athens Insomnia Scale (AIS), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief (WHOQOL-BREF), and clinical data were obtained from patients' medical records...
2019: Clinical Interventions in Aging
Nicola Luigi Bragazzi, Ottavia Guglielmi, And Sergio Garbarino
Sleep disorders have reached epidemic proportions worldwide, affecting the youth as well as the elderly, crossing the entire lifespan in both developed and developing countries. "Real-life" behavioral (sensor-based), molecular, digital, and epidemiological big data represent a source of an impressive wealth of information that can be exploited in order to advance the field of sleep research. It can be anticipated that big data will have a profound impact, potentially enabling the dissection of differences and oscillations in sleep dynamics and architecture at the individual level ("sleepOMICS"), thus paving the way for a targeted, "one-size-does-not-fit-all" management of sleep disorders ("precision sleep medicine")...
January 21, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Daniel G Whitney, Edward A Hurvitz, Mark D Peterson
PURPOSE: This study examined whether depressive symptoms and sleep disorders modified the association between functional disabilities and cardiometabolic disease profiles in middle-aged adults (40-64 years). METHODS: Participants came from the 2007-2014 NHANES. Information regarding cardiometabolic diseases, demographics, depressive symptoms, and sleep disorders were obtained. Logistic regression analyses were performed with group as the exposure and cardiometabolic diseases as the response...
January 17, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
Elliyeh Ghadrdan, Maryam Mousavi, Padideh Ghaeli
Methylphenidate, a stimulant, is prescribed commonly in the treatment of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) in children and adults. Methylphenidate is generally considered a safe medication, however, some rare adverse effects, such as psychotic symptoms, may occur with its therapeutic or high doses. Additionally, this medication has a potential of abuse, especially among teenagers. There are several published cases regarding methylphenidate-induced psychosis in young adults. However, psychosis due to methylphenidate has been rarely reported in the elderly...
October 2018: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry
Hannah R Maybrier, C Ryan King, Amanda E Crawford, Angela M Mickle, Daniel A Emmert, Troy S Wildes, Michael S Avidan, Ben Julian A Palanca
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Delirium is a postoperative complication accompanied by disturbances in attention, cognition, arousal, and psychomotor activity. Wrist actigraphy has been advocated to study inactivity and inferred sleep patterns during delirium. We hypothesized that altered patterns of motor activity or immobility, reflective of disordered sleep and wakefulness patterns, would serve as predictive markers of hypoactive postoperative delirium. METHODS: Eighty-four elderly surgical patients were classified into three groups based on the timing of hypoactive delirium following surgery: intact with no delirium throughout postoperative days (POD) 0-5 (n = 51), delirium during POD 0-1 (n = 24), and delirium during POD 2-5 (n = 13)...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Clinical Sleep Medicine: JCSM: Official Publication of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine
Stefanie Lerche, Kathrin Brockmann
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 4, 2018: Oncotarget
Satoshi Kurose, Takumi Miyauchi, Ryo Yamashita, Shohei Tamaki, Masaru Imai, Yuri Nakashima, Yoko Umeda, Shinji Sato, Yutaka Kimura, Izuru Masuda
BACKGROUND: Because of the advanced age of patients with cardiovascular disease (CVD), prevention of sleep disorder and dementia is a priority for cardiac rehabilitation (CR) during their long-term care. This study aimed to investigate the association of physical activity with sleep quality and cognitive function in elderly patients with CVD in the CR maintenance phase. METHODS: We conducted a multicenter study through the Clinical Exercise Physiology Association Japan network, which included 102 elderly patients (mean age, 74...
January 2, 2019: Journal of Cardiology
Géraldine Poisnel, Eider Arenaza-Urquijo, Fabienne Collette, Olga M Klimecki, Natalie L Marchant, Miranka Wirth, Vincent de La Sayette, Géraldine Rauchs, Eric Salmon, Patrik Vuilleumier, Eric Frison, Aline Maillard, Denis Vivien, Antoine Lutz, Gaël Chételat
Introduction: The Age-Well clinical trial is an ongoing monocentric, randomized, controlled trial aiming to assess an 18-month preventive meditation-based intervention directly targeting the attentional and emotional dimensions of aging to promote mental health and well-being in elderly people. Methods: One hundred thirty-seven cognitively unimpaired older adults are randomized to either an 18-month meditation-based intervention, a structurally matched foreign language training, or a passive control arm...
2018: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Translational Research & Clinical Interventions
Radhika Nair, Kurupath Radhakrishnan, Aparajita Chatterjee, Shankar P Gorthi, Varsha A Prabhu
BACKGROUND: Sleep apnea is increasingly being recognized as 1 of the important, modifiable risk factors of stroke and cardiovascular diseases. Sleep apnea is thought to impair the functional recovery following stroke. Hence, we evaluated the patients with acute ischemic stroke for prevalence of sleep apnea and compared the functional outcomes of patients with and without sleep apnea, at 3rd month of acute ischemic stroke. METHOD: This study was conducted in Kasturba Medical College (KMC) hospital, Manipal, India, between May 2015 and August 2016...
December 14, 2018: Journal of Stroke and Cerebrovascular Diseases: the Official Journal of National Stroke Association
Seung Ju Kim, Kyu-Tae Han, Suk-Yong Jang, Ki-Bong Yoo, Sun Jung Kim
Background : Migraines gradually increase year by year, as does its burden. Management and prevention are needed to reduce such burdens. Previous studies have suggested that daily health behaviors can cause migraines. Sleep is a substantial part of daily life, and in South Korea, the average sleep duration is shorter than in other countries. Thus, this study focused on the increase of both diseases, and analyzed sleep disorders as a risk factor for migraines. Methods : The data used in this study was that of the national health insurance service (NHIS) national sample cohort...
November 26, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elisabeth Ruppert, Ulker Kilic-Huck
Circadian rhythm sleep disorders (CRSD) result from a disturbed endogenous clock (intrinsic CRSD) or from a misalignment between the biological clock and an imposed environment (extrinsic CRSD). Among intrinsic CRSD, one distinguishes the delayed sleep-wake phase disorder, the advanced sleep-wake phase disorder, the irregular sleep-wake rhythm disorder and the non-24-hour sleep-wake rhythm disorder. Shift work disorder, jet lag disorder and circadian sleep-wake disorder not otherwise specified are extrinsic CRSD...
October 31, 2018: La Presse Médicale
Sanni Yaya, Ruoxi Wang, Tang Shangfeng, Bishwajit Ghose
Abstract: Heavy consumption of alcohol has shown to be associated with sleep disturbances among adult and elderly people in high income settings. So far, the relationship between alcohol drinking and sleeping pattern has not been studied in an African setting. Therefore, in this study we investigated whether alcohol consumption has any influence on sleeping hours among adult men and women in Ghana. Methods: Data for this survey were extracted from Ghana Demographic and Health Survey (GDHS 2008)...
2018: PeerJ
Sarah F Allen, Greg J Elder, Laura F Longstaff, Zoe M Gotts, Rachel Sharman, Umair Akram, Jason G Ellis
Purpose: While the concept of "sleep health" has only recently been defined, how it relates to both subjective and objective sleep parameters is yet to be determined. The current study aimed to identify potential indicators of poorer sleep health, from subjective and objective daily sleep characteristics, in normal sleepers. Participants and methods: Eighty-three individuals aged 18-65 years with no history of sleep disorders, chronic physical or psychiatric illnesses, or substance misuse were recruited from the North of England...
2018: Nature and Science of Sleep
Laura Serra, Marcello D'Amelio, Carlotta Di Domenico, Ottavia Dipasquale, Camillo Marra, Nicola Biagio Mercuri, Carlo Caltagirone, Mara Cercignani, Marco Bozzali
We assessed here functional connectivity changes in the locus coeruleus (LC) and ventral tegmental area (VTA) of patients with Alzheimer's disease (AD). We recruited 169 patients with either AD or amnestic mild cognitive impairment due to AD and 37 elderly controls who underwent cognitive and neuropsychiatric assessments and resting-state functional magnetic resonance imaging at 3T. Connectivity was assessed between LC and VTA and the rest of the brain. In amnestic mild cognitive impairment patients, VTA disconnection was predominant with parietal regions, while in AD patients, it involved the posterior nodes of the default-mode network...
December 2018: Neurobiology of Aging
Mireille Salas-Crisostomo, Pablo Torterolo, André Barciela Veras, Nuno Barbosa Rocha, Sérgio Machado, Eric Murillo-Rodríguez
OBJECTIVE: Aging is a natural biological phenomenon that occurs in human beings. With increasing of age, there is an appearance of deleterious changes related with progression onto pathological conditions, including hypertension, heart disease, diabetes, hearing and vision impairments, as well as sleep disorders. It is important to recognize that some sleep disturbances reported by aged subjects include insomnia, obstructive sleep apnea, restless legs syndrome, among others. Moreover, accumulating evidence indicates that coexistence of medical issues with sleep disorders constitutes clinical challenges for treatment of comorbidities in elderly...
September 3, 2018: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Yazan Ghazi Al Shaikh, Mohamad Mohamad Haytham Shieb, Sema Koruturk, Amal Alghefari, Zainab Hassan, Bashair Mohammed Mussa
INTRODUCTION: Recently, sleeping disorders and snoring are being recognized as a public health concern with various risk factors and health consequences. The main objective of the present study was to determine the prevalence of snoring and sleep apnea among adults (20-60 years) in Sharjah (United Arab Emirates, UAE) and assess the major risk factors as well as the general knowledge among the population. METHODS: A self-administrated Questionnaire of five sections including both Berlin questionnaire (BQ) and the Epworth Sleepiness Scales (ESS) were given to a randomly selected population in Sharjah between the ages of 20-60 years...
July 2018: Annals of Thoracic Medicine
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