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High Intensity Interval exercise for elderly

José Losa-Reyna, Iván Baltasar-Fernandez, Julian Alcazar, Roberto Navarro-Cruz, Francisco José Garcia-Garcia, Luis M Alegre, Ana Alfaro-Acha
OBJECTIVES: The aim was to establish whether a short supervised facility-based exercise program improved frailty, physical function and performance in comparison with usual care treatment. METHODS: This was a quasi-experimental, non-randomized controlled intervention study in frail (2.75 ± 1.25 Frailty Phenotype criteria) older adults (range:77.2-95.8 years). The exercise (EX) group (n = 11) performed concurrent training (power training + high-intensity interval training, HIIT) twice weekly for 6 weeks while the control (CT) group (n = 9) followed usual care...
January 2019: Experimental Gerontology
Enrico Tam, Paolo Bruseghini, Carlo Capelli, Eugenio Oliboni, Andrea Pezzato, Silvia Pogliaghi, Roberto Pozzi Mucelli, Federico Schena, Elisa Calabria
We compared the effects of 8 weeks of high intensity, aerobic interval training ( HIT) and isoinertial resistance training ( IRT) on: (i) O 2 kinetics during heavy ( HiEx ) intensity exercise and; (ii) work economy during moderate ( ModEx ) intensity exercise in 12 healthy elderly men (69.3 ± 4.2 years). Breath-by-breath O 2 and muscle deoxygenation ([ HHb ] by means of NIRS ) were measured in HiEx and ModEx at identical workloads before and after trainings. In HiEx , O 2 and HHb responses were modeled as tri-exponential and mono-exponential increasing functions, respectively...
2018: Frontiers in Physiology
Tateaki Naito, Shuichi Mitsunaga, Satoru Miura, Noriatsu Tatematsu, Toshimi Inano, Takako Mouri, Tetsuya Tsuji, Takashi Higashiguchi, Akio Inui, Taro Okayama, Teiko Yamaguchi, Ayumu Morikawa, Naoharu Mori, Toshiaki Takahashi, Florian Strasser, Katsuhiro Omae, Keita Mori, Koichi Takayama
BACKGROUND: Combinations of exercise and nutritional interventions might improve the functional prognosis for cachectic cancer patients. However, high attrition and poor compliance with interventions limit their efficacy. We aimed to test the feasibility of the early induction of new multimodal interventions specific for elderly patients with advanced cancer Nutrition and Exercise Treatment for Advanced Cancer (NEXTAC) programme. METHODS: This was a multicentre prospective single-arm study...
October 18, 2018: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Karani Magutah, Rebecca Meiring, Nilesh B Patel, Kihumbu Thairu
Objectives: We compared effects of shorter moderate-intensity exercise time (<10 min bouts) on cardiometabolic parameters with the current recommendations among elderly adults. Methods: Fifty-three sedentary individuals aged ≥50 years were divided into exercise groups1: male and2 female short-duration bouts (MS and FS , respectively), and3 male and4 female long-duration bouts (ML and FL , respectively). Short-duration bouts consisted three 5-10 min moderate-intensity jogging sessions daily, and long-duration bouts consisted 30-60 min sessions 3-5 days weekly...
2018: BMJ Open Sport & Exercise Medicine
Yosuke Osuka, Muneaki Matsubara, Ai Hamasaki, Yuji Hiramatsu, Hiroshi Ohshima, Kiyoji Tanaka
BACKGROUND: The purposes of this study were to identify 1) the feasibility of a novel exercise protocol (elderly Japanese male version of high-intensity interval aerobic training: EJ-HIAT) and 2) its preliminary data (%V̇O2peak, rating of perceived exertion) in comparison with traditional moderate-intensity continuous aerobic training (MICT). RESULTS: Twenty-one sedentary elderly men, aged 60-69 years, performed two exercise protocols: EJ-HIAT, consisting of 3 sets of 2-3-min cycling at 75-85%V̇O2peak with 1-2-min active rests at 50%V̇O2peak between sets, and MICT, consisting of 40-min cycling at 65%V̇O2peak...
2017: European Review of Aging and Physical Activity
Philipp Zimmer, Wilhelm Bloch, Alexander Schenk, Max Oberste, Stefan Riedel, Jan Kool, Dawn Langdon, Ulrik Dalgas, Jürg Kesselring, Jens Bansi
BACKGROUND: Aerobic exercise can improve cognitive performance in healthy elderly people. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of a 3-week high-intensity aerobic exercise programme (high-intensity training group (HIT)) on cognitive performance in persons with multiple sclerosis (MS) compared with a standard exercise programme (control training (CT)). METHODS: A total of 60 persons with MS (Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS): 1...
October 2018: Multiple Sclerosis: Clinical and Laboratory Research
Stephen B Kritchevsky, Laura Lovato, Elizabeth P Handing, Steven Blair, Anda Botoseneanu, Jack M Guralnik, Christine Liu, Abby King, Anthony P Marsh, Marco Pahor, W Jack Rejeski, Bonnie Spring, Todd Manini
OBJECTIVE: Some data suggest that obesity blunts the benefits of exercise on mobility in older adults. This study tested the homogeneity of the effect of a physical activity intervention on major mobility disability (MMD) across baseline obesity classifications in the Lifestyle Interventions and Independence for Elders (LIFE) Study. LIFE randomized 1,635 sedentary men and women aged 70 to 89 years to a moderate-intensity physical activity (PA) or health education program. METHODS: MMD, defined as the inability to walk 400 m, was determined over an average follow-up of 2...
July 2017: Obesity
Melissa J M Raymond, Kimberley J Jeffs, Adele Winter, Sze-Ee Soh, Peter Hunter, Anne E Holland
Objective: to investigate a high-intensity functional exercise (HIFE) group in hospitalised older adults. Design: assessor-blinded, randomised-controlled trial. Setting: sub-acute wards at a metropolitan rehabilitation hospital. Participants: older adults ≥65 years (n = 468) able to stand with minimum assistance or less from a chair and follow instructions. Intervention: 'group' participants were offered a standing HIFE group three times a week and individual physiotherapy sessions twice a week...
March 1, 2017: Age and Ageing
Yasunori Nagano, Kenji Ishida, Toshikazu Tani, Motohiro Kawasaki, Masahiko Ikeuchi
OBJECTIVE: Exergaming has been introduced in safe and beneficial intervention for the elderly. However, no study has examined exergaming-based interventions for the elderly that last several years. Therefore, we investigated the effectiveness and safety of a 12-week intervention using step training with exergaming for the elderly (12-week study). Moreover, we conducted an exergaming-based intervention for 3 years (3-year study). MATERIALS AND METHODS: 12-week study: Forty-two elderly persons participated in this study...
2016: SpringerPlus
Francesco Todde, Franco Melis, Roberto Mura, Massimiliano Pau, Francesco Fois, Sara Magnani, Gianfranco Ibba, Antonio Crisafulli, Filippo Tocco
The aim of this study was to assess the effects of vigorous exercise on functional abilities by means of a Senior Fitness Test (SFT) in a group of elderly adults. Twenty healthy and inactive people performed vigorous exercise (VE: 12 men and 8 women, aged 69.6 ± 3.9 years). At the beginning of the study (T0) and after 3 months (T1), each subject's functional ability was tested for muscular strength, agility, cardiovascular fitness, flexibility, and balance. The VE was designed with continuous and interval exercise involving large muscle activities...
2016: BioMed Research International
W Timothy Garvey, Jeffrey I Mechanick, Elise M Brett, Alan J Garber, Daniel L Hurley, Ania M Jastreboff, Karl Nadolsky, Rachel Pessah-Pollack, Raymond Plodkowski
OBJECTIVE: Development of these guidelines is mandated by the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists (AACE) Board of Directors and the American College of Endocrinology (ACE) Board of Trustees and adheres to published AACE protocols for the standardized production of clinical practice guidelines (CPGs). METHODS: Recommendations are based on diligent review of clinical evidence with transparent incorporation of subjective factors. RESULTS: There are 9 broad clinical questions with 123 recommendation numbers that include 160 specific statements (85 [53...
July 2016: Endocrine Practice
C L Boereboom, B E Phillips, J P Williams, J N Lund
BACKGROUND: Over 41,000 people were diagnosed with colorectal cancer (CRC) in the UK in 2011. The incidence of CRC increases with age. Many elderly patients undergo surgery for CRC, the only curative treatment. Such patients are exposed to risks, which increase with age and reduced physical fitness. Endurance-based exercise training programmes can improve physical fitness, but such programmes do not comply with the UK, National Cancer Action Team 31-day time-to-treatment target. High-intensity interval training (HIT) can improve physical performance within 2-4 weeks, but few studies have shown HIT to be effective in elderly individuals, and those who do employ programmes longer than 31 days...
June 2016: Techniques in Coloproctology
Seraina Caviezel, Julia Dratva, Emmanuel Schaffner, Christian Schindler, Simon Endes, Christine S Autenrieth, Miriam Wanner, Brian Martin, Eric de Groot, Jean-Michel Gaspoz, Nino Künzli, Nicole Probst-Hensch, Arno Schmidt-Trucksäss
INTRODUCTION: Regular physical activity has been shown to reduce cardiovascular disease risk in the general population. While smaller studies in specified groups (highly trained versus untrained individuals) indicate a certain dose-dependent effect of physical activity on the reduction of carotid stiffness (an indicator of subclinical vascular disease), it is unclear whether this association is present in a representative sample. Thus, we investigated this question cross-sectionally in participants from the population-based Swiss Cohort Study on Air Pollution And Lung and Heart Diseases In Adults (SAPALDIA)...
2015: PloS One
Jean-Paul Richalet, François J Lhuissier
Richalet, Jean-Paul, and François J. Lhuissier. Aging, tolerance to high altitude, and cardiorespiratory response to hypoxia. High Alt Med Biol. 16:117-124, 2015.--It is generally accepted that aging is rather protective, at least at moderate altitude. Some anecdotal reports even mention successful ascent of peaks over 8000 m and even Everest by elderly people. However, very few studies have explored the influence of aging on tolerance to high altitude and prevalence of acute high altitude related diseases, taking into account all confounding factors such as speed of ascent, altitude reached, sex, training status, and chemo-responsiveness...
June 2015: High Altitude Medicine & Biology
Yorgi Mavros, Evelyn O'Neill, Maureen Connerty, Jonathan F Bean, Kerry Broe, Douglas P Kiel, David Maclean, Ann Taylor, Roger A Fielding, Maria A Fiatarone Singh
INTRODUCTION: Sarcopenia is disproportionately present in older women with disability, and optimum treatment is not clear. We conducted a double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial to determine whether oxandrolone administration in elderly women improves body composition or physical function beyond that which occurs in response to progressive resistance training (PRT). METHODS: Twenty-nine sedentary women (age 74.9 ± 6.8 yr; 5.9 ± 2.8 medications per day) were randomized to receive high-intensity PRT (three times a week for 12 wk) combined with either oxandrolone (10 mg·d(-1)) or an identical placebo...
November 2015: Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Matthew Cocks, Anton J M Wagenmakers
It is becoming increasingly apparent that a high vasodilator response of the skeletal muscle microvasculature to insulin and exercise is of critical importance for adequate muscle perfusion and long-term microvascular and muscle metabolic health. Previous research has shown that a sedentary lifestyle, obesity and ageing lead to impairments in the vasodilator response, while a physically active lifestyle keeps both microvascular density and vasodilator response high. To investigate the molecular mechanisms behind these impairments and the benefits of exercise training interventions, our laboratory has recently developed quantitative immunofluorescence microscopy methods to measure protein content of eNOS and NAD(P)Hoxidase specifically in the endothelial layer of capillaries and arterioles of human skeletal muscle...
April 15, 2016: Journal of Physiology
M D Morard, L Bosquet, D Laroche, C Joussain, D Besson, G Deley, J M Casillas, V Gremeaux
BACKGROUND: Heart rate (HR) at the ventilatory threshold (VT) is often used to prescribe exercise intensity in cardiac rehabilitation. Some studies have reported no significant difference between HR at VT and HR measured at the end of a 6-min walk test (6-MWT) in cardiac patients. The aim of this work was to assess the potential equivalence between those parameters at the individual level. METHOD: Three groups of subjects performed a stress test and a 6-MWT: 22 healthy elderlies (GES, 77 ± 3...
April 2015: Annals of Physical and Rehabilitation Medicine
Dorthe Stensvold, Hallgeir Viken, Øivind Rognmo, Eirik Skogvoll, Sigurd Steinshamn, Lars J Vatten, Jeff S Coombes, Sigmund A Anderssen, Jon Magnussen, Jan Erik Ingebrigtsen, Maria A Fiatarone Singh, Arnulf Langhammer, Asbjørn Støylen, Jorunn L Helbostad, Ulrik Wisløff
INTRODUCTION: Epidemiological studies suggest that exercise has a tremendous preventative effect on morbidity and premature death, but these findings need to be confirmed by randomised trials. Generation 100 is a randomised, controlled study where the primary aim is to evaluate the effects of 5 years of exercise training on mortality in an elderly population. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: All men and women born in the years 1936-1942 (n=6966), who were residents of Trondheim, Norway, were invited to participate...
February 12, 2015: BMJ Open
A Zembroń-Łacny, W Dziubek, Ł Rogowski, E Skorupka, G Dąbrowska
According to European Working Group on Sarcopenia in Older People (EWGSOP) sarcopenia includes both a loss of muscle strength and a decline in functional quality in addition to the loss of muscle protein mass. In order to develop strategies to prevent and treat sarcopenia, the risk factors and causes of sarcopenia must be identified. Age-related muscle loss is characterized by the contribution of multiple factors, and there is growing evidence for a prominent role of low-grade chronic inflammation in sarcopenia...
2014: Physiological Research
J Carson Smith, Kristy A Nielson, John L Woodard, Michael Seidenberg, Sally Durgerian, Kathleen E Hazlett, Christina M Figueroa, Cassandra C Kandah, Christina D Kay, Monica A Matthews, Stephen M Rao
We examined the impact of physical activity (PA) on longitudinal change in hippocampal volume in cognitively intact older adults at varying genetic risk for the sporadic form of Alzheimer's disease (AD). Hippocampal volume was measured from structural magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans administered at baseline and at an 18-month follow-up in 97 healthy, cognitively intact older adults. Participants were classified as High or Low PA based on a self-report questionnaire of frequency and intensity of exercise...
2014: Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience
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