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public health, disaster, emergency preparedness, resilience

Bahar Seifi, Ghader Ghanizadeh, Hesam Seyedin
As disasters have been increasing in recent years, disaster health literacy is gaining more important for a population such as middle-age women. This is because they face developmental crises (menopause) and situational crisis (disaster). Due to the growing elderly population, it is imperative to seriously consider the issue of aging women's healthcare, and their educational needs relative to emergencies and disasters. The purpose of study was to clarify the importance of disaster health literacy for middle-age women...
December 2018: Journal of Menopausal Medicine
Dennis G Barten, Matthijs T W Veltmeijer, Nathalie A L R Peters
ABSTRACTHospital disaster resilience is often conceived as the ability to respond to external disasters. However, internal disasters appear to be more common events in hospitals than external events. This report describes the aftermath of a ceiling collapse in the emergency department of VieCuri Medical Center in Venlo, the Netherlands, on May 18, 2017. By designating the acute medical unit as a temporary emergency department, standard emergency care could be resumed within 8 hours. This unique approach might be transferrable to other hospitals in the developed world...
January 2, 2019: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Maria Scigliano, Virginia Roncaglione, Paula A Madrid
ABSTRACTTo contribute to the ongoing discourse about successful programming supporting intermediate behavioral and mental health needs of vulnerable communities affected by disaster, this article presents the Children's Health Fund (CHF) Sandy Recovery and Resiliency Program as a descriptive case study for a multifaceted, community-based approach to building resiliency, coping, and socioemotional skills in an underserved community in New York City that was affected by Superstorm Sandy. The case study involves retrospective review and analysis of qualitative and quantitative data that were collected as part of routine care and program implementation...
November 20, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Shuhei Nomura, Michio Murakami
In 2011, resilience to nuclear disasters emerged as a core public health challenge. [...].
November 8, 2018: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Jennifer Runkle, Erik R Svendsen, Mark Hamann, Richard K Kwok, John Pearce
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Recent changes in our planetary climate have and will continue to challenge historical knowledge and risk assumptions for weather-related disasters. While the public health community is rapidly working to develop epidemiological approaches and tools to mitigate and adapt to these weather-related disasters, recent high-profile events have exposed gaps in knowledge and response efforts. Limited work has been done to assess the climate readiness of the local public health and healthcare community as it pertains to local response planning and adaptation measures in the event of a weather-related disaster...
November 8, 2018: Current Environmental Health Reports
Alezandria K Turner, Laura Edison, Karl Soetebier, Wendy Smith, Cherie Drenzek
ABSTRACTOn October 7, 2016, Hurricane Matthew traveled along the coasts of Florida, Georgia, and South Carolina causing flooding and power outages. The Georgia Department of Public Health (DPH) developed the Web-based Responder Safety, Tracking, and Resilience (R-STaR) system to monitor the health and safety of public health responders and to inform disaster response planning for Hurricane Matthew. Using R-STaR, responders (n = 126) were e-mailed a daily survey while deployed to document injuries or harmful exposures and a post-deployment survey on their post-deployment health and satisfaction with using R-STaR...
October 9, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Patricia I Documet, Brianna L McDonough, Elizabeth Van Nostrand
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
November 2018: American Journal of Public Health
Nicole A Errett, Alexa Tanner, Xuesi Shen, Stephanie E Chang
OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to identify maritime transportation disruption impacts on available health care supplies and workers necessary to deliver hospital-based acute health care in geographically isolated communities post-disaster. METHODS: Semi-structured interviews were conducted with 25 key informants knowledgeable about the hospital-based acute health care supply chain and workforce emergency management plans and procedures in 2 coastal communities in British Columbia...
July 26, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Rachel M Peters, Thomas J Hipper, Esther D Chernak
OBJECTIVE: This study seeks to determine the capacity of community primary care practices to meet the needs of patients during public health emergencies and to identify the barriers and resources necessary to participate in a coordinated response with public safety agencies. METHODS: The self-administered web-based survey was distributed in January 2014 via e-mail to primary care providers in Pennsylvania using the listservs of several professional societies. RESULTS: A total of 179 primary care providers participated in the survey...
February 22, 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Joie D Acosta, Lane Burgette, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman, Ingrid Gonzalez, Danielle Varda, Lea Xenakis
OBJECTIVE: To summarize ways that networks of community-based organizations (CBO), in partnership with public health departments, contribute to community recovery from disaster. METHODS: The study was conducted using an online survey administered one and 2 years after Hurricane Sandy to the partnership networks of 369 CBO and the New York Department of Health and Mental Hygiene. The survey assessed the structure and durability of networks, how they were influenced by storm damage, and whether more connected networks were associated with better recovery outcomes...
October 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Loren Nell Melton Stein
Development of the public health nursing workforce is crucial to advancing our nation's health. Many organizations, including the American Association of Colleges of Nursing, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the US Department of Health and Human Services, have identified the need for strengthening academia's connection to public health and tailoring experiences to enhance workforce competency. The Oklahoma Medical Reserve Corps (OKMRC) Nursing Student Summer Externship was developed as a strategy to provide nursing students with strengthened knowledge and skills in disaster response through a structured summer volunteer experience with nurse educators within the OKMRC...
April 2017: Nursing Administration Quarterly
Laura Drew
This paper looks at the integration of local authorities within the emergency preparedness, resilience and response (EPRR) system for health. The experience of the author, who works within this field for a local authority, is that current guidance is unclear and has affected integration of local authorities into the EPRR system. This paper therefore aims to identify why these issues exist and to assist in driving changes to current guidance, documentation and procedures.
January 1, 2017: Journal of Business Continuity & Emergency Planning
Ali Ghanchi
On Friday, November 13, 2015, Paris was subjected to a multiple terrorist attack that caused widespread carnage. Although French emergency planning, response, and resilience procedures (Plan Blanc) anticipated crisis management of a major incident, these had to be adapted to the local context of Pitié-Salpêtrière University Teaching Hospital. Health care workers had undergone Plan Blanc training and exercises and it was fortunate that such a drill had occurred on the morning of the attack. The procedures were observed to work well because this type of eventuality had been fully anticipated, and staff performance exceeded expectations owing to prior in-depth training and preparations...
October 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Biblia S Cha, Rachel I Lawrence, Jesse C Bliss, Kenneth B Wells, Anita Chandra, David P Eisenman
OBJECTIVE: Local health departments (LHDs) have little guidance for operationalizing community resilience (CR). We explored how community coalitions responded to 4 CR levers (education, engagement, partnerships, and community self-sufficiency) during the first planning year of the Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience (LACCDR) Project. METHODS: Sixteen communities were selected and randomly assigned to the experimental CR group or the control preparedness group...
December 2016: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Lijun Gao, Qunhong Wu, Ye Li, Ding Ding, Yanhua Hao, Yu Cui, Zheng Kang, Mingli Jiao, Libo Liang, Adamm Ferrier, Ning Ning, Hong Sun
OBJECTIVES: In light of government investment over the past decade, we explored the capacity for disaster response in Heilongjiang Province, identifying the factors that affect response capacity. METHODS: We surveyed 1257 medical staff in 65 secondary and tertiary hospitals in Heilongjiang province to explore their perceptions of disaster management capacity using a cross-sectional multistage, stratified cluster sampling method. RESULTS: All tertiary hospitals (100%) and most secondary hospitals (93%) have documented disaster management plans that are regularly reviewed...
April 2018: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Rachel M Adams, Helene Rivard, David P Eisenman
CONTEXT: The Los Angeles County Community Disaster Resilience project is a community-based program to improve disaster resilience. We collected baseline measures of resilience-related attitudes and practices among targeted communities prior to the implementation of the intervention. OBJECTIVES: This study identified community disaster resilience behavior patterns and assessed their associations with sociodemographic and social cognitive characteristics. DESIGN: Telephone surveys during summer 2013...
January 2017: Journal of Public Health Management and Practice: JPHMP
Debra Kreisberg, Deborah S K Thomas, Morgan Valley, Shannon Newell, Enessa Janes, Charles Little
INTRODUCTION: As attention to emergency preparedness becomes a critical element of health care facility operations planning, efforts to recognize and integrate the needs of vulnerable populations in a comprehensive manner have lagged. This not only results in decreased levels of equitable service, but also affects the functioning of the health care system in disasters. While this report emphasizes the United States context, the concepts and approaches apply beyond this setting. OBJECTIVE: This report: (1) describes a conceptual framework that provides a model for the inclusion of vulnerable populations into integrated health care and public health preparedness; and (2) applies this model to a pilot study...
April 2016: Prehospital and Disaster Medicine
Tener Goodwin Veenema, Anne Griffin, Alicia R Gable, Linda MacIntyre, Radm Nadine Simons, Mary Pat Couig, John J Walsh, Roberta Proffitt Lavin, Aram Dobalian, Elaine Larson
PURPOSE: To develop a vision for the future of disaster nursing, identify barriers and facilitators to achieving the vision, and develop recommendations for nursing practice, education, policy, and research. DESIGN AND METHODS: A series of semistructured conference calls were conducted with 14 national subject matter experts to generate relevant concepts regarding national nursing workforce preparedness. An invitational daylong workshop hosted by the Veterans Emergency Management Evaluation Center, U...
March 2016: Journal of Nursing Scholarship
Scott Cormier, Michael Wargo, Walter Winslow
A health care emergency preparedness coalition (coalition) is a group of health care organizations, public safety agencies, and public health partners that join forces for the common cause of making their communities safer, healthier, and more resilient. Coalitions have been characterized as being focused on hospital systems instead of the health care of the community as a whole. We discuss 2 examples of coalition partners that use a more inclusive approach to planning, response, and recovery. The first is a large health care system spread across 23 states, and the other is a public safety agency in northeast Pennsylvania that took the lead to address the preparedness and response toward a large influx of burn patients and grew to encompass all aspects of community health care...
December 2015: Disaster Medicine and Public Health Preparedness
Samantha K Brooks, Rebecca Dunn, Clara A M Sage, Richard Amlôt, Neil Greenberg, G James Rubin
BACKGROUND: When disasters occur, humanitarian relief workers frequently deploy to assist in rescue/recovery efforts. AIMS: To conduct a systematic review of factors affecting the psychological wellbeing of disaster relief workers and identify recommendations for interventions. METHOD: We searched MEDLINE®, Embase, PsycINFO® and Web of Science for relevant studies, supplemented by hand searches. We performed thematic analysis on their results to identify factors predicting wellbeing...
December 2015: Journal of Mental Health
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