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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30739506/traumatic-injury-survivors-perceptions-of-their-future-a-longitudinal-qualitative-study
#1
Sandy Braaf, Shanthi Ameratunga, Jennie Ponsford, Peter Cameron, Alex Collie, James Harrison, Christina Ekegren, Nicola Christie, Andrew Nunn, Belinda Gabbe
AIM: Persistent disability following traumatic injuries can disrupt future plans and create uncertainty about how to mitigate future impacts. It is unknown how or whether perceptions of the future change in the years after injury. Therefore, the aim of this study was to explore trauma survivors' perceptions of their future over time. METHODS: A longitudinal qualitative study, nested within a population-based longitudinal cohort study, was undertaken in Victoria, Australia with survivors of serious injury...
February 10, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719418/effect-of-social-factors-on-surgical-outcomes-in-cervical-disc-disease
#2
Bartosz Godlewski, Magdalena Katarzyna Stachura, Estera Twardowska-Staszek, Ryszard Adam Czepko, Ryszard Czepko
Background: Daily clinical practice shows us how diametrically different surgical outcomes can occur in particular groups of patients sharing the same diagnosis and being subjected to the same treatment. Patient-reported outcomes appear to be significantly influenced by social factors and patients' emotional status. Data on such variables were collated and analyzed statistically with the aim of confirming our clinical observations. Methods: We analyzed a group of 100 patients following cervical disc surgery...
December 2018: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30710826/the-effect-of-implicit-theories-of-pain-on-pain-and-disability-in-people-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#3
Simon J Summers, Nancy C Higgins, Maxine Te, Ailish Byrne, Lucy S Chipchase
BACKGROUND: Implicit theories of pain represent a socio-cognitive mechanism linked to important coping, emotional, and expressive reactions to chronic pain. Evidence suggests that chronic low back pain (CLBP) patients who hold an incremental theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a malleable) use more active coping strategies, display less pain behavior, and report lower levels of depression than those with an entity theory of pain (i.e., view pain as a fixed). However, a link between implicit theories of pain and symptoms of pain and disability in people with CLBP has not been established...
January 29, 2019: Musculoskeletal Science & Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30708201/correlates-of-sedentary-behavior-among-community-dwelling-adults-with-anxiety-in-six-low-and-middle-income-countries
#4
Davy Vancampfort, Brendon Stubbs, Lee Smith, Benjamin Gardner, Matthew P Herring, Joseph Firth, Ai Koyanagi
We investigated correlates of sedentary behavior (SB) among community-dwelling adults with elevated anxiety symptoms in six low- and middle-income countries (LMICs). Cross-sectional data from the World Health Organization's Study on Global Ageing and Adult Health (2007-2010) were analyzed. Associations between SB levels and the correlates were examined using multivariable linear and logistic regressions. Out of 42,469 individuals aged ≥ 18 years, there were 2630 participants with anxiety (47.6 ± 16...
January 17, 2019: Psychiatry Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30691754/immediate-effects-of-kinesio-taping-on-pain-and-postural-stability-in-patients-with-chronic-low-back-pain
#5
Seyda Toprak Celenay, Derya Ozer Kaya
OBJECTIVE: Postural control of patients with chronic low back pain (CLBP) is usually impaired. Effects of treatment applications on postural stability have not been well investigated. The aim of this study was to investigate the immediate effects of kinesio taping on pain and postural stability in patients with CLBP. METHODS: One hundred and one patients with CLBP (age: 53.00 (10.69) years, body mass index (BMI): 31.52 (5.57) kg/m2 ) were included in this study...
January 2019: Journal of Bodywork and Movement Therapies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30674320/do-health-and-social-support-and-personal-autonomy-have-an-influence-on-the-health-related-quality-of-life-of-individuals-with-intellectual-disability
#6
Montserrat Alonso-Sardón, Helena Iglesias-de-Sena, Luz Celia Fernández-Martín, José Antonio Mirón-Canelo
BACKGROUND: The aim of this study was to assess the relation between perceived social support and personal autonomy of individuals with intellectual disabilities and Health-Related Quality of Life. METHODS: A cross-sectional study with a multicentre sample was carried out including 162 institutionalized individuals with intellectual disability. The measurement tool was a structured questionnaire with sociodemographic variables, and three scales: Functional Independence Measure(FIM) scale, Duke-UNC Functional Social Support Questionnaire, and SF-36 Health Survey, which were completed during an individual/family interview...
January 23, 2019: BMC Health Services Research
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30658566/pain-related-avoidance-and-endurance-behaviour-in-migraine-an-observational-study
#7
Ruth Ruscheweyh, Diana Pereira, Monika I Hasenbring, Andreas Straube
BACKGROUND: The role of avoidance and endurance behaviour is well established in chronic musculoskeletal pain, but less is known about its significance in migraine. METHODS: The Avoidance-Endurance Questionnaire behavioural subscales, the Pain Disability Index (PDI), the Migraine Disability Assessment Scale (MIDAS) and the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were obtained from 128 migraine patients (90 episodic, 38 chronic). Sixty nine of them were re-evaluated after 3-6 months...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Headache and Pain
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657192/relationship-of-periodontal-disease-and-domains-of-oral-health-related-quality-of-life
#8
Mohd Masood, Luay Thanoon Younis, Yaghma Masood, Noor Nazahiah Bakri, Bradley Christian
OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of periodontal disease on the domains of oral health-related quality of life of United Kingdom adults. METHODS: National representative data from the 2009 Adult Dental Health Survey, United Kingdom, was used in this study. Periodontal disease severity was measured using periodontal pocket depth and categorised into 3 groups: pocket depth up to 3.5mm, 3.5mm to 5.5 mm and more than 5.5mm. Oral Health-related quality of life was measured using the Oral Health Impact Profile-14 (OHIP-14) scores...
January 18, 2019: Journal of Clinical Periodontology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657072/work-disability-in-fibromyalgia-and-other-soft-tissue-disorders-analysis-of-preventive-benefits-in-brazil-from-2006-to-2015
#9
Ana Paula Monteiro Gomides, Josierton Cruz Bezerra, Eduardo José do Rosário E Souza, Licia Maria Henrique da Mota, Leopoldo Luiz Santos-Neto
BACKGROUND: Fibromyalgia is a common chronic disease characterized by persistent diffuse pain, fatigue, sleep disorders and functional symptoms. The disease can have negative consequences in personal and social life, in addition to significant public health expenses caused by treatment and work leave. The purpose of this article is to evaluate the number of social security benefits granted due to incapacity for work in Brazil in patients with ICD M79 and variants in the period 2006-2015...
July 11, 2018: Advances in rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30657068/adipokines-in-rheumatoid-arthritis
#10
REVIEW
Elis Carolina de Souza Fatel, Flávia Troncon Rosa, Andréa Name Colado Simão, Isaias Dichi
Rheumatoid arthritis affects millions of people worldwide and is considered a chronic multisystem disease whose causes are unknown. In general, the main objective of rheumatoid arthritis treatment is to improve the quality of life of patients by relieving pain, maintaining or improving functional capacity, preventing thus, disability. In recent years the role of adipokines in the pathogenesis of rheumatoid arthritis has been discussed but results are still conflicting. Although results from some studies have shown the implications of adipokines in the pathophysiology of autoimmune diseases, including rheumatoid arthritis, their role in the pathogenesis of disease progression is not clear...
August 15, 2018: Advances in rheumatology
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30651973/managing-sickness-absence-of-patients-with-musculoskeletal-pain-a-cross-sectional-survey-of-scandinavian-chiropractors
#11
Mette Jensen Stochkendahl, Casper Glissmann Nim, Eleanor Boyle, Ole Kristoffer Larsen, Iben Axén, Ole Christian Kvammen, Corrie Myburgh
Background: Musculoskeletal pain is a major cause of work disability. Many patients with musculoskeletal pain seek care from health care providers other than their general practitioners, including a range of musculoskeletal practitioners. Therefore, these musculoskeletal practitioners may play a key role by engaging in sickness absence management and work disability prevention. This study aimed to determine the prevalence of musculoskeletal practitioners' practice behaviours, and their perceptions and beliefs about sickness absence management by using Scandinavian chiropractors as an example, as well as to examine the association between these characteristics and two different practice behaviours...
2019: Chiropractic & Manual Therapies
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30646787/the-efficacy-of-a-health-promotion-intervention-for-indigenous-women-reclaiming-our-spirits
#12
Colleen Varcoe, Marilyn Ford-Gilboe, Annette J Browne, Nancy Perrin, Vicky Bungay, Holly McKenzie, Victoria Smye, Roberta Price Elder, Jane Inyallie, Koushambhi Khan, Madeleine Dion Stout
Indigenous women globally are subjected to high rates of multiple forms of violence, including intimate partner violence (IPV), yet there is often a mismatch between available services and Indigenous women's needs and there are few evidence-based interventions specifically designed for this group. Building on an IPV-specific intervention (Intervention for Health Enhancement After Leaving [iHEAL]), "Reclaiming Our Spirits" (ROS) is a health promotion intervention developed to address this gap. Offered over 6 to 8 months in a partnership between nurses and Indigenous Elders, nurses worked individually with women focusing on six areas for health promotion and integrated health-related workshops within weekly Circles led by an Indigenous Elder...
January 15, 2019: Journal of Interpersonal Violence
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30624141/flourishing-after-a-stroke-a-nationally-representative-portrait-of-resilience-and-mental-health-among-older-canadians
#13
Esme Fuller-Thomson, Lisa A Jensen
OBJECTIVES: The objective of this study is to estimate the prevalence of, and factors associated with, complete mental health (CMH) among stroke survivors aged 50+ years. METHOD: Bivariate and logistic regression analyses of nationally representative data from the 2012 Canadian Community Health Survey-Mental Health of 11,157 older adults aged 50+ years (300 stroke survivors). CMH included all of these elements: (a) absence of any past-year mental illness (measured by the World Health Organization version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview [WHO-CIDI] scales), (b) almost daily happiness or satisfaction, and (c) psychological and social well-being...
January 9, 2019: Journal of Aging and Health
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30623588/obesity-depression-and-hip-pain
#14
Martin Schwarze, Winfried Häuser, Gabriele Schmutzer, Elmar Brähler, Nicholas A Beckmann, Marcus Schiltenwolf
INTRODUCTION: Up to 64% of the general population reports experiencing chronic pain, with the hip being one of the most frequent sites. An association has been shown between chronic back pain, obesity and depression. To date, a similar association has not been investigated with chronic hip pain. METHODS: A total of 2,515 subjects were chosen as a representative cross-section of the German population. Each was provided with a questionnaire that included the Regional Pain Scale, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire (EORTC QLQ-C30), Beck Depression Inventory-Primary Care and Winkler social class index...
January 8, 2019: Musculoskeletal Care
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30617082/leading-a-meaningful-life-at-older-ages-and-its-relationship-with-social-engagement-prosperity-health-biology-and-time-use
#15
Andrew Steptoe, Daisy Fancourt
The sense that one is living a worthwhile and meaningful life is fundamental to human flourishing and subjective well-being. Here, we investigate the wider implications of feeling that the things one does in life are worthwhile with a sample of 7,304 men and women aged 50 and older (mean 67.2 y). We show that independently of age, sex, educational attainment, and socioeconomic status, higher worthwhile ratings are associated with stronger personal relationships (marriage/partnership, contact with friends), broader social engagement (involvement in civic society, cultural activity, volunteering), less loneliness, greater prosperity (wealth, income), better mental and physical health (self-rated health, depressive symptoms, chronic disease), less chronic pain, less disability, greater upper body strength, faster walking, less obesity and central adiposity, more favorable biomarker profiles (C-reactive protein, plasma fibrinogen, white blood cell count, vitamin D, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol), healthier lifestyles (physical activity, fruit and vegetable consumption, sleep quality, not smoking), more time spent in social activities and exercising, and less time spent alone or watching television...
January 22, 2019: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30616456/what-really-matters-in-pediatric-chronic-pain-rehabilitation-results-of-a-multi-stakeholder-nominal-group-technique-study
#16
Karen Hurtubise, Astrid Brousselle, Melanie Noel, Chantal Camden
PURPOSE: To prioritize outcome domains sensitive to the needs of the various stakeholders involved in rehabilitation programs designed for youth with pain-related disability using the International Classification of Function Child and Youth version. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A 5-step nominal group technique was conducted with 13 stakeholders, including two youth with pain-related disability, two parents, five clinicians, two teachers, and two healthcare managers. Once identified by content thematic analysis and International Classification of Function linking, 15 outcome domains were ranked...
January 7, 2019: Disability and Rehabilitation
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30597203/effectiveness-of-opioids-for-chronic-noncancer-pain-a-two-year-multicenter-prospective-cohort-study-with-propensity-score-matching
#17
Dalila R Veiga, M Monteiro-Soares, Liliane Mendonça, Rute Sampaio, José M Castro-Lopes, Luís F Azevedo
Opioid use in CNCP is still controversial regarding their effectiveness and safety. We conducted a 2-year prospective cohort study in 4 multidisciplinary chronic pain clinics (MCPCs) to assess long-term opioid effectiveness in CNCP patients. All adult CNCP patients consecutively admitted to their first consultation were recruited. Demographic and clinical data were collected, and propensity score matching was used to adjust for differences between opioid users and nonusers. The Brief Pain Inventory (BPI) and the Short version of Treatment Outcomes in Pain Survey (S-TOPS) were used to measure pain outcomes and quality of life...
December 28, 2018: Journal of Pain: Official Journal of the American Pain Society
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30588708/factors-associated-with-depression-and-anxiety-in-children-with-intellectual-disabilities
#18
D G Whitney, D N Shapiro, M D Peterson, S A Warschausky
BACKGROUND: Individuals with intellectual disabilities (ID) are at increased risk for depression and anxiety disorders; however, there is a paucity of research that pertains to associative factors for these mental health disorders in this population. The objective of this investigation was to determine factors associated with depression and anxiety problems in children with ID. METHODS: Children 6-17 years with ID (n = 423; 63% male) from the 2016 National Survey of Children's Health were included in this cross-sectional study...
December 26, 2018: Journal of Intellectual Disability Research: JIDR
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30586076/the-iasp-classification-of-chronic-pain-for-icd-11-functioning-properties-of-chronic-pain
#19
Boya Nugraha, Christoph Gutenbrunner, Antonia Barke, Matthias Karst, Jörg Schiller, Peter Schäfer, Silke Falter, Beatrice Korwisi, Winfried Rief, Rolf-Detlef Treede
Physical, mental, and social well-being are part of the concept of health according to the World Health Organization, in addition to the absence of disease and infirmity. Therefore, for a full description of a person's health status, the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) was launched in 2001 to complement the existing International Classification of Diseases (ICD). The 11th version of the ICD (ICD-11) is based on so-called content models, which have 13 main parameters...
January 2019: Pain
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30586068/the-iasp-classification-of-chronic-pain-for-icd-11-chronic-primary-pain
#20
Michael Nicholas, Johan W S Vlaeyen, Winfried Rief, Antonia Barke, Qasim Aziz, Rafael Benoliel, Milton Cohen, Stefan Evers, Maria Adele Giamberardino, Andreas Goebel, Beatrice Korwisi, Serge Perrot, Peter Svensson, Shuu-Jiun Wang, Rolf-Detlef Treede
This article describes a proposal for the new diagnosis of chronic primary pain (CPP) in ICD-11. Chronic primary pain is chosen when pain has persisted for more than 3 months and is associated with significant emotional distress and/or functional disability, and the pain is not better accounted for by another condition. As with all pain, the article assumes a biopsychosocial framework for understanding CPP, which means all subtypes of the diagnosis are considered to be multifactorial in nature, with biological, psychological, and social factors contributing to each...
January 2019: Pain
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