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Mohammad Ajmal Ali
The dried plant material of medicinally important Anthemis deserti Boiss. (family: Asteraceae) especially when it remains in the powdered form often look similar to Anthemis melampodina Del.; and therefore, difficult to distinguish, finally lead to chances of adulteration. The adulteration in medicinal plants effects on the efficacy of the drugs. The molecular authentication of herbal plant materials such as based on the internal transcribed spacer 2 (ITS2) sequences of nuclear ribosomal DNA (nrDNA) is considered as more reliable method compared to other the biochemical or histological methods...
January 2019: Saudi Journal of Biological Sciences
Mahmood M S Abdullah, Ayman M Atta, Hamad A Allohedan, Hamad Z Alkhathlan, M Khan, Abdelrahman O Ezzat
In this study, an easy, rapid and eco-friendly method was used successfully to synthesize the magnetite nanoparticles (MNPs). In order to fine-tune the synthesized MNPs for the collection of heavy crude oil spills, the particles' surface was modified with green hydrophobic biocomponents that were extracted from Anthemis pseudocotula (AP). The surface modified reaction carried with that of the MNPs in the presence of n -hexane extract (APH) resulted in the formation of APH-MNPs, while in the presence of chloroform extract (APC), resulted in APC-MNPs formation...
October 19, 2018: Nanomaterials
Julia Kruse, Volker Kummer, Roger G Shivas, Marco Thines
There are 63 known species of Thecaphora (Glomosporiaceae, Ustilaginomycotina), a third of which occur on Asteraceae. These smut fungi produce yellowish-brown to reddish-brown masses of spore balls in specific, mostly regenerative, plant organs. A species of Thecaphora was collected in the flower heads of Anthemischia (Anthemideae, Asteraceae) on Rhodes Island, Greece, in 2015 and 2017, which represents the first smut record of a smut fungus on a host plant species in this tribe. Based on its distinctive morphology, host species and genetic divergence, this species is described as Thecaphoraanthemidis sp...
2018: MycoKeys
Fatma Tuğçe Gürağaç Dereli, Mert Ilhan, Esra Küpeli Akkol
ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: Many of the currently available antidepressants have serious adverse effects and are also expensive. Traditional medicines are major sources of original drugs, and their role in effective treatment is remarkable. In Turkish folk medicine, decoctions and infusions are prepared from the flowers of Anthemis wiedemanniana Fisch. & Mey. They exert antispasmodic and sedative effects and are also used for treating urinary inflammations. The present study was designed to evaluate the antidepressant activity of A...
November 15, 2018: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Chiara Beatrice Vicentini, Stefano Manfredini, Carlo Contini
Louse infestation is one of the oldest contagious pestilential diseases of humankind, which has recently re-emerged in several developing countries as well as in homeless individuals and migrants. The present work provides the first phase of an historical excursus of louse remedies based on the classics of pharmaceutical literature, codes, pharmacopoeia and treatises. The second phase involves a literature search, based on the principal medical databases (SciFinder, Pubmed, Google Scholar, ISI-Web of Science and Scopus), to match ancient raw materials and active principles for the treatment of pediculosis and their possible applications, with other current infectious pathologies transmitted by different carriers...
June 1, 2018: Le Infezioni in Medicina
Luis Eduardo Ferreira, Bruno Iglesias Benincasa, Ana Lúcia Fachin, Silvia Helena Taleb Contini, Suzelei Castro França, Ana Carolina Souza Chagas, Rene Oliveira Beleboni
BACKGROUND: Infections of sheep with gastrointestinal parasites, especially Haemonchus contortus, have caused serious losses in livestock production, particularly after the emergence of resistance to conventional anthelmintics. The search for new anthelmintic agents, especially those of botanical origin, has grown substantially due to the perspective of less contamination of meat and milk, as well as other advantages related to their cost and accessibility in less developed countries...
April 25, 2018: Parasites & Vectors
Ahmed Elkhalifa Chemsa, Amar Zellagui, Mehmet Öztürk, Ebru Erol, Ozgür Ceylan, Mehmet Emin Duru, Mesbah Lahouel
Anthemis species are traditionally used to treat infectious and inflammatory processes, among others clinical disturbances. In the current study, the chemical composition, the total phenolic and flavonoid contents, the antioxidant, anticholinesterase, antimicrobial, and antibiofilm activities of Anthemis stiparum subsp. sabulicola aerial parts methanolic extract (As-ME) and essential oil (As-EO) were investigated. The chemical composition of As-EO was established by GC-MS and GC-FID. Total phenolic and flavonoid contents of As-ME were spectrophotometrically determined...
June 2018: Microbial Pathogenesis
Ali Akgul, Ayfer Akgul, Serdar G Senol, Hasan Yildirim, Ozcan Secmen, Yunus Dogan
BACKGROUND: Studies of ethnobotanical usages in south-eastern Turkey are rare. To widen this field of knowledge, we conducted an ethnobotanical study in Midyat (Mardin Province), Turkey. METHODS: The field study was completed during three years (2007-2010). Our aim was to document the ethnobotanical uses of local plants and to make an ethnobotanical inventory of uncommon plants using qualitative interviews. RESULTS: During field studies, 368 voucher specimens were collected in the investigated area...
February 7, 2018: Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine
Valentina V Ebani, Simona Nardoni, Fabrizio Bertelloni, Basma Najar, Luisa Pistelli, Francesca Mancianti
Background: Essential oils (EOs) are recommended by some veterinarians to treat otitis externa in pets, but data about their efficacy in scientific literature are very scant. Methods: Nine commercial EOs, from roman chamomile ( Anthemis nobilis L.), star anise ( Illicium verum ), lavender ( Lavandula hybrida ), litsea ( Litsea cubeba (Lour.) Pers.), basil ( Ocimum basilicum L.), oregano ( Origanum vulgare L. subsp. hirticum ), rosemary ( Rosmarinus officinalis L.), clary sage ( Salvia sclarea L.), and thyme ( Thymus vulgaris L...
April 21, 2017: Medicines (Basel, Switzerland)
Mahmoud Nasrollahzadeh, S Mohammad Sajadi, Mehdi Maham, Hamid Reza Dasmeh
This study demonstrates a clean, non-toxic and environment friendly synthetic strategy for the preparation of the Natrolite zeolite/Cu nanoparticles (NPs) using Natrolite zeolite as a natural support and Anthemis xylopoda flowers aqueous extract as a reducing and stabilising agent for the synthesis of Cu NPs. Cu NPs with 20 nm diameter were immobilised homogeneously on the surface of Natrolite zeolite. The synthesised Natrolite zeolite/Cu NPs was used as an environmentally benign catalyst for the reduction of 4-nitrophenol, congo red and methylene blue in aqueous media at an ambient temperature...
August 2017: IET Nanobiotechnology
Wilbur Johnson, Bart Heldreth, Wilma F Bergfeld, Donald V Belsito, Ronald A Hill, Curtis D Klaassen, Daniel C Liebler, James G Marks, Ronald C Shank, Thomas J Slaga, Paul W Snyder, F Alan Andersen
Anthemis nobilis (Roman chamomile) flower extract, anthemis nobilis flower oil, anthemis nobilis flower powder, and anthemis nobilis flower water are ingredients that function as fragrance ingredients and skin-conditioning agents in cosmetic products. These ingredients are being used at concentrations up to 10% (anthemis nobilis flower water) in cosmetic products. The available data indicate that these 4 ingredients are not irritating or sensitizing. Chemical composition data and the low use concentrations suggest that systemic toxicity would not be likely if percutaneous absorption of constituents were to occur...
May 2017: International Journal of Toxicology
Saeede Dehghanizade, Javad Arasteh, Amir Mirzaie
This study aim to synthesize silver nanoparticles (AgNPs) using Anthemis atropatana extract and to evaluate their chemical characteristics and antimicrobial and cytotoxic effects. The biosynthesis of AgNPs is verified using UV-visible spectrum which showing maximum absorption in 430 nm wavelength. Transmission electron microscope (TEM) and scanning electron microscope (SEM) results revealed that AgNPs has a spherical shape with an average size of 38.89 nanometres. The crystalline structure of green synthesized AgNPs in optimal conditions was confirmed by XRD analysis...
February 2018: Artificial Cells, Nanomedicine, and Biotechnology
Gianluca Poeta, Giuliano Fanelli, Loris Pietrelli, Alicia T R Acosta, Corrado Battisti
Among the many threats that can be recorded on sandy beaches, plastic litter represents a serious problem for these complex and endangered ecosystems. Expanded polystyrene (EPS) is increasingly abundant as a form of plastic litter in natural environments, particularly along shores and waterways. Nevertheless, despite the great number of scientific articles concerning the impact of litter on animal species, there are still no research focusing on the interaction between this type of beach litter and other biodiversity components...
April 2017: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Luana Riccobono, Antonella Maggio, Maurizio Bruno, Vivienne Spadaro, Francesco Maria Raimondo
The chemical composition of the essential oils isolated from the aerial parts of Anthemis arvensis L. subsp. arvensis, Anthemis cretica subsp. messanensis (Brullo) Giardina & Raimondo and from flowers and leaves of Anthemis cretica subsp. columnae (Ten.) Frezén were determinated by GC-FID and GC-MS analyses. Torreyol (85.4%) was recognised as the main constituent of the Anthemis arvensis subsp. arvensis essential oil, while in the essential oils of Anthemis cretica subsp. messanensis, collected on the rock and cultivated in Hortus Botanicus Panormitanus, (E)-chrysanthenyl acetate (28...
December 2017: Natural Product Research
Maria De Mieri, Giannicola Monteleone, Isidor Ismajili, Marcel Kaiser, Matthias Hamburger
A dichlomethane extract of Anthemis nobilis flower cones showed promising in vitro antiprotozoal activity against Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense and Leishmania donovani, with IC50 values of 1.43 ± 0.50 and 1.40 ± 0.07 μg/mL, respectively. A comprehensive profiling of the most active fractions afforded 19 sesquiterpene lactones, including 15 germacranolides, two seco-sesquiterpenes, one guaianolide sesquiterpene lactone, and one cadinane acid. Of these, 13 compounds were found to be new natural products. The compounds were characterized by extensive spectroscopic data analysis (1D and 2D NMR, HRMS, circular dichroism) and computational methods, and their in vitro antiprotozoal activity was evaluated...
February 24, 2017: Journal of Natural Products
Simona Nardoni, Luisa Pistelli, Ilenia Baronti, Basma Najar, Francesca Pisseri, Rose Vanessa Bandeira Reidel, Roberto Papini, Stefania Perrucci, Francesca Mancianti
Several plants extracts from Mediterranean countries are traditionally employed in skin troubles both in humans and in animals. Malassezia pachydermatis is a lipophylic yeast responsible for otitis externa and dermatitis in dogs and for cutaneous and systemic disease in humans. Five mixtures of essential oils obtained from Mediterranean plants (Citrus paradisi, Salvia sclarea, Ocimum basilicum, Rosmarinus officinalis, Citrus limon, Anthemis nobilis, Lavandula hybrida and Thymus vulgaris) provided with antifungal and/or anti-inflammatory action assayed in vitro, were tested in vivo versus M...
August 2017: Natural Product Research
Ümran Seven Erdemir, Hülya Arslan, Gürcan Güleryüz, Şeref Güçer
We aimed to evaluate the elemental (W, Mo, Zn, Fe, Cu, Co, Bi, Mn, Cd, Cr, As) composition of some plant species spread around the abandoned tungsten mining area of Uludağ Mountain. The plant species tested were Anthemis cretica and Trisetum flavescens which are grown in this area and they are pioneer species on these contaminated sites. W levels in soils were found up to 1378.6 ± 672.3 mg/kg dry weight in contaminated areas. The leaf W contents of the selected plant species were found 41.1 ± 24.4 and 31...
March 2017: Bulletin of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology
Daniela Ciccarelli, Silvia Giovanelli, Luisa Pistelli
The hydrodistilled essential oils (EOs) from flowers of five Adriatic populations of Anthemis maritima were analyzed by GC-FID and GC/MS. Anthemis maritima is a psammophilous plant living generally on coastal sand dunes but occasionally on sea cliffs and shingle beaches. A total of 163 chemical compounds were identified, accounting for 90.5% of the oils. The main classes of compounds represented in the EOs were monoterpene hydrocarbons, oxygenated monoterpenes, sesquiterpene hydrocarbons, oxygenated sesquiterpenes, and terpene esters...
May 2016: Chemistry & Biodiversity
Adel Al-Marby, Chukwunonso Ecc Ejike, Muhammad Jawad Nasim, Nasser A Awadh-Ali, Rwaida A Al-Badani, Ghanem Ma Alghamdi, Claus Jacob
AIM/BACKGROUND: The development of resistance to synthetic drugs by target organisms is a major challenge facing medicine, yet locked within plants are phytochemicals used in herbal medicine (especially in the Arabian Peninsula) that may find application in this regard. In pursuit of unlocking these "hidden treasures," the methanol extracts of leaves, aerial parts, fruits, and resins of 17 plants used in the Arabian Peninsula were screened for antimicrobial activities. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The nematicidal, antibacterial, and antifungal activities were determined using appropriate assays...
March 2016: Journal of Intercultural Ethnopharmacology
Simona Casiglia, Maurizio Bruno, Felice Senatore, Sergio Rosselli
In the present study, the chemical composition of the essential oil from the aerial parts of Anthemis secundiramea Biv. subsp. secundiramea L. collected in Sicily was evaluated by GC and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. The main components of A. secundiramea were (Z)-lyratyl acetate (14.6%), (Z)-chrysanthenyl acetate (9.9%), (Z)-chrysanthenol (8.7%) and (E)-chrysanthenyl acetate (7.7%). The comparing with other studied oils of genus Anthemis belonging to the same clade is discussed. Antibacterial and antifungal activities against some micro-organisms infesting historical art craft, were also determined...
April 4, 2016: Natural Product Research
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