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Hair lamivudine

Yan Wu, Jin Yang, Cailing Duan, Liuxi Chu, Shenghuo Chen, Shan Qiao, Xiaoming Li, Huihua Deng
The determination of the concentrations of antiretroviral drugs in hair is believed to be an important means for the assessment of the long-term adherence to highly active antiretroviral therapy. At present, the combination of tenofovir, lamivudine and nevirapine is widely used in China. However, there was no research reporting simultaneous determination of the three drugs in hair. The present study aimed to develop a sensitive method for simultaneous determination of the three drugs in 2-mg and 10-mg natural hair (Method 1 and Method 2)...
April 15, 2018: Journal of Chromatography. B, Analytical Technologies in the Biomedical and Life Sciences
S A A van den Berg, N E van 't Veer, J M A Emmen, R H T van Beek
SUMMARY: We present a case of iatrogenic Cushing's syndrome, induced by treatment with fluticasone furoate (1-2 dd, 27.5 µg in each nostril) in a pediatric patient treated for congenital HIV. The pediatric patient described in this case report is a young girl of African descent, treated for congenital HIV with a combination therapy of Lopinavir/Ritonavir (1 dd 320/80 mg), Lamivudine (1 dd 160 mg) and Abacavir (1 dd 320 mg). Our pediatric patient presented with typical Cushingoid features (i...
2017: Endocrinology, Diabetes & Metabolism Case Reports
Jing Yan, Jia Liu, Bin Su, Xiaohong Pan, Zhe Wang, Jianjun Wu, Jiafeng Zhang, Yuhua Ruan, Jenny Hsi, Lingjie Liao, Yiming Shao, Hui Xing
BACKGROUND: The assessment of adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) is important in order to predict treatment outcomes. Lamivudine (3TC) is one of the most widely used NRTIs in China, but its concentrations in hair and association with virologic failure and drug resistance have not been studied. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey to investigate 3TC concentrations in hair as a predictor of virologic failure and drug resistance among HIV patients receiving free ART...
2016: PloS One
Erin A Woods, Michelle M Foisy
Objective: To review the literature evaluating antiretroviral-related alopecia and to provide guidance on the differential diagnosis and management of this condition. DATA SOURCES: A literature search was performed using PubMed, MEDLINE, Embase, International Pharmaceutical Abstracts (IPA), Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health (CINAHL), and the Cochrane database (through May 2014). Relevant conference abstracts and product monographs were reviewed. Search terms included antiretroviral, individual antiretroviral classes and names, highly active antiretroviral therapy, HIV, AIDS, alopecia, hair, hair loss and drug...
September 2014: Annals of Pharmacotherapy
Devrim Bektas, Glen K Martin, Barden B Stagner, Brenda L Lonsbury-Martin
The results reported here for CBA/CaJ mice describe the effects of regular dosing with a common antiretroviral drug combination on outer hair cell (OHC) function using measures of 2f1-f2 distortion product otoacoustic emissions (DPOAEs) and auditory brainstem responses (ABRs). Specifically, experimental mice were treated daily over a 3-mo period with the nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs), zidovudine (ZDV) and lamivudine (3TC), dissolved in their drinking water, while their control counterparts received untreated water...
May 2008: Hearing Research
Aydan Kansu
Chronic hepatitis B in children is mainly asymptomatic, but they are at life long risk for severe complications. Treatment is considered to suppress the virus and to prolong the survival by preventing the progression to cirrhosis and HCC. Therapeutic options for children are interferon-alpha (IFN-alpha) with antiviral, antiproliferative and immuno-modulatory effects and lamivudine (LAM) which inhibits HBV replication and increases cellular immune response. IFN-alpha, 5 MU/m(2), thrice weekly for 6 months is used in patients with high ALT levels which is associated with virologic response rate of 30-40%...
January 2008: Recent Patents on Anti-infective Drug Discovery
Joaquín Borrás-Blasco, Alberto Belda, Dolores Rosique-Robles, Elvira Casterá, Javier Abad, Isabel Amorós-Quiles
A 38-year-old Caucasian woman with uncontrolled human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection was treated with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) consisting of zidovudine, lamivudine, and nevirapine. Because her therapeutic response was inadequate, the HAART regimen was changed to abacavir, lamivudine, and lopinavir-ritonavir. Three months after this therapy was started, the patient developed progressive and notable hair loss. Her hair became fair and thin, and her appearance deteriorated considerably...
August 2007: Pharmacotherapy
D Calista, A Boschini
HIV-protease inhibitors demonstrated such high efficacy in short-term studies that they have been approved by the FDA, even though possible toxicity still needs further investigation. In the period between January 1997 and August 1998, 101 patients, staying at San Patrignano Medical Centre (Italy), received an HIV protease inhibitor (indinavir) plus two nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTI's) selected from the following: AZT, didanosine, zalcitabine, lamivudine or stavudine. Seventy-three patients were male, 28 female and their ages ranged from 25 to 60 years, with an average of 34...
June 2000: European Journal of Dermatology: EJD
K von Appen, U Beuers, A Mühlhöfer, M Weiss, G H Thoenes, W Samtleben
HISTORY AND CLINICAL FINDINGS: A medical examination, undertaken in an apparently healthy 30-year-old man because of his occupational exposure to chemicals, revealed haematuria and proteinuria. Physical examination was unremarkable except for oral hair-leukoplakia and swelling of the cervical, supraclavicular, axillary and inguinal lymph nodes. INVESTIGATIONS: Examination of the urine demonstrated selective glomerular proteins (1.5 g/24 h) and dysmorphic erythrocytes...
February 13, 1998: Deutsche Medizinische Wochenschrift
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