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Common sense model of self regulation

A L Henry, C Bundy, S D Kyle, C E M Griffiths, A Chisholm
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is associated with significant morbidity which negatively impacts upon quality of life. Sleep disturbance is reported by patients to be common in psoriasis and is associated with physical and psychological variables, although there is little published work in this area. Understanding sleep and the factors involved in its disturbance in psoriasis is a potentially important clinical area given the role of sleep in health and disease processes. OBJECTIVE: To explore the experience of sleep and sleep disturbance in psoriasis using the Common-Sense-Self-Regulation Model (CS-SRM)...
January 23, 2019: British Journal of Dermatology
Emmanouela Cheiloudaki, Evangelos C Alexopoulos
Background : Compliance with medication in patients who have suffered stroke is usually not-optimal. This study aims to measure the level of compliance with the treatment and to identify socio-demographic, clinical, and subjective factors related to the long-term compliance of stroke patients with their treatment. Methods : 140 patients (66.4% males) suffered an ischemic stroke at least six months old, participated in the survey. Compliance was measured using the Medication Adherence Report Scale and the quality of life by the Stroke Specific Quality of Life questionnaire...
January 11, 2019: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Elizabeth Broadbent, Jan W Schoones, Jitske Tiemensma, Ad A Kaptein
Recent research has examined patients' drawings of their illness as a means to identify patients' illness representations. The aim of this systematic review was to examine which representations are evident in patients' drawings, and whether drawing assessments are associated with patient outcomes. Ten electronic databases were searched for published journal papers in English up to July 1 2017. Narrative synthesis summarized findings by participant characteristics, study design, illness representations, and associations with outcomes...
December 17, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Olayinka O Shiyanbola, Earlise C Ward, Carolyn M Brown
Illness perceptions, which are likely influenced by patients' cultural contexts, are associated with disease self-management and adherence. African American patients perceptions of type 2 diabetes is not well understood and no known studies has used a comprehensive evidence-based theoretical framework to explore what AAs with type 2 diabetes know, believe, and think about type 2 diabetes. Understanding perceptions of an illness shared by a group of people will be useful in developing culturally-appropriate interventions targeted to the needs of the community...
2018: PloS One
Damilola T Olufemi-Yusuf, Sophie Beaudoin Gabriel, Tatiana Makhinova, Lisa M Guirguis
Asthma control can be achieved with effective and safe medication use; however, many patients are not controlled. Patients' perceptions of asthma, asthma treatment, and pharmacist roles can impact patient outcomes. The purpose of this study was to explore patients' experiences and patient⁻pharmacist relationships in asthma care. Qualitative Interpretive Description method guided the study. Semi-structured individual interviews were conducted with 11 patients recruited from personal contacts, pharmacies, and asthma clinics...
November 15, 2018: Pharmacy (Basel, Switzerland)
Caroline Bradbury-Jones, Peter Ogik, Jane Betts, Julie Taylor, Patricia Lund
Albinism includes a group of inherited conditions that result in reduced melanin production. It has been documented across the world, with a high frequency in sub-Saharan Africa. There is very little published research about the lives of people with albinism, but available evidence shows that myths abound regarding their condition. They are feared, viewed with suspicion and believed to have supernatural powers. In this study we explored the links between beliefs, myths, traditions and positive/negative attitudes that surround people with albinism in Uganda...
2018: PloS One
Sita LeBlanc Thilsted, Ingrid Egerod, Freddy Knudsen Lippert, Hejdi Gamst-Jensen
OBJECTIVES: To examine the relation between patients' illness representations, presented in telephone consultation to out-of-hours (OOH) services, and self-reported degree-of-worry (DOW), as a measure of self-evaluated urgency. If a clear relation is found, incorporating DOW during telephone triage could aid the triage process, potentially increasing patient safety. DESIGN: A convergent parallel mixed methods design with quantitative data; DOW and qualitative data from recorded telephone consultations...
September 17, 2018: BMJ Open
Melissa S Y Thong, Floortje Mols, Adrian A Kaptein, Dorry Boll, Caroline Vos, Johanna M A Pijnenborg, Lonneke V van de Poll-Franse, Nicole P M Ezendam
OBJECTIVES: According to the Common Sense Model of self-regulation, cancer survivors construct perceptions of their illness as a (mal)adaptive mechanism. These perceptions might impact on health care use. We aimed to explore the association between illness perceptions and health care use in stage I-II endometrial cancer (EC) survivors, and whether these associations differed by time since diagnosis. METHODS: A survey was conducted in 2008 by the population-based PROFILES registry among EC survivors diagnosed between 1999 and 2007...
September 13, 2018: Supportive Care in Cancer: Official Journal of the Multinational Association of Supportive Care in Cancer
Lisa M McAndrew, Marcus Crede, Kieran Maestro, Sarah Slotkin, Justin Kimber, L Alison Phillips
Consistent with the common-sense model of self-regulation, illness representations are considered the key to improving health outcomes for medically unexplained symptoms and illnesses (MUS). Which illness representations are related to outcomes and how they are related is not well understood. In response, we conducted a meta-analysis of the relationship between illness representations, self-management/coping, and health outcomes (perceived disease state, psychological distress, and quality of life) for patients with MUS...
September 9, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Miranda van Lunteren, Margreet Scharloo, Zineb Ez-Zaitouni, Anoek de Koning, Robert Landewé, Camilla Fongen, Roberta Ramonda, Ad A Kaptein, Floris A van Gaalen, Désirée van der Heijde
OBJECTIVE: To investigate whether illness perceptions and coping influence the relationship between back pain and health outcomes in patients suspected of having axial spondyloarthritis (SpA). METHODS: In the SPondyloArthritis Caught Early cohort, regression models were computed at baseline, with back pain intensity (range 0-10) as the determinant and health-related quality of life, the physical component summary score (PCS) and mental component summary (MCS) of the Short Form 36 (SF-36) health survey, or work productivity loss as outcomes...
December 2018: Arthritis Care & Research
Ad A Kaptein, Brian M Hughes, Michael Murray, Joshua M Smyth
Growing evidence suggests that the arts may be useful in health care and in the training of health care professionals. Four art genres - novels, films, paintings and music - are examined for their potential contribution to enhancing patient health and/or making better health care providers. Based on a narrative literature review, we examine the effects of passive (e.g. reading, watching, viewing and listening) and active (e.g. writing, producing, painting and performing) exposure to the four art genres, by both patients and health care providers...
January 2018: Health Psychology Open
Sarah E Duncan, Rachel A Annunziato
OBJECTIVE: This study examined barriers to engagement in self-management behaviors among food-allergic college students (1) within the frameworks of the health belief model (HBM) and common sense self-regulation model (CS-SRM) and (2) in the context of overall risky behaviors. PARTICIPANTS: Undergraduate college students who reported having a physician-diagnosed food allergy (N = 141). Research was conducted from February 2015 through May 2016. METHODS: Participants were recruited from college campuses through email and social media...
July 2018: Journal of American College Health: J of ACH
Maria Karekla, Evangelos C Karademas, Andrew T Gloster
Most health behaviour intervention efforts are adapted from the typical psychological treatment experience and may not take into serious consideration theories specifically developed to describe the process of adaptation to illness. This paper presents a proposal for the combination of a theory about the experience of and adaptation to illness, that is, the Common Sense Model of Self-Regulation (CSM), and an efficient psychological theory and therapy, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). Past combinations of CSM with cognitive or cognitive-behavioural interventions have focussed almost only on specific aspects of this model (mostly, illness representations and action plans) and left out other, equally important for a fruitful adaptation to illness, recommendations of the model (e...
February 15, 2018: Health Psychology Review
Rahul Garg, Abdulkarim Meraya, Pamela J Murray, Kimberly Kelly
Background Vaccine preventable diseases are making a comeback in the US. However, research is lacking on illness representations of vaccine preventable diseases and their application in improving childhood immunization. Objective We utilized the common sense model of self-regulation to examine illness representations of pertussis and their associations with child's receipt of any vaccine, up-to-date vaccination status, and mothers' intentions to follow the recommended vaccination schedule in the future. Methods We developed vaccine worry and vaccine hassles scales to assess mothers' worries and hassles for child vaccination, and used an open ended question to assess mother's illness representations of pertussis...
January 2018: Maternal and Child Health Journal
Eleanor Phillips, Jane Montague, Stephanie Archer
PURPOSE: Worldwide there are nearly 1.1 million new cases of gynaecological cancer annually. In England, uterine, ovarian and cervical cancers comprize the third most common type of new cancer in women. Research with gynaecological cancer patients within 6 months of diagnosis is rare, as is data collection that is roughly contemporaneous with treatment. Our aim was to explore the experiences of women who were, at study entry, within 6 weeks of surgery or were undergoing chemotherapy or radiotherapy...
December 2017: International Journal of Qualitative Studies on Health and Well-being
Martin S Hagger, Severine Koch, Nikos L D Chatzisarantis, Sheina Orbell
According to the common-sense model of self-regulation, individuals form lay representations of illnesses that guide coping procedures to manage illness threat. We meta-analyzed studies adopting the model to (a) examine the intercorrelations among illness representation dimensions, coping strategies, and illness outcomes; (b) test the sufficiency of a process model in which relations between illness representations and outcomes were mediated by coping strategies; and (c) test effects of moderators on model relations...
November 2017: Psychological Bulletin
Melissa Mei Yin Cheung, Bandana Saini, Lorraine Smith
OBJECTIVE: As an art form, drawings can facilitate the tangible expression of patients' inner images and feelings in a range of health conditions. However, there are currently no published studies investigating adults' perspectives of asthma using drawings. This study aimed to explore how adults' drawings illustrate their perceptions and experiences of asthma. METHODS: Adults with asthma participated in a one-on-one drawing activity. Analysis was grounded in the participants' accounts of their drawing, which were examined alongside the relevant image...
March 2018: Journal of Asthma: Official Journal of the Association for the Care of Asthma
Danika Marmarà, Vincent Marmarà, Gill Hubbard
BACKGROUND: Women's beliefs and representations of breast cancer (BC) and breast screening (BS) are salient predictors for BS practices. This study utilized the health belief model (HBM) and common-sense model (CSM) of illness self-regulation to explore factors associated with BS uptake in Malta and subsequently, to identify the most important predictors to first screening uptake. METHODS: This cross-sectional survey enrolled Maltese women (n = 404) ages 50 to 60 at the time of their first screening invitation, invited to the National Breast Screening Programme by stratified random sampling, with no personal history of BC...
May 8, 2017: BMC Public Health
Suchitra Nelson, Mary Beth Slusar, Jeffrey M Albert, Christine A Riedy
INTRODUCTION: Parent/caregivers' inability to recognize the importance of baby teeth has been associated with inadequate self-management of children's oral health (i.e. lower likelihood of preventive dental visits) which may result in dental caries and the need for more expensive caries-related restorative treatment under general anesthesia. Health behavior theories aid researchers in understanding the impact and effectiveness of interventions on changing health behaviors and health outcomes...
August 2017: Contemporary Clinical Trials
P A Nelson, K Kane, C J Pearce, C Bundy, A Chisholm, R Hilton, R Thorneloe, H Young, C E M Griffiths, L Cordingley
BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is an inflammatory long-term condition involving comorbidities, unhealthy lifestyle and significant life impact. Patients' understanding of psoriasis is limited and support lacking. The Common-Sense Model of Self-Regulation of Health and Illness emphasizes the role of illness and treatment beliefs on coping and self-management. New 'Pso Well® ' patient materials informed by the model, addressed psoriasis as a long-term condition, medication management and lifestyle behaviours...
September 2017: British Journal of Dermatology
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