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Gemfibrozil and cardiomyocytes

Amrit Pal Singh, Randhir Singh, Pawan Krishan
Fibrates are peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-α agonists and are clinically used for treatment of dyslipidemia and hypertriglyceridemia. Fenofibrate is reported as a cardioprotective agent in various models of cardiac dysfunction; however, limited literature is available regarding the role of gemfibrozil as a possible cardioprotective agent, especially in a non-obese model of cardiac remodelling. The present study investigated the role of gemfibrozil against partial abdominal aortic constriction-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rats...
April 2015: Cardiology in the Young
H Takano, T Nagai, M Asakawa, T Toyozaki, T Oka, I Komuro, T Saito, Y Masuda
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors (PPARs) are transcription factors belonging to the nuclear receptor superfamily. Recently, PPAR activators have been shown to inhibit the production of proinflammatory cytokines in macrophages or vascular smooth muscle cells. It has been reported that tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) expression is elevated in the failing heart and that TNF-alpha has a negative inotropic effect on cardiac myocytes. Therefore, we examined the effects of PPARalpha and PPARgamma activators on expression of TNF-alpha in neonatal rat cardiac myocytes...
September 29, 2000: Circulation Research
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