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Synuclein electrochemistry

Chun Huang, Li Zhu, Huan Li, Fu-Guo Shi, Guo-Qing Wang, Yi-Zheng Wei, Jie Liu, Feng Zhang
Parkinson's disease (PD) is the second most neurodegenerative disorder with a regional decrease of dopamine (DA) neurons in the substantia nigra (SN). Despite intense exploration, the etiology of PD progressive process remains unclear. This study was to investigate the synergistic effects of systemic inflammation of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and neurotoxicity of rotenone (ROT) on exacerbating DA neuron lesion. Male SD adulthood rats received a single intraperitoneal injection of LPS. Seven months later, rats were subcutaneously given ROT five times a week for consecutive 4 weeks...
2017: Frontiers in Molecular Neuroscience
Viktor Soukup, Marta Kalousová, Otakar Capoun, Roman Sobotka, Zuzana Breyl, Michael Pešl, Tomas Zima, Tomáš Hanuš
OBJECTIVES: To determine the combination of urinary protein markers for noninvasive detection of primary and recurrent urothelial bladder carcinomas. METHODS: Urinary concentrations of 27 biomarkers (NSE, ATT, AFABP, Resistin, Midkine, Clusterin, Uromodulin, ZAG2, HSP27, HSP 60, NCAM1/CD56, Angiogenin, Calreticulin, Chromogranin A, CEACAM1, CXCL1, IL13Ra2, Progranulin, VEGFA, CarbAnhydIX, Annexin-V, TIM4, Galectin1, Cystatin B, Synuclein G, ApoA1 and ApoA2) were assessed by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay or by electrochemiluminiscence immunoassay...
2015: Urologia Internationalis
Xin R Cheng, Gregory Q Wallace, François Lagugné-Labarthet, Kagan Kerman
In this proof-of-concept study, the fabrication of novel Au nanostructured indium tin oxide (Au-ITO) surfaces is described for the development of a dual-detection platform with electrochemical and localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR)-based biosensing capabilities. Nanosphere lithography (NSL) was applied to fabricate Au-ITO surfaces. Oligomers of α-synuclein (αS) were covalently immobilized to determine the electrochemical and LSPR characteristics of the protein. Cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) were performed using the redox probe [Fe(CN)6](3-/4-) to detect the binding of Cu(II) ions and (-)-epigallocatechin-3-gallate (EGCG) to αS on the Au-ITO surface...
February 25, 2015: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
M Bartošík, E Paleček, B Vojtěšek
Electrochemical analysis of nucleic acids, proteins and polysaccharides represents an interesting, although not widely spread alternative to current methods based predominantly on optical detection because it offers a relatively inexpensive, fast and instrumentally simple detection of parallel samples on miniaturized chips, ideal for personalized medicine of the 21st century. Nucleic acid electrochemistry enables, for example, detection of specific DNA sequences (for determination of genes or presence of bacteria and viruses, etc...
2014: Klinická Onkologie: Casopis Ceské a Slovenské Onkologické Spolecnosti
Ying-Chih Chi, Geoffrey S Armstrong, David N M Jones, Elan Z Eisenmesser, Chang-Wei Liu
α-Synuclein (αSyn) aggregation is involved in the pathogenesis of Parkinson disease (PD). Recently, substitution of histidine 50 in αSyn with a glutamine, H50Q, was identified as a new familial PD mutant. Here, nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) studies revealed that the H50Q substitution causes an increase of the flexibility of the C-terminal region. This finding provides direct evidence that this PD-causing mutant can mediate long range effects on the sampling of αSyn conformations. In vitro aggregation assays showed that substitution of His-50 with Gln, Asp, or Ala promotes αSyn aggregation, whereas substitution with the positively charged Arg suppresses αSyn aggregation...
May 30, 2014: Journal of Biological Chemistry
Paula Lopes, Hans Dyrnesli, Nikolai Lorenzen, Daniel Otzen, Elena E Ferapontova
Amyloid formation of proteins and peptides is an important biomedical and biotechnological problem, intensively studied and yet not fully understood. In this context, the development of fast and reliable methods for real-time monitoring of protein misfolding is of particular importance for unambiguous establishment of disease-, drug- and environmentally induced mechanisms of protein aggregation. Here we show that the extent of aggregation of α-synuclein (αSN), involved in Parkinson's disease and other neurodegenerative disorders, can be electrochemically monitored by oxidizing tyrosine (Tyr) residues surface-exposed in monomeric αSN and buried in fibrillated αSN adsorbed onto graphite electrodes...
February 21, 2014: Analyst
Ishrat Ahmed, Yideng Liang, Sabitha Schools, Valina L Dawson, Ted M Dawson, Joseph M Savitt
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a progressive neurodegenerative disease caused by the interaction of genetic and environmental factors. However, the etiology of PD remains largely unknown. Macroautophagy is known to play an essential role in the degradation of abnormal proteins and organelles. Furthermore, the loss of autophagy-related (Atg) genes results in neurodegeneration and abnormal protein accumulation. Since these are also pathologic features of Parkinson's disease, the conditional impairment of autophagy may lead to improved animal models for the study of PD...
November 14, 2012: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
Kangyong Liu, Nan Shi, Yinyi Sun, Ting Zhang, Xiaojiang Sun
In neurodegenerative disorders such as Parkinson's disease (PD), autophagy is implicated in the process of dopaminergic neuron cell death. The α-synuclein protein is a major component of Lewy bodies and Lewy neurites, and mutations in α-synuclein have been implicated in the etiology of familial PD. The current work investigates the mechanisms underlying the therapeutic effects of the autophagy-stimulating antibiotic rapamycin in the 1-methyl-4-phenyl-1,2,3,6-tetrahydropyridine (MPTP) mouse model of PD. Male C57BL/6 mice were treated with intravenous rapamycin or saline control for 7 days following MPTP administration...
January 2013: Neurochemical Research
Tiffiny Chan, Ari M Chow, Xin R Cheng, Derek W F Tang, Ian R Brown, Kagan Kerman
The interaction of dopamine (DA) and α-synuclein (α-S) can lead to protein misfolding and neuronal death triggered by oxidative stress relevant to the progression of Parkinson's disease (PD). In this study, interfacial properties associated with DA-induced α-S aggregation under various solution conditions (i.e., pH, ionic strength) were investigated in vitro. The electrochemical oxidation of tyrosine (Tyr) residues in α-S was detected in the presence of DA. DA concentration dependence was analyzed and found to significantly affect α-S aggregation pathways...
July 18, 2012: ACS Chemical Neuroscience
Ayse Ulusoy, Tomas Björklund, Kerstin Buck, Deniz Kirik
Impairments in the capacity of dopaminergic neurons to handle cytoplasmic dopamine may be a critical factor underlying the selective vulnerability of midbrain dopamine neurons in Parkinson's disease. Furthermore, toxicity of α-synuclein in dopaminergic neurons has been suggested to be mediated by direct interaction between dopamine and α-synuclein through formation of abnormal α-synuclein species, although direct in vivo evidence to support this hypothesis is lacking. Here, we investigated the role of dopamine availability on α-synuclein mediated neurodegeneration in vivo...
September 2012: Neurobiology of Disease
Meret Nora Gaugler, Ozgur Genc, Wojciech Bobela, Safa Mohanna, Mustafa Taleb Ardah, Omar Mukhtar El-Agnaf, Marco Cantoni, Jean-Charles Bensadoun, Ralf Schneggenburger, Graham W Knott, Patrick Aebischer, Bernard Laurent Schneider
α-Synuclein (α-syn) is a presynaptic protein present at most nerve terminals, but its function remains largely unknown. The familial forms of Parkinson's disease associated with multiplications of the α-syn gene locus indicate that overabundance of this protein might have a detrimental effect on dopaminergic transmission. To investigate this hypothesis, we use adeno-associated viral (AAV) vectors to overexpress human α-syn in the rat substantia nigra. Moderate overexpression of either wild-type (WT) or A30P α-syn differs in the motor phenotypes induced, with only the WT form generating hemiparkinsonian impairments...
May 2012: Acta Neuropathologica
Anya M Y Lin, Y H Ping, G F Chang, J Y Wang, J H Chiu, C D Kuo, C W Chi
AIM OF THE STUDY: S/B remedy prepared from Scutellaria baicalensis Georgi and Bupleurum scorzonerifolfium Willd, two herbals of Xiao-Tsai-Hu-Tang or Sho-Saiko-To (TJ-9), contains active flavonoids. In this study, the protective effect of S/B remedy on iron-induced neurodegeneration was investigated in the nigrostriatal dopaminergic system of rat brain. MATERIALS AND METHODS: The antioxidative activity of S/B remedy was studied using brain homogenates incubated with ferrous citrate (iron, 1M), S/B remedy, Trolox and melatonin...
April 12, 2011: Journal of Ethnopharmacology
Su-Feng Fan, Pei-Ling Chao, Anya Maan-Yuh Lin
Sodium arsenite (arsenite)-induced neurotoxicity and its interaction with ferrous citrate (iron) was investigated in rat brain. In vitro data showed that arsenite (1-10 micromol/L) concentration dependently increased lipid peroxidation and the potency of arsenite was less than that of iron. The oxidative activity of arsenite, sodium arsenate (arsenate), monomethylarsonic acid (MMA), and dimethylarsinic acid (DMA) were evaluated by inducing lipid peroxidation in cortical homogenates, and the potency for this effect was as follows: arsenite > arsenate > MMA and DMA...
June 2010: Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences
Mei Liu, Dong-Young Choi, Randy L Hunter, Jignesh D Pandya, Wayne A Cass, Patrick G Sullivan, Hyoung-Chun Kim, Don M Gash, Guoying Bing
Trichloroethylene, a chlorinated solvent widely used as a degreasing agent, is a common environmental contaminant. Emerging evidence suggests that chronic exposure to trichloroethylene may contribute to the development of Parkinson's disease. The purpose of this study was to determine if selective loss of nigrostriatal dopaminergic neurons could be reproduced by systemic exposure of adult Fisher 344 rats to trichloroethylene. In our experiments, oral administration of trichloroethylene induced a significant loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta in a dose-dependent manner, whereas the number of both cholinergic and GABAergic neurons were not decreased in the striatum...
February 2010: Journal of Neurochemistry
Eugene V Mosharov, Kristin E Larsen, Ellen Kanter, Kester A Phillips, Krystal Wilson, Yvonne Schmitz, David E Krantz, Kazuto Kobayashi, Robert H Edwards, David Sulzer
The basis for selective death of specific neuronal populations in neurodegenerative diseases remains unclear. Parkinson's disease (PD) is a synucleinopathy characterized by a preferential loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra (SN), whereas neurons of the ventral tegmental area (VTA) are spared. Using intracellular patch electrochemistry to directly measure cytosolic dopamine (DA(cyt)) in cultured midbrain neurons, we confirm that elevated DA(cyt) and its metabolites are neurotoxic and that genetic and pharmacological interventions that decrease DA(cyt) provide neuroprotection...
April 30, 2009: Neuron
Paul Davies, Sarah N Fontaine, Dima Moualla, Xiaoyan Wang, Josephine A Wright, David R Brown
Neurodegenerative diseases remain perplexing and problematic for modern research. Those associated with amyloidogenic proteins have often been lumped together simply because those proteins aggregate. However, research has identified a more logical reason to group some of these diseases together. The associated proteins not only aggregate, but also bind copper. The APP (amyloid precursor protein) binds copper in an N-terminal region. Binding of copper has been suggested to influence generation of beta-amyloid from the protein...
December 2008: Biochemical Society Transactions
Miroslav Fojta, Sabina Billová, Ludek Havran, Hana Pivonková, Hana Cernocká, Petra Horáková, Emil Palecek
A complex of osmium tetroxide with 2,2'-bipyridine (Os,bipy) has been applied as a chemical probe of DNA structure as well as an electroactive DNA label. The Os,bipy has been known to form covalent adducts with pyrimidine DNA bases. Besides the pyrimidines, electrochemically active covalent adducts with Os,bipy are formed also by tryptophan (W) residues in peptides and proteins. In this paper we show that Os,bipy-treated proteins possessing W residues (such as avidin, streptavidin, or lysozyme) yield at the pyrolytic graphite electrode (PGE) a specific signal (peak alphaW) the potential of which differs from the potentials of signals produced by free Os,bipy or by Os,bipy-modified DNA...
June 15, 2008: Analytical Chemistry
Emil Palecek, Veronika Ostatná, Michal Masarík, Carlos W Bertoncini, Thomas M Jovin
Parkinson's disease (PD) is associated with the formation and deposition of amyloid fibrils of the protein alpha-synuclein (AS). It has been proposed that oligomeric intermediates on the pathway to fibrilization rather than the fibrils themselves are the pathogenic agents of PD, but efficient methods for their detection are lacking. We have studied the interfacial properties of wild-type AS and the course of its aggregation in vitro using electrochemical analysis and dynamic light scattering. The oxidation signals of tyrosine residues of AS at carbon electrodes and the ability of fibrils to adsorb and catalyze hydrogen evolution at hanging mercury drop electrodes (HMDEs) decreased during incubation...
January 2008: Analyst
Lukasz Skora, Min-Kyu Cho, Hai-Young Kim, Stefan Becker, Claudio O Fernandez, Martin Blackledge, Markus Zweckstetter
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 27, 2006: Angewandte Chemie
Eugene V Mosharov, Roland G W Staal, Jordi Bové, Delphine Prou, Anthonia Hananiya, Dmitriy Markov, Nathan Poulsen, Kristin E Larsen, Candace M H Moore, Matthew D Troyer, Robert H Edwards, Serge Przedborski, David Sulzer
Dysregulation of dopamine homeostasis and elevation of the cytosolic level of the transmitter have been suggested to underlie the vulnerability of catecholaminergic neurons in Parkinson's disease. Because several known mutations in alpha-synuclein or overexpression of the wild-type (WT) protein causes familial forms of Parkinson's disease, we investigated possible links between alpha-synuclein pathogenesis and dopamine homeostasis. Chromaffin cells isolated from transgenic mice that overexpress A30P alpha-synuclein displayed significantly increased cytosolic catecholamine levels as measured by intracellular patch electrochemistry, whereas cells overexpressing the WT protein and those from knock-out animals were not different from controls...
September 6, 2006: Journal of Neuroscience: the Official Journal of the Society for Neuroscience
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