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Waterpipe smoking

Eleanor L S Leavens, Taylor L Morgan, Emma I Brett, Kelsey Lee, Jessica Son, Neil Molina, Thomas Eissenberg, Alan Shihadeh, Thad R Leffingwell, Theodore L Wagener
INTRODUCTION: Relative to non-waterpipe (WP) smokers, WP smokers are more than twice as likely to use alcohol and frequently consume alcohol before or during smoking sessions. Co-use of alcohol and WP may result in greater toxicant exposure compared to WP smoking alone. To date, no study systematically has investigated the impact of acute alcohol intoxication on WP smoking topography, exposure to tobacco-related toxicants, or abuse liability. METHODS: Dyads of current WP smokers and drinkers (N=42; age=21-32 years) completed two in-laboratory ad libitum smoking sessions (≤2-hours) following 12-hour nicotine abstinence in a double-blind, randomized crossover design in which they consumed a placebo versus active drink (sustained BrAC=...
March 1, 2019: Nicotine & Tobacco Research: Official Journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco
Karem H Alzoubi, Abdulsalam M Halboup, Mahmoud M Alomari, Omar F Khabour
AIMS: Tobacco smoking is associated with a vast range of adverse health effects, including diminished cognitive and anti-oxidative capabilities. Conversely, vitamin E (VitE) is known to enhance data acquisition and retention and hippocampal oxidative defense. No studies, however, examined the protective effect of VitE with tobacco administration. Therefore, this study examined the protective effect of VitE on the cognitive and oxidative debilitating effects induced by waterpipe smoking...
February 25, 2019: Life Sciences
Mohammad Reza Masjedi, Farhad Taghizadeh, Sanaz Hamzehali, Sonia Ghaffari, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Sadegh Niazi, Ehsan Abouee Mehrizi, Masoud Moradi, Hasan Pasalari, Hossein Arfaeinia
Despite increasingly growth in waterpipe smoking in Tehran, so far no study has been conducted on the air quality of the waterpipe and cigarette cafés. Thirty-six cafés were selected and the concentration of three pollutants including formaldehyde, carbon monoxide and nicotine were measured in both indoor and outdoor air of cafés two times (week-day and weekend's session). Air sampling was performed for 180 min for each pollutant. It was observed that the concentration of pollutants inside the cafés was higher during weekend session (with a higher number of "active waterpipe heads") compared with findings during the week-day sessions...
February 28, 2019: Scientific Reports
Naushad Ahmad Khan, Shaiesh Yogeswaran, Qixin Wang, Thivanka Muthumalage, Isaac K Sundar, Irfan Rahman
The use of emerging tobacco products, such as waterpipe or hookah and electronic cigarettes (e-cigs), has gained significant popularity and are promoted as safer alternatives to conventional cigarettes. Circadian systems are internal biological oscillations that are considered important regulators of immune functions in mammals. Tobacco induced inflammatory lung diseases frequently exhibit time-of-day/night variation in lung function and symptom severity. We investigated the impact of inhaled e-cig vapor and waterpipe smoke (WPS) on pulmonary circadian molecular clock disruption by determining the changes in expression levels and abundance of core clock component genes (BMAL1, CLOCK) and clock-controlled output genes (Rev-erbα, Per2, Rev-erbβ, Cry2, Rorα) in mouse lungs...
2019: PloS One
Mary Rezk-Hanna, Zab Mosenifar, Neal L Benowitz, Florian Rader, Mohamad Rashid, Katherine Davoren, Norma B Moy, Lynn Doering, Wendie Robbins, Linda Sarna, Ning Li, L Cindy Chang, Robert M Elashoff, Ronald G Victor
BACKGROUND: Hookah smoking is marketed to youth as a harmless alternative to cigarettes. While cigarette smoking acutely impairs endothelial function, the effect of smoking fruit flavored hookah tobacco is unknown. Because charcoal traditionally is used to heat the hookah tobacco in the waterpipe, hookah smoke delivers tobacco toxicants and nicotine plus charcoal combustion products: not only carbon-rich nanoparticles-oxidants that may destroy nitric oxide and impair endothelial function-but also large amounts of carbon monoxide (CO), a putative vasodilator molecule...
February 15, 2019: Circulation
Osama Y Alshogran, Leen S Magarbeh, Karem H Alzoubi, Mohammad I Saleh, Omar F Khabour
Waterpipe smoke contains many toxic constituents that can alter drug pharmacokinetics. This study assessed the effect of waterpipe smoke exposure on the activity and expression of CYP450 enzymes in rats. Animals (n = 10/group) were exposed to either waterpipe smoke or side-stream cigarette smoke for 1 h/day (6 days/week) for 31 days, or fresh air (control). An intragastric cocktail solution containing three probe drugs, phenacetin, chlorzoxazone and testosterone was administered to assess the activity of CYP1A2, CYP2E1 and CYP3A, respectively...
February 8, 2019: Inhalation Toxicology
Taghrid Asfar, Michael Schmidt, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Wensong Wu, Kenneth D Ward, Rima T Nakkash, James Thrasher, Thomas Eissenberg, Habiba Ben Romdhane, Wasim Maziak
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe (WP) smoking is increasing globally. The rise of WP has been fuelled by widespread misperception of reduced-harm compared to cigarettes. Health warning labels (HWLs) are one strategy to communicate smoking-related risks and address reduced-harm misperceptions. Therefore, the development of WP-specific HWLs represents a priority for WP control. METHODS: A panel of experts in WP science developed 28 WP-specific HWLs corresponding to five themes (health risks, addiction, harm to others, WP-specific harm, WP harm compared to cigarettes)...
January 29, 2019: Tobacco Control
Souheil Hallit, Rabih Hallit, Chadia Haddad, Lara Youssef, Marouan Zoghbi, Rachelle Costantine, Nelly Kheir, Pascale Salameh
The popularity of waterpipe smoking is dramatically increasing in Lebanon, reaching 36.9%, the highest among countries in the region. To the best of our knowledge, no studies have assessed the impact of waterpipe smoking on lipid levels in the Lebanese population. Therefore, the objective of the study was to evaluate the correlation between waterpipe smoking and LDL-C and total cholesterol levels in exclusive Lebanese waterpipe smokers compared to non-smokers. This cross-sectional study was conducted between October 2016 and February 2017, enrolling 308 patients (156 non-smokers and 147 waterpipe smokers) from four laboratories...
January 29, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Rathi Ramji, Maria Nilsson, Bengt Arnetz, Ywonne Wiklund, Judy Arnetz
INTRODUCTION: Waterpipe use amongst adolescents is on the rise globally. Thus, there is a need to understand adolescents 'attitudes towards and perceptions of waterpipe use in order to develop specific interventions against this form of tobacco use. METHODS: Focus group interviews were conducted among 37 Swedish adolescents (14 boys and 23 girls) from grades 10 to 12. Waterpipe users and nonusers were interviewed separately, with two groups each for users and nonusers...
January 26, 2019: Substance Use & Misuse
Hassan A Chami, Hussain Isma'eel, Hani Tamim, Marwa Adawi, Mariam Al Kuwari, Ahmad Al Mullah
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe smoking is increasing in popularity, driven partly by a perception of reduced harm compared to cigarette smoking. This study evaluates the association of waterpipe smoking with coronary artery calcium (CAC), a marker of coronary heart disease (CHD) risk, in a community-based sample. METHODS: 175 exclusive waterpipe smokers and 170 non-smokers, 35 years and older were recruited from the community in Lebanon and Qatar. Waterpipe smoking was assessed using a validated questionnaire...
January 23, 2019: Chest
Gholamreza Heydari, Farhad Taghizdeh, Mehdi Fazlzadeh, Ahmad Jonidi Jafari, Zahra Asadgol, Ehsan Abouee Mehrizi, Masoud Moradi, Hossein Arfaeinia
To determine the concentration of particulate matters (PM2.5 and PM10 ), 36 samples were collected from indoor/outdoor air of hookah cafés (HS), cigarette cafés (CS), both hookah and cigarette (HCS), and no-smoking building (NS) in Tehran City from December 2017 to March 2018. The mean ± SD of PM10 concentration in the indoor air of the cafés in terms of HS, CS, HCS, and NS sites has been 702.35, 220.20, 1156.60, and 60.12 μg/m3 , while for PM2.5 , the values have been 271.92, 111.80, 619.10, and 22.25 μg/m3 , respectively...
January 17, 2019: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International
Sankalp Yadav, Gautam Rawal
The waterpipe tobacco smoking is an ancient form of smoking that is present in the society since centuries. The majority of consumers of this exotic activity are still unaware of the serious consequences that this type of smoking has on the health of the smoker. The paucity of data related to the prevalence and extent of this habit in the society is still not available. In this present short review, the authors try to highlight this serious health issue and suggest preventive measures.
December 2018: Journal of Translational Internal Medicine
Wasim Maziak, Ziyad Ben Taleb, Mohammad Ebrahimi Kalan, Thomas Eissenberg, James Thrasher, Alan Shihadeh, Taghrid Asfar
OBJECTIVES: This study examined the effect of pictorial health warning labels (HWLs) on the waterpipe (WP) device on smokers' experience, puffing behaviour, harm perception and exposure to respiratory toxicants. METHODS: Thirty WP smokers completed two 45 min ad libitum smoking sessions (WP without HWL vs WP with HWL) in a crossover design study. Exhaled carbon monoxide (eCO) was measured before and after each smoking session. Puff topography was recorded throughout the smoking session, and participants completed survey questionnaires assessing subjective smoking experiences and harm perception...
January 11, 2019: Tobacco Control
Juan Manuel Sáenz-Lussagnet, Fernando Rico-Villademoros, Luis Gabriel Luque Romero
Letter to the editor.
November 21, 2018: Adicciones
Shankargouda Patil, Kamran Habib Awan, Gururaj Arakeri, Abdulsalam Aljabab, Marco Ferrari, Carolina C Gomes, Ricardo S Gomez, Peter A Brennan
INTRODUCTION: There has been a recent rise in popularity of waterpipe smoking (WPS) among younger people. While it is a tobacco-related product, research on the possible deleterious effects on health and its relationship with cancer is sparse. In this paper, we evaluated the existing literature and association of WPS with head and neck cancer. MATERIALS AND METHODS: PubMed, EMBASE, Scopus, Web of Science and grey literature from January 1990 up to and including March 2017 were searched...
January 3, 2019: Journal of Oral Pathology & Medicine
Cristina Martínez, Antoni Baena, Yolanda Castellano, Marcela Fu, Mercè Margalef, Olena Tigova, Ariadna Feliu, Kenza Laroussy, Jordi Galimany, Montse Puig, Albert Bueno, Antonio López, Esteve Fernández
BACKGROUND: Nurses are important agents in public health, which includes being active in tobacco control. Studies show that nurses who smoke are less inclined to offer smoking cessation aid. Nursing students, as the future labor force of nursing, are one of the key groups to monitor. OBJECTIVES: To identify the prevalence and determinants of use of several tobacco products, e-cigarettes, and cannabis among nursing students in Catalonia. DESIGN: Cross-sectional multicenter study...
March 2019: Nurse Education Today
Aya Mostafa, Heba Tallah Mohammed, Rasha Saad Hussein, Wafaa Mohamed Hussein, Mahmoud Elhabiby, Wael Safwat, Sahar Labib, Aisha Aboul Fotouh
INTRODUCTION: Despite the global rise in waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS), the effectiveness of waterpipe tobacco health warnings remain understudied, especially in countries with high WTS rates. Egypt has been employing waterpipe tobacco labelling for a decade, however, their effectiveness is unknown. Our overall aim was to measure the effectiveness of pictorial health warnings (PHWs) on waterpipe tobacco packs (WTPs) through participant memory recall and to investigate whether they induced behavioural responses in waterpipe smokers and deterred uptake of WTS in non-smokers, examining the differentials of effectiveness among socio-demographic subgroups...
2018: PloS One
Rachael Kearns, Karen Gardner, Mariela Silveira, Lisa Woodland, Myna Hua, Milena Katz, Klara Takas, Julie McDonald, Ben Harris-Roxas
BACKGROUND: Waterpipe smoking is a traditional method of tobacco smoking that is being increasingly practiced worldwide. However, the research evidence describing the practice and prevalence of waterpipe smoking in Australia is limited. Arabic-speaking communities residing in an area of metropolitan Sydney identified increasing rates of waterpipe smoking as a community health concern during a tobacco intervention project. A qualitative research project was conducted to explore community perceptions about waterpipe smoking and the health promotion interventions that would be acceptable to Arabic speaking communities...
December 17, 2018: BMC Public Health
Randah Ribhi Hamadeh, Jamil Ahmed, Ghufran Ahmed Jassim, Sayed Mahmood Alqallaf, Khaldoon Al-Roomi
BACKGROUND: Tobacco prevention research traditionally focuses upon cigarette smoking, but there is also a need to implement and evaluate the usefulness of waterpipe tobacco smoking (WTS) interventions since it is considered less harmful than cigarettes. This study aimed to assess the impact of an educational intervention on WTS knowledge of health professional students in three academic health institutions in Bahrain. METHODS: A quasi-experimental design was used to include medical students from the Arabian Gulf University, medical and nursing students from the Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland-Bahrain and nursing students from the University of Bahrain...
December 7, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Deborah Carvalho Malta, Ana Luiza Curi Hallal, Ísis Eloah Machado, Rogério Ruscitto do Prado, Patrícia Pereira Vasconcelos de Oliveira, Maryane Oliveira Campos, Maria de Fátima Marinho de Souza
OBJECTIVE: To identify the frequency and factors associated with the use of waterpipe and other tobacco products among Brazilian students. METHODS: This is a cross-sectional study based on data from the National Adolescent Student Health Survey. The sample consisted of 9th-grade students from elementary school. We conducted a descriptive analysis of the use of tobacco products in 2012 and 2015. To explore the relationship between the use of other tobacco products and factors such as sociodemographic characteristics, family, mental health, and life habits, we calculated the adjusted odds ratio...
November 29, 2018: Brazilian Journal of Epidemiology
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