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Kristina M Kokorelias, Sarah Munce, Kathy S McGilton, Shawna M Cronin, Chen D Wang, Parvin Eftekhar, Darren K Cheng, Shirin Vellani, Susan Jaglal, Nancy M Salbach, Pia Kontos, Tracey J F Colella, Alisa Grigorovich, Jill I Cameron
INTRODUCTION: Although a growing number of frail adults can benefit from rehabilitation services, few are included in rehabilitation services, and reasons for their exclusion are not well understood. To inform research directions in rehabilitation for all adults (aged 18 years and older), we will conduct a scoping review to describe (1) the characteristics of frail adult individuals included in rehabilitation interventions (eg, age range, inclusion and exclusion criteria that are applied), (2) the type of rehabilitation interventions that are used for individuals who are considered frail and (3) the commonly reported outcome measures used for these rehabilitation interventions...
February 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Jessica Steffany Miranda, Luciana Patricia Fernandes Abbade, Arthur Pollo Deonizio, Joelcio Francisco Abbade, Lawrence Mbuagbaw, Lehana Thabane
Pressure ulcers (PUs) have a high incidence, especially in hospital units. Randomised clinical trials (RCTs) of therapeutic interventions for PU should include a clear description of the outcomes and results to enhance transparency and replicability. OBJECTIVES: The primary objective of this study is to assess the completeness of the descriptions of the outcomes of therapeutic interventions in RCTs in adult patients with PU. The secondary objectives are to evaluate the types of reported primary outcomes, measurement methods or tools used to evaluate the outcomes and the results of reported outcomes...
February 15, 2019: BMJ Open
Lucas C Aragão Albuquerque, Leandro Pernambuco, Camila M da Silva, Marina Moura Chateaubriand, Hilton Justino da Silva
PURPOSE: To describe the primary effects of electromyographic biofeedback therapy on swallowing via a systematic review. METHODS: A blind search was carried out by two researchers in the PubMed and Bireme platforms and in the Medline, Lilacs, SciELO, PsycINFO, CINAHL, and Web of Science databases, and the journal articles identified therein were evaluated for inclusion in the study. Original articles associated with the theme were selected with no population-, region-, or language-associated limits...
February 15, 2019: European Archives of Oto-rhino-laryngology
Alexandre Klein
Well-known for having created the famous Metric Scale of Intelligence along with the psychologist Alfred Binet (1857-1911), what is less known is that Théodore Simon (1873-1961) was also a major actor of the professionalization of psychiatric nurses in France. From his engaged textbook published in 1911 to his journal, explicitly titled ?L'Infirmier Psychiatrique,? which he created in 1953 via the specialized school he founded and directed between 1946 and 1957 at the Maison Blanche hospital in Neuilly-sur-Marne, Simon worked throughout his career for the acknowledgment and the training of those he considered as true partners...
January 18, 2019: Recherche en Soins Infirmiers
Emilia Agnieszka Gryska, Justin Schneiderman, Rolf A Heckemann
INTRODUCTION: Automatic brain lesion segmentation from medical images has great potential to support clinical decision making. Although numerous methods have been proposed, significant challenges must be addressed before they will become established in clinical and research practice. We aim to elucidate the state of the art, to provide a synopsis of competing approaches and identify contrasts between them. METHODS AND ANALYSIS: We present the background and study design of a scoping review for automatic brain lesion segmentation methods for conventional MRI according to the framework proposed by Arksey and O'Malley...
February 13, 2019: BMJ Open
Ronak H Jani, Arpan V Prabhu, James J Zhou, Nima Alan, Nitin Agarwal
OBJECTIVE: We conducted a citation analysis in order to catalog and pay tribute to the 100 most influential clinical research articles in traumatic spinal cord injury. DESIGN: The Thomson Reuters Web of Science was searched in a two-step process without time period limitations. Review articles were excluded. In the first stage of data extraction, a Boolean query was used to identify the top 100 most cited clinical papers on traumatic spinal cord injury. One hundred and seven keywords were manually chosen and extracted from titles and abstracts...
February 14, 2019: Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine
Sagar B Dugani, Ana Patricia Ayala Melendez, Roger Reka, Yousif M Hydoub, Shannon N McCafferty, M Hassan Murad, Alawi A Alsheikh-Ali, Samia Mora
INTRODUCTION: Premature myocardial infarction (MI) generally refers to MI in men ≤55 years or women ≤65 years. Premature MI is a major contributor to cardiovascular disease (CVD), which claimed 17.6 million lives globally in 2016. Reducing premature MI and CVD is a key priority for all nations; however, there is sparse synthesis of information on risk factors associated with premature MI. To address this knowledge gap, we are conducting a systematic review to describe the association between risk factors (demographics, lifestyle factors and biomarkers) and premature MI...
February 11, 2019: BMJ Open
Ji Woong Hwang, Heungman Jun
Purpose: Since endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) was first introduced in 1991, it has undergone rapid technical and quantitative developments. We analyzed the characteristics and trends of EVAR research through bibliometric analysis. Methods: Comprehensive online searches focused on EVAR were performed from January 1994 to August 2017. The following information was collected: title, year of publication, countries' contribution, authorship, subspecialty, institution, subject category, and top 10 cited articles...
February 2019: Annals of Surgical Treatment and Research
(no author information available yet)
Reports an error in "Development of the Professional Self-Care Scale" by Katherine E. Dorociak, Patricia A. Rupert, Fred B. Bryant and Evan Zahniser ( Journal of Counseling Psychology , 2017[Apr], Vol 64[3], 325-334). In the article "Development of a Self-Care Assessment for Psychologists" by Katherine E. Dorociak, Patricia A. Rupert, Fred B. Bryant, and Evan Zahniser (Journal of Counseling Psychology, 2017, Vol. 64, No. 3, 325-334., the author note has been updated with the following acknowledgment: "Some of the general ideas presented in this article were also explored in the primary author's undergraduate level senior thesis project, advised by Drs...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Counseling Psychology
Glenn N Saxe
Exposure to traumatic events early in life has been associated with significant adverse neurodevelopmental consequences.1,2 Ideally, protecting children from trauma would prevent these consequences. Unfortunately, once a child is exposed to early trauma, the only means of prevention requires implementing effective interventions toward the mechanisms known to have caused the consequences. Therefore, it is imperative to carefully define the true mechanistic pathways from which the neurodevelopmental consequences of early trauma result...
February 2019: Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
Winston Liaw, Stephen Petterson, Vivian Jiang, Andrew Bazemore, James Pecsok, Daniel McCorry, Bernard Ewigman
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: While prior efforts have assessed the scope of family medicine research, the methods have differed, and the efforts have not been routinely repeated. The purpose of this analysis was to quantify publications, journals, citations, and funding of US family medicine faculty and identify factors associated with these outcomes. METHODS: We identified faculty in US departments of family medicine through website searches and performed a cross-sectional study...
February 2019: Family Medicine
Chasen J Greig, Lucy Zhang, Sarah J Armenia, Christine J Park, Anne C Fischer, Michael G Caty, Robert A Cowles
BACKGROUND: Abstracts presented at the American Academy of Pediatrics Section on Surgery (AAP) and American Pediatric Surgical Association (APSA) meetings can be taken as a reasonable representation of academic activity in pediatric surgery. We sought to assess ongoing trends in pediatric surgical research by analyzing the scientific content of each association's yearly meeting. METHODS: Abstracts presented at AAP and APSA between 2009 and 2013 were identified from the final printed programs (n = 910)...
February 2, 2019: Journal of Surgical Research
Kahlia McCausland, Bruce Maycock, Tama Leaver, Jonine Jancey
BACKGROUND: There has been a rapid rise in the popularity of electronic cigarettes (e-cigarettes) over the last decade, with growth predicted to continue. The uptake of these devices has escalated despite inconclusive evidence of their efficacy as a smoking cessation device and unknown long-term health consequences. As smoking rates continue to drop or plateau in many well-developed countries, transnational tobacco companies have transitioned into the vaping industry and are now using social media to promote their products...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Lynn E DeLisi
Authors often are frustrated by responses they receive from editors when their manuscripts are rejected and do not understand from an editor's view what is needed to successfully publish their work. Editors receive sometimes several manuscripts a day and have to develop methods to screen out the ones that are likely not to pass the review process. They also want papers to be able to be written in such a way that it is clear why the studies of which they report are important and novel and worth publishing. Thus, advice is given in the following article that begins with how to choose an appropriate journal, to the surprising importance of a title and ends with how one should conclude the manuscript...
January 29, 2019: Psychiatry Research
Hannabeth Franchino-Olsen
The commercial sexual exploitation of children (CSEC) and domestic minor sex trafficking (DMST) occur across the United States, violating the rights and health of far too many children and youth. Adequate prevention efforts should seek to understand the factors that make minors vulnerable to sexual exploitation in order to properly design programs to prevent victimization. This review presents the identified risk factors collected via a systematic literature review. Following full-text review, 15 studies were selected for inclusion by meeting the following criteria: original quantitative or qualitative research studies published in English from January 2010 to September 2017 with titles or abstracts that indicated a focus on the risk factors, vulnerabilities, or statistics of CSEC/DMST and a domestic focus on CSEC/DMST (for U...
February 3, 2019: Trauma, Violence & Abuse
Antonio M Mendes, Fernanda S Tonin, Maiko F Buzzi, Roberto Pontarolo, Fernando Fernandez-Llimos
BACKGROUND: Pharmacy journals constitute a heterogeneous group that can be map to identify Pharmacy scientific subareas. OBJECTIVE: This study aimed to objectively map Pharmacy journals by means of a lexicographic analysis of the titles of published articles. METHODS: Active journals between 2006 and 2016 containing any of the terms 'pharmacy', 'pharmacist*', 'pharmaceut*', 'pharmacol*', or 'pharmacotherap*' in their titles were searched in four databases (01/15/2018): Medline, PubMed Central, Science Citation Index expanded/Social Sciences Citation Index expanded (SCIe/SSCIe), and Scopus CiteScore Metrics...
January 19, 2019: Research in Social & Administrative Pharmacy: RSAP
Sridevi Devaraj, Simona Valleggi, David Siegel, Ishwarlal Jialal
A portion of this article was previously published as part of an article titled "Human C-reactive protein and the metabolic syndrome" in the following journal: Curr Opin Lipidol. 2009 Jun;20(3):182-9. doi: 10.1097/MOL.0b013e32832ac03e.
January 25, 2019: Current Atherosclerosis Reports
Emre Sezgin, Simon Lin
BACKGROUND: Safe driving training for adolescents aims to prevent injury and promote their well-being. In that regard, information and communication technologies have been used to understand adolescent driving behavior and develop interventions. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this review is to explore and discuss existing approaches to technology-based driving interventions, driving assessments, and solutions in the literature. METHODS: We searched the Web of Science and PubMed databases following a review protocol to collect relevant peer-reviewed journal articles...
January 24, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Mojgan Mirghafourvand, Sakineh Mohammad Alizadeh Charandabi, Solmaz Ghanbari-Homayi, Leila Jahangiry, Jila Nahaee, Tahereh Hadian
AIM: The birth plans were developed as an approach for pregnant women to present their expectations for labour and childbirth. The aim of this study was to assess whether birth plans (a written document in which pregnant women describe preferences about their care during labour and childbearing) compared with standard or routine approach (supine position, continuous fetal monitoring, enema, episiotomy, and…) affect the birth experience (woman's perception of labour and childbirth as positive or negative experience) or satisfaction with birth...
January 24, 2019: International Journal of Nursing Practice
Dagny Adriaenssen Johannessen, Trond Nordfjærn, Amy Østertun Geirdal
INTRODUCTION: Much is known about factors associated with coping with abstinence from substance use. The planned systematic review aims to summarise available studies exploring the change in psychosocial factors associated with coping after long-term (≥3 months) inpatient treatment for substance use disorder (SUD). Examples of psychosocial factors of interest are social support, housing, activity (eg, employment and education) mental health and quality of life. Coping behaviour can be understood as responses or actions taken in a stressful situation, particularly how psychosocial factors affect a person's coping behaviour with abstinence from substances in everyday life (characterised as a stressful situation)...
January 21, 2019: BMJ Open
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