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Emergency Blood transfusion

Gangshan Liu, Ying Fan
BACKGROUND: Laparoscopic partial splenectomy (LPS) is a challenging procedure. The aim of this review was to evaluate its feasibility, safety, and potential benefits. METHODS: We conducted a comprehensive review for the years 1995-2018 to retrieve all relevant articles. RESULTS: A total of 44 studies with 252 patients undergoing LPS were reviewed. Six studies described combined operations. Ranges of operative time and estimated blood loss were 50-225 min and 0-1200 ml, respectively...
February 14, 2019: World Journal of Surgery
Roberto Fariña-Castro, Cristina Roque-Castellano, Manuel Artiles-Armas, Joaquín Marchena-Gómez
AIM: The number of nonagenarians undergoing surgery has increased considerably in recent decades as a result of population aging. Greater knowledge of the most influential factors affecting perioperative morbidity and mortality would improve the quality of care and provision of health resources for these patients. The objective of the present study was to analyze the perioperative mortality, and its most determinant factors, among nonagenarian patients who underwent a surgical procedure in the Department of General and Digestive Surgery...
February 13, 2019: Geriatrics & Gerontology International
Luiz Guilherme L Soares, Renato Vieira Gomes, André M Japiassu
Patients with hematologic malignancies (HMs) often receive poor-quality end-of-life care. This study aimed to identify trends in end-of-life care among patients with HM in Brazil. We conducted a retrospective cohort study (2015-2018) of patients who died with HM, using electronic medical records linked to health insurance databank, to evaluate outcomes consistent with health-care resource utilization at the end of life. Among 111 patients with HM, in the last 30 days of life, we found high rates of emergency department visits (67%, n = 75), intensive care unit admissions (56%, n = 62), acute renal replacement therapy (10%, n = 11), blood transfusions (45%, n = 50), and medical imaging utilization (59%, n = 66)...
February 11, 2019: American Journal of Hospice & Palliative Care
Mustafa Onur Öztan, Murat Anıl, Ayşe Berna Anıl, Demet Yaldız, İlhan Uz, Ali Turgut, Işıl Köse, Kerim Acar, Turhan Sofuoğlu, Gökhan Akbulut
BACKGROUND: Trauma is an important health problem in children, and improvement in national trauma care is only possible through the knowledge gathered from trauma registry systems. This information is not available in our country, because there is no current trauma registry system at the hospitals. Our aim is to explain the trauma registry system we have developed and present the first year's data. METHODS: The planned trauma registry system was integrated into the emergency department registry system of 14 hospitals in Izmir province...
January 2019: Ulusal Travma Ve Acil Cerrahi Dergisi, Turkish Journal of Trauma & Emergency Surgery: TJTES
Mohammad Bilal, Obada Tayyem, Hamzeh Saraireh, Monica Chowdhry, Praveen Guturu, Marwan S Abougergi
OBJECTIVE: Acute cholangitis (AC) and upper gastrointestinal hemorrhage (UGIH) are common emergencies encountered by gastroenterologists. We aimed to evaluate the impact of UGIH on in-hospital mortality, morbidity and resource utilization among patients with AC. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Adult admissions with a principal diagnosis of AC were selected from the National Inpatient Sample 2010-2014. The exposure of interest was significant UGIH (requiring red blood cell transfusion)...
February 7, 2019: European Journal of Gastroenterology & Hepatology
A Dhabangi, R Idro, C C John, W H Dzik, R Opoka, G E Siu, F Ayebare, M B van Hensbroek
OBJECTIVE: To describe local perceptions of blood transfusion for children with severe anaemia in Uganda. BACKGROUND: Blood transfusion is a common emergency treatment for children with severe anaemia and saves millions of lives of African children. However, the perceptions of transfusion recipients have not been well studied. A better understanding of the perceived risk may improve transfusion care. METHODS: A qualitative study based on 16 in-depth interviews of caregivers of transfused children, and six focus group discussions with community members was conducted in three regions of Uganda between October and November 2017...
February 10, 2019: Transfusion Medicine
Mohamed Ahmed, Saba Habis, Ahmed Mahmoud, Cedric Rutland, Rasha Saeed
Distributive (vasodilatory) shock is common in patients admitted to the intensive care unit (ICU). Treating distributive shock presents a challenge, especially if a patient is tachyphylactic to commonly used vasopressors. This case report illustrates the use of a newly approved vasopressor in a patient with vasodilatory shock resulting from a motor vehicle injury. A 56-year-old man was brought to our emergency department (ED) hemodynamically unstable requiring aggressive resuscitation. The results of his evaluation were consistent with multisystem trauma for which he required intubation on arrival, and he received multiple units of blood and blood product via transfusion...
November 30, 2018: Curēus
Gökhan Torun, Vahide Aslihan Durak
INTRODUCTION: Posttraumatic injuries are among the most frequent reasons of admission to emergency room services (ERs). In the first assessment of the cases, ATLS protocols recommends use of triage decision scheme consisting of parametres of abnormal physiologic findings, anatomic injury site, pathogenic mechanism of injury, concomitant diseases and conditions, and activation of trauma teams in line with these criteria. The aim of this study is to evaluate TEWS(Triage Early Warning Score) as a marker for predicting mortality in trauma patients who presented to Emergency Services...
February 4, 2019: Annali Italiani di Chirurgia
Tara M Crawford, Chad C Andersen, Nicolette A Hodyl, Sarah A Robertson, Michael J Stark
Anaemia of prematurity will affect 90% of all very preterm infants, resulting in at least one red blood cell (RBC) transfusion. A significant proportion of preterm infants require multiple transfusions over the course of hospital admission. Growing evidence supports an association between transfusion exposure and adverse neonatal outcomes. In adults, transfusion-associated sepsis, transfusion-related acute lung injury and haemolytic reactions are the leading causes of transfusion-related morbidity and mortality; however, these are seldom recognised in newborns...
February 8, 2019: Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health
Hui Zhang, Xijie Wu, Guanhua Fang, Zhihuang Qiu, Liang-Wan Chen
OBJECTIVE: Open repair of acute type A aortic dissection frequently results in oozing from the suture lines. A modified fistula technique was developed to rapidly control oozing and allow closing the chest immediately and safely. The efficiency of this modified fistula technique in surgical repair of acute type A aortic dissection was evaluated. METHODS: This was a retrospective study. From January 2015 to December 2016, 172 patients with acute type A aortic dissection underwent emergency surgical repair in our center...
January 11, 2019: Journal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Saad Atiq, James M Mobley, Osman O Atiq, Mohammad O Atiq, Nikhil Meena
Anemia is a frequently encountered problem in the healthcare system. Common causes of anemia include blood loss, followed by impaired red blood cell production and red blood cell destruction. This case demonstrates the need for cognizance of the less frequent causes of anemia. A 27-year-old male with a history of traumatic brain injury and quadriplegia with chronic respiratory failure on home ventilator support presented to the emergency department with dyspnea and no bowel movements for three days. The patient received nutrition via percutaneous endoscopic gastostromy (PEG) tube...
November 26, 2018: Curēus
Reggie R Thomasson, Mark H Yazer, James D Gorham, Nancy M Dunbar
BACKGROUND: Massive transfusion protocols (MTPs) provide blood products rapidly and in fixed amounts. MTPs are commonly used in trauma but may also be used in other clinical settings, although evidence to support fixed-ratio resuscitation in nontraumatic hemorrhage is lacking. The goals of this study were to describe the types and contents of available MTPs and the clinical indications for MTP activation. METHODS: A survey was distributed to 353 transfusion medicine specialists to assess the types and contents of available MTPs...
February 5, 2019: Transfusion
Anna Taieb, Florence Jeune, Said Lebbah, Matthieu Schmidt, Romain Deransy, Jean-Christophe Vaillant, Charles-Edouard Luyt, Christophe Trésallet, Alain Combes, Nicolas Bréchot
BACKGROUND: Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) induces coagulation disorders increasing the risk of bleeding during invasive procedures. We aimed to describe the outcomes of critically ill ECMO patients undergoing emergency abdominal surgery compared to non-ECMO patients. STUDY DESIGN: This is a retrospective case-matched single-center study with propensity score analysis in a tertiary ICU. All patients who underwent abdominal surgery were included. RESULTS: From 2006 to 2014, 77 patients admitted in our ICU underwent emergency abdominal surgery, 35 were on ECMO...
February 4, 2019: World Journal of Surgery
Hamidreza Habibpour, Mehdi Torabi, Moghaddameh Mirzaee
Objective: To investigate the role of red cell distribution width (RDW) in comparison with Trauma-Associated Severe Hemorrhage (TASH) system in predicting the mortality of multiple trauma patients, referred to the hospital emergency department. Methods: This follow-up study was conducted on multiple trauma patients (age ≥ 18 years) with Injury Severity Scores (ISS) of ≥ 16, who were referred to the emergency department from March 1, 2017, to December 1, 2017...
January 2019: Bulletin of Emergency and Trauma
Shweta Iyer, Karen Goodman
BACKGROUND: Babesiosis is a disease caused by parasites that infect red blood cells; in infants it can be acquired from tick bites, blood transfusions, or congenitally via vertical transmission. It can present with thrombocytopenia, fevers, and parasitemia. CASE REPORT: A case of vertically transmitted babesiosis in an infant is described. Thrombocytopenia and parasitemia > 4% developed in this well-appearing infant. The diagnosis was made by history and blood smear in both infant and mother, and the patient recovered fully with oral antibiotics...
January 29, 2019: Journal of Emergency Medicine
Hiroaki Tanaka, Mizuki Yano, Chihiro Kuwabara, Ayaka Kume, Yuri Tamura, Miki Murakami, Ryo Shimizu, Haruhisa Saito, Yoshio Suzuki
Hemoptysis is occasionally experienced in patients with hematological malignancies who have respiratory tract infection and severe thrombocytopenia. Thrombocytopenia due to hematological disease is one cause of hemoptysis. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML) is a clonal hematopoietic malignancy characterized by both a myeloproliferative neoplasm and a myelodysplastic syndrome. This malignancy often infiltrates various extramedullary organs and has a poor prognosis. An 84-year-old Japanese man with CMML was suffered from hemoptysis and dyspnea...
February 2019: Journal of Clinical Medicine Research
Eric R Gottlieb, Meghan M Nahass, Francis X Basile
A 72-year-old woman presented to the emergency department with shortness of breath, diffuse swelling and a haemoglobin of 4.2 g/dl. Her history was notable for an unusual necrotic occipital neck mass that had begun to enlarge and intermittently bleed over the past year. The patient was initially unable to tolerate a CT scan because of the neck mass, and care was further complicated by extended boarding for more than 24 h in the emergency department. Initial fevers were attributed to blood transfusion, but she subsequently developed septic shock and disseminated intravascular coagulation from Escherichia coli bacteraemia, which led to anuric renal failure requiring haemodialysis...
January 2019: Oxford Medical Case Reports
Ashish Jain, Sheetal Malhotra, Neelam Marwaha, Praveen Kumar, Ratti Ram Sharma
ABO incompatibility and other alloantibodies have emerged as a significant cause of hemolytic disease of fetus and newborn (HDFN), leading to neonatal morbidity and mortality. We report three cases of severe ABO-HDFN where blood exchange transfusions (ETs) were required in neonates with hyperbilirubinemia. Blood grouping (ABO/RhD) was performed using conventional tube technique. The antibody screen was done using commercial three-cell panel (Bio-Rad ID-Diacell-I-II-III, Switzerland) by gel technique. Direct antiglobulin test (DAT) on neonatal sample and compatibility testing were also done by gel technique...
July 2018: Asian Journal of Transfusion Science
Peter J Krause
Babesiosis is a worldwide emerging tick-borne disease that is increasing in frequency and geographic range. It imposes a significant health burden, especially on those who are immunocompromised and those who acquire the infection through blood transfusion. Death from babesiosis occurs in up to 20 percent of these groups. Diagnosis is confirmed with identification of typical intraerythrocytic parasites on a thin blood smear or Babesia DNA using PCR. Treatment consists of atovaquone and azithromycin or clindamycin and quinine, and exchange transfusion in severe cases...
January 25, 2019: International Journal for Parasitology
Sanjay Gokhale, Sankalp Gokhale
BACKGROUND: Though blood transfusions are the common procedures in pediatric patients, transfusion reactions are rare in children. Though in adults, uncross-matched ABO group-specific blood is used in emergencies, there are no such reports in neonates and children. There are stray case reports about transfusing maternal blood for her baby and maternal blood is de facto compatible regardless of an ABO mismatch Objective: Confirming our previous hypothesis that maternal blood is compatible with her baby's blood; and maternal blood can be used for transfusion in her newborn baby irrespective of ABO match/ mismatch...
January 27, 2019: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
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