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Docosahexaenoic acid and preeclampsia

Mariel Arvizu, Myriam C Afeiche, Susanne Hansen, Thorhallur F Halldorsson, Sjurdur F Olsen, Jorge E Chavarro
BACKGROUND: Previous studies suggest that eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), and alpha-linolenic acid (ALA), may decrease the risk of preeclampsia, but many suffer from important methodological limitations. METHODS: We prospectively examined the association between fat intake during pregnancy and preeclampsia and among 65,220 singleton pregnancies in the Danish National Birth Cohort (1996-2002). Women were asked to report their diet around gestation week 20 with a food frequency questionnaire...
September 7, 2018: European Journal of Clinical Nutrition
S F Olsen, T I Halldorsson, A L Thorne-Lyman, M Strøm, S Gørtz, C Granstrøm, P H Nielsen, J Wohlfahrt, J A Lykke, J Langhoff-Roos, A S Cohen, J D Furtado, E L Giovannucci, W Zhou
BACKGROUND: Fish oil supplementation has been shown to delay spontaneous delivery, but the levels and clinical significance remain uncertain. We examined the association between plasma fatty acids quantified in pregnancy and subsequent risk of early preterm birth. METHODS: In a case-control design nested in the Danish National Birth Cohort, we identified 376 early preterm cases (<34 gestational weeks, excluding preeclampsia cases) and 348 random controls. Plasma eicosapentaenoic acid plus docosahexaenoic acid (EPA+DHA% of total fatty acids), were measured twice in pregnancy, at gestation weeks 9 and 25 (medians)...
August 3, 2018: EBioMedicine
Nisha Kemse, Anvita Kale, Preeti Chavan-Gautam, Sadhana Joshi
Vitamin B12, folic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid levels are reported to be altered in women with preeclampsia. This study examined the effect of the above nutrients on brain neurotrophins and on the cognitive performance in adult offspring in a pregnancy-induced hypertension rat model. Pregnant dams were assigned to control, PIH-induced, and PIH-induced supplemented with vitamin B12, folate, omega-3 fatty acids, and the combined supplementation of vitamin B12, folate, and omega-3 fatty acids groups. In the PIH group, brain-derived neurotrophic factor levels (BDNF) were lower in the offspring at birth, while the adult offspring showed lower levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in the hippocampus and BDNF (p < 0...
July 17, 2018: Food & Function
S Fares, M M Sethom, M Feki, M Cheour, H Sanhaji, S Kacem, N Kaabachi
Fatty acids (FA), especially arachidonic (AA, 20:4ω6) and docosahexaenoic (DHA, 22:6ω3) acids are critical for the health and development of infants. Colostrum FA composition has been examined in 101 lactating Tunisian women delivering prematurely using gas chromatography. Among polyunsaturated FA, linoleic acid predominated whereas each of the other polyunsaturated FA accounted for 1% or less of total FA. Colostrum AA and DHA contents were lower in women aged above 34 years compared to those less than 34 years...
September 2016: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Nisha S Wadhwani, Ankita S Narang, Savita S Mehendale, Girija N Wagh, Sanjay A Gupte, Sadhana R Joshi
The present prospective study examines proportions of maternal erythrocyte fatty acids across gestation and their association with cord erythrocyte fatty acids in normotensive control (NC) and preeclamptic pregnancies. We hypothesize that maternal fatty acid status in early pregnancy influences fetal fatty acid stores in preeclampsia. 137 NC women and 58 women with preeclampsia were included in this study. Maternal blood was collected at 3 time points during pregnancy (16-20th weeks, 26-30th weeks and at delivery)...
January 2016: Lipids
Ewa Wietrak, Krzysztof Kamiński, Bożena Leszczyńska-Gorzelak, Jan Oleszczuk
INTRODUCTION: Observational studies confirm a higher incidence of preeclampsia in patients with low erythrocyte concentrations of omega-3 fatty acids. Observations point to an association of disorders of pregnancy, such as intrauterine growth restriction (IUGR) and preeclampsia, with excessive apoptosis. One potential mechanism of action of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) promoting a reduction in the risk of pathological pregnancy may be by influencing these processes in the placenta. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We investigated 28 pregnant women supplemented with a fish oil product containing 300 mg DHA starting from pregnancy week 20 until delivery (DHA group)...
2015: BioMed Research International
Undurti N Das
Preeclampsia is a low-grade systemic inflammatory condition in which oxidative stress and endothelial dysfunction occurs. Plasma levels of soluble receptor for vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGFR)-1, also known as sFlt1 (soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1), an antiangiogenic factor have been reported to be elevated in preeclampsia. It was reported that pregnant mice deficient in catechol-O-methyltransferase (COMT) activity show a preeclampsia-like phenotype due to a deficiency or absence of 2-methoxyoestradiol (2-ME), a natural metabolite of estradiol that is elevated during the third trimester of normal human pregnancy...
September 2015: Nutrition
Nisha G Kemse, Anvita A Kale, Sadhana R Joshi
OBJECTIVES: Our earlier studies have highlighted that an altered one carbon metabolism (vitamin B12, folic acid, and docosahexaenoic acid) is associated with preeclampsia. Preeclampsia is also known to be associated with oxidative stress and inflammation. The current study examines whether maternal folic acid, vitamin B12 and omega-3 fatty acid supplementation given either individually or in combination can ameliorate the oxidative stress markers in a rat model of pregnancy induced hypertension (PIH)...
2014: PloS One
Suchitra Roy, Madhavi Dhobale, Kamini Dangat, Savita Mehendale, Girija Wagh, Sanjay Lalwani, Sadhana Joshi
Maternal long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA) play a key role in fetal growth and development. This study for the first time examines the maternal and cord LCPUFA levels in preeclamptic mothers delivering male and female infants. In this study 122 normotensive control pregnant women (gestation≥37 weeks) and 90 women with preeclampsia were recruited. Results indicate lower maternal plasma docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels (p<0.05) in women with preeclampsia delivering male babies as compared to normotensive control women delivering male babies...
November 2014: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Madhu Gupta, Malvika H Solanki, Prodyot K Chatterjee, Xiangying Xue, Amanda Roman, Neeraj Desai, Burton Rochelson, Christine N Metz
Inadequate magnesium (Mg) intake is a widespread problem, with over 50% of women of reproductive age consuming less than the Recommended Dietary Allowance (RDA). Because pregnancy increases the requirement for Mg and the beneficial effects of magnesium sulfate for preeclampsia/eclampsia and fetal neuroprotection are well described, we examined the outcomes of Mg deficiency during pregnancy. Briefly, pregnant Swiss Webster mice were fed either control or Mg-deficient diets starting on gestational day (GD) 6 through euthanasia on GD17...
August 14, 2014: Molecular Medicine
Jorge A Carvajal
Uteroplacental ischemia may cause preterm birth, either due to preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, or medical indication (in the presence of preeclampsia or fetal growth restriction). Uteroplacental ischemia is the product of defective deep placentation, a failure of invasion, and transformation of the spiral arteries by the trophoblast. The failure of normal placentation generates a series of clinical abnormalities nowadays called "deep placentation disorders"; they include preeclampsia, fetal growth restriction, preterm labor, preterm premature rupture of membranes, in utero fetal death, and placental abruption...
2014: BioMed Research International
Elzbieta Poniedzialek-Czajkowska, Radzislaw Mierzynski, Zaneta Kimber-Trojnar, Bozena Leszczynska-Gorzelak, Jan Oleszczuk
This review presents available evidence for possible application of n-3 long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFAs) in pregnant obese women with metabolic syndrome (MS) and focuses on prophylaxis of pregnancy complications associated with MS such as gestational hypertension, preeclampsia and gestational diabetes. Dietary supplementation with n-3 PUFAs has recently become popular and their adequate intake during pregnancy and early childhood is of clinical importance. The results of experimental and epidemiological investigations reveal that n-3 PUFAs, especially α- linolenic acid (ALA), eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), may decrease the risk of cardiovascular diseases...
2014: Current Pharmaceutical Biotechnology
Rachele De Giuseppe, Carla Roggi, Hellas Cena
BACKGROUND: Long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LC-PUFA), particularly docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) and arachidonic acid, are, respectively, n-3 and n-6 family members and play an important role in fetal and infant growth and development. Pregnancy and lactation impose special nutritional needs for the mother-fetus situation. Since the LC-PUFA required by the fetus is supplied by preferential placental transfer of preformed LC-PUFA rather than their precursor, it has been hypothesized that additional maternal supply of LC-PUFA, especially DHA, during pregnancy may improve maternal and infant outcomes...
August 2014: European Journal of Nutrition
V D'Souza, P Chavan-Gautam, S Joshi
During pregnancy, oxidative stress has been implicated in the pathophysiology of preeclampsia and preterm birth leading to poor birth outcome. Hyperhomocysteinemia caused as a consequence of altered micronutrients like folic acid and vitamin B12 is associated with increased production of reactive oxygen species that generate oxidative stress. These micronutrients are important determinants of methyl donor, s-adenosyl methionine while phospholipids are important methyl acceptors in the one-carbon metabolic cycle...
2013: Current Medicinal Chemistry
Kaitlyn Rechenberg, Debbie Humphries
Depression is the leading cause of mental disability worldwide. Women who are depressed during pregnancy are at a higher risk for preterm delivery, preeclampsia, birth difficulties, and postpartum depression. The treatment of depression in conventional medicine has focused on physiological factors that lead to impaired neurotransmitter function and treatments to improve neurotransmitter function. Pharmaceutical substances pose risks for pregnant and lactating women, and lower risk options are preferred. Micronutrients, including certain B vitamins, folate, and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), play a role in the synthesis and absorption of neurotransmitters...
June 2013: Yale Journal of Biology and Medicine
Kamini Dangat, Anitha Kilari, Savita Mehendale, Sanjay Lalwani, Sadhana Joshi
Children born to mothers with preeclampsia have consistently been suggested to be at risk for cognitive and behavioral disorders in later life. Breastfeeding is said to be associated with better neurodevelopment outcomes. Our earlier studies indicated higher levels of docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) in human milk in women with preeclampsia. DHA is known to regulate the expression of neurotrophins and together they play a vital role in neurodevelopment and cognitive performance. The present study examines the levels of maternal plasma and milk neurotrophins [(nerve growth factor (NGF) and brain derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF)] in women with preeclampsia and compares them with normotensive women who served as controls...
May 2013: International Journal of Developmental Neuroscience
Shao J Zhou, Lisa Yelland, Andy J McPhee, Julie Quinlivan, Robert A Gibson, Maria Makrides
BACKGROUND: There is uncertainty regarding the efficacy of increasing n-3 long-chain PUFA (LCPUFA) intake during pregnancy in reducing the risk of gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) and preeclampsia. OBJECTIVES: The objective was to determine whether n-3 LCPUFA supplementation in pregnancy reduces the incidence of GDM or preeclampsia. A secondary objective was to assess the effect of n-3 LCPUFA supplementation on perinatal complications. DESIGN: This was a double-blind, multicenter randomized control trial-the DHA to Optimize Mother Infant Outcome (DOMInO) trial...
June 2012: American Journal of Clinical Nutrition
Steven S Witkin, Daniel Skupski, Catherine Herway, Marilza V C Rudge, Felipe Saito, Mary Harris
OBJECTIVE: To determine whether the fatty acid composition of mid-trimester amniotic fluid differs by ethnicity and pregnancy outcome. METHODS: Fatty acid composition was analyzed by gas chromatography in 198 women undergoing amniocentesis at 15-19 weeks gestation. Cytokine levels were determined by ELISA in a subgroup of 52 subjects. RESULTS: The major fatty acids detected were palmitic acid (31.8%) and stearic acid (31.5%). The n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acids (PUFA), linoleic acid (LA, 18:2) and arachidonic acid (AA, 20:4), were 11...
June 2012: Journal of Maternal-fetal & Neonatal Medicine
Asmita V Kulkarni, Savita S Mehendale, Hemlata R Yadav, Sadhana R Joshi
Our earlier studies, in preeclamptic women have shown altered levels of long chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFA), essential constituents of the cell membrane lipids responsible for membrane stability as one of the key factors contributing to the pathophysiology of preeclampsia. We have also reported elevated levels of sFlt-1 in preeclampsia. The present study examines the levels of LCPUFA and their association with sFlt-1 levels in 69 pre-eclamptic women and 40 normotensive women. DHA and omega 3 fatty acid levels were lower (p<0...
January 2011: Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids
Asmita V Kulkarni, Savita S Mehendale, Hemlata R Yadav, Anitha S Kilari, Vaishali S Taralekar, Sadhana R Joshi
This study was designed to test the hypothesis that altered angiogenic factors together with increased oxidative stress and reduced docosahexaenoic acid (DHA) levels may be associated with altered birth outcome parameters. To test this hypothesis, levels of plasma vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), placental growth factor (PlGF), soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase-1 (sFlt-1), the oxidative stress marker malondialdehyde (MDA) and fatty acids were estimated in women with preeclampsia and their cord samples and compared with those in normotensive women...
June 2010: Hypertension Research: Official Journal of the Japanese Society of Hypertension
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