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SWI AND prosthetic

Eduard Tornero, Josep Riba, Sebastian Garcia-Ramiro
Chronic systemic illnesses such as diabetes mellitus, chronic kidney disease (CKD), liver cirrhosis, neoplasia, etc. have been clearly associated with high rates of SWI. However, the exact mechanisms underlying these observations are still under investigation. Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a growing problem in our society. Many of these patients will require an arthroplasty and it appears that the prosthetic infection risk for these types of patients is much higher than in the normal population. The risk of complications due to infection seems to be lower in patients with kidney transplants than in patients undergoing haemodialysis...
2013: Open Orthopaedics Journal
J Turtiainen, E Saimanen, T Partio, J Kärkkäinen, V Kiviniemi, K Mäkinen, T Hakala
BACKGROUND AND AIMS: this multicenter prospective observational study defined the incidence and risk factors of surgical wound infections (SWI) after infrarenal aortic and lower limb vascular surgery procedures and evaluated the severity and costs of these infections. METHODS: the study cohort comprised of 184 consecutive patients. Postoperative complications were recorded. The additional costs attributable to SWI were calculated. RESULTS: Eighty-four (46%) patients had critical ischaemia, 81 (45%) patients underwent infrainguinal bypass surgery and 64 (35%) received vascular prosthesis or prosthetic patch...
2010: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery: SJS
M Borst, C Collier, D Miller
A prospective study of surgical wound infections (SWI) in hip prosthesis surgery and total hip and knee replacements at two community hospitals with common surgical staffs was begun in May 1982. The rates of SWI during the first 7 months for four orthopedic surgeons were 9% (3/32) for hip prosthesis surgery and 16.7% (3/18) for total hip and knee replacement, with 12% (6/50) overall. To reduce infections, each orthopedic surgeon agreed to intraoperative surveillance (IOS) of two procedures (hip prosthesis or total hip or knee replacement) by the infection control nurse at each hospital...
August 1986: American Journal of Infection Control
S Kuraoka, M Kobayashi, H Orita, T Shimanuki, H Abe, M Kohno, K Inue, M Fukasawa, M Washio
We investigated the effect of myocardial preservation and preoperative stroke work index (SWI) and left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) upon the early postsurgical kinetics of left ventricular function in thirty-four patients after prosthetic cardiac valve replacement. They received both-sided cardiac catheterization and measurement of cardiac output by dye dilution method in a standard fashion. Myocardial temperature was measured simultaneously and consecutively during aortic cross-clamping period (greater than 70 min) on open heart surgery...
April 1989: [Zasshi] [Journal]
D A Pegues, L A Shireley, C F Riddle, R L Anderson, R W Vess, B C Hill, W R Jarvis
Surgical wound infections due to gram-negative bacilli have been rarely reported following breast implant surgery. From April to November 1989, four patients from one plastic surgeon's practice developed Serratia marcescens surgical wound infection (SWI) following breast reconstruction procedures with implantation of six expandable mammary implants. All six implants were removed for unabated S. marcescens SWI. Symptoms developed 13-161 days (median, 66 days) after surgery. When compared with nonexpandable silicone breast implants used during the period November 1, 1988, to October 31, 1989, expandable implants were associated with a greater risk of S...
September 16, 1991: American Journal of Medicine
H M Richet, C Chidiac, A Prat, A Pol, M David, M Maccario, P Cormier, E Bernard, W R Jarvis
Although surgical wound infections (SWI) following implantation of prosthetic devices can be catastrophic and often require removal of the prosthesis, few studies have identified risk factors for these infections. We conducted a prospective multicenter study to identify risk factors for SWI. Of 561 vascular surgery patients enrolled in the study, 23 (4.1%) developed SWI. Multivariate analysis using logistic regression analyses identified surgery on lower extremities, delayed surgery, diabetes mellitus, past history of vascular surgery, and short antimicrobial prophylaxis (three doses of cefamandole) as independent risk factors for SWI...
September 16, 1991: American Journal of Medicine
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