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Self control

F Wang, X F Ding, J N Xu, Y Z Xu, Y Q Zhou, Y Luan, S M Lu, H Z Tao
Objective: To assess the complications of transperineal template-guided prostate mapping biopsy (TTMB). Methods: Between May 2017 and March 2018, 142 consecutive patients with prior negative transrectal biopsy results and persistently elevated prostate-specific antigen (PSA) were divided into the observation group and the control group randomly. The observation group underwent TTMB and the control group underwent transperineal template-guided prostate saturation biopsy (TTSB). Bleeding, infection, urinary function were recorded after prostate biopsy...
February 12, 2019: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Rong Gu, Dandan Zhang, Xiaohong Jin, Wenya Wu, Yunying Hou, Qing Wu, Xiaohua Wang
BACKGROUND: In China, quality of life (QOL) of the elderly with hypertension was lower than that of normal elderly and lower self-perceptions of aging (SPA) in the elderly with chronic diseases have been shown. Previous studies showed that SPA played a key role in QOL of the elderly. We hypothesised that SPA were associated with QOL in Chinese elderly with hypertension, with more negative SPA predicting lower QOL. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in one comprehensive hospital, 15 urban community clinics and 22 rural village clinics in Suzhou...
February 20, 2019: Psychogeriatrics: the Official Journal of the Japanese Psychogeriatric Society
Sara Post, Henry A Spiller, Thitphalak Chounthirath, Gary A Smith
CONTEXT: Kratom, or Mitragyna speciosa, is a plant indigenous to Southeast Asia that has gained national attention in the United States for its increased use in the self-management of opioid withdrawal and pain, as well as for concerns about its safety. METHODS: This study analyzes exposures to kratom reported to poison control centers (PCCs) in the United States during 2011-2017 from the National Poison Data System (NPDS). DISCUSSION: From 2011 through 2017, 1807 kratom exposures were reported to United States PCCs...
February 20, 2019: Clinical Toxicology
Fan Hu, Wenzhe Liu, Weifeng Li, Zijie Xu, Ying Ying Diao, Nai Bo Lin, Wenxi Guo, Lei Shi, Jan H van Esch, Xiang Yang Liu
This work examines the self-collimation effect of silk materials on fluorescence emission/detection. A macroscopic regulation strategy, coupled with meso-reconstruction and meso-functionalization, is adopted to amplify the fluorescence emission of organic fluorescent dyes (i.e., Rhodamine 6G (R6G)) using silk photonic crystal (PC) films. The fluorescence emission can be linearly enhanced or inhibited by a PC as a result of the photonic bandgap coupling with the excitation light and/or emission light. Depending on the design of the silk fluorescence collimator, the emission can reach 49...
February 20, 2019: Small
Rafael Rodríguez, Emilio Quiñoá, Ricardo Riguera, Félix Freire
Interconversion between extended and bent structures at the pendant groups of a chiral polyene framework [poly(phenylacetylene) with (R)-(2-methoxy-2-phenylacetyl)glycine residues linked to 4-vinylanilines] allows the reversible colorimetric transformation from stretched to compressed helical cis-transoid polyenic structures through manipulation of the flexible spacer. This transformation generates either organogels (stretched helical form) or nanoparticles (compressed helical form) under the control of polar/low polar stimuli respectively and opens the way to the development of new sensors and stimuli-sensitive materials based on these concepts...
February 20, 2019: Small
Mary Jo Kreitzer, Susan Telke, Linda Hanson, Brent Leininger, Roni Evans
OBJECTIVES: CaringBridge (CB) is a web-based social network where people share information, enlist support, and access resources following a difficult diagnosis; it can also be used to disseminate supportive self-care tools, such as a gratitude practice, for its users. Gratitude practices are shown to reduce stress and fear, improve sleep, and increase positive emotions and overall well-being. The purpose of this article was to report the findings of a brief gratitude intervention delivered to CB users...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine: Research on Paradigm, Practice, and Policy
Anja Langenstroer, Kalathil K Kartha, Yeray Dorca, Jörn Dröste, Vladimir Stepanenko, Rodrigo Q Albuquerque, Michael Ryan Hansen, Luis Sanchez, Gustavo Fernández
The phenomenon of polymorphism is ubiquitous in biological systems and has been also observed in various types of self-assembled materials in solution and the solid state. In the field of supramolecular polymers, different kinetic vs. thermodynamic self-assembled species may exist in competition, a phenomenon termed as pathway complexity. In these examples, the transient kinetic species often has a very short lifetime and rapidly converts into the thermodynamic product. In this article, we report a π-conjugated Pt(II) complex 1 that self-assembles in nonpolar medium into two supramolecular polymers with distinct molecular packing (slipped (A) vs...
February 20, 2019: Journal of the American Chemical Society
Song Wu, Mengjie Peng, Hongyu Mei, Xinmeng Shang
Previous studies have found that ego depletion increases dishonesty. However, it remains unclear whether ego depletion makes participants unable to exert self-control or unwilling to exert self-control when it increases dishonesty. The present study aimed to clarify this. Based on the process model, ego depletion causes individuals to pay more attention to material rewards and increases the motivation to act on impulse. Therefore, it is possible that ego-depleted participants are unwilling, rather than unable, to be honest...
February 20, 2019: Scandinavian Journal of Psychology
Jingyi Hou, Rui Yang, Yaping Yang, Yiyong Tang, Haiquan Deng, Zhong Chen, Yanfeng Wu, Huiyong Shen
BACKGROUND: Rehabilitation is crucial for postoperative patients with low back pain (LBP). However, the implementation of traditional clinic-based programs is limited in developing countries, such as China, because of the maldistribution of medical resources. Mobile phone-based programs may be a potential substitute for those who have no access to traditional rehabilitation. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to examine the efficacy of mobile phone-based rehabilitation systems in patients who underwent lumbar spinal surgery...
February 20, 2019: JMIR MHealth and UHealth
Christiaan Vis, Jeroen Ruwaard, Tracy Finch, Tim Rapley, Derek de Beurs, Henk van Stel, Britt van Lettow, Mayke Mol, Annet Kleiboer, Heleen Riper, Jan Smit
BACKGROUND: Successfully implementing eMental health (eMH) interventions in routine mental health care constitutes a major challenge. Reliable instruments to assess implementation progress are essential. The Normalization MeAsure Development (NoMAD) study developed a brief self-report questionnaire that could be helpful in measuring implementation progress. Based on the Normalization Process Theory, this instrument focuses on 4 generative mechanisms involved in implementation processes: coherence, cognitive participation, collective action, and reflexive monitoring...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Medical Internet Research
Jacques Joubert, Stephen M Davis, Geoffrey A Donnan, Christopher Levi, Graeme Gonzales, Lynette Joubert, Graeme J Hankey
BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: After an initial stroke, the risk of recurrent stroke is high. Models that implement best-practice recommendations for risk factor management in stroke survivors to prevent stroke recurrence remain elusive. We examined a model which focuses on vascular risk factor management to prevent stroke recurrence in survivors returning to their primary care physicians. This model is coordinated from the stroke unit, integrates specialist stroke services with primary care physicians, and directly involves patients and carers in risk factor management...
February 20, 2019: International Journal of Stroke: Official Journal of the International Stroke Society
Manon Couvignou, Isabelle Peretz, Franck Ramus
This study investigated whether there is a co-occurrence between developmental dyslexia and congenital amusia in adults. First, a database of online musical tests on 18,000 participants was analysed. Self-reported dyslexic participants performed significantly lower on melodic skills than matched controls, suggesting a possible link between reading and musical disorders. In order to test this relationship more directly, we evaluated 20 participants diagnosed with dyslexia, 16 participants diagnosed with amusia, and their matched controls, with a whole battery of literacy (reading, fluency, spelling), phonological (verbal working memory, phonological awareness) and musical tests (melody, rhythm and metre perception, incidental memory)...
February 20, 2019: Cognitive Neuropsychology
Johan Jendle, Johannes Pöhlmann, Simona de Portu, Jayne Smith-Palmer, Stéphane Roze
BACKGROUND: Hybrid closed-loop (HCL) systems combine continuous glucose monitoring with continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) to continuously self-adjust basal insulin delivery. Relative to CSII, HCL improves glycemic control and reduces the risk of hypoglycemia but has higher acquisition costs. The aim of this analysis was to assess the cost-effectiveness of the MiniMed™ 670G HCL system versus CSII in people with type 1 diabetes (T1D) in Sweden. METHODS: Cost-effectiveness analysis, from a societal perspective, was performed over patient lifetimes using the IQVIA CORE Diabetes Model...
February 20, 2019: Diabetes Technology & Therapeutics
Catarina R Pedrosa, Didier Arl, Patrick Grysan, Irfan Khan, Stéphanie Durrieu, Sivashankar Krishnamoorthy, Marie-Christine Durrieu
Nanotopography with length scales of the order of extracellular matrix elements offers the possibility of regulating cell behavior. Investigation of the impact of nanotopography on cell response has been limited by the inability to precisely control geometries, especially at high spatial resolutions and across practically large areas. In this paper, we demonstrate well-controlled and periodic nanopillar arrays of silicon and investigate their impact on osteogenic differentiation of human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs)...
February 20, 2019: ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces
Jia-Feng Chen, Xiao-Wei Chen, Jian Guo, Xiao-Quan Yang
Due to the benefits involving brain development and cardiovascular health, algae oil which is rich in omega-3 fatty acids has become a popular dietary supplement in recent years. However, the incompatibility with water and poor oxidative stability limits its addition in foods and beverages. In this work, the formation and characterization of zein-based core-shell microcapsules with tunable shell thicknesses for the potential delivery of algae oil were reported. They were prepared based on the in situ precipitation of zein from the continuous phase onto the surface of oil droplets by self-assembly at a refrigerated temperature without any need for surfactants and cross-linkers...
February 20, 2019: Food & Function
Jeffrey M Greeson, Gabrielle R Chin
Many of today's most common, chronic, and costly diseases-from high blood pressure, to chronic pain-are related to stress. Mindfulness, considered a state, a trait, and a training, might help treat or prevent stress-related physical symptoms. A concise review of current scientific evidence shows that both higher levels of trait mindfulness as well as mindfulness training are associated with better psychological well-being, coping, and quality of life. Effects on objective measures of disease, however, are often non-significant or await replication...
December 27, 2018: Current Opinion in Psychology
Judson Brewer
Addiction is an age-old problem with desire pitted against self-control and will-power. In modern day substances (including food) and experiences (e.g. social media, internet gaming) are being increasingly engineered to get individuals 'hooked'. Current cognitive control and reason-based paradigms may be losing a battle with urges, cravings and triggers that are more ubiquitous than ever (e.g. our smartphones). Yet, these methodologies may be overlooking basic reward-based learning paradigms (operant conditioning) that not only perpetuate addictive behaviors, but may also be the key to their undoing...
January 28, 2019: Current Opinion in Psychology
Katrine Melby, Rolf W Gråwe, Trond O Aamo, Øyvind Salvesen, Olav Spigset
BACKGROUND: In a pilot study, intranasal oxytocin was demonstrated to reduce the benzodiazepine dose needed to relieve withdrawal symptoms during alcohol detoxification. The aim of the present study was to compare the effect of oxytocin and placebo during a three-day period of alcohol detoxification at an addiction treatment center in Norway. METHODS: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial with 40 patients fulfilling criteria for ICD-10 diagnosis of alcohol dependence (F10...
February 13, 2019: Drug and Alcohol Dependence
Marie Chesaniuk, Alexander W Sokolovsky, Jasjit S Ahluwalia, Kristina M Jackson, Robin Mermelstein
INTRODUCTION: Nicotine dependence contributes to changes in tobacco use among young adults. However, research examining salient dependence motives in young adult users of electronic nicotine delivery systems (ENDS) is limited. This study examined the association of dependence motives with ENDS use or lifetime quit attempt, and tests sex moderation in these relationships. METHODS: Young adults (N = 304; age 18-24) self-identifying as regular ENDS users and self-reporting vaping within a week of data collection completed an online survey...
February 15, 2019: Addictive Behaviors
Alexandra E Dingemans, Christine B Vanhaelen, Jiska J Aardoom, Eric F van Furth
Executive functions are a set of cognitive processes that are necessary for the cognitive control of behavior. They play a role in mediating self-control, self-regulation and decision-making. It has been suggested that the inability to control eating behavior in binge eating disorder (BED) may indicate deficits in executive functioning. This may be worsened by depressive symptoms. The aim of the present study was to compare executive functioning of patients with BED and no-to-mild depressive symptoms (n = 25), patients with BED and moderate-to-severe depressive symptoms (n = 66), and healthy controls (Body Mass Index <30) (n = 56), matched on age, educational level and gender...
February 15, 2019: Psychiatry Research
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