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CKD OR "Chronic Kidney Disease"

H Cao, T W Ji, Q Lan, F Lin, Y Dong, A J Xu, J Liu, H Y Ding, H M Fan, Z M Liu
Objective: To evaluate the changes of rat renal function and cardiac function after transabdominal subtotal nephrectomy (STNx) and provide an ideal animal model for the study of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and cardiorenal syndrome (CRS). Methods: The SD rats (male, 5-6 weeks) were randomly divided into Sham group ( n= 10) and STNx group ( n= 10). The rats from Sham group underwent sham surgery, and the right nephrectomy plus the 2/3 left kidney artery ligation through abdominal incision were performed in the rats from STNx group...
February 12, 2019: Zhonghua Yi Xue za Zhi [Chinese medical journal]
Saurav Ghimire, Kenneth Lee, Matthew D Jose, Ronald L Castelino, Syed Tabish R Zaidi
AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore clinician assessment of patient adherence, and identify strategies to improve adherence assessment practices in haemodialysis settings. BACKGROUND: Patients with chronic kidney disease undergoing haemodialysis are typically prescribed complex regimens; as such, they are at high risk of medication nonadherence. Current clinical practices focus on prescribing medications, however, little attention is paid to measuring and ensuring patient adherence to their prescribed treatments...
February 20, 2019: Journal of Clinical Nursing
Anja Gäckler, Hana Rohn, Ton Lisman, Tamas Benkö, Oliver Witzke, Andreas Kribben, Fuat H Saner
An increased bleeding risk is reported for patients with end-stage renal disease. This study aims to analyze, whether bleeding risk can be assessed by global tests of hemostasis. Standard laboratory tests and an extended evaluation of hemostasis by rotational thromboelastometry, platelet function analyzer (PFA) and multiple electrode aggregometry as well as thrombin generation assays and measurement of fibrinolytic potential were performed in 20 patients on hemodialysis, 10 patients on peritoneal dialysis, 10 patients with chronic kidney disease stage G5 (CKD5) and in 10 healthy controls (HC)...
2019: PloS One
Karl Philipp Puchner, Rodrigo Rodriguez-Fernandez, Matthew Oliver, Zisimangelos Solomos
The epidemiological transitions that have occurred in low and middle income countries (LMIC) during the past decades have led to an increased prevalence on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in these countries, where the burden of infectious diseases (IDs), especially tuberculosis (TB), remains high. Although the true dimensions of this comorbidity have not yet been fully understood, there is a growing amount of data, over the last 10 years, that suggest a clear association between NCDs and TB. In particular, there is a continuously increasing body of evidence that diabetes mellitus, chronic respiratory conditions, tobacco use, mental health illnesses and chronic kidney disease increase TB morbidity and mortality and vice versa...
February 20, 2019: Global Public Health
Alexander A Leung, Tracey Bushnik, Deirdre Hennessy, Finlay A McAlister, Douglas G Manuel
BACKGROUND: Hypertension (or high blood pressure) affects almost one in four adults in Canada. Quantifying risk factors associated with hypertension may help to inform prevention efforts. DATA AND METHODS: Data from the first four cycles of the Canadian Health Measures Survey (including 13,407 respondents) were used to identify hypertension status by systolic and diastolic blood pressure levels and the use of antihypertensive medications. Logistic regression analysis was employed to estimate the association between six cardiovascular risk factors (individually and as a composite score) and hypertension...
February 20, 2019: Health Reports
Jose F Figueroa, Daniel M Blumenthal, Yevgeniy Feyman, Austin B Frakt, Alexander Turchin, Gheorghe Doros, Qi Gao, Yang Song, Karen E Joynt Maddox
Importance: One-third of Medicare beneficiaries are enrolled in Medicare Advantage (MA), Medicare's private plan option. Medicare Advantage incentivizes performance on evidence-based care, but limited information exists using reliable clinical data to determine whether this translates into better quality for patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) enrolled in MA compared with those enrolled in traditional fee-for-service (FFS) Medicare. Objective: To determine differences in evidence-based secondary prevention treatments and intermediate outcomes among patients with CAD enrolled in MA vs FFS Medicare...
February 20, 2019: JAMA Cardiology
Yeo Min Yoon, SangMin Kim, Yong-Seok Han, Chul Won Yun, Jun Hee Lee, Hyunjin Noh, Sang Hun Lee
Although autologous human mesenchymal stem cells (hMSCs) are a promising source for regenerative stem cell therapy in chronic kidney disease (CKD), the barriers associated with pathophysiological conditions limit therapeutic applicability to patients. We confirmed that level of cellular prion protein (PrPC ) in serum was decreased and mitochondria function of CKD-derived hMSCs (CKD-hMSCs) was impaired in patients with CKD. We proved that treatment of CKD-hMSCs with tauroursodeoxycholic acid (TUDCA), a bile acid, enhanced the mitochondrial function of these cells through regulation of PINK1-PrPC -dependent pathway...
February 16, 2019: Redox Biology
Shuyun Liu, Meng Zhao, Yijie Zhou, Chengshi Wang, Yujia Yuan, Lan Li, William Bresette, Younan Chen, Jingqiu Cheng, Yanrong Lu, Jingping Liu
BACKGROUND: Renal fibrosis is the pathological feature of chronic kidney disease (CKD) which leads to end-stage renal disease (ESRD) and renal failure. Resveratrol [3,5,4'-trihydroxy-trans-stilbene (RSV)] has shown benefits for metabolic diseases and anti-cancer therapy, but its potential risk on renal health has not been fully evaluated. PURPOSE: To investigate the global effects of RSV on renal fibrosis in human tubular epithelial cell (TEC) line HK-2, and in mice with unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO)...
December 17, 2018: Phytomedicine: International Journal of Phytotherapy and Phytopharmacology
Tuyet-Trinh N Truong, Andrew S Dunn, Ken McCardle, Allison Glasser, Shirish Huprikar, Hooman Poor, Beth Raucher, Jashvant Poeran
OBJECTIVE: The Surviving Sepsis Campaign and Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Severe Sepsis and Septic Shock Management Bundle (SEP-1) recommend rapid crystalloid infusion (≥30 mL/kg) for patients with sepsis-induced hypoperfusion or septic shock. We aimed to assess compliance with this recommendation, factors associated with non-compliance, and how compliance relates to mortality. DESIGN: Retrospective, observational study. SETTING: 1136-bed academic and 235-bed community hospital (January 2015-June 2016)...
February 5, 2019: Journal of Critical Care
Jung-Soon Mo, Dabin Choi, Yu-Ran Han, Nambin Kim, Han-Sol Jeong
ER stress is an early event of acute kidney injury and has been linked to accelerate the development of chronic kidney disease. Therefore, the compounds that can mimic ER stress inhibitor may confer regulatory effects on ER stress induced apoptosis. In this study, we investigated the protective effects of flavonoid morin against ER stress induced apoptosis in human renal proximal tubular HK-2 cells. Morin downregulated the expression of GRP78, central regulator of ER stress response, induced by ER stress inducer tunicamycin...
February 19, 2019: Biomedicine & Pharmacotherapy, Biomédecine & Pharmacothérapie
Joshua Rowland, Artur Akbarov, James Eales, Xiaoguang Xu, John P Dormer, Hui Guo, Matthew Denniff, Xiao Jiang, Parisa Ranjzad, Alicja Nazgiewicz, Priscilla Ribeiro Prestes, Andrzej Antczak, Monika Szulinska, Ingrid A Wise, Ewa Zukowska-Szczechowska, Pawel Bogdanski, Adrian S Woolf, Nilesh J Samani, Fadi J Charchar, Maciej Tomaszewski
Nephrons scar and involute during aging, increasing the risk of chronic kidney disease. Little is known, however, about genetic mechanisms of kidney aging. We sought to define the signatures of age on the renal transcriptome using 563 human kidneys. The initial discovery analysis of 260 kidney transcriptomes from the TRANScriptome of renaL humAn TissuE Study (TRANSLATE) and the Cancer Genome Atlas identified 37 age-associated genes. For 19 of those genes, the association with age was replicated in 303 kidney transcriptomes from the Nephroseq resource...
March 2019: Kidney International
Fang Wang, Chao Yang, Jianyan Long, Xinju Zhao, Wen Tang, Dongliang Zhang, Kunhao Bai, Zaiming Su, Bixia Gao, Hong Chu, Jinwei Wang, Xiaoyu Sun, Song Wang, Li Zuo, Yue Wang, Feng Yu, Haibo Wang, Luxia Zhang, Ming-Hui Zhao
Chronic kidney disease (CKD) has received increased attention as a leading public health problem worldwide. Globally surveillance systems for kidney disease are still lacking, especially in developing countries like China, which constitutes an obstacle to develop effective preventive strategies. China Kidney Disease Network (CK-NET) was initiated in 2014 and further developed in accordance with the national strategy of prompting Big Data application in China. One major output of CK-NET is to generate an Annual Data Report (ADR) providing resourceful information regarding kidney disease in China...
March 2019: Kidney International
Letizia De Chiara, Paola Romagnani
Tubulointerstitial fibrosis is considered a hallmark of maladaptive repair processes after tubular injury leading to chronic kidney disease. Nakamura and colleagues show that, upon injury, myofibroblasts promote epithelial repair by producing retinoic acid in place of injured tubular cells. These results suggest that resident fibroblasts turning into myofibroblasts maintain a cross-talk that protects tubular epithelial cells from injury and can restore tissue integrity and functionality, challenging the concept that fibrosis is only detrimental in nature...
March 2019: Kidney International
Susan L Ziolkowski, Jin Long, Joshua F Baker, Glenn M Chertow, Mary B Leonard
BACKGROUND: Conventional definitions of sarcopenia based on lean mass may fail to capture low lean mass relative to higher fat mass, that is, relative sarcopenia. The objective of this study is to determine the associations of sarcopenia and relative sarcopenia with mortality independent of co-morbidities, and whether chronic kidney disease (CKD) and adiposity alter these associations. METHODS: Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry-derived appendicular lean mass index (ALMI, kg/m2 ) and fat mass index (FMI, kg/m2 ) were assessed in 14 850 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey participants from 1999 to 2006 and were linked to death certificate data in the National Death Index with follow-up through 2011...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Cachexia, Sarcopenia and Muscle
Deidra C Crews, Aminu K Bello, Gamal Saadi
Kidney disease is a global public health problem, affecting over 750 million persons worldwide. The burden of kidney disease varies substantially across the world. In many settings, rates of kidney disease and the provision of its care are defined by socio-economic, cultural and political factors leading to significant disparities. World Kidney Day 2019 offers an opportunity to raise awareness of kidney disease and highlight disparities in its burden and current state of global capacity for prevention and management...
March 2019: Journal of Renal Care
Tigran Makunts, Isaac V Cohen, Linda Awdishu, Ruben Abagyan
Proton pump inhibitors, PPIs, are widely prescribed and sold globally. Although initially intended for time-limited treatment of acute disorders, such as gastric ulcers and esophagitis, PPIs are now commonly used for prolonged durations and are considered safe for over the counter access. Recent studies have raised concern over associations between PPI use and acute kidney injury, chronic kidney disease, end-stage renal disease, and electrolyte abnormalities. The growing concern over potentially serious adverse drug reactions warrants an evaluation of post marketing surveillance data...
February 19, 2019: Scientific Reports
Nigel S Kanagasundaram, Simon V Baudouin, Sarah Rowling, Mahesh Prabhu, John H Dark, Timothy H J Goodship, Patrick F Chinnery, Gavin Hudson
Although mitochondrial dysfunction plays a key role in the pathophysiology of acute kidney injury (AKI), the influence of mitochondrial genetic variability in this process remains unclear. We explored the association between the risk of post-cardiac bypass AKI and mitochondrial haplotype - inherited mitochondrial genomic variations of potentially functional significance. Our single-centre study recruited consecutive patients prior to surgery. Exclusions included stage 5 CKD, non-Caucasian race and subsequent off-pump surgery...
February 19, 2019: Scientific Reports
Jing Chen, Yulu Gu, Han Zhang, Yichun Ning, Nana Song, Jiachang Hu, Jieru Cai, Yiqin Shi, Xiaoqiang Ding, Xiaoyan Zhang
BACKGROUND: Vascular calcification (VC) is a very common phenomenon in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). It has been reported that some histone methylation play a role in VC as an epigenetic regulator. Indoxyl sulfate (IS) is a protein-bound uremic toxin that has been proven as one of the major risk factors of cardiovascular disease in CKD. SET domain containing lysine methyltransferase 7/9 (SET7/9) is one of the important histone methyltransferases. OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to determine the effect of IS on the expression of SET7/9 and the role of SET7/9 in IS-induced osteoblastic differentiation and calcification of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs)...
February 15, 2019: Nephron
Deidra C Crews, Aminu K Bello, Gamal Saadi
Kidney disease is a global public health problem, affecting over 750 million persons worldwide. The burden of kidney disease varies substantially across the world. In many settings, rates of kidney disease and the provision of its care are defined by socioeconomic, cultural, and political factors leading to significant disparities. World Kidney Day 2019 offers an opportunity to raise awareness of kidney disease and highlight disparities in its burden and current state of global capacity for prevention and management...
February 18, 2019: Nephron
Alan R Tall, Marit Westerterp
Activation of macrophage inflammasomes leads to interleukin (IL)-1b and IL-18 secretion and promotes atherosclerosis and its complications in mice and humans. However, the specific role and underlying mechanisms of the inflammasome in atherogenesis are topics of active research. Several studies in hyperlipidemic mouse models found that the NLRP3 inflammasome contributes to atherosclerosis, but recent work suggests that a second hit, such as defective cholesterol efflux or accumulation of oxidized mitochondrial DNA, may be required for significant inflammasome activation...
February 19, 2019: Journal of Lipid Research
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