Read by QxMD icon Read

"Bier's Block" OR "Biers Block"

Brett Burstein, Adam Bretholz
BACKGROUND: Distal forearm fractures are among the most common injuries presenting to the pediatric emergency department (PED). Bier block (BB), or intravenous regional anesthesia, is a safe and effective alternative to procedural sedation for closed reduction of forearm fractures; it is associated with fewer adverse events, a shorter length of stay, and reduced costs. BB has long remained relatively underutilized; however, with an increasing emphasis on efficient resource use and patient-centered care, there is renewed interest in this technique...
December 21, 2018: JMIR Research Protocols
Natalie Vaughn, Niraja Rajan, Michael Darowish
BACKGROUND: Bier block provides anesthesia of an entire extremity distal to the tourniquet without necessitating direct injection at the surgical site. This avoids obscuring anatomy with local anesthetic and anesthetizes a wide area, allowing for multiple procedures and incisions. We hypothesize that a low-volume Bier block with forearm tourniquet, rather than a traditional brachial tourniquet, is a safe, well-tolerated, and effective anesthesia technique. METHODS: All cases in which adult patients underwent hand procedures using Bier block anesthesia by a single surgeon over a 4-year period were reviewed...
November 21, 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Christopher Weldon, Tianjiao Ji, Minh-Thuy Nguyen, Alina Rwei, Weiping Wang, Yi Hao, Chao Zhao, Manisha Mehta, Bruce Y Wang, Robert P Marini, Daniel S Kohane
Intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA; Bier block) is commonly used to anesthetize an extremity for surgery. Limitations of the procedure include pain from the required tourniquet, the toxicity that can occur from systemic release of local anesthetics, and the lack of postoperative pain relief. We hypothesized that the nanoencapsulation of the local anesthetic would prolong local anesthesia and enhance safety. Here, we developed a ~15 nm micellar bupivacaine formulation (M-Bup) and tested it in a rat tail vein IVRA model, in which active agents were restricted in the tail by a tourniquet for 15 min...
October 23, 2018: ACS Nano
Nikolas H Kazmers, Angela P Presson, Yizhe Xu, Abby Howenstein, Andrew R Tyser
PURPOSE: Carpal tunnel release (CTR) is a common surgical procedure, representing a financial burden to the health care system. The purpose of this study was to test whether the choice of CTR technique (open carpal tunnel release [OCTR] vs endoscopic carpal tunnel release [ECTR]), surgical setting (operating room vs procedure room [PR]), and anesthetic type (local, monitored anesthesia care [MAC], Bier block, general) affected costs or payments. METHODS: Consecutive adult patients undergoing isolated unilateral CTR between July 2014, and October 2017, at a single academic medical center were identified...
November 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ahmed Said Elgebaly
Aim: The aim of the study was to assess the nitroglycerin patch as a new additive to Bier's block and its impact on the effects and dose of lidocaine. Methods: Forty patients of each sex belonging to ASA I or II underwent elective tendon repair surgeries of the forearm and hand. The patients were divided into two equal groups as follows: Group C received only lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) and Group N received lidocaine (1.5 mg/kg, 0.25%) + 5 mg transcutaneous nitroglycerin patch...
2018: Anesthesiology Research and Practice
Blair Peters, Jennifer L Giuffre
PURPOSE: Treatment patterns of carpal tunnel surgery by members of the American Society of Surgery of the Hand (ASSH) have recently been published. The majority of cases in this study were performed in the general operating room with intravenous (IV) sedation or a Bier block. Patients were most commonly prescribed hydrocodone for postoperative pain. The majority of carpal tunnel releases at our center are performed under local anesthesia alone, with plain acetaminophen (Tylenol) or codeine prescribed for postoperative pain...
March 17, 2018: Journal of Hand Surgery
Ivan S Y Chua, S L Chong, Gene Y K Ong
STUDY OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the efficacy (length of stay in the emergency department and failure rate of Bier's block) and safety profile (death and major complications) of Bier's block in its use for manipulation and reduction of paediatric forearm fractures. METHODS: This is a retrospective cohort study of pediatric patients in KKWomen's and Children's Hospital Children's Emergency Department with forearm fractures between Jan 2003 and Dec 2014 who underwent manipulation and reduction using Bier's block...
December 2017: Injury
Andrea L Gale, Shari R Liberman, Suzanne Berry, Dmitry Zavlin, Anthony Echo
INTRODUCTION: Bier block regional anesthesia has been used as an alternative to general anesthesia for years. Despite multiple theories and multiple techniques to delineate the location of the action of lidocaine during Bier block anesthesia, there has not been a consensus on the location of action. The purpose of this study was to use fluorescent imaging to further investigate the site of action of lidocaine during Bier block. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Three patients with carpal tunnel syndrome underwent open carpal tunnel release with Bier block anesthesia performed in the standard fashion with 1cc of Indocyanine green (IcG) mixed with lidocaine...
October 12, 2017: Surgical Technology International
Richard W Gurich, Justin W Langan, Robert J Teasdall, Stephanie L Tanner, John L Sanders
BACKGROUND: Bier blocks, or intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA), are a method of anesthesia for upper extremity surgeries. This study reports our experience with tourniquet deflation prior to 20 minutes with upper extremity IVRA. METHODS: This study was designed as a retrospective cohort analysis. Records, including intraoperative and immediate postoperative anesthesia notes, of 430 patients who underwent IVRA with an upper extremity Bier block and a corresponding tourniquet time of less than 20 minutes were reviewed...
March 2018: Hand: Official Journal of the American Association for Hand Surgery
Emmanuelle Fauteux-Lamarre, Brett Burstein, Adam Cheng, Adam Bretholz
OBJECTIVES: Forearm fractures are among the most common pediatric injuries. Procedural sedation is frequently used for analgesia during fracture reduction but requires a prolonged recovery period and can be associated with adverse events. Bier block is a safe alternative for fracture reduction analgesia. This study sought to compare Bier block and procedural sedation for forearm fracture reduction. METHODS: We performed a retrospective study of patients aged 6 to 18 years, presenting with forearm fractures requiring closed reduction from June 2012 to March 2014...
November 29, 2016: Pediatric Emergency Care
Brett Burstein, Emmanuelle Fauteux-Lamarre, Adam Cheng, Dominic Chalut, Adam Bretholz
OBJECTIVES: Bier block (BB) is a safe and effective alternative to procedural sedation for analgesia during forearm fracture reductions, yet remains infrequently used in the pediatric emergency department (PED). No standardized methods of BB training have previously been described. The objective of this study was to determine whether a multimodal instructional course increases comfort with BB and translates to increased use of this technique. METHODS: A novel interdisciplinary simulation and Web-based training course was developed to teach the use of BB for forearm fracture reduction at a tertiary PED...
November 2017: CJEM
K C Khanduri
BACKGROUND: In recent years, there has been a significant resurgence of interest in regional anaesthesia techniques. Despite various advantages, regional anaesthesia is not used to its full potential in orthopaedic surgeries. METHODS: This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of regional anaesthesia techniques in 400 consecutive patients, posted for orthopaedic surgeries in a tertiary care centre. Data was analysed for patient profile, type of surgery, nature of anaesthetic technique used, success rate, complications and satisfaction level of patients...
April 2008: Medical Journal, Armed Forces India
Muhammad Akram, Faheem Mubashir Farooqi, Muhammad Irshad, Syed Faraz Ul Hassan, Syed Muhammad Awais
OBJECTIVE: To compare tourniquet tolerance and postoperative analgesia using lignocaine intravenous regional analgesia alone or with addition of dexamethasone and ketorolac. METHODS: The randomised, prospective study was conducted at Mayo Hospital, Lahore, from June 2013 to June 2014. Patients were divided into three groups: group I received lignocaine; group II received lignocaine and 30mg ketorolac; and group III received lignocaine, 30mg ketorolac and 08mg dexamethasone for intravenous regional anaesthesia...
November 2015: JPMA. the Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association
Lior Dayan, Silviu Brill, Uri Hochberg, Giris Jacob
BACKGROUND: Local vasoconstrictor reflexes, the vascular myogenic response (VMR) and the veno-arterial reflex (VAR) are necessary for the maintenance of regional blood flow and systemic arterial blood pressure during orthostatic stress. Their molecular mechanism is unknown. We postulated that adenosine is involved in the activation of these local reflexes. METHODS: This hypothesis was tested in 10 healthy male volunteers (age 29 ± 3 years, BMI 24 ± 1 kg/m(2))...
April 2016: Clinical Autonomic Research: Official Journal of the Clinical Autonomic Research Society
Jennifer Badeaux, Laura Bonanno, Henry Au
REVIEW QUESTION/OBJECTIVE: The objective of this quantitative systematic review is to determine the effects of ondansetron as an adjunct to lidocaine on the tourniquet pain and postoperative pain of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) class 1 or 2 adult patients undergoing elective hand surgery with intravenous regional anesthesia. BACKGROUND: Both injury and deformity of the upper extremity can result in dysfunction to nerves, tendons and bones which can lead to disability and pain...
January 2015: JBI Database of Systematic Reviews and Implementation Reports
Azim Honarmand, Mohammadreza Safavi, Koorosh Nemati, Padideh Oghab
OBJECTIVE: This study was designed to evaluate the effect of different doses of midazolam on anesthesia and analgesia quality when added to lidocaine during the intravenous regional anesthesia (IVRA). METHODS: One hundred and forty patients underwent hand surgery were randomly allocated into four groups to receive 3 mg/kg lidocaine 2% diluted with saline to a total volume of 40 mL in the control Group L-C (n = 35), 30 μg/kg midazolam plus 3 mg/kg lidocaine 2% diluted with saline to a total volume of 40 mL in the midazolam Group L-M1 (n = 35), 40 μg/kg midazolam plus 3 mg/kg 2% lidocaine diluted with saline to a total volume of 40 mL in the midazolam Group L-M2 (n = 35), and 50 μg/kg midazolam plus 3 mg/kg lidocaine 2% diluted with saline to a total volume of 40 mL in the midazolam Group L-M3 (n = 35)...
July 2015: Journal of Research in Pharmacy Practice
Constantinos Ketonis, Asif M Ilyas, Frederic Liss
Modern anesthetic agents have allowed for the rapid expansion of ambulatory surgery, particularly in hand surgery. The choice between general anesthesia, peripheral regional blocks, regional intravenous anesthesia (Bier block), local block with sedation, and the recently popularized wide-awake hand surgery depends on several variables, including the type and duration of the procedure and patient characteristics, coexisting conditions, location, and expected length of the procedure. This article discusses the various perioperative and postoperative analgesic options to optimize the hand surgical patients' experience...
July 2015: Orthopedic Clinics of North America
Marcia A Corvetto, Ghislaine C Echevarria, Ana M Espinoza, Fernando R Altermatt
BACKGROUND: Despite the increasing use of regional anesthesia, specific recommendations regarding the type of procedures to be included in residency training programs are not currently available. We aimed to determine the nerve block techniques that practicing Chilean anesthesiologists perceived as essential to master during residency training. METHODS: After institutional ethics committee approval, an online survey was sent to 154 anesthesiologists that graduated between 2005-2012, from the two largest university residency programs in Chile...
2015: BMC Anesthesiology
Aliakbar Jafarian, Valiollah Hassani, Fatemeh Jesmi, Koosha Ramezani, Fereydoun Javaheri, Hooman Shariatzadeh
BACKGROUND: Intravenous regional block, called the Bier's block, refers to an analgesic technique applied for soft tissue surgeries and closed bone manipulations of the limbs. There are a number of complications in traditional method of block, including pain in tourniquet site, immediate return of pain after tourniquet deflation, wound hemostasis and some others. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to assess the outcomes and complications of our new method of blockage...
February 2015: Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine
Justin J Munns, Hisham M Awan
PURPOSE: To investigate the current treatment patterns of carpal tunnel surgery by members of the American Society of Surgeons of the Hand today and to assess how several elements of practice vary by surgeon location and experience. METHODS: An online survey consisting of 10 questions was sent electronically to members of the American Society of Surgeons of the Hand (N = 2,413). A brief description of the study and a link were sent to participants by the investigators...
April 2015: Journal of Hand Surgery
Fetch more papers »
Fetching more papers... Fetching...
Read by QxMD. Sign in or create an account to discover new knowledge that matter to you.
Remove bar
Read by QxMD icon Read

Search Tips

Use Boolean operators: AND/OR

diabetic AND foot
diabetes OR diabetic

Exclude a word using the 'minus' sign

Virchow -triad

Use Parentheses

water AND (cup OR glass)

Add an asterisk (*) at end of a word to include word stems

Neuro* will search for Neurology, Neuroscientist, Neurological, and so on

Use quotes to search for an exact phrase

"primary prevention of cancer"
(heart or cardiac or cardio*) AND arrest -"American Heart Association"