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Gastric cancer hepatitis c

Lu Yang, Ke-Lei Zhao, Lei Qin, Dan-Xia Ji, Bin Zhang, Peng-Fei Zheng, Yong-Mei Qin
Regulatory T cells (Tregs) and T helper 17 (Th17) cells contributes to cancer progression and prognosis. However, regulatory factors associated with Tregs-Th17 balance were not completely understood. We previously demonstrated an immune-modulatory capacity by Notch signaling inactivation to reverse Tregs-Th17 disequilibrium in chronic hepatitis C. Thus, the aim of current study was to assess the role of Notch signaling in modulation Tregs and Th17 cells function in gastric cancer (GC) patients. A total of 51 GC patients and 18 normal controls (NCs) were enrolled...
April 15, 2019: Bioscience Reports
Noriyuki Watanabe, Kiyoko Kobayashi, Giichi Hashikita, Yoshitada Taji, Noriomi Ishibashi, Shinichi Sakuramoto, Kotaro Mitsutake, Kenji Ikebuchi, Yasuhiro Ebihara
We report the case of a patient with advanced gastric cancer and multiple liver metastases, who presented with bacteremia and hepatic gas gangrene caused by Clostridium novyi (C. novyi). The gas gangrene caused abscesses to form within metastatic lesions. This case highlights the antitumor effects of C. novyi in human.
April 3, 2019: Anaerobe
Tatsurou Oishi, Yoshiaki Kanemoto, Akihiro Watanabe, Hirotoshi Soyama, Hiroto Miyanaga, Ryousuke Kamimura, Hideki Sakahira, Hironori Takahashi, Katsufumi Miyamoto, Takashi Koyama, Shirou Kashima
A 43-year-old man was diagnosed with gastric cancer with diaphragm invasion and multiple lymph node metastases and underwent total gastrectomy. The histological diagnosis was por2>tub2, ypT4b(diaphragm), int, INF c, ly1, v1, ypN3, yp Stage ⅢC. Three months postoperatively, computed tomography showed recurrence in the peritoneum and multiple lymph nodes, and he received chemotherapy(RAM plus PTX). After initiating the third course of chemotherapy, he was hospitalized due to loss of appetite and fatigue...
March 2019: Gan to Kagaku Ryoho. Cancer & Chemotherapy
Sabrina Blondy, Niki Christou, Valentin David, Mireille Verdier, Marie-Odile Jauberteau, Muriel Mathonnet, Aurélie Perraud
Cancers of the digestive system, including esophageal, gastric, pancreatic, hepatic, and colorectal cancers, have a high incidence and mortality worldwide. Efficient therapies have improved patient care; however, many challenges remain including late diagnosis, disease recurrence, and resistance to therapies. Mechanisms responsible for these aforementioned challenges are numerous. This review focuses on neurotrophins, including NGF, BDNF, and NT3, and their specific tyrosine kinase receptors called tropomyosin receptor kinase (Trk A, B, C, respectively), associated with sortilin and the p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75NTR), and their implication in digestive cancers...
February 11, 2019: Cell Death & Disease
Hakan Kocoglu, Mustafa Karaca, Deniz Tural, Erhan Hocaoglu, Yildiz Okuturlar, Zeynep Fetullahoglu, Meral Gunaldi, Rumeysa Ciftci, Savas Tuna, Orhan Kemal Yuce, Gulsum Ozet, Ahmet Ozet, Mustafa Benekli
Objective: Hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) are associated with significant morbidity and mortality among cancer patients who received cytotoxic chemotherapy. The aim of current study was to elucidate the prevalence of HBV and HCV among large population of solid cancers and lymphoma and to compare them with large number of control group. Patients and Methods: Between 2000 and 2014, 8322 cancer patients who were admitted to Oncology Departments were evaluated retrospectively and 3890 patients in whom hepatitis serology were available were included in this study...
September 2018: Journal of Cancer Research and Therapeutics
W W Jin, C Lu, Y P Mou, X W Xu, R C Zhang, Y C Zhou, Z Y Qian, C J Huang
Objective: To evaluate the safety and feasible of adjacent organ resection during laparoscopic pancreaticoduodenectomy(LPD), and summary the surgical strategies. Methods: Clinical data of 15 adjacent organ resections combined with LPD from March 2013 to September 2017 were reviewed.There were 10 male and 5 female patients aging from 20 to 86 years, and the body mass index ranged from 19.6 to 34.5 kg/m(2).Two patients had previous abdominal surgical history.Two patients underwent preoperative chemotherapy. Results: The resected adjacent organs included liver( n =4), stomach( n =3), colon( n =6), right kidney with embolectomy and vasoplastic of inferior vena cava( n =1), and spleen artery aneurysms( n =1)...
July 1, 2018: Zhonghua Wai Ke za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery]
Jiafei Lin, Yingwei Zhang, Jiemin Wu, Li Li, Ning Chen, Peihua Ni, Lihua Song, Xiangfan Liu
BACKGROUND: TEA domain transcription factor (TEAD) has an oncogenic role in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). However, whether a membrane protein can serve not only as a tumor marker that reflects TEAD function but also as a therapeutic target that stimulates tumorigenesis in HCC remains unknown. METHODS: Tissue NRP1 was measured using immunohistochemistry. Cell viability, colony formation and caspase3/7 activity were assessed using MTT, soft agar and caspase 3/7 Glo assays, respectively...
October 2018: Clinica Chimica Acta; International Journal of Clinical Chemistry
W Gong, Y Su, A Liu, J Liu, D Sun, T Jiang, J Xiang, C Chi, P Sun
Alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) is a well-known tumor marker of hepatic carcinoma and yolk sac tumor. Alpha-fetoprotein producing gastric carcinoma (AFPGC) is a rare type of gastric cancer with high malignancy and poor prognosis, which make it different from other types of gastric cancer. This rare gastric cancer patient subgroup is likely frequently misdiagnosed which may be related to lack of knowledge of the disease. The purpose of this article is to summarize the mechanism of AFP positive gastric cancer, classification, biological behavior and treatment, in order to assist clinical practitioners to detect AFPGC earlier and treat it better...
March 14, 2018: Neoplasma
Masaru Katoh
β‑catenin/CTNNB1 is an intracellular scaffold protein that interacts with adhesion molecules (E‑cadherin/CDH1, N‑cadherin/CDH2, VE‑cadherin/CDH5 and α‑catenins), transmembrane‑type mucins (MUC1/CD227 and MUC16/CA125), signaling regulators (APC, AXIN1, AXIN2 and NHERF1/EBP50) and epigenetic or transcriptional regulators (BCL9, BCL9L, CREBBP/CBP, EP300/p300, FOXM1, MED12, SMARCA4/BRG1 and TCF/LEF). Gain‑of‑function CTTNB1 mutations are detected in bladder cancer, colorectal cancer, gastric cancer, liver cancer, lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, prostate cancer and uterine cancer, whereas loss‑of‑function CTNNB1 mutations are also detected in human cancer...
August 2018: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
M Kanda, D Shimizu, H Tanaka, C Tanaka, D Kobayashi, M Hayashi, H Takami, Y Niwa, S Yamada, T Fujii, H Sugimoto, Y Kodera
BACKGROUND: Peritoneal metastasis is a frequent cause of death in patients with gastric cancer. The aim of this study was to identify molecules responsible for mediating peritoneal metastasis of gastric cancer. METHODS: Transcriptome and bioinformatics analyses were conducted to identify molecules associated with peritoneal metastasis. The therapeutic effects of intraperitoneally administered small interfering (si) RNA were evaluated using mouse xenograft models...
September 2018: British Journal of Surgery
Jan Sperl, Miluse Kreidlova, Dusan Merta, Klara Chmelova, Renata Senkerikova, Sona Frankova
BACKGROUND/AIMS: Chronic hepatitis C (HCV) virus infection reactivates under immunosuppressive drugs and therefore has a negative impact on long-term survival of kidney transplant recipients. Treatment-induced clearance of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in kidney transplant candidates prevents virus reactivation after transplantation. Paritaprevir/Ritonavir/Ombitasvir with Dasabuvir (PrOD) represents a highly effective treatment regimen for HCV genotype 1 (GT1), also suitable for patients with end-stage renal disease (ESRD)...
2018: Kidney & Blood Pressure Research
Guokai Dong, Man Wang, Guangfu Gu, Shanshan Li, Xiaoming Sun, Zhouru Li, Hongxing Cai, Zhengqiu Zhu
Metastasis-associsated in colon cancer 1 (MACC1), a newly identified oncogene, promotes tumor cell proliferation and invasion. In the present study, the expression of MACC1, hepatocyte growth factor (HGF) and its receptor, MET proto-oncogene (c-Met), was investigated in human gastric cancer tissues and adjacent normal tissues by immunohistochemistry. The association between the expression levels of the proteins and the clinicopathological parameters of the tumors were statistically analyzed. Furthermore, lentiviral particles expressing MACC1 were used to infect the hepatic satellite cell (HSC) line LX2...
March 2018: Oncology Letters
Md Noushad Javed, Kanchan Kohli, Saima Amin
Statins are widely prescribed for hyperlipidemia, cancer, and Alzheimer's disease but are facing some inherent challenges such as low solubility and drug loading, higher hepatic metabolism, as well as instability at gastric pH. So, relatively higher circulating dose, required for exerting the therapeutic benefits, leads to dose-mediated severe toxicity. Furthermore, due to low biocompatibility, high toxicity, and other regulatory caveats such as product conformity, reproducibility, and stability of conventional formulations as well as preferentially higher bioabsorption of lipids in their favorable cuboidal geometry, enhancement in in vivo biopharmaceutical performance of Rosuvastatin could be well manifested in Quality by Design (QbD) integrated cuboidal-shaped mucoadhesive microcrystalline delivery systems (Limicubes)...
April 2018: AAPS PharmSciTech
Lauren Y Maldonado, Diana Arsene, José M Mato, Shelly C Lu
Methionine adenosyltransferase genes encode enzymes responsible for the biosynthesis of S-adenosylmethionine, the principal biological methyl donor and precursor of polyamines and glutathione. Mammalian cells express three genes - MAT1A, MAT2A, and MAT2B - with distinct expression and functions. MAT1A is mainly expressed in the liver and maintains the differentiated states of both hepatocytes and bile duct epithelial cells. Conversely, MAT2A and MAT2B are widely distributed in non-parenchymal cells of the liver and extrahepatic tissues...
January 2018: Experimental Biology and Medicine
Zhou-Yi Wu, Jian-Rui Li, Meng-Hao Huang, Jun-Jun Cheng, Hu Li, Jin-Hua Chen, Xiao-Qin Lv, Zong-Gen Peng, Jian-Dong Jiang
The hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection is associated with various extrahepatic manifestations, which are correlated with poor outcomes, and thus increase the morbidity and mortality of chronic hepatitis C (CHC). Therefore, understanding the internal linkages between systemic manifestations and HCV infection is helpful for treatment of CHC. Yet, the mechanism by which the virus evokes the systemic diseases remains to be elucidated. In the present study, using gene set enrichment analysis (GSEA) and signaling pathway impact analysis (SPIA), a comprehensive analysis of microarray data of mRNAs was conducted in HCV-infected and -uninfected Huh7...
October 5, 2017: International Journal of Molecular Medicine
Kwang-Pil Ko, Aesun Shin, Sooyoung Cho, Sue K Park, Keun-Young Yoo
In the Asia-Pacific region, gastric, colorectal, and hepatocellular (liver) cancer show substantial regional variation in incidence consistent with the presence of important environmental factors. For gastric cancer, global incidence is concentrated in Asia with substantially higher rates in East Asia than in South-East Asia and Australia. The differences in incidence rates for gastric cancer in the Asia-Pacific region may be due, in part, to differences in the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori infection and the prevalence of H...
January 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Jip F Prince, Maurice A A J van den Bosch, Johannes F W Nijsen, Maarten L J Smits, Andor F van den Hoven, Stavros Nikolakopoulos, Frank J Wessels, Rutger C G Bruijnen, Manon N G J A Braat, Bernard A Zonnenberg, Marnix G E H Lam
Radioembolization of liver malignancies with 166 Ho-microspheres has been shown to be safe in a phase 1 dose-escalation study. The purpose of this study was to investigate the efficacy of 166 Ho radioembolization. Methods: In this prospective single-arm study, 56 patients were enrolled, all with liver metastases refractory to systemic therapy and ineligible for surgical resection. The primary outcome was a response by 2 target lesions on triphasic liver CT scans 3 mo after therapy, as assessed using RECIST, version 1...
April 2018: Journal of Nuclear Medicine
Yasuyuki Fukami, Yuji Kaneoka, Atsuyuki Maeda, Yuichi Takayama, Takamasa Takahashi, Masahito Uji, Takashi Kumada
BACKGROUND: The most frequent pattern of recurrence is remnant liver after hepatectomy for gastric cancer liver metastases (GLM). The evidence of adjuvant hepatic artery infusion chemotherapy (HAIC) after hepatectomy for GLM is lacking. The aim of this study was to evaluate the efficacy of adjuvant HAIC after hemihepatectomy for GLM. METHODS: Between 2001 and 2012, 14 patients who underwent hemihepatectomy for GLM were included in this study. Adjuvant HAIC to the remnant hemiliver was the FEM regimen (333 mg/m2 5-fluorouracil each week, 30 mg/m2 epirubicin once every 4 weeks, and 2...
October 2017: International Journal of Surgery
Ian C Roberts-Thomson, Thomas Lung
The Asia-Pacific region contains more than half of the world's population and is markedly heterogeneous in relation to income levels and the provision of public and private health services. For low-income countries, the major health priorities are child and maternal health. In contrast, priorities for high-income countries include vascular disease, cancer, diabetes, dementia, and mental health disorders as well as chronic inflammatory disorders such as hepatitis B and hepatitis C. Cost-effectiveness analyses are methods for assessing the gains in health relative to the costs of different health interventions...
January 2018: Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology
Hassan Ashktorab, Sonia S Kupfer, Hassan Brim, John M Carethers
Cancer from the gastrointestinal tract and its associated excretory organs will occur in more than 300,000 Americans in 2017, with colorectal cancer responsible for >40% of that burden; there will be more than 150,000 deaths from this group of cancers in the same time period. Disparities among subgroups related to the incidence and mortality of these cancers exist. The epidemiology and risk factors associated with each cancer bear out differences for racial groups in the United States. Esophageal adenocarcinoma is more frequent in non-Hispanic whites, whereas esophageal squamous cell carcinoma with risk factors of tobacco and alcohol is more frequent among blacks...
October 2017: Gastroenterology
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