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Dental decay

Nithya Puttige Ramesh, Manish Arora, Joseph M Braun
STUDY OBJECTIVES: Perfluoroalkyl acids (PFAAs) are a class of anthropogenic and persistent compounds that may impact some biological pathways related to oral health. The objective of our study was to estimate the relationship between dental caries prevalence and exposure to four PFAA: perfluorooctanoic acid (PFOA), perfluorononanoic acid (PFNA), perfluorohexane sulfonic acid (PFHxS) and perfluorooctane sulfonic acid (PFOS) in a nationally representative sample of US adolescents. SETTING/DESIGN: We analysed cross-sectional data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey from 1999 to 2012 for 12-19-year-old US adolescents...
February 19, 2019: BMJ Open
B Hede, H Thiesen, L B Christensen
OBJECTIVES: To describe the oral health and oral health-related quality of life among social vulnerable adults enrolled in a special oral care program, and to evaluate the effect of oral care on their oral health-related quality of life. METHOD: Social workers identified social vulnerable persons in social centres and referred them to the program. Dental clinics were arranged including a well-motivated staff to be special responsive to these clients. The participants, (n = 235, mean age 43...
February 19, 2019: Acta Odontologica Scandinavica
Otília Pereira-Lopes, Liliana Simões-Silva, Ricardo Araujo, Joana Correia-Sousa, Ana C Braga, Isabel Soares-Silva, Benedita Sampaio-Maia
OBJECTIVES: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is a public health problem worldwide. Currently, the link between oral health status, dialysis modality, and dialysis vintage is still not clear. The aim of this study was to evaluate periodontal disease, dental caries, and Candida colonization among patients under hemodialysis (HD) therapy, peritoneal dialysis (PD) therapy, and PD with previous history of HD (HD/PD). METHOD AND MATERIALS: The clinical history, smoking, and oral hygiene habits were recorded...
2019: Quintessence International
Dina G Moussa, Alex Fok, Conrado Aparicio
Dental caries, i.e., tooth decay mediated by bacterial activity, is the most widespread chronic disease worldwide. Carious lesions are commonly treated using dental resin composite restorations. However, resin composite restorations are prone to recurrent caries, i.e., reinfection of the surrounding dental hard tissues.Recurrent caries is mainly a consequence of waterborne and/or biofilm-mediated degradation of the tooth-restoration interface through hydrolytic, acidic and/or enzymatic challenges. Here we use amphipathic antimicrobial peptides to directly coat dentin to provide resin composite restorations with a 2-tier protective system, simultaneously exploiting the physicochemical and biological properties of these peptides...
February 9, 2019: Acta Biomaterialia
Anna K Szkaradkiewicz-Karpińska, Anna Ronij, Olga Goślińska-Kuźniarek, Izabela Przybyłek, Andrzej Szkaradkiewicz
Purpose : Data currently available indicate the significance of salivary mucins MUC5B and MUC7 in the protection of teeth against caries. Our study aimed to determine the relationship between dental caries in adults and levels of MUC5B and MUC7. Methods : The studies were conducted on 45 adult subjects selected on the basis of dental examination and calculation of the DMFT (Decayed, Missing, and Filled Teeth) index. Among these patients, two research groups were distinguished: group 1 included 19 caries-free subjects (DMFT = 0); and group 2 included 26 patients with severe caries (DMFT > 13...
2019: International Journal of Medical Sciences
Rhonda Stephens, Benjamin Alex White
OBJECTIVES: The specific aims of this study were to describe the baseline oral health status of persons residing in North Carolina assisted living facilities and determine how identified oral health problems vary according to resident and facility demographic variables. METHODS: This cross-sectional descriptive epidemiologic study used a statewide random sample of 40 assisted living facilities and a convenience sample of 854 assisted living residents. Dental hygienists and dentists conducted oral screenings on residents using the Association of State and Territorial Dental Director's Basic Screening Survey for Older Adults tool...
February 11, 2019: Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Patrycja Proc, Joanna Szczepańska, Anna Herud, Małgorzata Zubowska, Wojciech Fendler, Wojciech Młynarski
One of many possible complications of cancer therapy in children is enamel demineralization and such changes in the ion content of dental hard tissues may increase susceptibility to caries. The study aims to assess the prevalence of dental caries among childhood cancer survivors.A cross-sectional study was conducted on 225 children aged between 4 and 18 years, including 75 cancer patients and 150 sex- and age-matched controls. The cancer survivors were recruited from single pediatric oncology center. The control group was formed from students of randomly selected kindergartens and schools...
February 2019: Medicine (Baltimore)
Ni Zhou, Hai Ming Wong, Colman McGrath
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the oral health status and associated factors among preschool children with special health care needs. SUBJECTS AND METHODS: This was designed as a cross-sectional study. Dental examination were provided to 383 children at Special Child Care Centres. Covariates of interest included children's age, developmental profile, oral health-related behaviours and family social-economic status. The association between children's dental caries experiences, dental plaque deposition and gingival health status were analysed by Negative Binomial Regression, Multiple Factor ANOVA and Binary Logistic Regression when appropriate...
February 6, 2019: Oral Diseases
Ruth Freeman, Derek Richards
Background : Prisoners have poorer dental health than non-prison populations. It is known that the prison environment can promote health and thus, policies, including access to dental care, are in place to promote health during imprisonment. Aim: Our aim was to conduct an oral health and psychosocial needs survey to identify the factors associated with accessing prison dental services in Scotland. Methods : A convenience sample of offenders from a male maximum security prison, a women's prison, and a young offenders' institution was gathered...
February 1, 2019: Dentistry journal
Hanan A Balto, Lama Alabdulaaly, Shaima Bahammam, Asma'a A Al-Ekrish
Objective: The aim of this study was to compare the prevalence and size of periapical lesions among smokers and non-smokers using cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT). Materials and methods: Retrievable CBCT datasets for 46 male patients ≥18 years during a consecutive period from 2008 to 2016 were examined. The medical, smoking history and other clinical findings (signs of previous dental trauma; Decayed Missing Filled Teeth (DMFT) scores; the percentage of root filled teeth; and oral hygiene status) were obtained...
January 2019: Saudi Dental Journal
Gina Thornton-Evans, Michele L Junger, Mei Lin, Liang Wei, Lorena Espinoza, Eugenio Beltran-Aguilar
Fluoride use is one of the main factors responsible for the decline in prevalence and severity of dental caries and cavities (tooth decay) in the United States (1). Brushing children's teeth is recommended when the first tooth erupts, as early as 6 months, and the first dental visit should occur no later than age 1 year (2-4). However, ingestion of too much fluoride while teeth are developing can result in visibly detectable changes in enamel structure such as discoloration and pitting (dental fluorosis) (1)...
February 1, 2019: MMWR. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report
Tegginmani Veeresh, Ahmed Mujahid, Patil Deepu, Reddy Sivaprakash
Background: Dermatoglyphic patterns that are often utilized in judicial and legal investigations are valuable in diagnosis of many diseases related to genetic disorders. Caries, being infectious in origin, might be related to genetics as well. Hence, these patterns are of significance in predicting caries development. Materials and Methods: DMFT (decayed, missing, filled teeth) score of 300 female subjects within the age group 0f 18-25 years were recorded and accordingly divided into 3 groups of 100 each; group 1 (DMFT score=0), group 2 (DMFT score < 5) and group 3 (DMFT score ≥ 5)...
January 2019: Ethiopian Journal of Health Sciences
Shijia Hu, Yu Fan Sim, Jia Ying Toh, Seang Mei Saw, Keith M Godfrey, Yap-Seng Chong, Fabian Yap, Yung Seng Lee, Lynette Pei-Chi Shek, Kok Hian Tan, Mary Foong-Fong Chong, Chin-Ying Stephen Hsu
Dental caries, although preventable, remains one of the most prevalent chronic disease worldwide. Most studies focused on the relationship between sugar intake and caries. However, examining multidimensional dietary patterns is becoming increasingly important. Here, we examined the relationship between dietary patterns from ages 6 to 12 months and early childhood caries (ECC) at age 2 to 3-years. Infant dietary data was collected from caregivers and dietary pattern trajectories from 6 to 12 months derived. Oral examinations were carried out by trained calibrated dentists at ages 2 and 3 years...
January 29, 2019: Scientific Reports
Lara Mayze, Jacqui Pawlak, Margaret Rogers, Michael Smith
OBJECTIVE: Altruistically, the developmental stage of adolescence poses a unique time frame to instil positive oral health behaviours. Caries are commonly associated with lower socioeconomic populations and regional or rural regions and are often prevalent in adolescents. This research project assessed the patterns of oral health and oral health behaviours of adolescents and investigated any potentially changeable behaviours or ways in which health services might support improvement in their oral health...
January 29, 2019: Australian Journal of Rural Health
Robert Durand, Arezou Roufegarinejad, Fatiha Chandad, Pierre H Rompré, René Voyer, Bryan S Michalowicz, Elham Emami
OBJECTIVES: To examine associations between periodontal disease severity and clinical and microbiological measures of caries in adults. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A cross-sectional study of 94 healthy adults ((mean ± SD) 55.4 ± 13.0 years) was conducted. Data were collected by means of questionnaire and a clinical examination that included the Decayed, Missing, Filled teeth Surfaces (DMFS) index, probing depth (PD), clinical attachment level (CAL), and gingival bleeding and plaque scores...
January 28, 2019: Clinical Oral Investigations
Yvonne Dimitropoulos, Anthony Blinkhorn, Michelle Irving, John Skinner, Steven Naoum, Alexander Holden, Angela Masoe, Boe Rambaldini, Vita Christie, Heiko Spallek, Kylie Gwynne
Background: Australian Aboriginal children experience high levels of dental caries (tooth decay) and are less likely to access preventive dental health services. High-strength fluoride varnish has been shown to reduce the incidence of dental caries and is commonly used in community-based preventive dental health service programs. In New South Wales, Australia, the application of fluoride varnish is restricted to dental and medical professionals. This is problematic in communities with a high Aboriginal population and limited access to oral health services, contributing to the increased risk of developing dental caries in Aboriginal children...
2019: Pilot and Feasibility Studies
Lisa E Bress, Alice M Horowitz, Diana M Capobianco, Deborah E Fleming, Dushanka V Kleinman
With dental caries being a common chronic disease in children and adults, oral health literacy is needed to improve oral health and prevent caries. If oral health providers themselves are confused about preventive strategies, they cannot effectively educate the public or other health care providers. The aim of this study was to assess University of Maryland dental hygiene students' understanding of and ability to communicate caries preventive strategies to low-income populations during a community service-learning program in 2013 and 2014...
January 28, 2019: Journal of Dental Education
Yuko Goto, Keiko Wada, Kie Konishi, Takahiro Uji, Sachi Koda, Fumi Mizuta, Michiyo Yamakawa, Kaori Watanabe, Kyoko Ando, Jun Ueyama, Takaaki Kondo, Chisato Nagata
BACKGROUND: We aimed to examine the association of exposure to environmental tobacco smoke with dental caries among preschool children. Exposure to environmental tobacco smoke was assessed in terms of urinary cotinine concentrations and pack-years of exposure to smoking by parents and other family members at home. METHODS: This cross-sectional study included 405 preschool children aged 3-6 years from two preschools in Japan in 2006. Information on the smoking habits of family members living with the child was obtained from parent-administered questionnaires...
January 26, 2019: Environmental Health and Preventive Medicine
Wieland Elger, Wieland Kiess, Antje Körner, Annett Schrock, Mandy Vogel, Christian Hirsch
AIM: The aim of the present study was to investigate possible influences of overweight (OW)/obesity on caries in primary dentition. Socioeconomic status (SES) and quality of oral hygiene were also considered. METHODS: In the present study, 1628 children between the ages of 6 months and 9 years were included. In addition to dental examinations regarding the decayed, missing, filled teeth (dmft) index in primary dentition and the evaluation of oral hygiene, the body mass index standard deviation score (BMI SDS) was determined, and SES was recorded...
January 20, 2019: Journal of Investigative and Clinical Dentistry
Moein Khojaste, Mohsen Yazdanian, Elahe Tahmasebi, Mehdi Shokri, Behzad Houshmand, Razieh Shahbazi
Periodontitis and tooth decay are common dental diseases. There are some bacterial risk factors such as Streptococcus mutans , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Candida albicans complications, tubers of Cyperus rotundus was used to determine the antimicrobial effect of fungi. Considering the increasing resistance of bacteria and fungi to antibiotics and their alcoholic and aqueous extracts and essential oil on Streptococcus mutans , Aggregatibacter actinomycetemcomitans and Candida albicans, as well as an examination cytotoxicity on gingival fibroblast cells...
November 2, 2018: European Journal of Translational Myology
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