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Disclosure of medical errors , patient perception

James A Balogun, Adefisayo Adekanmbi, Folusho M Balogun
BACKGROUND: Medical error (ME) remains central to discussions regarding patient's safety and its frequency appears high in surgical specialties because of some peculiarities. We set out to study the perception of surgical residents about medical errors, their ability to recognize them and predisposition to disclosing their errors. METHODS: This was a cross-sectional study among surgical residents at the University College Hospital, Nigeria. Data about their knowledge, perception and recognition of medical errors were obtained...
October 31, 2018: World Journal of Surgery
Annegret F Hannawa, Richard M Frankel
OBJECTIVE: This study sought to validate the ability of a "Medical Error Disclosure Competence" (MEDC) model to predict the effects of physicians' communication skills on error disclosure outcomes in a simulated context. METHOD: A random sample of 721 respondents was assigned to 16 experimental disclosure conditions that tested the MEDC model's constructs across 2 severity conditions (i.e., minor error and sentinel event). RESULTS: Severity did not affect survey respondents' perceptions of the physician's disclosure style...
July 20, 2018: Journal of Patient Safety
He Liu, Ying Li, Siqi Zhao, Mingli Jiao, Yan Lu, Jinghua Liu, Kexin Jiang, Huiying Fang, Peihang Sun, Peng Li, Yameng Wang, Haonan Jia, Yuming Wu, Limin Liu, Yanming Zhao, Qunhong Wu
OBJECTIVES: Medical school education plays an important role in promoting patient safety. In this study, we assess medical students' perceptions of patient safety culture, identify their educational needs and provide evidence on the most important content relating to patient safety for the medical school curriculum. METHOD: This cross-sectional study was conducted in four medical universities in Heilongjiang province. Medical students in the first through five years completed an anonymous questionnaire-the Attitudes toward Patient Safety Questionnaire III...
July 12, 2018: BMJ Open
Rizwana Kamran, Attia Bari, Rehan Ahmed Khan, Mohamed Al-Eraky
Objective: To measure the level of awareness of patient safety among undergraduate medical students in Pakistani Medical School and to find the difference with respect to gender and prior experience with medical error. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the University of Lahore (UOL), Pakistan from January to March 2017, and comprised final year medical students. Data was collected using a questionnaire 'APSQ- III' on 7 point Likert scale. Eight questions were reverse coded...
March 2018: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
Hoo-Yeon Lee, Myung-Il Hahm, Sang Gyu Lee
BACKGROUND: The purpose of this study was to examine undergraduate medical students' perceptions and intentions regarding patient safety during clinical clerkships. METHODS: Cross-sectional study administered in face-to-face interviews using modified the Medical Student Safety Attitudes and Professionalism Survey (MSSAPS) from three colleges of medicine in Korea. We assessed medical students' perceptions of the cultures ('safety', 'teamwork', and 'error disclosure'), 'behavioural intentions' concerning patient safety issues and 'overall patient safety'...
April 4, 2018: BMC Medical Education
Attia Bari, Uzma Jabeen, Iqbal Bano, Ahsan Waheed Rathore
Objective: To determine the knowledge of patient safety among postgraduate residents (PGR) and nurses in a tertiary care hospital. Methods: This casual comparative study was conducted among the postgraduate residents and nurses working at The Children's Hospital Lahore in the month of July, August 2017. Both PGR and nurses were asked to complete APSQ-IV questionnaire about patient safety on 7 point Likert scale. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 20 and t-test was used to compare the mean score between two groups...
September 2017: Pakistan Journal of Medical Sciences Quarterly
B Coughlan, D Powell, M F Higgins
Amongst the lay and media population there is a perception that pregnancy, labour and delivery is always physiological, morbidity and mortality should be "never events" and that error is the only cause of adverse events. Those working in maternity care know that it is an imperfect art, where adverse outcomes and errors will occur. When errors do occur, there is a domino effect with three groups being involved - the patient (first victim), the staff (second victims) and the organization (third victims)...
June 2017: European Journal of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Biology
Annegret F Hannawa
The question is no longer whether to disclose an error to a patient. Many studies have established that medical errors are co-owned by providers and patients and thus must be disclosed. However, little evidence is available on the concrete communication skills and contextual features that contribute to patients' perceptions of "competent disclosures" as a key predictor of objective disclosure outcomes. This study operationalises a communication science model to empirically characterise what messages, behaviours and contextual factors Swiss patients commonly consider "competent" during medical error disclosures, and what symptoms and behaviours they experience in response to competent and incompetent disclosures...
2017: Swiss Medical Weekly
Brian M Wong, Maitreya Coffey, Markku T Nousiainen, Ryan Brydges, Heather McDonald-Blumer, Adelle Atkinson, Wendy Levinson, Lynfa Stroud
BACKGROUND : Residents' attitudes toward error disclosure have improved over time. It is unclear whether this has been accompanied by improvements in disclosure skills. OBJECTIVE : To measure the disclosure skills of internal medicine (IM), paediatrics, and orthopaedic surgery residents, and to explore resident perceptions of formal versus informal training in preparing them for disclosure in real-world practice. METHODS : We assessed residents' error disclosure skills using a structured role play with a standardized patient in 2012-2013...
February 2017: Journal of Graduate Medical Education
Chan Woong Kim, Sun Jung Myung, Eun Kyung Eo, Yerim Chang
BACKGROUND: Although physicians believe that medical errors should be disclosed to patients and their families, they often hesitate to do so. In this study, we assessed the effectiveness of an education program for medical error disclosure. METHODS: In 2015, six medical interns and 79 fourth-year medical students participated in this study. The education program included practice of error disclosure using a standardized patient scenario, feedback, and short didactic sessions...
March 4, 2017: BMC Medical Education
Arvinder-Singh Hs, Abdul Rashid
BACKGROUND: In this study, medical errors are defined as unintentional patient harm caused by a doctor's mistake. This topic, due to limited research, is poorly understood in Malaysia. The objective of this study was to determine the proportion of doctors intending to disclose medical errors, and their attitudes/perception pertaining to medical errors. METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at a tertiary public hospital from July- December 2015 among 276 randomly selected doctors...
January 23, 2017: BMC Medical Ethics
Sangeeta Sharma, Fauzia Tabassum, Sarbjeet Khurana, Kaveri Kapoor
BACKGROUND: To explore interprofessionals' perceptions about patient safety, particularly medication safety and associated factors and barriers. METHODS: A total of 389 respondents were recruited using convenience sample in the cross sectional survey. RESULTS: Medication safety was perceived as somewhat safe (60%). One-third of respondents witnessed 3-4 or more medication errors (MEs) within the past 1 year. Out of that, one quarter were reportedly, sentinel events...
December 2016: Therapeutic Advances in Drug Safety
M Chaneliere, F Jacquet, P Occelli, S Touzet, V Siranyan, C Colin
BACKGROUND: The assessment of patient safety culture refers mainly to surveys exploring the perceptions of health professionals in hospitals. These surveys have less relevance when considering the assessment of the patient safety culture of medical students, especially at university or medical school. They are indeed not fully integrated in care units and constitute a heterogeneous population. This work aimed to find appropriate assessment tools of the patient safety culture of medical students...
September 29, 2016: BMC Medical Education
Minsu Ock, Hyun Joo Kim, Min-Woo Jo, Sang-Il Lee
BACKGROUND: Experience with open disclosure and its study are restricted to certain western countries. In addition, there are concerns that open disclosure may be less suitable in non-western countries. The present study explored and compared the in-depth perceptions of the general public and physicians regarding open disclosure in Korea. METHODS: We applied the COREQ (Consolidated Criteria for Reporting Qualitative Research) checklist to this qualitative study...
August 20, 2016: BMC Medical Ethics
Kathleen Mazor, Douglas W Roblin, Sarah M Greene, Hassan Fouayzi, Thomas H Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Full disclosure of harmful errors to patients, including a statement of regret, an explanation, acceptance of responsibility and commitment to prevent recurrences is the current standard for physicians in the USA. OBJECTIVE: To examine the extent to which primary care physicians' perceptions of event-level, physician-level and organisation-level factors influence intent to disclose a medical error in challenging situations. DESIGN: Cross-sectional survey containing two hypothetical vignettes: (1) delayed diagnosis of breast cancer, and (2) care coordination breakdown causing a delayed response to patient symptoms...
October 2016: BMJ Quality & Safety
Sherine Salib, Elizabeth M Glowacki, Lindsay A Chilek, Michael Mackert
OBJECTIVES: Learning effective communication is essential for physicians. Effective communication has been shown to affect healthcare outcomes, including patient safety, adherence rates, patient satisfaction, and enhanced teamwork. The importance of these skills has become even more apparent in recent years, with value-based purchasing programs and federal measures of patient satisfaction in the form of Hospital Consumer Assessment of Healthcare Providers and Systems scores becoming an important part of measuring the performance of a healthcare facility...
June 2015: Southern Medical Journal
Mark I K Norrish
OBJECTIVES: This study aimed to provide insight into the preferences for and perceptions of medical error disclosure (MED) by members of the public in Oman. METHODS: Between January and June 2012, an online survey was used to collect responses from 205 members of the public across five governorates of Oman. RESULTS: A disclosure gap was revealed between the respondents' preferences for MED and perceived current MED practices in Oman. This disclosure gap extended to both the type of error and the person most likely to disclose the error...
May 2015: Sultan Qaboos University Medical Journal
Steven E Raper, Andrew S Resnick, Jon B Morris
OBJECTIVES: Surgery residents are expected to demonstrate the ability to communicate with patients, families, and the public in a wide array of settings on a wide variety of issues. One important setting in which residents may be required to communicate with patients is in the disclosure of medical error. This article details one approach to developing a course in the disclosure of medical errors by residents. DESIGN: Before the development of this course, residents had no education in the skills necessary to disclose medical errors to patients...
November 2014: Journal of Surgical Education
Carolyn D Prouty, Mary Beth Foglia, Thomas H Gallagher
BACKGROUND: Hospitals face a disclosure dilemma when large-scale adverse events affect multiple patients and the chance of harm is extremely low. Understanding the perspectives of patients who have received disclosures following such events could help institutions develop communication plans that are commensurate with the perceived or real harm and scale of the event. METHODS: A mailed survey was conducted in 2008 of 266 University of Washington Medical Center (UWMC) patients who received written disclosure in 2004 about a large-scale, low-harm/low-risk adverse event involving an incomplete endoscope cleaning process...
2013: Journal of Clinical Ethics
Joshua M Liao, Jason M Etchegaray, S Tyler Williams, David H Berger, Sigall K Bell, Eric J Thomas
PURPOSE: To develop and test the psychometric properties of a survey to measure students' perceptions about patient safety as observed on clinical rotations. METHOD: In 2012, the authors surveyed 367 graduating fourth-year medical students at three U.S. MD-granting medical schools. They assessed the survey's reliability and construct and concurrent validity. They examined correlations between students' perceptions of organizational cultural factors, organizational patient safety measures, and students' intended safety behaviors...
February 2014: Academic Medicine: Journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges
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