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Knowledge attitude of health workers, parents towards immunization

Z Machekanyanga, S Ndiaye, R Gerede, K Chindedza, C Chigodo, M E Shibeshi, J Goodson, F Daniel, L Zimmerman, R Kaiser
Vaccine hesitancy or lack of confidence in vaccines is considered a threat to the success of vaccination programs. The rise and spread of measles outbreaks in southern Africa in 2009-2010 were linked to objections among Apostolic Church members, estimated at about 3.5 million in Zimbabwe as of 2014. To inform planning of interventions for a measles-rubella vaccination campaign, we conducted an assessment of the factors contributing to vaccine hesitancy using data from various stakeholders. Among nine districts in three regions of Zimbabwe, we collected data on religious attitudes toward, and perceptions of, vaccines through focus group discussions with health workers serving Apostolic communities and members of the National Expanded Programme on Immunization; semi-structured interviews with religious leaders; and open-ended questions in structured interviews with Apostolic parents/caregivers...
October 2017: Journal of Religion and Health
Irene A Harmsen, Gemma G Doorman, Liesbeth Mollema, Robert A C Ruiter, Gerjo Kok, Hester E de Melker
BACKGROUND: People want to be well informed and ask for more information regarding their health. The public can use different sources (i.e. the Internet, health care providers, friends, family, television, radio, and newspapers) to access information about their health. Insight into the types and sources of vaccine related information that parents use, and reasons why they seek extra information is needed to improve the existing information supply about childhood vaccinations. METHODS: Dutch parents with one or more children aged 0-4 years received an online questionnaire (N=4,000) measuring psychosocial determinants of information-seeking behaviour and self-reports of types and sources of vaccine information searched for (response rate 14...
2013: BMC Public Health
B Simone, P Carrillo-Santisteve, P L Lopalco
Measles is a highly contagious and potentially fatal disease. Europe is far from the 95% coverage rates necessary for elimination of the disease, although a safe and cost-effective vaccine is available. We reviewed the literature on studies carried out in European countries from January 1991 to September 2011 on knowledge, attitudes and practices of health professionals towards measles vaccination and on how health professionals have an impact on parental vaccination choices. Both quantitative and qualitative studies were considered: a total of 28 eligible articles were retrieved...
2012: Euro Surveillance: Bulletin Européen sur les Maladies Transmissibles, European Communicable Disease Bulletin
Alexandra de Sousa, Leon P Rabarijaona, Jean L Ndiaye, Doudou Sow, Mouhamed Ndyiae, Jacques Hassan, Nilda Lambo, Paul Adovohekpe, Flavia Guidetti, Judith Recht, Alphonse Affo
OBJECTIVE: Intermittent preventive treatment in infants (IPTi) is a malaria control strategy currently recommended by WHO for implementation at scale in Africa, consisting of administration of sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine (SP) coupled with routine immunizations offered to children under 1 year. In this study, we analysed IPTi acceptability by communities and health staff. METHODS: Direct observation, in-depth interviews (IDIs) and focus group discussions (FGDs) were conducted in Benin, Madagascar and Senegal during IPTi pilot implementation...
March 2012: Tropical Medicine & International Health: TM & IH
Fiona Braka, Delius Asiimwe, Fatma Soud, Rosamund F Lewis, Issa Makumbi, Deborah Gust
Parents and caretakers of young children often have concerns about vaccine safety and adverse events following immunization (AEFI). Little is known about vaccine safety perceptions in Uganda and their influence on parental decision-making about infant immunization. The study objectives were: to identify community sources of information on immunization, vaccine safety and AEFI; determine caretakers' knowledge of immunization; identify community concerns/fears about immunization and AEFI and their influence on caretakers' decisions to vaccinate; and obtain an understanding of knowledge, perceptions, and experience of health care workers (HCWs) and policy administrators on vaccine safety and AEFI...
July 2012: Maternal and Child Health Journal
A Vorsters, S Tack, G Hendrickx, N Vladimirova, P Bonanni, A Pistol, T Metlicar, M J Alvarez Pasquin, M A Mayer, B Aronsson, H Heijbel, P Van Damme
Immunisation is one of the corner stones of public health. Most health care consumers see the health care worker as their major source of information on immunisation and vaccine safety. Doctors, nurses and midwives should be appropriately and timely trained for that role. Within the Vaccine Safety, Attitudes, Training and Communication (VACSATC) EU-project a specific work package focused on the possible improvements of pre-service training of future health care workers. Surveys to assess current pre-service training about knowledge, skills and competences towards immunisation were distributed to students and curriculum managers of medical schools, universities and nursing training institutions in seven EU countries...
February 25, 2010: Vaccine
Izabela Tarczoń, Ewa Domaradzka, Hanna Czajka
AIM: The aim of the study was to become familiar with parents' and Medical Health Care specialists knowledge and attitude towards vaccinations. The influence of information, provided to patients from various sources, on general opinion about immunization and its coverage within the last year were evaluated. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Analysis of questionnaires about vaccinations performed among 151 parents and 180 Medical Health Care specialists. RESULTS: Medical Health Care specialists knowledge was considerably higher in comparison to questioned parents...
2009: Przegla̧d Lekarski
Allison Bingham, Jennifer Kidwell Drake, D Scott LaMontagne
OBJECTIVES: (1) To synthesize sociocultural results from diverse populations related to vaccine decision-making, understanding of cervical cancer and its etiology, experience with previous vaccinations, human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine concerns, and information needed to foster acceptance; (2) to contextualize findings in light of recent studies; and (3) to discuss implications for communication strategies to facilitate vaccine acceptance. DESIGN: Descriptive qualitative synthesis of sociocultural studies in 4 countries using iterative theme-based analyses...
May 2009: Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine
S K Rasania, T R Sachdev
India is contributing large number of total world's polio cases. The present study was carried out with the objective to assess the knowledge of the parents regarding pulse polio and their perception towards pulse polio and other immunization. The study revealed that children of all age groups participated in PPI though the coverage was low in 37-48 and 49-60 month age group. In all 30.5% children of respondents could not get OPV in the previous year and they came for the first time to the PPI centre. A significant finding of the study was the status of children regarding other immunization, as 59...
December 2000: Journal of Communicable Diseases
J Roden
Research was undertaken to examine childhood immunisation uptake rates, parental attitudes towards immunisation and immunisation services and parents' perceptions of health workers' (especially nurses') contribution to immunisation in the Western Metropolitan Region of Sydney, NSW. After a pilot study a questionnaire was distributed by teachers to a random sample of 450 parents of kindergarten children living in the Region. Data revealed an 84% childhood immunisation rate for all scheduled immunisations up to five years with a partial immunisation rate of 10% (6% did not answer or had gaps in immunisation information)...
March 1992: Australian Journal of Advanced Nursing: a Quarterly Publication of the Royal Australian Nursing Federation
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