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Sleep Health

Rhian Munks, Matthew Knuiman, Michael Hunter, David Hillman, Mark Divitini, Alan James
OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether in-home screening for obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA) promotes healthcare-seeking or lifestyle modification behaviour. We also examined the uptake and adherence rates to different treatment options, the factors affecting adherence, and the impact of treatment on health-related quality of life. DESIGN: Follow-up survey of adults at high risk of OSA. SETTING: Community-based sample. PARTICIPANTS: Adults who completed an in-home sleep study in the 2005-07 or 2010-15 Busselton surveys of adults with apnoea-hypopnoea index (AHI) > 15 (n = 192)...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Rachel P Ogilvie, Lydia A Bazzano, Jeanette Gustat, Emily W Harville, Wei Chen, Sanjay R Patel
BACKGROUND: Short sleep duration has been consistently associated with obesity. However, few studies in adults have assessed whether this association varies by sex and race. METHODS: In the 2013-2016 examination of 1116 participants from the biracial Bogalusa Heart Study, habitual sleep duration was measured in categories (<6 hours, 6-7 hours, 7-8 hours, > 8 hours) using self-report. Anthropometry was performed and adiposity was assessed using body mass index (BMI) and waist circumference...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Jie Shen, Matthew Chrisman, Xifeng Wu, Wong-Ho Chow, Hua Zhao
BACKGROUND: To date, no study has investigated the association of sleep duration with cancer risk in Mexican Americans. ANALYSIS: Using data from the Mano-A-Mano Mexican American Cohort study, we analyzed the relationship between sleep duration and overall cancer risk among Mexican Americans. RESULTS: Of 10,802 subjects included in this study, 429 developed cancer during follow-up. Compared with study participants sleeping 8-9 hours per night, those sleeping less than 6 hours per night had significantly increased risk of overall cancer in both univariate and multivariate Cox regression analyses...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Abby L Blake, Casey L McVicar, Mckenzie Retino, Eric E Hall, Caroline J Ketcham
OBJECTIVES: Immediately after experiencing a concussion, many will report the presence of a variety of symptoms, which may include disturbances in sleep. It is possible that these symptoms and other resulting quality of life (QOL) disturbances may persist for some time following a concussion. The purpose of this study was to determine if a history of concussions was related to ongoing sleep disturbances, symptoms, and changes in QOL. METHODS: Eighty-two student-athletes (club and varsity) completed an online survey to determine concussion history, sleep disturbances, concussion symptoms, and QOL dysfunctions...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Jason J Jones, Gregory W Kirschen, Sindhuja Kancharla, Lauren Hale
OBJECTIVES: In sports, decreased sleep duration is generally associated with poorer performance compared to adequate or enhanced sleep duration. Yet, these findings have primarily been taken from small numbers of athletes performing outside of real games or competitions. It remains unknown how acute decreased sleep duration impacts real-game performance among professional athletes. Here, we merged 2 publicly available datasets to jointly measure late-night social media activity (a proxy for sleep deprivation) and next-day game performance...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Amy C Reynolds, Lisa J Meltzer, Jillian Dorrian, Stephanie A Centofanti, Sarah N Biggs
INTRODUCTION: Social media interactions via email and instant messaging (E/IM) are common in children and adolescents and may lead to insufficient sleep. This study investigated associations between high-frequency E/IM use to interact with peers, perceived insufficient sleep, and reduced time in bed (TIB) in female children and adolescents. METHODS: The Children's Report of Sleep Patterns was completed by 189 female primary and secondary school students (8-16 years old)...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Heather E Gunn, Flannery O'Rourke, Ronald E Dahl, Tina R Goldstein, Dana L Rofey, Erika E Forbes, Daniel S Shaw
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient sleep can increase risk for adverse psychological and physical outcomes. Parental monitoring of daily activities is associated with youth health behaviors. We examined parental monitoring of waking and bedtime behaviors and sleep in a community sample of high-risk youth. METHODS: One-hundred sixty-five 10- to 14-year-olds from low-socioeconomic status families participated (11.8 years ±1.16, 52% female; 78% Black/African American). Parents and youth evaluated parental monitoring of waking activities...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Maurice M Ohayon, Michael Paskow, Anita Roach, Christine Filer, D Sunshine Hillygus, Michael C Chen, Gary Langer, Max Hirshkowitz
OBJECTIVES: The National Sleep Foundation (NSF) sought to test, refine, and add statistical rigor to its previously described provisional Sleep Satisfaction Tool (SST). The tool assesses the general population's sleep satisfaction. DESIGN: In 2017, NSF created a provisional tool through systematic literature review and an expert consensus panel process. This tool was expanded, refined, and tested through an open-ended survey, 2 rounds of cognitive testing, and a national survey of a random sample of Internet users (aged 18-90)...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Jonathan P Smith, Shakia T Hardy, Lauren E Hale, Julie A Gazmararian
Sleep disorders and sleep insufficiency are common among preschool-aged children. Studies among school-aged children show disordered sleep is often more prevalent among racial minority groups. The primary aim of this systematic review was to critically appraise empirical data to elucidate the relationship between race and key sleep variables among children aged 2 to 5 years old. By systematically searching PubMed, Web of Science, and EBSCO databases, we identified empirical research articles conducted in the United States that investigate this relationship...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Natalie D Dautovich, Dana R Schreiber, Janna L Imel, Caitlan A Tighe, Kristy D Shoji, John Cyrus, Nita Bryant, Andrew Lisech, Chris O'Brien, Joseph M Dzierzewski
Light is considered the dominant environmental cue, or zeitgeber, influencing the sleep-wake cycle. Despite recognizing the importance of light for our well-being, less is known about the specific conditions under which light is optimally associated with better sleep. Therefore, a systematic review was conducted to examine the association between the amount and timing of light exposure in relation to sleep outcomes in healthy, community-dwelling adults. A systematic search was conducted of four databases from database inception to June 2016...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Christopher J Yao, Mathias Basner
OBJECTIVE: Exercise and sleep are two important health promoting behaviors, but large parts of the population do not exercise or are chronically sleep deprived. We investigated to what degree exercise and sleep compete with each other and with other waking activities for time. METHODS: Analyses are based on 2003-2016 American Time Use Survey data of a representative sample of N = 47,862 working Americans aged 18-65 years interviewed on weekdays. Models were adjusted for various sociodemographic variables and time spent working on the interview day...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Helene Emsellem
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Sleep Health
Kelsie M Full, Atul Malhotra, Katie Crist, Kevin Moran, Jacqueline Kerr
PURPOSE: Sleep disturbances are associated with poor health outcomes in older adults. The Patient-Reported Outcomes Information System (PROMIS) Sleep Disturbance Scale was designed to assess self-reported general sleep and sleep disturbance. The objective of this study was to validate the short-form PROMIS Sleep Disturbance Scale for use among older adults living in independent-living and continuing care retirement communities. METHODS: Older adults (N = 307) were recruited from retirement communities in San Diego, CA, to participate in a physical activity intervention...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Sophie Gordon, Corneel Vandelanotte, Anna T Rayward, Beatrice Murawski, Mitch J Duncan
OBJECTIVES: Insufficient sleep is being increasingly recognized as a public health issue. There is a need to identify correlates of insufficient sleep to guide future preventative health interventions. This study aims to determine the sociodemographic and behavioral correlates of frequent perceived insufficient sleep in the Australian population. DESIGN: Pooled analyses of two cross-sectional, self-report national telephone surveys were conducted in 2015 (July-August) and 2016 (June-August)...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Jose Arturo Santisteban, Thomas G Brown, Marie Claude Ouimet, Reut Gruber
BACKGROUND: Twenty-eight per cent (28%) of adults sleep at least 1 hour less than they consider optimal, yet the effects of such cumulative mild partial sleep deprivation on cognitive functions are unknown. The objective of this study was to examine how cumulative mild partial sleep deprivation over 6 nights can impact working memory, sustained attention, response inhibition, and decision making. METHODS: A double-blind placebo-controlled randomized study was conducted to determine the impact of sleep restriction (elimination of 1 hour of sleep relative to the baseline habitual sleep duration) vs placebo (exposure to a lamp with no known therapeutic effect) on cognitive performance...
February 2019: Sleep Health
Meir H Kryger
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
February 2019: Sleep Health
Orfeu M Buxton, Steven A Shea
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
December 2018: Sleep Health
Mario Andre Leocadio-Miguel, Breno Tércio Carneiro, Adriana Ximenes-da-Silva, Wolnei Caumo, Dora Grassi-Kassisse, Mario Pedrazzoli
OBJECTIVES: We searched for interactions between PER3 gene VNTR polymorphism, latitude, sleep duration, diurnal sleepiness, and social jetlag. DESIGN: We selected samples from 3 distinct cities along the latitudinal range of Brazil and comprising the same time zone. SETTING: Undergraduate universities located in 3 major cities of Brazil. PARTICIPANTS: A total of 980 undergraduate students: 276 from Maceio (latitude 9°), 358 from Campinas (latitude 22°), and 346 from Porto Alegre (latitude 30°)...
December 2018: Sleep Health
Jesse Doolin, Jose Enrique Vilches, Cheryl Cooper, Christine Gipson, William Sorensen
OBJECTIVE: This study investigated predictors of poor sleep quality among American and Bolivian students. DESIGN: A cross-sectional survey was designed and administered to undergraduate university students. SETTING AND PARTICIPANTS: Psychology classes from 2 public universities (Texas, USA, and Bolivia) were convenience sampled (n = 80 American students; 60 Bolivian students). MEASUREMENTS: We used a sleep quality index and the Perceived Stress Scale...
December 2018: Sleep Health
Dale E Rae, Paula R Pienaar, Rob H P Henst, Laura C Roden, Julia H Goedecke
OBJECTIVES: South African women have disproportionately high levels of overweight and obesity, and ethnic differences in obesity and insulin resistance have been observed. We investigated associations between self-reported sleep duration, obesity and insulin resistance in Black and White South African women. DESIGN: Cross-sectional. PARTICIPANTS: Black normal-weight (n = 122), Black obese (n = 133), White normal-weight (n = 87) and White obese (n = 63) urban South African women, aged 18 to 45y...
December 2018: Sleep Health
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