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Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652840/validation-of-the-children-s-intrinsic-needs-satisfaction-scale-among-canadian-youth-psychometric-properties-criterion-related-validity-and-multitrait-multimethod-confirmatory-factor-analysis
#1
Heather Orpana, Caryn Pearson, Raelyne L Dopko, Lucie Kocum
INTRODUCTION: Based on self-determination theory, the Children's Intrinsic Needs Satisfaction Scale (CINSS) measures autonomy, competence and relatedness at school, home and with peers. The factor structure and criterion-related validity of the CINSS in the Canadian youth population are tested using data from the Canadian Student Tobacco, Alcohol and Drugs Survey (CSTADS). METHODS: Data from the 2014/2015 CSTADS were analyzed for evidence of convergent and discriminant validity and for method variance...
January 2019: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652839/exploring-and-visualizing-the-small-area-level-socioeconomic-factors-alcohol-availability-and-built-environment-influences-of-alcohol-expenditure-for-the-city-of-toronto-a-spatial-analysis-approach
#2
Andrew Leung, Jane Law, Martin Cooke, Scott Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: Many Canadians continue to drink alcohol in excess of the recommended low-risk guidelines. In this study, we visualized the geographic variation of licensed premises alcohol expenditures in Toronto and examined the effects of area-level socioeconomic characteristics, alcohol availability and built environment influences on alcohol expenditures at the Dissemination Area (DA) level. METHODS: Dissemination Area average total household expenditures on alcohol from licensed premises, from the 2010 Survey of Household Spending, was the main outcome variable...
January 2019: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30652838/evidence-synthesis-a-systematized-literature-review-on-the-associations-between-neighbourhood-built-characteristics-and-walking-among-canadian-adults
#3
Brenlea Farkas, Daniel J Wagner, Alberto Nettel-Aguirre, Christine Friedenreich, Gavin R McCormack
INTRODUCTION: Evidence to date suggests that the built environment has the potential to facilitate and even discourage physical activity. A limitation of previous reviews is that they have typically not been country-specific. We conducted a systematized literature review of quantitative studies that estimated associations between the built environment-which were objectively measured-and walking among Canadian adults. METHODS: Five scientific databases were searched for peer-reviewed studies published in all years up to December 31, 2016, that estimated the association between the built environment (i...
January 2019: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540412/correction-at-a-glance-bringing-equity-into-the-fold-a-review-of-interventions-to-improve-mental-health
#4
(no author information available yet)
[This erratum is being published to correct a number of errors, including inaccurate references, on pages 380 and 383 of the following article: https://www.canada.ca/en/public-health/services/reports-publications/health-promotion-chronic-disease-prevention-canada-research-policy-practice/vol-38-no-10-2018/at-a-glance-bringing-equity-into-fold-interventions-improve-mental-health.html].
December 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540411/screening-prevention-and-management-of-osteoporosis-among-canadian-adults
#5
Siobhan O'Donnell
INTRODUCTION: This study provides a benchmark for the nationwide use of osteoporosis screening, prevention and management strategies among Canadians aged 40 years and older (40+) using data collected one year prior to the release of Osteoporosis Canada's latest (2010) clinical practice guidelines. METHODS: Data are from the 2009 Canadian Community Health Survey-Osteoporosis Rapid Response Component. The study sample (n = 5704) was divided into four risk subgroups: (1) osteoporosis diagnosis and major fracture; (2) osteoporosis diagnosis only; (3) major fracture only; or (4) neither osteoporosis diagnosis nor major fracture...
December 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30540410/obesity-and-healthy-aging-social-functional-and-mental-well-being-among-older-canadians
#6
Deepa P Rao, Parth Patel, Karen C Roberts, Wendy Thompson
INTRODUCTION: Canadians are living longer than before, and a large proportion of them are living with obesity. The present study sought to describe how older participants in the Canadian Longitudinal Study on Aging (CLSA) who are living with obesity are aging, through an examination of measures of social, functional and mental well-being. METHODS: We used data from the first wave of the CLSA for people aged 55 to 85 years in this study. We used descriptive statistics to describe characteristics of this population and adjusted generalized logistic models to assess measures of social, functional and mental well-being among obese participants (body mass index ≥ 30 kg/m2) relative to non-obese participants...
December 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430816/promotion-of-physical-activity-in-rural-remote-and-northern-settings-a-canadian-call-to-action
#7
Candace I J Nykiforuk, Kayla Atkey, Sara Brown, Wayne Caldwell, Tracey Galloway, Jason Gilliland, Krystyna Kongats, Jonathan McGavock, Kim D Raine
INTRODUCTION: The lack of policy, practice and research action on physical activity and features of the physical (built and natural) environments in rural, remote and northern settings is a significant threat to population health equity in Canada. This paper presents a synthesis of current evidence on the promotion of physical activity in non-urban settings, outcomes from a national priority-setting meeting, and a preliminary call to action to support the implementation and success of population-level initiatives targeting physical activity in non-urban settings...
November 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430815/factors-associated-with-sleep-duration-across-life-stages-results-from-the-canadian-health-measures-survey
#8
Vicky C Chang, Jean-Philippe Chaput, Karen C Roberts, Gayatri Jayaraman, Minh T Do
INTRODUCTION: Sleep is essential for both physical and mental well-being. This study investigated sociodemographic, lifestyle/behavioural, environmental, psychosocial and health factors associated with sleep duration among Canadians at different life stages. METHODS: We analyzed nationally representative data from 12 174 Canadians aged 3-79 years in the Canadian Health Measures Survey (2009-2013). Respondents were grouped into five life stages by age in years: preschoolers (3-4), children (5-13), youth (14-17), adults (18-64) and older adults (65-79)...
November 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30430814/development-of-a-prenatal-program-for-adults-with-personal-histories-of-childhood-abuse-or-neglect-a-delphi-consensus-consultation-study
#9
Nicolas Berthelot, Roxanne Lemieux, Carl Lacharité
INTRODUCTION: Pregnancy and the birth of a child present particular challenges for adults with personal histories of childhood abuse or neglect. However, few prenatal interventions address the specific needs of this population. This research aims to determine a list of actions that should be achieved during group interventions designed for expectant parents who experienced childhood trauma. METHODS: Fifteen stakeholders representing nine different Quebec health care and community organizations that work with families and/or trauma survivors participated in a Delphi process in two rounds...
November 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303660/release-notice-the-canadian-paediatric-surveillance-program-2017-results
#10
(no author information available yet)
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303659/at-a-glance-how-healthy-are-canadians-a-brief-update
#11
Brenda Branchard, Paromita Deb-Rinker, Alejandra Dubois, Pam Lapointe, Siobhan O'Donnell, Louise Pelletier, Gabriela Williams
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303658/at-a-glance-bringing-equity-into-the-fold-a-review-of-interventions-to-improve-mental-health
#12
Andrea Simpson, April Furlong, Nina Jetha
In Canada, it is challenging to find examples of positive population mental health interventions that meet scientific standards of evidence. It is even more difficult to identify effective interventions that address health equity. The discrepancy between standards of evidence in the health sciences, and the evidence that can be gleaned from social experiments, is not new. Efforts to reconcile these differences show a general tendency toward controlled interventions in public health. However, it is possible to extract findings from quasi-experimental interventions that meet scientific standards while also showing promise of positive impacts on mental health equity...
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303657/the-association-of-school-connectedness-and-bullying-involvement-with-multiple-screen-time-behaviours-among-youth-in-two-canadian-provinces-a-compass-study
#13
Tarun R Katapally, Audur Sjofn Thorisdottir, Rachel Laxer, Scott T Leatherdale
INTRODUCTION: Screen time, a proxy for sedentary behaviours, has emerged as a critical health determinant among youth in contemporary societies, where most aspects of youth life involve access to screen-time devices. An understudied approach to reducing screen time among youth is bullying reduction. This study aims to understand the association between bullying perpetration, victimization, youth perception of the school environment and multiple screen-time behaviours. METHODS: A total of 44,861 youth aged between 13 and 18 years in two Canadian provinces completed a validated questionnaire that collected student data on health behaviours and outcomes, including multiple screen-time behaviours, bullying perpetration and victimization, and school connectedness...
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303656/breast-cancer-detection-method-diagnostic-interval-and-use-of-specialized-diagnostic-assessment-units-across-ontario-canada
#14
Li Jiang, Julie Gilbert, Hugh Langley, Rahim Moineddin, Patti A Groome
INTRODUCTION: Breast cancer is detected through screening or through signs and symptoms. In Canada, mammograms for breast cancer screening are offered in organized programs or independently (opportunistic screening). Province of Ontario breast Diagnostic Assessment Units (DAUs) are facility-based programs that provide coordinated breast cancer diagnostic services, as opposed to usual care, in which the primary care provider arranges the tests and consultations. This study describes breast cancer detection method, diagnostic interval and DAU use across Ontario...
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30303655/barriers-and-facilitators-to-improving-health-care-for-adults-with-intellectual-and-developmental-disabilities-what-do-staff-tell-us
#15
Avra Selick, Janet Durbin, Ian Casson, Jacques Lee, Yona Lunsky
INTRODUCTION: Adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities (IDD) have high rates of morbidity and are less likely to receive preventive care. Emergency departments and primary care clinics are important entry points into the health care system. Improving care in these settings can lead to increased prevention activities, early disease identification, and ongoing management. We studied barriers and facilitators to improving the care of patients with IDD in three primary and three emergency care sites in Ontario...
October 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30226729/at-a-glance-the-role-of-opioid-toxicity-in-suicide-deaths-in-alberta-2000-to-2016
#16
Elaine Y L Chan, Bruce M McDonald, Elizabeth Brooks-Lim, Graham R Jones, Kristin B Klein, Lawrence W Svenson
Given the current opioid crisis in Canada, there is interest in the role of opioid toxicity in suicide deaths, particularly in whether any observed patterns are similar to those of unintentional deaths. The present analysis examined characteristics of opioid-toxicity suicide, and its role in relation to other suicide methods, from 2000 to 2016 in Alberta. It does not appear that the opioid crisis has resulted in a disproportionately higher number of suicides in Alberta. Individuals who die from unintentional opioid toxicity and those who die by opioid-toxicity suicide are likely distinct populations, requiring nuanced public health responses for prevention...
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30226728/at-a-glance-what-can-paramedic-data-tell-us-about-the-opioid-crisis-in-canada
#17
Minh T Do, Greg Furlong, Micah Rietschlin, Matthew Leyenaar, Michael Nolan, Pierre Poirier, Brian Field, Wendy Thompson
The nature of Canada's opioid crisis necessitates additional data sources that can provide a more comprehensive picture of the epidemic, in order to provide public health officials and decision-makers with a robust evidence base. Paramedic data provide a conduit into the community where overdoses occur. Prehospital events and circumstances surrounding opioid-related overdoses provide unique opportunities to collect evidence that can contribute to prevention, harm reduction and health promotion efforts. Using data extracted from the Ottawa Paramedic Service (OPS), this proof-of-concept study demonstrated that paramedic response data were useful in providing near real-time epidemiological information (person, time and place) on the opioid epidemic and in assessing trends and opportunities to develop alert triggers...
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30226727/at-a-glance-concurrent-monitoring-of-opioid-prescribing-practices-and-opioid-related-deaths-the-context-in-nova-scotia-canada
#18
Emily Schleihauf, Kirstin Crabtree, Carolyn Dohoo, Sarah Fleming, Heather McPeake, Matthew Bowes
Timely public health surveillance is required to understand trends in opioid use and harms. Here, opioid dispensing data from the Nova Scotia Prescription Monitoring Program are presented alongside fatality data from the Nova Scotia Medical Examiner Service. Concurrent monitoring of trends in these data sources is essential to detect population-level effects (whether intended or unintended) of interventions related to opioid prescribing.
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30226726/patterns-of-health-care-utilization-among-people-who-overdosed-from-illegal-drugs-a-descriptive-analysis-using-the-bc-provincial-overdose-cohort
#19
Michael C Otterstatter, Alexis Crabtree, Sabina Dobrer, Brooke Kinniburgh, Salman Klar, Anthony Leamon, Jennifer May-Hadford, Christopher Mill, Mina Park, Andrew W Tu, Lu Zheng
INTRODUCTION: British Columbia (BC) declared a public health emergency in April 2016 in response to a rapid rise in overdose deaths. Further understanding of health care utilization is needed to inform prevention strategies for individuals who overdose from illegal drugs. METHODS: The Provincial Overdose Cohort includes linked administrative data on health care utilization by individuals who experienced an illegal drug overdose event in BC between 1 January 2015 and 30 November 2016...
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30226725/sentinel-surveillance-of-suspected-opioid-related-poisonings-and-injuries-trends-and-context-derived-from-the-electronic-canadian-hospitals-injury-reporting-and-prevention-program-march-2011-to-june-2017
#20
Minh T Do, Vicky C Chang, Semra Tibebu, Wendy Thompson, Anne-Marie Ugnat
INTRODUCTION: The opioid epidemic is currently a major public health problem in Canada. As such, knowledge of upstream risk factors associated with opioid use is needed to inform injury prevention, health promotion and harm reduction efforts. METHODS: We analyzed data extracted from 11 pediatric and 6 general hospital emergency departments (EDs) as part of the electronic Canadian Hospitals Injury Reporting and Prevention Program (eCHIRPP) from March 2011 to June 2017...
September 2018: Health Promotion and Chronic Disease Prevention in Canada
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