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Electronic Physician

Manal Alammari, El-Sayed Nawar
Background: Direct clinical assessment is the mainstay of evaluation in dentistry education. An effective evaluation method in prosthodontics should be equally valid and consistent; however, this is not attained frequently. A limited number of studies have applied an analytic evaluation in prosthodontics. Objective: To compare the intra- and inter-raters' variability in two evaluation methods: glance and grade (global), and checklist and criteria (analytical). Moreover, to identify the components of the analytical evaluation system and its applicability...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Mohammed Akeel, Erwa Elmakki, Atef Shehata, Ahmed Elhafey, Thanaa Aboshouk, Hussein Ageely, Mohammed Salih Mahfouz
Background: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) is a major cause of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and chronic active gastritis that may progress to gastric cancer. Globally, it has been estimated that 50% or more of the world's population is infected by H. pylori, making it the most widespread infection across the globe. Objectives: To determine the prevalence of H. pylori infection and to identify factors associated with H. pylori infection in Saudi patients presenting with dyspepsia...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Faisal Dahi Aldahash, Saeed Awadh Alasmari, Shelian Juweed Alnomsi, Abdulmajeed Mohammed Alshehri, Nawaf Faisal Alharthi, Ahmad Ali Hassan Aloufi, Meshal Salem Al Atawi, Areej Abdulrhman Alotaibi, Hyder Osman Mirghani
Background: Being overweight is associated with cardiometabolic risk, and lifestyles including smoking and good sleep hygiene are also implicated. We aimed to assess the dietary habit, time spent on social media, and sleep duration relationship to body mass index (BMI) among medical students in Tabuk, Saudi Arabia. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted among 147 clinical phase medical students in the Medical College, University of Tabuk (Saudi Arabia) from January 2018 to May 2018...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Hakan Yaman, Zeynep Ünal
Background: The screening of frailty in older adults is an important issue in the preventive approach in medicine. Frailty is one of the leading causes of morbidity and premature mortality in older adults. Objective: The aim of this study was to validate the PRISMA-7 questionnaire in community-dwelling elderly people living in Antalya, Turkey. Methods: This study was cross-sectional and observational in nature and was conducted in Antalya (Turkey) from February 2016 to April 2017...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Mohammad Nazer, Hanifeh Mirzaei, Mohammadreza Mokhtaree
Background: Memory is the basis for the development of language skills and learning processes, and self-efficacy is one of the most important predictors of academic achievement. Objective: This study aimed to determine the effects of neurofeedback training (NFB) on verbal and visual memory and self-efficacy in students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences. Methods: This quasi-experimental study was conducted on students of Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences (Rafsanjan, Iran)...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Mohammad Ali Ansari, Mohsen Mohebati, Farid Poursadegh, Mahdi Foroughian, Alireza Sepehri Shamloo
Background: The relation of epicardial fat thickness (EFT) to coronary artery disease (CAD) has recently been reported in multiple studies. Echocardiography is a safe and relatively inexpensive and accessible approach to assess regional EFT, which can be performed easily in many centers. Objective: To determine the association between echocardiographic EFT and the presence or the absence of CAD. Methods: This was a systematic review and meta-analysis conducted on literature available in electronic databases up to March 2018...
September 2018: Electronic Physician
Fataneh Goodarzi, Shakiba Zahed, Akbar Hassanzadeh, Mahmood Nasr Esfahani, Mojgan Nourian, Fereshteh Zamani-Alavijeh
Background: Diabetes is one of the most common metabolic disorders which are rapidly increasing. Distance training is a cost-effective, easy and accessible way in which time and place dimensions of communication are removed. Objective: To determine the effects of mobile text messages on raising knowledge of men with type 2 diabetes. Methods: This educational experiment recruited 76 people selected by convenient sampling from a population of male patients with type 2 diabetes presenting to Sedigheh Tahereh Research Center in Isfahan, Iran, in 2015...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Manaporn Chatchumni, Ampaporn Namvongprom, Henrik Eriksson, Monir Mazaheri
Background: Studies reporting inadequate nursing care for patients indicate that nurses are negatively affected in such situations, and research is needed to study nursing care in postoperative situations. Objective: To describe situations of postoperative pain management in a surgical ward in Thailand. Methods: A qualitative approach using the Critical Incident Technique was chosen to investigate situations of postoperative pain management from the perspective of surgical nurses in Thailand...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Tarek Ashour, Youssif Khachaba, Ahmed El Naggar
Reduction mammaplasty in huge breasts poses a great challenge for plastic surgeons. The classic technique is free nipple and areola grafting after breast amputation. This paper is a short technical report of reduction mammoplasty on 40 patients with severe breast ptosis (suprasternal notch to nipple >35 cm) and giganticomastia (anticipated resection of more than 1 kg per breast) were operated upon using superomedial pedicle technique for reduction mammaplasty. All patients were satisfied with their results aesthetically, and showed relief in their neck pain...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Manal Saeed Alanazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Acne vulgaris is a common heath problem affecting adolescents with considerable impact on their quality of life. Objective: To determine the prevalence of Acne vulgaris and its psychological impact among female secondary school students. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted during the period from January to March 2018, among all female secondary school students in 3 randomly selected schools, in Arar city (Saudi Arabia)...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Bashayer Reda Alenazi, Sabry Mohamed Hammad, Amal Elwan Mohamed
Background: Influenza outbreaks occur annually and have significant ramifications on the wellbeing of the population. Influenza is given high priority in Saudi Arabia where numerous reports of different types of influenza outbreaks have occurred in recent years. Objective: The study aimed to determine the prevalence of influenza vaccination among healthcare providers. Methods: The study employed a cross-sectional design, and data was collected using a predesigned questionnaire which was validated by a panel of experts and tested for reliability (Cronbach's alpha =0...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Hamideh Yazdi Moghaddam, Zahra Sadat Manzari, Abbas Heydari, Eesa Mohammadi
Background: Caring for patients with brain death diagnosis is the heaviest of duties for nurses, and, due to the complexities and stressors, it is the biggest challenge of nursing in an intensive care unit. Objective: This qualitative research aimed to disclose the nurses' experience of caring for brain-dead patients. Methods: The present study was a qualitative research using a content analysis, where the data collection process included 21 semi-structured and in-depth interviews with intensive care nurses, physicians, head nurses, a transplantation committee coordinator, and the authority of the organ procurement unit...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Reza Rabiei, Hamid Moghaddasi, Farkhondeh Asadi, Maryam Heydari
Background: The field of medicine has been influenced by the growth and development of information systems such as the Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE) System. Objective: This study aimed to evaluate the usability of CPOE systems for electronic prescription in Tehran, Iran. Methods: This was an evaluation study conducted in 2017. The research population consisted of the CPOE systems used in hospitals of Tehran (Iran) and nurses who had access to, and used, the CPOE systems...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Zahra Pourmovahed, Hassan Zareei Mahmoodabadi, Seyed Mojtaba Yassini Ardekani, Hossein Fallahzadeh, Hossein Tavangar, Seyed Saied Mazloomy Mahmoodabad
Background: Marital conflicts and divorce are among the most crucial problems of society. Therefore, it is important to maintain family stability at the optimal level in order to prevent divorce and its consequences in the family and community. Objective: This study was conducted to design and validate the Family Stability Questionnaire (FSQ) in married couples. Methods: This study was the second stage of a large study. The FSQ was constructed based on a qualitative research in our previous study in 2016...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Alaa Nabil Turkistani, Foziah Jabbar Alshamrani, Ghadah Faisal Shareefi, Abdulla Alsulaiman
Introduction: Tumefactive multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating disorder that appears tumor-like on MRI. To most physicians, diagnosing tumefactive MS by applying clinical, radiological, or laboratory examination like Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) analysis, can be challenging and ultimately biopsy is necessary to confirm the diagnosis. Case presentation: This paper reports a case of a 37-year-old woman who presented with progressive headache and a strong family history of cancer and was misdiagnosed as having a CNS glioma...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Vishnu Vardhan Garla, Manasa Gunturu, Karthik Reddy Kovvuru, Sohail Abdul Salim
Introduction: Thyrotoxic periodic paralysis (TPP) is a rare and potentially lethal complication of hyperthyroidism. It is characterized by sudden onset paralysis associated with hypokalemia. Management includes prompt normalization of potassium, which results in resolution of the paralysis. Definitive treatment of hyperthyroidism resolves TPP completely. Case presentation: A 23-year-old African American male patient presented to the emergency room at the University of Mississippi Medical Center, USA in November 2016 with sudden onset quadriplegia...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Zeinab Shateri Amiri, Mohammad Khajedaluee, Abdolrahim Rezaii, Maliheh Dadgarmoghaddam
Background and aim: Cardiovascular diseases are a problem in low- and middle-income countries, such as Iran. The present research was performed to identify risk factors contributing to cardiovascular diseases and their distributions among the adult population of Mashhad (Iran) using the Framingham criteria. Methods: This cross-sectional population-based study performed in 2015 on 2,976 adults living in Mashhad (Iran) using Stratified cluster-random sampling method...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Asieh Zarvasi, Ali Ansari Jaberi, Tayebeh Negahban Bonabi, Mahnaz Tashakori
Background: Uncontrolled symptoms of diabetes can lead to irreparable damage to vital organs. Despite the global trend towards the use of complementary alternative therapies, few studies have evaluated the effectiveness of self-acupressure in diabetes patients. Objective: The aim of this study was to determine the effect of self-acupressure on FBS and insulin level in type 2 diabetes patients. Methods: This randomized clinical trial was performed from September 2016 to February 2017...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Parviz Padisar, Roya Hashemi, Mohammadreza Naseh, Bahareh Abde Nikfarjam, Mahdi Mohammadi
Background: Orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) is based on induction of periodontal tissue remodeling. Mechanical tooth stimulation results in the release of pro-inflammatory mediators. These mediators cause bone resorption and deposition at the pressure and tension sites and play a role in OTM. Thus, assessment of chemical biomarkers can help determine the exact amount of load and its duration of application required for each tooth and select the most efficient treatment plan with minimal complications...
August 2018: Electronic Physician
Jalil Nejati, Abedin Saghafipour, Javad Rafinejad, Ehsan Mozaffari, Amir Keyhani, Ali Abolhasani, Amir Tavakoli Kareshk
Background: Scorpions are usually defined as predatory arachnids having venomous and painful stings. Scorpionism is considered as one of the health and medical problems in undeveloped tropical and subtropical countries in the world that endangers thousands of people annually. Objective: This study was done for identification of scorpion fauna and scorpionism location in a high-risk area in southwest of Iran. Methods: This study was carried out in Andimeshk district located in Khuzestan province which has the highest frequency of scorpionism in Iran...
July 2018: Electronic Physician
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