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Surgery Research and Practice

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https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854417/acute-cholecystitis-in-very-elderly-patients-disease-management-outcomes-and-risk-factors-for-complications
#1
Alfredo Escartín, Marta González, Elena Cuello, Ana Pinillos, Pablo Muriel, Mireia Merichal, Victor Palacios, Jordi Escoll, Cristina Gas, Jorge-Juan Olsina
Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute cholecystitis in patients ≥80 years. Methods: This was a retrospective analysis of data from a prospective single-center patient registry. Results: The study population was composed of 348 patients, which were divided into two groups: those younger (Group A) and those older (Group B) than the median age (85.4 years). Although demographic and clinical characteristics of the two groups were similar, the disease management was clearly different, with older patients undergoing cholecystectomy less frequently ( n =80 46...
2019: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30854416/surgical-task-shifting-helps-reduce-neonatal-mortality-in-ethiopia-a-retrospective-cohort-study
#2
Yihun Tariku, Tadele Gerum, Mareshet Mekonen, Haddis Takele
Background: To improve access to surgical service and to reduce neonatal mortality Ethiopia implemented surgical task shifting to nonphysician surgeons (NPSs). We aim at assessing surgical outcomes between NPSs and physician surgeons working in two hospitals. Methods: We collected data from two hospitals on 474 maternal medical records. Completed maternal medical records were included in this study. Data were entered into Epi Info version 7 and analyzed by SPSS version 20 software...
2019: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30834288/a-scientometric-analysis-of-the-50-most-cited-articles-for-reconstruction-of-the-lower-extremity
#3
REVIEW
Zacharia Mbaidjol, Jens Rothenberger, Rajesh Chetany
Background: Lower extremity reconstruction has always been a challenge. Some of the published articles had a major impact on the field but are often not considered as classics because they have fewer citations. We therefore conducted a scientometric analysis of the most cited articles with a focus solely on the lower limb. Methods: A search was conducted on Medline, the Web of Science database, Google Scholar, and Scopus identifying articles relevant to reconstructive surgery of the lower limb...
2019: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30719497/surgical-treatment-of-proximal-segmental-occlusion-of-the-internal-carotid-artery
#4
Srdjan Babić, Slobodan Tanasković, Mihailo Nešković, Predrag Gajin, Dragoslav Nenezić, Predrag Stevanović, Nikola Aleksić, Milorad Ševković, Nenad Ilijevski, Predrag Matić, Petar Popov, Goran Vučurević, Dragana Unić-Stojanović, Djordje Radak
Purpose: To present the feasibility, safety, and efficacy of carotid endarterectomy in patients with type II internal carotid artery occlusions, including the long-term outcomes. Methods: From March 2008 to August 2015, 74 consecutive patients (48 men with a mean age of 65.1 ± 8.06 years) underwent carotid endarterectomy because of internal carotid artery (ICA) segmental occlusions. These were verified with preoperative carotid duplex scans (CDS) and CT angiography (CTA)...
2019: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30675510/a-retrospective-cohort-study-on-rehospitalization-following-expanded-criteria-donor-kidney-transplantation
#5
Colin Dunn, Emmanuel U Emeasoba, Michael Hung, Ari Holtzman, Eran Bellin, Stuart Greenstein
Background: Expanded criteria donor (ECD) kidneys are commonly used but are associated with increased graft failure. Graft failure is in turn related to rehospitalization within thirty days post transplant. Our goal was to determine whether ECD kidneys independently lead to rehospitalization within 30 days, 1 year, and 2 years after transplant. Methods: All adult first-time recipients of deceased donor kidneys transplanted from 2003-2012 at our center were reviewed...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30631798/preoperative-neutrophil-lymphocyte-ratio-and-platelet-lymphocyte-ratio-are-not-clinically-useful-in-predicting-prognosis-in-early-stage-cervical-cancer
#6
Prachratana Nuchpramool, Jitti Hanprasertpong
Background: An objective of this study was to determine the prognostic role of neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) and platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR) in patients with cervical cancer (CC) stages IA2-IB1. Methods: The study included 484 patients who underwent radical hysterectomy with pelvic node dissection. The associations of preoperative NLR and PLR with clinicopathologic characteristics and oncological outcomes were analyzed. The cut-off values of NLR (=1.8) and PLR (=119) were set as medians...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584578/modifications-of-surgical-suction-tip-geometry-for-flow-optimisation-influence-on-suction-induced-noise-pollution
#7
M G Friedrich, T Tirilomis, J M Kollmeier, Y Wang, G G Hanekop
Introduction: Suction devices for clearing the surgical field are among the most commonly used tools of every surgeon because a better view of the surgical field is essential. Forced suction may produce disturbingly loud noise, which acts as a nonnegligible stressor. Especially, in emergency situations with heavy bleeding, this loud noise has been described as an impeding factor in the medical decision-making process. In addition, there are reports of inner ear damage in patients due to suction noises during operations in the head area...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30584577/salvaging-digital-replantation-and-revascularisation-efficiency-of-heparin-solution-subcutaneous-injection
#8
Haz Alfeky, Paul McArthur, Yasser Helmy
Background: Distal digital replantation and revascularisation remains one of the demanding microsurgical procedures due to the difficulty of vascular anastomosis. Venous congestion is the most commonly encountered problem after replantation due to the difficulty of venous anastomosis in traumatic injuries. Heparin, among other drugs, is commonly used to facilitate venous drainage and prevent thrombosis. However, systemic heparin can be contraindicated in some patients. The senior author has experience of subcutaneous heparin injection for venous congestion in thirteen patients...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30515452/corrigendum-to-to-investigate-the-effect-of-colchicine-in-prevention-of-adhesions-caused-by-serosal-damage-in-rats
#9
Ihsan Yıldız, Yavuz Savas Koca, Aziz Kemal Emek, Tekinalp Gelen
[This corrects the article DOI: 10.1155/2015/315325.].
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30426071/detection-of-common-bile-duct-stones-in-mild-acute-biliary-pancreatitis-using-magnetic-resonance-cholangiopancreatography
#10
David Aranovich, Veacheslav Zilbermints, Natalia Goldberg, Oleg Kaminsky
Background: All patients with mild acute biliary pancreatitis should undergo early cholecystectomy. Whether routine common bile duct (CBD) imaging should be employed before the surgical procedure in these patients is a matter of current controversy. The aim of this study was to investigate the rate of detection of CBD stones using magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (MRCP) at different time intervals from admission. Methods: From January 1, 2011, through December 31, 2016, 72 patients with acute biliary pancreatitis underwent MRCP...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30420971/trajectory-modelling-to-assess-trends-in-long-term-readmission-rate-among-abdominal-aortic-aneurysm-patients
#11
Ahsan Rao, Alex Bottle, Collin Bicknell, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin
Introduction: The aim of the study was to use trajectory analysis to categorise high-impact users based on their long-term readmission rate and identify their predictors following AAA (abdominal aortic aneurysm) repair. Methods. In this retrospective cohort study, group-based trajectory modelling (GBTM) was performed on the patient cohort (2006-2009) identified through national administrative data from all NHS English hospitals. Proc Traj software was used in SAS program to conduct GBTM, which classified patient population into groups based on their annual readmission rates during a 5-year period following primary AAA repair...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30345344/overlap-anastomosis-for-digestive-reconstruction-during-laparoscopic-distal-gastrectomy-with-intensive-regional-lymph-node-dissection-physiological-impact-of-preserving-the-mesenteric-autonomic-nerves-in-the-lifted-jejunal-limb
#12
Taku Kitano, Daiki Yasukawa, Yuki Aisu, Tomohide Hori
Laparoscopic gastrectomy is a treatment for gastric cancer, and isoperistaltic side-to-side reconstruction is called "overlap anastomosis." The physiological advantages of preserving the autonomic nerves in the jejunal limb for digestive reconstruction are well known. Here, we focused on overlap anastomosis with autonomic nerve-preserved mesojejunum of the lifted jejunal limb for laparoscopic distal gastrectomy with intentional lymph node dissection. Our surgical techniques and technical pitfalls were described in detail...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30057940/common-sequences-of-emergency-readmissions-among-high-impact-users-following-aaa-repair
#13
Ahsan Rao, Alex Bottle, Colin Bicknell, Ara Darzi, Paul Aylin
Introduction: The aim of the study was to examine common sequences of causes of readmissions among those patients with multiple hospital admissions, high-impact users, after abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair and to focus on strategies to reduce long-term readmission rate. Methods: The patient cohort (2006-2009) included patients from Hospital Episodes Statistics, the national administrative data of all NHS English hospitals, and followed up for 5 years. Group-based trajectory modelling and sequence analysis were performed on the data...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/30050969/an-analysis-of-the-hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal-axis-functions-in-cirrhotic-rats-in-response-to-surgical-stress
#14
Fahimeh Yarigholi, Ali Zare Mehrjardi, Zahra Azizi, Massoud Baghai Wadji
Introduction: The activation of hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis through severe diseases and stress courses leads to a rise in circulatory cortisol for an adequate response to stress. This axis is one of the important systems that involve in neuroendocrine response to the surgical stress. Hepatoadrenal syndrome that is a manifestation of adrenal insufficiency (AI) in the course of liver disease is described as insufficient production of steroid hormones mainly cortisol due to primary dysfunction of the adrenal gland or secondary malfunction of the HPA axis to provoke the adrenal gland leading to severe illness and increased mortality...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29850648/increased-rate-of-incidental-colorectal-malignant-polyps-a-single-center-experience
#15
T Buchbjerg, R Kroijer, I Al-Najami, K Urth Hansen, G Baatrup
Background and Aims: To investigate the incidence and treatment of colorectal malignant polyps before and after colorectal cancer screening initiation in March 2014 in a single Danish center. Materials and Methods: 71 patients with colorectal malignant polyps in a single center from 2012 to 2015 were reported retrospectively. Results: There was a significant increase ( P < 0.01) in the incidence of colorectal malignant polyps from 2012 to 2013 and 2014 to 2015 (8 versus 63) relative to the increase in colonoscopies with polypectomy (1029 versus 2706)...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29808170/is-a-technically-challenging-procedure-more-likely-to-fail-a-prospective-single-center-study-on-the-short-and-long-term-outcomes-of-inguinal-hernia-repair
#16
M R Berndsen, Tomas Gudbjartsson, Fritz Hendrik Berndsen
Background and Aims: The aim of this prospective single-center study was to evaluate the outcome of inguinal hernia repair. Materials and Methods: A total of 485 inguinal hernias (452 patients and 33 patients with bilateral hernias) were operated between January 2004 and December 2010. Mean age was 56 years, and 93% were male. Patient demographics and operative data were collected, and the operating surgeon assessed the technical difficulty of the operation. Five years after surgery, a questionnaire evaluated recurrence and chronic discomfort according to the Cunningham scale...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29756005/peripheral-lymph-node-excisional-biopsy-yield-relevance-and-outcomes-in-a-remote-surgical-setup
#17
Ashish Lal Shrestha, Pradita Shrestha
Objective: To study the patient profile for symptomatic peripheral lymphadenopathy in terms of histopathological findings and demography and evaluate the yield, relevance, and outcomes of peripheral lymph node biopsy (PLNB) as a diagnostic step in a remote setup in the absence of less invasive options like fine-needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) or ultrasonogram- (USG-) guided FNAC. Methods: A retrospective review of patients undergoing PLNB between 1 May 2011 and 30 April 2013 was done...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29687077/efficacy-and-outcomes-of-intrathecal-analgesia-as-part-of-an-enhanced-recovery-pathway-in-colon-and-rectal-surgical-patients
#18
Amit Merchea, Jenna K Lovely, Adam K Jacob, Dorin T Colibaseanu, Scott R Kelley, Kellie L Mathis, Grant M Spears, Marianne Huebner, David W Larson
Purpose: Multimodal analgesia is an essential component of an enhanced recovery pathway (ERP). An ERP that includes the use of single-injection intrathecal analgesia (IA) has been shown to decrease morbidity and cost and shorten length of stay (LOS). Limited data exist on safety, feasibility, and the optimal IA regimen. Our objective was to characterize the efficacy, safety, and feasibility of IA within an ERP in a cohort of colorectal surgical patients. Methods: We performed a retrospective review of all consecutive patients aged ≥ 18 years who underwent open or minimally invasive colorectal surgery from October 2012 to December 2013...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29682602/acute-perioperative-comparison-of-patient-specific-instrumentation-versus-conventional-instrumentation-utilization-during-bilateral-total-knee-arthroplasty
#19
Jerrod A Steimle, Michael T Groover, Brad A Webb, Brian J Ceccarelli
Utilizing patient-specific instrumentation during total knee arthroplasty has gained popularity in recent years with theoretical advantages in blood loss, intraoperative time, length of stay, postoperative alignment, and functional outcome, amongst others. No study has compared acute perioperative measures between patient-specific instrumentation and conventional instrumentation in the bilateral total knee arthroplasty setting. We compared patient-specific instrumentation versus conventional instrumentation in the setting of bilateral total knee arthroplasty to determine any benefits in the immediate perioperative period including surgical time, blood loss, pain medication use, length of stay, and discharge disposition...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
https://read.qxmd.com/read/29594190/complex-pulmonary-aspergilloma-surgical-challenges-in-a-third-world-setting
#20
Bernadette Ngo Nonga, Guy Aristide Bang, Bonaventure Jemea, Eric Savom, Perfura Yone, Ngahane Mbatchou, Jean Jacques Ze
Background: Surgery for pulmonary aspergilloma (PA), especially complex forms, is greatly challenging in a resource-poor setting such as Cameroon. We report our experience of surgical management of PA in this environment. Method: We prospectively assessed patients who underwent surgery for PA from January 2012 to May 2015, at the University Hospital Center of Yaoundé. Records were reviewed for demographics, history and physical examinations, radiological findings, surgical procedures, and outcomes...
2018: Surgery Research and Practice
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