Journals Current Environmental Health R...

Current Environmental Health Reports
Seth McCormick, Mamadou Niang, Matthew M Dahm
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to consolidate exposure assessment methods for occupational research on engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) published within the past 5 years (2015-2020). RECENT FINDINGS: The three ENMs that generated the highest volume of new research include titanium dioxide, graphene, and aluminum oxide. A multi-metric approach, using both online and offline instruments and analyses, has been found to be a useful method to characterize ENM workplace exposures and was commonly used in the recently published literature...
June 8, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Kipruto Kirwa, Adam A Szpiro, Lianne Sheppard, Paul D Sampson, Meng Wang, Joshua P Keller, Michael T Young, Sun-Young Kim, Timothy V Larson, Joel D Kaufman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Epidemiological studies of short- and long-term health impacts of ambient air pollutants require accurate exposure estimates. We describe the evolution in exposure assessment and assignment in air pollution epidemiology, with a focus on spatiotemporal techniques first developed to meet the needs of the Multi-ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis and Air Pollution (MESA Air). Initially designed to capture the substantial variation in pollutant levels and potential health impacts that can occur over small spatial and temporal scales in metropolitan areas, these methods have now matured to permit fine-scale exposure characterization across the contiguous USA and can be used for understanding long- and short-term health effects of exposure across the lifespan...
June 4, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Marissa Chan, Carol Mita, Andrea Bellavia, Michaiah Parker, Tamarra James-Todd
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Endocrine-disrupting chemical (EDC) exposure during pregnancy is linked to adverse maternal and child health outcomes that are racially/ethnically disparate. Personal care products (PCP) are one source of EDCs where differences in racial/ethnic patterns of use exist. We assessed the literature for racial/ethnic disparities in pregnancy and prenatal PCP chemical exposures. RECENT FINDINGS: Only 3 studies explicitly examined racial/ethnic disparities in pregnancy and prenatal exposure to PCP-associated EDCs...
May 27, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Souvarish Sarkar
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Parkinson's disease (PD) is the most prevalent motor disorder and is characterized by loss of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra pars compacta (SNpc) region of the brain. Though the pathology of PD is well established, the cause of this neuronal loss is not well understood. Approximately 90% of PD cases are sporadic, and the environment plays a significant role in disease pathogenesis. The etiology of PD is highly complex, with neuroinflammation being one of the most critical factors implicated in PD...
May 27, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Paul D Rockswold, Gabrielle Bernier
No abstract text is available yet for this article.
May 18, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Melissa R Marselle, Sarah J Lindley, Penny A Cook, Aletta Bonn
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Biodiversity underpins urban ecosystem functions that are essential for human health and well-being. Understanding how biodiversity relates to human health is a developing frontier for science, policy and practice. This article describes the beneficial, as well as harmful, aspects of biodiversity to human health in urban environments. RECENT FINDINGS: Recent research shows that contact with biodiversity of natural environments within towns and cities can be both positive and negative to human physical, mental and social health and well-being...
May 12, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
M M Quinn, P K Markkanen, C J Galligan, S R Sama, J E Lindberg, M F Edwards
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: To identify important home care (HC) aide occupational safety and health (OSH) hazards and examine how addressing these can improve aide health and the delivery of HC services overall. Specifically, this review seeks to answer: Why is HC aide OSH important? What are the most significant OSH challenges? How can improving HC aide OSH also improve the safety and health of their clients? What implications do the findings have for future research? RECENT FINDINGS: HC is one of the fastest growing US industries...
May 12, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Joan P Packenham, Richard Rosselli, Alice Fothergill, Julia Slutsman, Steve Ramsey, Janet E Hall, Aubrey Miller
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Disasters are becoming more common and challenge national and global resiliency and response efforts. As a result, government agencies have increased interest in disaster research to understand their environmental impact and health-related consequences. With the research field greatly expanding, Institutional Review Boards (IRBs) are being asked to review research protocols aimed at assessing health risks, exposures, and outcomes from disaster survivors. Few IRBs have experience reviewing disaster research protocols...
May 11, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Marta Terrón-Pérez, Javier Molina-García, Vladimir E Martínez-Bello, Ana Queralt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The aim of this study was to understand the influence of the physical environment on the physical activity (PA) behavior of preschool children (aged 2 to 6 years), in order to provide an overview of these influences from the perspective of the ecological model. RECENT FINDINGS: PA is of great importance for the prevention of obesity and cardiovascular diseases since childhood. The physical environment has a direct relationship with the different domains, where people can spend their time being physically active...
May 2, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Brittany M Cleary, Megan E Romano, Celia Y Chen, Wendy Heiger-Bernays, Kathryn A Crawford
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Our comparative analysis sought to understand the factors which drive differences in fish consumption advisories across the USA - including exposure scenarios (acute and chronic health risk, non-cancer and cancer health endpoints), toxicity values (reference dose, cancer slope factor, acute tolerance level), and meal size and bodyweight assumptions. RECENT FINDINGS: Fish consumption provides essential nutrients but also results in exposure to contaminants such as PCBs and methylmercury...
May 1, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Lauren Andres, John R Bryson, Paul Moawad
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: While there has been extensive discussion on the various forms of temporary uses in urban settings, little is known on the ways in which temporary and health urbanisms connect. Now, a turning point has been reached regarding the interactions between health and the built environment and the contributions made by urban planning and other built environment disciplines. In the context of the post-pandemic city, there is a need to develop a health-led temporary urbanism agenda than can be implemented in various settings both in the Global South and North...
April 20, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Yifei Yang, Liang Chi, Yunjia Lai, Yun-Chung Hsiao, Hongyu Ru, Kun Lu
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review summarizes inorganic arsenic (iAs) metabolism and toxicity in mice and the gut microbiome and how iAs and the gut microbiome interact to induce diseases. RECENT FINDINGS: Recently, a variety of studies have started to reveal the interactions between iAs and the gut microbiome. Evidence shows that gut bacteria can influence iAs biotransformation and disease risks. The gut microbiome can directly metabolize iAs, and it can also indirectly be involved in iAs metabolism through the host, such as altering iAs absorption, cofactors, and genes related to iAs metabolism...
April 14, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Denisse Diaz, Francisco Ujueta, Gisell Mansur, Gervasio A Lamas, Ana Navas-Acien, Ivan A Arenas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Cadmium has been recognized as a potential risk factor for cardiovascular disease (CVD). We present a review of cadmium toxicity, its effect on cellular activities, and a summary of reported association between environmental cadmium exposure and CVD. We also discuss the possible therapeutic benefit of cadmium chelation. RECENT FINDINGS: Experimental data suggest that cadmium affects several signaling pathways which may lead to endothelial dysfunction and vascular tissue damage, promoting atherosclerosis...
March 23, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Helen V S Cole, Roshanak Mehdipanah, Pedro Gullón, Margarita Triguero-Mas
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Many neighborhoods which have been unjustly impacted by histories of uneven urban development, resulting in socioeconomic and racial segregation, are now at risk for gentrification. As urban renewal projects lead to improvements in the long-neglected built environments of such neighborhoods, accompanying gentrification processes may lead to the displacement of or exclusion of underprivileged residents from benefiting from new amenities and improvements. In addition, gentrification processes may be instigated by various drivers...
March 13, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Stefan Gössling, Jessica Nicolosi, Todd Litman
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The study aims to provide an understanding of health cost assessments of different transport modes in urban contexts, and their relevance for transport planning and political decision-making. RECENT FINDINGS: There is strong evidence that motorized transportation imposes a high health cost on society, and specifically children. In contrast, active transport is a very significant health benefit. Economic analyses support urban change in favor of compact neighborhoods and public transit, as well as infrastructure exclusively devoted to active transport...
March 8, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
David Rojas-Rueda, Emily Morales-Zamora
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted daily-life activities around the world. Multiple countries and cities are implementing different mitigation strategies to reduce their transmission (e.g., physical distancing, stay-at-home orders, avoiding large gatherings). Such interventions have been related to positive and negative health externalities. Currently, the selection of mitigation strategies has not been systematically considering a long-term vision for urban health equity...
March 5, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Brett T Doherty, Jeremy P Koelmel, Elizabeth Z Lin, Megan E Romano, Krystal J Godri Pollitt
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The exposome is a recently coined concept that comprises the totality of nongenetic factors that affect human health. It is recognized as a major conceptual advancement in environmental epidemiology, and there is increased demand for technologies that capture the spatial, temporal, and chemical variability of exposures across individuals (i.e., "exposomic sensors"). We review a selection of these tools, highlighting their strengths and limitations with regard to epidemiological research...
February 10, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Lan Jin, Krystal J Godri Pollitt, Zeyan Liew, Ana K Rosen Vollmar, Vasilis Vasiliou, Caroline H Johnson, Yawei Zhang
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: The purpose of this review is to summarize the application of untargeted metabolomics to identify the perturbation of metabolites or metabolic pathways associated with air pollutant exposures. RECENT FINDINGS: Twenty-three studies were included in this review, in adults, children, or pregnant women. The most commonly measured air pollutant is particulate matter smaller than 2.5 μm. Size-fractioned particles, particle chemical species, gas pollutants, or organic compounds were also investigated...
January 9, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Laura N Vandenberg, Jennifer Bugos
PURPOSE: Parabens are chemicals containing alkyl-esters of p-hydroxybenzoic acid, which give them antimicrobial, antifungal, and preservative properties. Propylparaben (PP) is one paraben that has been widely used in personal care products, cosmetics, pharmaceuticals, and food. In this review, we address the ongoing controversy over the safety of parabens, and PP specifically. These chemicals have received significant public attention after studies published almost 20 years ago suggested plausible associations between PP exposures and breast cancer...
January 8, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
Zeyan Liew, Andreas Ernst
PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Acetaminophen (or paracetamol) is one of the most commonly used medications during pregnancy. We reviewed recent epidemiological evidence regarding intrauterine exposure to acetaminophen and risk for asthma, neurodevelopment disorders, and reproductive health in childhood. RECENT FINDINGS: An increasing number of cohort studies have suggested that maternal use of acetaminophen during pregnancy was associated with increased risk for asthma; neurodevelopmental disorders, especially ADHD and behavioral problems; and genital malformations in the offspring...
January 4, 2021: Current Environmental Health Reports
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